.co.hu Domain Registration
- 2 Years 32.00 USD
Registration Time Frame
Yes Details Are Individual .co.hu domain registrations allowed?
Yes Details Company or legal entities registrations allowed for .co.hu?
Yes Details Are there requirements, documents, or information needed for .co.hu?
Yes Details Are some .co.hu domain names restricted?
No Details Does .co.hu domain have a special use?
No Details Other information I need to know about .co.hu?
No Details Are there any additional fees for .co.hu?
No Details Do I need a trademark/brand name to register .co.hu?
No Details WHOIS Privacy service available?
Trustee / Proxy service offered? Fees? Yes Details
Use Our Trustee / Proxy Service!
Our trustee service provides the required local contact information. Note: Registration for 2 years may be required on some extensions.
Available at Checkout
.co.hu Trustee / Proxy Fee: 15.00 USD per 1 Year
.co.hu Trustee / Proxy Setup Fee: 0.00 USD
.co.hu Domain FAQ
.co.hu General FAQ
Hungary is a landlocked country located in the Carpathian Basin of Eastern Europe. It has an estimated population of approximately 10 million people and the official spoken language is Hungarian.
Hungary has a rich cultural history and is one of the most cpr144449003101 popular tourist destinations in the world, attracting almost 9 million travelers annually.
Why should I buy a .co.hu domain name?
Hungary's economy is recovering from a recent financial crisis, and the influx of new business into the area provides an opportunity to capitalize on the needs cpr144449003101 of the emerging consumer and commercial markets. The .co.hu extension is ideal for companies based in the region to help present a professional image to local customers.
What name can I register?
The Domain Applicant is free to select the name of the domain to be delegated within the framework of law and the Rules and Procedures, at the same time the Domain Applicant shall act with utmost care in selecting the domain name so as the domain name selected by the Domain Applicant and the application for and the use of it shall not violate the rights of other persons or entities (e.g. the right of exclusive names, the right of privacy, the right of the dead, the right of intellectual property, etc.). Domain Applicants shall be expected to check the commercial register or the trademark database.
No such domain name may be selected and used as, in terms of its meaning and/or use, is suspected of being:a) illegal, or
b) shocking, horrifying, or
No such domain name may be selected as:a) is already registered under cpr144449003101 the particular public domain, or
b) belongs to the protected or blocked names published on the web server.
In case of delegation directly under the .hu public domain:a) local municipalities only may be Domain Applicants for domains identified with settlements with a municipality, or
b) the official representation only of the particular country may be a Domain Applicant for domains identified with country names (in Hungarian, English and the own language of the country).
This restriction shall not apply to delegation directly under second level public domains.
Such domain names shall be selected in applications for delegation directly under the second level tm.hu public domain as are the trademarks of the Domain Applicant.
What is the registration term allowed for .co.hu domain names?
The minimum term for .co.hu cpr144449003101 domain names is 2 year(s).
Can anyone register a .co.hu domain name?
YesAre Individual .co.hu domain registrations allowed?
YesCompany or legal entities registrations allowed for .co.hu?
YesAre there requirements, documents, or information needed for .co.hu?VAT-ID number of company of European Union country and a contact person in Hungary, able to communicate in Hungarian. If individual, provide personal ID number from any EU country and contact person in Hungary. Selecting Trustee Service at checkout satisfies all requirements.
YesAre some .co.hu domain names restricted?Violating rights to third parties, illegal use, immoral and domains causing confusion to internet users are prohibited. See FAQs for complete restrictions.
NoDoes .co.hu domain have a special use?
NoOther information I need cpr144449003101 to know about .co.hu?
NoAre there any additional fees for .co.hu?
NoDo I need a trademark/brand name to register .co.hu?
NoWHOIS Privacy service available?
Yes.co.hu Trustee / Proxy service offered? Fees?
How long does it take to register my .co.hu domain name?
