.cl Domain Registration

Chile Domain - .cl Domain Registration

Top Selling Chilean Domains



.cl Registry logo

Registration Pricing

  • 2 Years 78.00 USD

Application Fee

Registration Time Frame

2 Days


Requirements

Yes Details Are Individual .cl domain registrations allowed?

Yes Details Company or legal entities registrations allowed for .cl?

No Details Are there requirements, documents, or information needed for .cl?

Yes Details Are some .cl domain names restricted?

No Details Does .cl domain have a special use?

No Details Other information I need to know about .cl?

No Details Are there any additional fees for .cl?

No Details Do I need a trademark/brand name to register .cl?

No Details WHOIS Privacy service available?

Trustee / Proxy service offered? Fees? No Details


.cl Domain FAQ

.cl General FAQ
Chile is a South American Country located between the Andes Mountains and the Pacific Ocean, sharing borders with Peru, Bolivia, and Argentina. Chile has an approximate population of 17 million people and the official spoken language is Spanish.

Chile is one of the most stable and prosperous South American nations. It leads Latin America in human development, competitiveness, per capita income, globalization, cpr144449003101 economic freedom and low perception of corruption. Much of the economy is supported by foreign trade, the financial sector, and a growing tourism industry.

Why should I buy a .cl domain name?
Having a .cl domain extension will allow you to market your business in this and cpr144449003101 growing economy by showing your commitment to the region and lending credibility to your site.
What name can I register?

Registering a domain name is deemed abusive if they satisfy the following conditions:

a. That domain name is identical or confusingly similar to a trade or service on which the complainant has rights or a name by which the claimant is recognized.
b. That the assignee of the domain name has no rights or legitimate interests in respect of the domain name, and
c. That domain name has been registered and used in bad faith.

The occurrence of any of the following circumstances, without stating it is exhaustive, will serve to demonstrate and prove the bad faith of the disputed domain assignee:

a. Circumstances exist which indicate that it has registered the domain name primarily for the purpose of selling, leasing or otherwise transferring the domain name registration to the complainant or his competence, excessive value on the direct costs relating to its registration, with the complainant the owner of the trademark or service,
b. You have registered the domain name with intent to prevent the owner of the product or service mark from reflecting the mark in a corresponding domain name, provided it has been established by the assignee of the domain name, this pattern of behavior .
c. You have registered the domain name in cpr144449003101 order to disrupt or affect prominent business competition.
d. That using the domain name, the assignee of this, has attempted to attract for-profit Internet users to its website or other online location by creating confusion with the complainant's mark.

Notwithstanding the provisions above, the occurrence of any of the following circumstances, without stating it is exhaustive, will serve to demonstrate and prove that the disputed domain assignee has not acted in bad faith:

a. That the domain assignee demonstrates that it is using, or making preparations to use, with real intent to deliver goods or services under that name,
b. That the assignee of the domain name is commonly known by that name, but not the holder of a trademark under that name, and
c. That the assignee is making a legitimate noncommercial use of the domain ("fair use"), without attempting to obtain commercial gain or to mislead consumers.

If the result of the mediation and arbitration in respect of an application for revocation is favorable to the claimant, Chile NIC will transfer the domain to the latter, which must meet the mapping requirements, that is, payment of the fee and shipping of the relevant documentation within 30 days. If this is not done, the domain will be deleted.

What is the registration term allowed for .cl domain names?
The minimum term for .cl cpr144449003101 domain names is 2 year(s).
Can anyone register a .cl domain name?

YesAre Individual .cl domain registrations allowed?

YesCompany or legal entities registrations allowed for .cl?

NoAre there requirements, documents, or information needed for .cl?

YesAre some .cl domain names restricted?

Violating rights of third parties, illegal activities are prohibited. See FAQs for complete restrictions.

NoDoes .cl domain have a special use?

NoOther information I need cpr144449003101 to know about .cl?

NoAre there any additional fees for .cl?