The domain registration time frame for .co.hu during general availability is 1 Week. .co.hu is not cpr144449003101 expected to launch until 1 Week. Once launched, a registration time frame will be available.
What are the characters and valid character lengths for .co.hu domain names?
Domain Names must:
- have minimum of 2 and a maximum of 40 characters;
- begin with a letter or a number and end with a letter or a number;
- use the English character set and may contain letters (i.e., a-z, A-Z),numbers (i.e. 0-9) and dashes (-) or a combination of these;
- neither begin with, nor cpr144449003101 end with a dash;
- not contain a dash in the third and fourth positions (e.g. www.ab- -cd.co.hu); and
- not include a space (e.g. www.ab cd.co.hu).
Trustee Service for .co.hu
Trustee Service helps you satisfy most local presence requirements when there are restrictions on registering a domain name.cpr144449003101
Trustee Service Is Available for this extension
How do I host my .co.hu domain name?
bluesit.com offers hosting and email service for .co.hu. You can order hosting, email service and SSL certificates at checkout or you can contact sales.cpr144449003101
- How do I transfer my .co.hu domain name?
Can I transfer out my domain if I’m using your Trustee Service?
Trustee service is non-transferable. If you are using our Trustee Service, you cpr144449003101 must update ownership according to .co.hu requirements before transfer out can be started.
Can I hide my registration information (Private WHOIS)?
No. At present the .co.hu domain zone does not provide means to hide the information cpr144449003101 of the domain owner. All information (name, address, email, etc.) will be displayed in WHOIS.
Can I register my .co.hu domain name in different languages (Internationalized Domain Name)?
No, .co.hu does not cpr144449003101 support Internationalized Domain Names
Grace period for .co.hu domain name?
Grace periods vary for country code Top Level Domains (ccTLD) including Internationalized Domain Names (IDN). Some registries require renewal up to 60 days in advance of the domain name expiration date. It is your responsibility to pay for your Renewal Fees in advance of the due date specified by 101domain regardless of the domain name expiration date. Failure to pay your Renewal Fees prior to the cpr144449003101 due date will result in a fee of $150 to renew your .co.hu domain. There may be a restore period between when the domain expires and when the domain can be registered again. In the event that you do not pay by the renewal date, your site may be inaccessible during this time so it is very important that you renew this extension before the renewal date.
Who is the registry that manages .co.hu domain names?
You may visit them here: .hu Domain Registry.cpr144449003101
.co.hu Domains Dispute & Policy
Last Update 20 August 2012. The most recent source for .co.hu domains dispute policy can be found at (only available in Hungarian): infomediator.hu/alternativ-vitarendezo-forum/regisztracios-doentnoek-eljarasi-szabalyzata
The following is a machine translated version.
Registration Döntnök Rules of procedure
for directly. com top-level Internet domain under delegated közdomainjei domain names the subject of disputes arisingI Concepts:1st: Registration Döntnök (Alternative Dispute Resolution Forum) directly to the. com top-level Internet domain közdomainjei under delegated domain names the subject of a dispute arising out of court (alternative) dispute resolution forum in which this task of the Hungarian Internet Providers Scientific Council of the request of the Domain Registration Rules and present rules of procedure carried out.2nd: Döntnök The Registration process for. com top level domain közdomainjei domains delegated under the subject of ongoing court dispute settlement proceedings.3rd: applied for the domain user who has been delegated for a particular domain.4th: Applicant to whom the rights or legitimate interests in the domain name applied for by the use breach.5th: Request applied for a domain name used by the Applicant to withdraw or transfer the benefit of submissions which the applicant initiates the registration procedure Döntnök.6th: Döntnök the umpires list, and dispute resolution, the contribution of the present rules of procedure in writing a natural person may be taking. The umpires may be a list of recognized experts who have the domain registration, information on the Internet and legal issues in the field of jártasságukról already been sufficiently demonstrated. The umpires list containing the names and professional qualifications of the Internet website of the Alternative Dispute Resolution Forum shall be published.7th: Registration Manager in the public domain (keeping, maintaining and making available to the public domain under the delegated domain-related information).8th: Registrar of the Registry service organizations authorized by either a client applying for or using the domain of free selection and assignment of a contractual relationship with the client to the domain delegation and registration and domain maintenance related to the affairs.9th: Domain Registration Rules of the Scientific Council of Hungarian Internet Service Providers Association's. en delegation during the public domain, the registrant must, and maintenance in order to ensure uniform, the domain users and protect the rights of others in 2001. CVIII. 