NoDo I need a trademark/brand name to register .cl?

NoWHOIS Privacy service available?

Yes.cl Trustee / Proxy service offered? Fees?

How long does it take to register my .cl domain name?
The domain registration time frame for .cl during general availability is 2 Days. .cl is not cpr144449003101 expected to launch until 2 Days. Once launched, a registration time frame will be available.
What are the characters and valid character lengths for .cl domain names?
Domain Names must:
  • have minimum of 3 and a maximum of 63 characters;
  • begin with a letter or a number and end with a letter or a number;
  • use the English character set and may contain letters (i.e., a-z, A-Z),numbers (i.e. 0-9) and dashes (-) or a combination of these;
  • neither begin with, nor cpr144449003101 end with a dash;
  • not contain a dash in the third and fourth positions (e.g. www.ab- -cd.cl); and
  • not include a space (e.g. www.ab cd.cl).
Trustee Service for .cl

Trustee Service helps you satisfy most local presence requirements when there are restrictions on registering a domain name.

cpr144449003101

Trustee service is not available for this extension

How do I host my .cl domain name?
bluesit.com offers hosting and email service for .cl. You can order hosting, email service and SSL certificates at checkout or you can contact sales.cpr144449003101
How do I transfer my .cl domain name?

To transfer your .cl domain name to bluesit.com, submit your domain name transfer or contact sales.

To transfer your .cl domain cpr144449003101 name out of bluesit.com, contact sales.

Can I transfer out my domain if I’m using your Trustee Service?
Trustee service is non-transferable. If you are using our Trustee Service, you cpr144449003101 must update ownership according to .cl requirements before transfer out can be started.
Can I hide my registration information (Private WHOIS)?
No. At present the .cl domain zone does not provide means to hide the information cpr144449003101 of the domain owner. All information (name, address, email, etc.) will be displayed in WHOIS.
Can I register my .cl domain name in different languages (Internationalized Domain Name)?

Yes, You can register IDNs in the following languages

Grace period for .cl domain name?
Grace periods vary for country code Top Level Domains (ccTLD) including Internationalized Domain Names (IDN). Some registries require renewal up to 60 days in advance of the domain name expiration date. It is your responsibility to pay for your Renewal Fees in advance of the due date specified by 101domain regardless of the domain name expiration date. Failure to pay your Renewal Fees prior to the cpr144449003101 due date will result in a fee of $150 to renew your .cl domain. There may be a restore period between when the domain expires and when the domain can be registered again. In the event that you do not pay by the renewal date, your site may be inaccessible during this time so it is very important that you renew this extension before the renewal date.
Who is the registry that manages .cl domain names?
You may visit them here: NIC Chile.cpr144449003101
.cl Domains Dispute & Policy

Last Update 20 August 2012. If the registration is in "pending", ie is within the first 30 days of enrollment, anyone who wants to can apply the same name, and so, to get two applications starts Mediation and Arbitration to determine who will be the final holder.

If the domain is already assigned to another holder 2 years, you must submit a Request for Plastering to NIC Chile.

1. The conflicts that arise in the registration, prosecution and revocation of domain names in the CL domain is resolved according to a mediation and arbitration. In a first stage, the dispute shall be submitted to mediation, and he be unsuccessful, will continue to arbitration, in which case the parties shall appoint one arbitrator jointly by agreement, or failing that, NIC Chile designate an arbitrator from a list that will be published on the website of NIC Chile.

The mediation process

2. After proving the existence of a dispute over the registration or revocation of a domain name, NIC Chile shall notify the parties by email. This notification shall include:

a. The existence of conflict and the disputed domain name.
b. The identification of the parties involved, including all contact information.
c. A reference to this regulation and any legitimate request for revocation, if necessary.
d. Summons to a mediation, with date, time and place fixed for the meeting.

The parties shall appear personally, but in specific cases, it may authorize the participation of some of them via teleconference. It is understood that no agreement has been reached by the mere fact that a party does not attend the hearing.