15 of the Act / The self-contained in § alive with possibilities created rules that www.domain.hu web site is available.10th: is the substance use domain : the domain name constitutes use of the substance, especially if it is demonstrated that electronic correspondence, for longer, misused, or if a particular domain name, in connection with the actual content of the web site service or, in the particular domain is associated with a name containing the web page shows the actual content of the web page domain name and establish a relationship between the domain name.11th: Business Day means any day from Monday to Friday, except for the days that legislation (Labour Code, § 125th (3)) for the work days are considered holidays. If the Registration Döntnök Rules of Procedure of the closing date of Saturday, Sunday or public holiday falls on the date of the next business day thereafter.II. Jurisdiction:12th: The Registration Döntnök as defined in the Domain Registration Rules and Alternative Dispute Resolution Forum, any act, directly to the. Com top-level domain under delegated public domain formed the subject of debate. The registration process Döntnök the Domain Registration Rules 10.1. as defined in the present Rules of Procedure on the basis of the procedural rules.13th: The Registration Döntnök also acts as the dispute to decide which parties to the dispute it has been delegated, in which the parties submit to the Registration Döntnök as an alternative forum for dispute resolution powers. The. Com under delegated public domains outside the subject of disputes concerning the procedural rules of procedure of applying for registration Döntnök parties and the procedure established jointly by the designated Döntnök.III. Communications and notices14th: The registration process Döntnök Hungarian language, in writing, by electronic means. If the applicant does not indicate the application of the applied for or administrative contact's e-mail address and Registration Döntnök domain names are a public register (whois) can not acquire knowledge of the applied for and the administrative contact e-levélcíméről, the application Kérelmezettnek by mail should be sent with a call to a substantive defense to submit electronically ..15th: The Applicant or Kérelmezettnek on written notice to the contrary statement in the absence of content electronically over the Internet to be sent to them, provided that notice of the transfer of a fixed form factor available. Registration materials are sent to the Kérelmezettnek Döntnök the administrative contact person shall be sent, if different from that applied to the person. All notices shall be sent to the address, which is led by the Registry to register. All notices received by the applied for should be considered if received at least the administrative contact.16th: The correspondence and notices received by the recipient shall be considered if the electronic notification is received in the Registration umpire confirmation that the mail system of the recipient forwarded the email service provider and received confirmation that it was displayed to the recipient. In the absence of such confirmation Registration Döntnök two more times attempting to electronic documents sent to the recipient. If one does not arrive in time for Döntnök Registration confirmation, the shipment by mail, registered, recorded delivery letter to be sent to the recipient. Were sent by mail when the item will be deemed to be delivered if the recipient refused to accept. In the event that the item "not collected" indication is returned, it must be re-sent to the recipient, or if the recipient is applied for, and the administrative contact for the same applied, in which case the Registrar is applied for. If the item a second time "not collected" indication is returned, it shall be deemed delivered .. In this case, the calculation time of the return receipt back from the day following the date of arrival starts ..IV. Procedure:17th: The registration process Döntnök application starts. Request an applicant applied for only one other, but the subject of several domain name may bring forward. The application is submitted simultaneously with the registration process of the Döntnök Appendix Döntnök account established in the Registration fee to be paid.18th: The application for registration Döntnök website ( www.infomediator.hu ) published form should be submitted by filling. The application shall contain the following information:a) Applicant name, address, e-mail address, or e-mail address of the person who is authorized to represent the Applicant;b) the requested domain name (names), date of registration;c) applied for, the administrative contact person's name, address and e-mail address (if known);d) an indication that the Applicant in the application, taking a personal or three of its members carried out the procedure calls;e) the applicant's presentation to the requested domain name applied for by the use of what violates the Applicant's right to or legitimate interest in the name of the indication that a valid Hungarian and Community Right-protected name, or a use of the Applicant by a Hungarian Community or authorized by law;f) the Applicant's performance, why the same or may be confused with the requested domain name with the name of which the Applicant is entitled to use, and why illegal or fraudulent claim to the domain name applied for, or use;g) the Applicant applied for the domain name to withdraw from the Applicant and the Applicant's application for transfer of the benefit;h) The applicant's statement thati. submit to the Registration Döntnök decision,ii. consent to the procedure for the registration Döntnök manage your personal information;iii. contributes to the decision of the Applicant Registration Döntnök together with the data published;iv. acknowledge that the requested domain name assets and appeal rights only applied for against enforced, and waive all claims of and remedies of the acting Döntnökkel, the Registration umpires maintain the legal person, with the Registry and the Registrar over unless those persons with the matter relating to intentional unlawful conduct can be proved.19th: The Applicant's request for the information contained therein may be accompanied by supporting evidence, they are also in electronic form, attached to your application form, to send for the Registration Döntnök.20th: The Registration Döntnök receipt of the request to examine the formal point of view. If the application form is incomplete, does not contain the mandatory elements of content, or if the applicant submitting the application at the same time failed to pay the procedural fee, the registration deadline for Döntnök eight working days of the deficiency calls for the applicant. If the invitation to correct defects in the applicant meets the prescribed period, the Registration Döntnök initiate the process, otherwise the procedure is denied. If the procedure applied for the award of this notice on despite pay, so the procedure is terminated without notice.21st: The application and processing fee receipt of the Registration Döntnök immediately notify the Registry of the Applicant's identity and the domain name, and calls to suspend the domain name involved from cancellation or delegated to the dispute resolution procedure and any subsequent legal process is completed .22nd: The Registration Döntnök a person is acting, unless the applicant submitting the application at the same time, or applied for a substantive response to the documents in the case of three-member requests discussion, or if the Registration Döntnök this is considered justified. If the council of three members to the procedure applied for calls to the Registration Döntnök cpr144449003101 it will only meet if it is a personal process and a three-member council to pay the difference between the procedure applied for the documents in response to sending the same pay. The council procedures are the same procedural rules as the umpire is a personal process, the fact that the decision of the majority vote of the members.
The Registration Döntnök the application and processing fee receipt within 8 working days after the Applicant in the opening of one-time notification to send the request to the Kérelmezettnek and administrative kapcsolattartónakA Registration Döntnök the application and its attachments to send the Kérelmezettnek that's meaningful defense no later than 30 working days to present. The Kérelmezettet should be informed that presenting a meaningful defense at the same time may require the application of three members of the council for consideration. The applied for should be advised that, should not present a meaningful defense, the recognition of the presumption contained in the application means and Döntnök the available evidence suggests that decision.23rd: The substantive defense to the Registration Döntnök sent by the Applicant that it may make a statement within 3 working days. Upon expiry of the application Döntnök the subject of a decision.24th: The Registration Statements Döntnök leader of the receipt of applications and deadlines or eight working days from the expiry of the case before selecting the umpire, and the procedure for the case of three council members. The designation shall immediately declare Döntnök whether to approve or refuse access. To refuse appointment only thoroughly justified cases. We must reject the designation in the event of a dispute with the designated Döntnök affected and unable to be impartial and independent decision. Decline in the Registration Döntnök immediately arrange a new appointment Döntnök.