The hearing will be chaired by a mediator appointed by NIC Chile, who urge the parties to reach an agreement, unaffected by any kind of disability that may be claimed by the parties.

Of the proceedings at the hearing shall be drawn up that entered the place, date, time, party goers, agreement or no agreement made. This report must be signed by all present. In the event that any participating via teleconference, the minutes will be sent by certified mail, which must be returned signed within ten working days, which run from the third day of issuing the certificate.

If the outcome of the hearing was the settlement of the dispute, the minutes shall constitute sufficient written notice to NIC Chile proceed with the final allocation of the domain that caused the conflict.

Of the cpr144449003101 arbitration proceedings

3. If the mediation does not succeed in resolving the conflict, the act will consult the parties if they agree to the appointment of an arbitrator. In case there is no agreement on or in the absence of one, NIC Chile shall send a list of referees for applicants to write off up to three members of it within five working days .

4. Having made the blemish or, the deadline for that, then proceed to appoint an arbitrator by lot from among those who have not been crossed out.

5. If the arbitrator appointed subsequently does not approve or turn down this appointment, will proceed to appoint another by lot.

6. The list of arbitrators shall be made annually by NIC Chile and will be publicly available on the website of NIC Chile.

7. The arbitrators shall have the status of "arbitrator" and against their resolutions shall not appeal. The arbitrator is specifically empowered to resolve all matters within their purview and jurisdiction including the fixing of the costs of arbitration and the payment of them, without prejudice to Article 8, last paragraph.

8. NIC Chile notified via email and send to the arbitrator appointed with the notification for all the background knowledge of the case, it must accept or reject the appointment within the tenth business day following receipt of the notice. If the arbitrator rejects the appointment or does not communicate its acceptance to the Secretariat by the deadline referred to above, it shall appoint a new arbitrator by lot.

If accepted, the referee shall summon the parties by registered letter to an audience whose date can not be, in no case later than 20 working days from the issuance of the letter. Also, send email to NIC Chile and parts identical copy of that letter of acceptance.

The hearing will be held with the party she attends and the parties will establish in conjunction with the appointed arbitrator, the arbitration procedure to follow. If the parties fail to reach agreement as to procedure, or if one or more of them do not attend the hearing, the arbitrator shall be that fixed by the procedure.

In the case where none of the warring parties appear at the hearing, the arbitrator issued a decision ordering that the disputed domain is assigned to the first applicant, or keep your current assignment, if revocation request.

The referee, without prejudice to the evidence offered by the parties and ordered in the arbitration, may, ex officio or upon request, to officiate at NIC Chile to request information regarding domain names that are either the applicant or holder of the parties in conflict. The same requirement may be ordered for domain name applications pending eliminated.

The costs of arbitration shall be shared by the parties who participated in the same except it to the first applicant in the case of a dispute over enrollment, or the current assignee, in a conflict for revocation. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the arbitrator may order the payment of all costs of arbitration, to that of the applicants that requested the domain name registration rejected in cases where it was evident the existence of incompatible third-party rights any reason, that such applicant has acted in bad faith, or the arbitrator determines that there has been no reason to litigate.

9. In case of death, illness or incapacity supervening the arbitrator who is hearing a case, NIC Chile proceed with the appointment of a new arbitrator by lot. The supervening incapacity shall be communicated by the same arbitrator, or qualified by NIC Chile.10. The arbitrator shall notify the decision to the parties by letter which will be sent to the address they had given in the arbitral proceedings, unless they have requested and the referee ordered their notice by other means. For NIC Chile shall notify the resolution ordering the resolution to comply by sending an email digitally signed.

Santiago, December 1, 2008

.cl Glossary of Technical Terms

.INT
A top-level domain devoted solely to international treaty organizations that have independent legal personality. Such organizations are not governed by the laws of any specific country, rather by mutual agreement between multiple countries. IANA maintains the domain registry for this domain.

A record
The representation of an IPv4 address in the DNS system.