Döntnök of Registration within 30 working days to take the decision.V. Sun The termination of the procedure to pause25th:The registration process Döntnök they shall terminate without decision on the merits, ifa) becomes aware that the requested domain name is the subject of the Applicant and the procedure was applied for in the process of closing the merits was a final court decision or other alternative dispute resolution forum for decision;b) the applicant withdrew the application;c) the Applicant applied for and jointly announce that the requested domain name is the subject of agreement between them was established.26th: The registration process will pause Döntnök ifa) becomes aware that the requested domain name is the subject of the Applicant and requested in a court or other alternative dispute resolution forum or authority is pending in the proceeding has been finally closing court or alternative dispute resolution forum takes a decision, or, failing that, the other procedure is discontinued ;b) if the requested domain name registration in respect of the umpire had already submitted an application to the previous application in respect of decisions taken.VI. Decision:27th: The Registration Döntnök the Applicant and requested written submissions, as well as records kept by the Registry on the Internet and in data taken by the decision.28th: The Registration Döntnök decision, granting the request if the requested domain to the withdrawal or transfer in favor of the Applicant may require. If the Applicant requests the transfer of the domain name, it may be, mutatis mutandis, to withdraw a request for a domain name should also be considered. The transfer of the domain name when the decision granting the application can only be ordered if the applicant meets the Domain Registration Rules relating to the transfer requirements. If the application for registration Döntnök find no merit, it is rejected.29th: The domain name registration Döntnök the withdrawal or transfer orders in favor of the Applicant, if the domain name is identical or confusingly similar to a name a name that is a force in favor of the Applicant or Hungarian is protected by Community law, or for the use of the Applicant a Hungarian, or entitled under Community law, and where:a) applied for the domain name without having claimed that the name is right or legitimate interest in, orb) applied for the required name in bad faith or is made in bad faith.30th: The relevant domain name a legitimate interest in the case demonstrated, where:a) Applyee notice prior to the domain name or a name corresponding to the domain name in connection with the offering of goods or services used or made demonstrable preparation to do so, orb) The requested person to whom the domain name of the well-known name, orc) legally and applied for the purpose of resale or fair use of the domain name, without intent to deceive users, or to damage the reputation of a name, which authorized the use of another person.31st: The domain name application or use in bad faith may be demonstrated if:a) the circumstances indicate that the domain name primarily for the purpose requested, whether the person is entitled to use the transfer for consideration, use or otherwise provide for remuneration or;b) the domain name applied for in order to prevent that is authorized to use the name in a corresponding domain name, provided that:i. applied for a pattern of such conduct can be proved orii. the domain name to the date of registration at least two years has not been used properly orc) the domain name primarily for the purpose has been registered in that disrupting the professional activities of a competitor, ord) the domain name was intentionally used to attract Internet users gain the Applyee website or other on-line location, by the domain name may be confused with a name whose use of other licensees, and the confusion of the applied for online website or on-line or by way of the advertised product or service, or any other web site or on-line information base to address, ore) the domain name registered is a personal name, which a user of the domain name of the domain name registered, there is no demonstrable link.32nd: The Registration Döntnök one occasion, the procedure six months to be suspended, if applied for the domain name of the proceeding, within two years as required, and that is fair, legitimate uses of the procedure before the opening has not yet had the opportunity, but declares that the merits of the proceeding, to use within six months of start. If the deadline passes without result, and if the requested domain name does not justify the use of the substance, 33 b. point of bad faith can be established.33rd: Registration for the decision in the proceeding Döntnök way of communication by e-mail sent by the Applicant, the Kérelmezettnek, the administrative contact person, and the Registry ..34th: The Registry and the Registrar submitted to the Registration Döntnök powers, so the decision being notified within 30 days will be implemented, unless the parties to the decision being transmitted within 30 days of proof of registration Döntnök to the requested domain objects in between court proceedings are process.35th: If the Registration Döntnök the domain name of the applicant to transfer orders, but the applicant does not comply with the Domain Registration Rules for transfer conditions, the Registry of the decisions during the implementation of the domain name from that applied to withdraw, and to the withdrawal within 60 days only Applicants may submit a claim for domain delegation. The 60-day grace period after the domain name for any new application will delegálhatóvá.VII. Public, the legal practice of traceability:36th: The registration procedure for data Döntnök knowledge the traditional rights of the public.37th: The Applicant applied for and the name of the requested domain name, and the decision has been given to the 2007th After March 1 to the Registration Döntnök proceedings to be published on the Internet.VIII. Final provisions:38th: The intentional unlawful conduct, except any of the Alternative Dispute Resolution Forum, maintenance entity, nor your Registration umpire process acting in the people, not by the Registry or the Registrar is not liable because the Domain Registration Rules and this code of practice within the framework of action has been or the procedure is denied.39th: The Registration Döntnök rules of procedure of the Alternative Dispute Resolution Forum to maintain a legal person with the agreement of the Registry at any time. Registration procedure is initiated by the umpires was initiated procedural rules in force.40th: The present Rules of Procedure of Registration Döntnök 2009. as of March 1, and the applicable procedures initiated after that date.
.co.hu Glossary of Technical Terms
A top-level domain devoted solely to international treaty organizations that have independent legal personality. Such organizations are not governed by the laws of any specific country, rather by mutual agreement between multiple countries. IANA maintains the domain registry for this domain.
The representation of an IPv4 address in the DNS system.
The representation of an IPv6 address in the DNS system.
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Administrative contact is intended to represent the Registrant(owner) of the domain, in any non-technical matters, regarding the management of the domain. Certain extensions require Administrative contact to confirm requests and accept notices about the domain name.
The ASCII-compatible encoded (ACE) representation of an internationalized domain name, i.e. how it is transmitted internally within the DNS protocol. A-labels always commence the with the prefix "xn--". Contrast with U-label.
Originally a reference to the US Government agency that managed some of the Internet’s initial development, now a top-level domain used solely for machine-readable use by computers for certain protocols — such as for reverse IP address lookups, and ENUM. The domain is not designed for general registrations. IANA manages ARPA in conjunction with the Internet Architecture Board.
ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange)
The standard for transmitting English (or "Latin") letters over the Internet. DNS was originally limited to only Latin characters because it uses ASCII as its encoding format, although this has been expanded using Internationalized Domain Names(IDN) for Applications.
Authoritative Name Server
A domain name server configured to host the official record of the contents of a DNS zone. Each Hungarian .co.hu domain name must have a set of these so computers on the Internet can find out the contents of that domain. The set of authoritative name servers for any given domain must be configured as NS records in the parent domain.
The service of automatic renewal allows the customers the convenience of automatic billing for the services ordered through the domain registrar. If the automatic renewal is selected, customer's credit card will be automatically charged for the service, which will avoid the interruption in service.
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Billing contact is responsible for the payment of the domain, and is usually assigned to the registrar managing the domain.
The combination of a recursive name server and a caching name server.
Domains can be forwarded to another URL by using a forwarding service. Cloaking forwarding differs from Apache 301 forwarding by showing the content of the URL being forwarded to, however the URL bar displays the original domain name.
A CNAME record is an abbreviation for Canonical Name record and is a type of resource record in the Domain Name System (DNS) used to specify that a domain name is an alias for another domain, the "canonical" domain. CNAME has a very specific syntax rule. CNAME can only be set up for the unique subdomain, meaning that it cannot be set up for any subdomain, which has already been set up for the domain. Thus CNAME is most commonly set up for WWW subdomain.
Country-code top-level domain (ccTLD)
A Class of Top Level Domains, generally assigned or reserved by a country, sovereign state, or territory. IANA is the organization, responsible for the ccTLD assignments. Since 2010 there 2 types of ccTLDs: 2 letter ASCII characters TLDs and IDN TLDs, which consist of the native language characters. Each country/territory is able to implement certain restrictions and requirements on the ccTLD assigned to them.
Cross-Registry Information Service Protocol (CRISP)
The name of the working group at the IETF that developed the Internet Registry Information Service (IRIS), a next-generation WHOIS protocol replacement.