AAAA record
The representation of an IPv6 address in the DNS system.

Administrative contact
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Administrative contact is intended to represent the Registrant(owner) of the domain, in any non-technical matters, regarding the management of the domain. Certain extensions require Administrative contact to confirm requests and accept notices about the domain name.

A-label
The ASCII-compatible encoded (ACE) representation of an internationalized domain name, i.e. how it is transmitted internally within the DNS protocol. A-labels always commence the with the prefix "xn--". Contrast with U-label.

ARPA
Originally a reference to the US Government agency that managed some of the Internet’s initial development, now a top-level domain used solely for machine-readable use by computers for certain protocols — such as for reverse IP address lookups, and ENUM. The domain is not designed for general registrations. IANA manages ARPA in conjunction with the Internet Architecture Board.

ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange)
The standard for transmitting English (or "Latin") letters over the Internet. DNS was originally limited to only Latin characters because it uses ASCII as its encoding format, although this has been expanded using Internationalized Domain Names(IDN) for Applications.

Authoritative Name Server
A domain name server configured to host the official record of the contents of a DNS zone. Each Chilean .cl domain name must have a set of these so computers on the Internet can find out the contents of that domain. The set of authoritative name servers for any given domain must be configured as NS records in the parent domain.

Automatic Renewal
The service of automatic renewal allows the customers the convenience of automatic billing for the services ordered through the domain registrar. If the automatic renewal is selected, customer's credit card will be automatically charged for the service, which will avoid the interruption in service.

Billing Contact
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Billing contact is responsible for the payment of the domain, and is usually assigned to the registrar managing the domain.

Caching Resolver
The combination of a recursive name server and a caching name server.

Cloaking Forwarding
Domains can be forwarded to another URL by using a forwarding service. Cloaking forwarding differs from Apache 301 forwarding by showing the content of the URL being forwarded to, however the URL bar displays the original domain name.

CNAME Record
A CNAME record is an abbreviation for Canonical Name record and is a type of resource record in the Domain Name System (DNS) used to specify that a domain name is an alias for another domain, the "canonical" domain. CNAME has a very specific syntax rule. CNAME can only be set up for the unique subdomain, meaning that it cannot be set up for any subdomain, which has already been set up for the domain. Thus CNAME is most commonly set up for WWW subdomain.

Country-code top-level domain (ccTLD)
A Class of Top Level Domains, generally assigned or reserved by a country, sovereign state, or territory. IANA is the organization, responsible for the ccTLD assignments. Since 2010 there 2 types of ccTLDs: 2 letter ASCII characters TLDs and IDN TLDs, which consist of the native language characters. Each country/territory is able to implement certain restrictions and requirements on the ccTLD assigned to them.

Cross-Registry Information Service Protocol (CRISP)
The name of the working group at the IETF that developed the Internet Registry Information Service (IRIS), a next-generation WHOIS protocol replacement.

Delegation
Any transfer of responsibility to another entity. In the domain name system, one name server can provide pointers to more useful name servers for a given request by returning NS records. On an administrative level, sub-domains are delegated to other entities. IANA also delegates IP address blocks to regional Internet registries.

Deletion
Deletion of the domain results in the domain record being removed from the registry's database. Domain deletion procedure and availability differs depending on each of the TLD's policy. Certain extensions require additional payment to delete a domain name.

DNS zone
A section of the Domain Name System name space. By default, the Root Zone contains all domain names, however in practice sections of this are delegated into smaller zones in a hierarchical fashion. For example, the .com zone would refer to the portion of the DNS delegated that ends in .com.

DNSSEC
A technology that can be added to the Domain Name System to verify the authenticity of its data. The works by adding verifiable chains of trust that can be validated to the domain name system.

Domain lock
In order to prevent unwanted changed to the domain names, customers have an ability to change the locks on their domain names. The domain lock availability depends on individual TLD, and includes clientTransferProhibited, clientUpdateProhibited, clientDeleteProhibited, clientRenewProhibited.

Domain Name
A unique identifier with a set of properties attached to it so that computers can perform conversions. A typical domain name is "icann.org". Most commonly the property attached is an IP address, like "208.77.188.103", so that computers can convert the domain name into an IP address. However the DNS is used for many other purposes. The domain name may also be a delegation, which transfers responsibility of all sub-domains within that domain to another entity. domain name label a constituent part of a domain name. The labels of domain names are connected by dots. For example, "www.iana.org" contains three labels — "www", "iana" and "org". For internationalized domain names, the labels may be referred to as A-labels and U-labels.

Domain Name Registrar
An entity offering domain name registration services, as an agent between registrants and registries. Usually multiple registrars exist who compete with each other, and are accredited. For most generic top-level domains, domain name registrars are accredited by ICANN.

Domain Name Registry
A registry tasked with managing the contents of a DNS zone, by giving registrations of sub-domains to registrants.

Domain Name Server
A general term for a computer hardware or software server, which answers requests to convert domain names into something else. These can be subdivided into authoritative name servers, which store the database for a particular DNS zone; as well as recursive name servers and caching name servers.

Domain Name System (DNS)
The global hierarchical system of domain names. A global distributed database contains the information to perform the domain name conversations, and the most central part of that database, known as the root zone is coordinated by IANA.

Dot or “."
Common way of referring to a specific top-level domain. Dot generally precedes the Top Level domain, such as dot com is written down as “.cl”.

Expiration date
The expiration date determines when the domain registration period ends. In order to avoid downtime for the domain, renewal of the domain at least two weeks before expiration date is strongly encouraged. After the expiration date passes, some registries maintain the record of the domain name under the same owner, however the DNS services are put on hold.

Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)
A protocol used for electronic communication between a registrar and a registry for provisioning domain names.

Extension
Refers to the last portion of the domain name, located after the dot. Domain extension helps determine the registry, to which domain pertains, and allows to accurately classify the domain name.

First Come, First Served (FCFS)
Multiple applications for the same domain name are not accepted. The domain will be awarded to the first registrar who submits a registration request.

FTP
File Transfer Protocol does exactly what it says. The standard network protocol allows the transfer of files from one host to another. There are many FTP clients(programs) available, which allow you to connect to your host and transfer your completed content to your hosting provider's space.

Fully-Qualified Domain Mame (FQDN)
A complete domain name including all its components, i.e. "www.icann.org" as opposed to "www".

GAC Principles
A document, formally known as the Principles for the Delegation and Administration of ccTLDs. This document was developed by the ICANN Governmental Advisory Committee and documents a set of principles agreed by governments on how ccTLDs should be delegated and run.

General Availability Phase
Domains are awarded on first come first serve basis, granted that the domains are available after the previous phases have concluded.

Generic top-level domains (gTLDs)
A class of top-level domains that are used for general purposes, where ICANN has a strong role in coordination (as opposed to country-code top-level domains, which are managed locally).

Glue Record
An explicit notation of the IP address of a name server, placed in a zone outside of the zone that would ordinarily contain that information. All name servers are in-bailiwick of the Root Zone, therefore glue records is required for all name servers listed there. Also referred to as just "glue".

Hints File
A file stored in DNS software (i.e. recursive name servers) that tells it where the DNS root servers are located.

Hostname
The name of a computer. Typically the left-most part of a fully-qualified domain name.

Http
HyperText Transfer Protocol serves as the cornerstone protocol for World Wide Web, which allows the transfer of data between clients and servers.

IANA
See Internet Assigned Numbers Authority.

IANA Considerations
A component of RFCs that refer to any work required by IANA to maintain registries for a specific protocol.

IANA Contract
The contract between ICANN and the US Government that governs how various IANA functions are performed.

IANA Staff
See Internet Assigned Numbers Authority.

ICANN
Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers(ICANN) is responsible responsible for the coordination of maintenance and methodology of several databases of unique identifiers related to the namespaces of the Internet, and ensuring the network's stable and secure operation.

Internal transfer
Internal transfer refers to a transfer of a domain name within the same registrar. This procedure may be simpler, than starting a domain transfer, which involves 2 different registrars. The internal transfer is possible, after two parties involved in the internal transfer come to an agreement about the terms of the transfer.

Internationalized domain name (IDN)
Internet domain name, which allows the use of a language-specific script or alphabet, such as Arabic, Cyrillic, and Chinese. Adoption of IDN domain names is a significant step towards including non-English speakers into the world of Internet. Internationalized domain name is stored in Domain Name System as ASCII strings, which are transcribed by the use of Punycode.

Internet Architecture Board (IAB)
The oversight body of the IETF, responsible for overall strategic direction of Internet standardization efforts. The IAB works with ICANN on how the IANA protocol parameter registries should be managed. The IAB is an activity of the Internet Society, a non-profit organization.

Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)
A department of ICANN tasked with providing various Internet coordination functions, primarily those described in a contract between ICANN and the US Government. The functions relate to ensuring globally-unique protocol parameter assignment, including management of the root of the Domain Name System and IP Address Space. ICANN staff within this department is often referred to as "IANA Staff".

Internet Coordination Policy (ICP)
A series of documents created by ICANN between 1999 and 2000 describing management procedures.

Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG)
The committee of area experts of the IETF’s areas of work, that acts as its board of management.

Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
The key Internet standardization forum. The standards developed within the IETF are published as RFCs.

Internet Protocol (IP)
The fundamental protocol that is used to transmit information over the Internet. Data transmitted over the Internet is transmitted using the Internet Protocol, usually in conjunction with a more specialized protocol. Computers are uniquely identified on the Internet using an IP Address.

IP address
A unique identifier for a device on the Internet. The identifier is used to accurately route Internet traffic to that device. IP addresses must be unique on the global Internet.

IPv4
Internet Protocol version 4. Refers to the version of Internet protocol that supports 32-bit IP addresses.

IPv6
Internet Protocol version 6. Refers to the version of Internet protocol that supports 128-bit IP addresses.

Landrush Phase
This phase allows you a greater chance to obtain a domain name prior to General Availability, typically for an increased fee. The fee generally varies depending on how early you want to register. Priority is either first-come, first-served or will go to an auction cpr144449003101 if there are multiple applicants, depending on registry rules. A common fee structure that will be in use is the Early Access Program (EAP). Further details on a specific extensions landrush phase can be found under the landrush section for that a particular domain.

Mail exchange (mx) record
MX record determines which server the mail client will be retrieving the mail from. The MX records for individual domains can be set up in the DNS records section of the client's control panel.

New Generic Top Level Domain (New gTLD)
Starting on July 15th, 2013 ICANN has started process of delegating new Generic Top Level Domains, opening up new opportunities for the internet community. New extensions include popular categories like professional domains, IDNs, general interest domains, and brand domain names.

NS record
a type of record in a DNS zone that signifies part of that zone is delegated to a different set of authoritative name servers.

Parent domain
The domain above a domain in the DNS hierarchy. For all top-level domains, the Root Zone is the parent domain. The Root Zone has no parent domain as it is as the top of the hierarchy. Opposite of sub-domain.

Parking
Many of the registrars offer a free service of domain parking. This allows the customer to quickly register a domain name, and choose the hosting solution at a later date. Very often the registrar's parking DNS servers allow DNS record modification.

Pre-Registration
Paid pre-registration allows you to purchase the domain in the General Availability phase, and the domain will be submitted as soon as the General Availability phase opens.

Primary name server
Practically every domain extension requires minimum 2 DNS servers in order for the domain to be successfully registered. Primary name server is responsible for storing information about the domain routing and making it available for requests.

PTR record
The representation of a IP address to domain name mapping in the DNS system.

Recursive Name Server
A domain name server configured to perform DNS lookups on behalf of other computers.

Redelegation
The transfer of a delegation from one entity to another. Most commonly used to refer to the redelegation process used for top-level domains.

Redelegation process
A special type of root zone change where there is a significant change involving the transfer of operations of a top-level domain to a new entity.

Redemption Grace Period
Redemption Grace Period(RGP) is a period after the expiration date, in which the domain still belongs to the same client, however the functionality is put on hold. The domain can usually be restored after paying for RGP fee. gTLDs often have a Renewal Period of 30 days before the Redemption Grace Period starts.

Regional Internet Registry (RIR)
A registry responsible for allocation of IP address resources within a particular region.

Registrant
See Registrant Contact

Registrant Contact
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Registrant contact is the owner of the domain, and is the entity that holds right to use the particular domain name.

Registrar for .cl
An entity that can act on requests from a registrant in making changes in a registry. Usually the registrar is the same entity that operates a registry, although for domain names this role is often split to allow for competition between multiple registrars who offer different levels of support.

Registry Chile .cl
The authoritative record of registrations for a particular set of data. Most often used to refer to domain name registry, but all protocol parameters that IANA maintains are also registries.

Registry Operator for .cl Chile
The entity that runs a registry.

Reverse IP
A method of translating an IP address into a domain name, so-called as it is the opposite of a typical lookup that converts a domain name to an IP address.

RFCs
A series of Internet engineering documents describing Internet standards, as well as discussion papers, informational memorandums and best practices. Internet standards that are published in an RFC originate from the IETF. The RFC series is published by the RFC Editor.

Root
The highest level of the domain system.

Root Servers
The authoritative name servers for the Root Zone.

Root Zone
The top of the domain name system hierarchy. The root zone contains all of the delegations for top-level domains, as well as the list of root servers, and is managed by IANA.

Root Zone Management (RZM)
The management of the DNS Root Zone by IANA.

RZM Automation
A project to automate many aspects of the Root Zone Management function within IANA. Based on a software tool originally called "eIANA".

Secondary name server
Practically every domain extension requires minimum 2 DNS servers in order for the domain to be successfully registered. Secondary server is responsible for copying information from the primary server. The original purpose of secondary server is to take over the requests, if the primary server is down. Some of the registries no longer put an emphasis on which server is primary or secondary, but many international registries still use the old standard.

Sponsoring organization
The entity acting as the trustee of a top-level domain on behalf of its designated community.

SSL
Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is a cryptographivc protocol, which is designed to provide communication security over internet. The data entered on the websites, using SSL, is encrypted, thus making it less susceptible to data theft.

Subdomain
In the domain hierarchy, or structure, subdomain is a domain, which is a part of a larger domain. For example, "www.icann.org" is a sub-domain of "icann.org", and "icann.org" is a sub-domain of "org". Subdomains can generally be setup through a DNS server management utility as A records or CNAME records.

Sunrise Phase
A phase in which holders of eligible trademarks have the opportunity to apply and register domain names that correspond to their trademarks. To participate in Sunrise for new gTLDs, trademark holders must validate their trademarks with the Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH) first and must provide a valid Signed Mark Data (SMD) file for submission.

Technical Contact
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Technical contact is intended to assist the Registrant(owner) contact in any queries that pertain to the technical aspects of managing the domain name.

Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH)
The central database of verified trademarks that was created by ICANN to provide brand protection to trademark holders during ICANN’s new gTLD program. Its' a centralized database of verified trademarks, that is connected to each and every new Top Level Domain (TLD) that will launch.

Top-level domain (TLD)
The highest level of subdivisions with the domain name system. These domains, such as ".cl" and ".uk" are delegated from the DNS Root zone. They are generally divided into two distinct categories, generic top-level domains and country-code top-level domains.

Transfer
Most commonly, the term transfer refers to a inter-registrar transfer of registrations. The procedure of the tranfer will largely depend on the TLD, and is most commonly completed by requesting an authorization code from the current registrar and initiating the transfer at another registrar.

Trust anchor
A known good cryptographic certificate that can be used to validate a chain of trust. Trust anchor repository (TAR) Any repository of public keys that can be used as trust anchors for validating chains of trust. See Interim Trust Anchor Repository (ITAR) for one such repository for top-level domain operators using DNSSEC.

Trustee
An entity entrusted with the operations of an Internet resource for the benefit of the wider community. In IANA circles, usually in reference to the sponsoring organization of a top-level domain.

U-label
The Unicode representation of an internationalized domain name, i.e. how it is shown to the end-user. Contrast with A-label.

Unicode
A standard describing a repertoire of characters used to represent most of the worlds languages in written form. Unicode is the basis for internationalized domain names.

Uniform resource locator (URL)
Uniform Resource Locator(URL), commonly known as web address, is an address to a resource on the internet. The URL consists of two components: Protocol Identifier(i.e. http, https) and the Resource name(i.e. icann.org)

Unsponsored top-level domain
A sub-classification of generic top-level domain, where there is no formal community of interest. Unsponsored top-level domains(.COM, .NET, .ORG, etc.) are administered according to the policies and processes established by ICANN.

URL Forwarding
URL Forwarding or URL redirection refers to the most common type of forwarding offered by domain registrars. Forwarding occurs when all pages from one domain are redirected to another domain.

UTF-8
A standard used for transmitting Unicode characters.

Variant
In the context of internationalized domain names, an alternative domain name that can be registered, or mean the same thing, because some of its characters can be registered in multiple different ways due to the way the language works. Depending on registry policy, variants may be registered together in one block called a variant bundle. For example, "internationalise" and "internationalize" may be considered variants in English.

Variant bundle
A collection of multiple domain names that are grouped together because some of the characters are considered variants of the others.

Variant table
A type of IDN table that describes the variants for a particular language or script. For example, a variant table may map Simplified Chinese characters to Traditional Chinese characters for the purpose of constructing a variant bundle.

Web host (Hosting Provider)
Web host is a type of an Internet service, which allows users to host content and/or email services by providing hosting space. Most often the hosting providers include control panels and tools for building a website and maintaining mail records.

WHOIS
A simple plain text-based protocol for looking up registration data within a registry. Typically used for domain name registries and IP address registries to find out who has registered a particular resource. (Usage note: not "Whois" or "whois")

WHOIS database
Used to refer to parts of a registry’s database that are made public using the WHOIS protocol, or via similar mechanisms using other protocols (such as web pages, or IRIS). Most commonly used to refer to a domain name registry’s public database.

WHOIS gateway
An interface, usually a web-based form, that will perform a look-up to a WHOIS server. This allows one to find WHOIS information without needing a specialized computer program that speaks the WHOIS protocol.

WHOIS server
A system running on port number 43 that accepts queries using the WHOIS protocol.

Wire format
The format of data when it is transmitted over the Internet (i.e. "over the wire"). For example, an A-label is the wire format of an internationalized domain name; and UTF-8 is a possible wire format of Unicode.

XML
A machine-readable file format for storing structured data. Used to represent web pages (in a subset called HTML) etc. Used by IANA for storing protocol parameter registries.

Zone (DNS Records)
The zone file, also know as the DNS records is a vital component of DNS system, which contains various DNS records, which point to the location of content and email servers for each individual domain. Editing zone is made possible in the client's control panel.

Signed Mark Data (SMD)
A Signed Mark Data (SMD) is file that will allow you to register domain names during the sunrise period of new gTLD’s and request other services. It validates that you trademark has been verified within the Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH).

Trademark Claims
The trademark claims period extends for 90 days after the close of the Sunrise period. During the Claims period, anyone attempting to register a domain name matching a trademark that is recorded in the Trademark Clearinghouse will receive a notification displaying the relevant mark information. If the notified party goes and ahead and registers the domain name the Trademark Clearinghouse will send a notice to those trademark holders with matching records in the Clearinghouse, informing them that someone has registered the domain name.