Any transfer of responsibility to another entity. In the domain name system, one name server can provide pointers to more useful name servers for a given request by returning NS records. On an administrative level, sub-domains are delegated to other entities. IANA also delegates IP address blocks to regional Internet registries.
Deletion of the domain results in the domain record being removed from the registry's database. Domain deletion procedure and availability differs depending on each of the TLD's policy. Certain extensions require additional payment to delete a domain name.
A section of the Domain Name System name space. By default, the Root Zone contains all domain names, however in practice sections of this are delegated into smaller zones in a hierarchical fashion. For example, the .com zone would refer to the portion of the DNS delegated that ends in .com.
A technology that can be added to the Domain Name System to verify the authenticity of its data. The works by adding verifiable chains of trust that can be validated to the domain name system.
In order to prevent unwanted changed to the domain names, customers have an ability to change the locks on their domain names. The domain lock availability depends on individual TLD, and includes clientTransferProhibited, clientUpdateProhibited, clientDeleteProhibited, clientRenewProhibited.
A unique identifier with a set of properties attached to it so that computers can perform conversions. A typical domain name is "icann.org". Most commonly the property attached is an IP address, like "220.127.116.11", so that computers can convert the domain name into an IP address. However the DNS is used for many other purposes. The domain name may also be a delegation, which transfers responsibility of all sub-domains within that domain to another entity. domain name label a constituent part of a domain name. The labels of domain names are connected by dots. For example, "www.iana.org" contains three labels — "www", "iana" and "org". For internationalized domain names, the labels may be referred to as A-labels and U-labels.
Domain Name Registrar
An entity offering domain name registration services, as an agent between registrants and registries. Usually multiple registrars exist who compete with each other, and are accredited. For most generic top-level domains, domain name registrars are accredited by ICANN.
Domain Name Registry
A registry tasked with managing the contents of a DNS zone, by giving registrations of sub-domains to registrants.
Domain Name Server
A general term for a computer hardware or software server, which answers requests to convert domain names into something else. These can be subdivided into authoritative name servers, which store the database for a particular DNS zone; as well as recursive name servers and caching name servers.
Domain Name System (DNS)
The global hierarchical system of domain names. A global distributed database contains the information to perform the domain name conversations, and the most central part of that database, known as the root zone is coordinated by IANA.
Dot or “."
Common way of referring to a specific top-level domain. Dot generally precedes the Top Level domain, such as dot com is written down as “.co.hu”.
The expiration date determines when the domain registration period ends. In order to avoid downtime for the domain, renewal of the domain at least two weeks before expiration date is strongly encouraged. After the expiration date passes, some registries maintain the record of the domain name under the same owner, however the DNS services are put on hold.
Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)
A protocol used for electronic communication between a registrar and a registry for provisioning domain names.
Refers to the last portion of the domain name, located after the dot. Domain extension helps determine the registry, to which domain pertains, and allows to accurately classify the domain name.
First Come, First Served (FCFS)
Multiple applications for the same domain name are not accepted. The domain will be awarded to the first registrar who submits a registration request.
File Transfer Protocol does exactly what it says. The standard network protocol allows the transfer of files from one host to another. There are many FTP clients(programs) available, which allow you to connect to your host and transfer your completed content to your hosting provider's space.
Fully-Qualified Domain Mame (FQDN)
A complete domain name including all its components, i.e. "www.icann.org" as opposed to "www".
A document, formally known as the Principles for the Delegation and Administration of ccTLDs. This document was developed by the ICANN Governmental Advisory Committee and documents a set of principles agreed by governments on how ccTLDs should be delegated and run.
General Availability Phase
Domains are awarded on first come first serve basis, granted that the domains are available after the previous phases have concluded.
Generic top-level domains (gTLDs)
A class of top-level domains that are used for general purposes, where ICANN has a strong role in coordination (as opposed to country-code top-level domains, which are managed locally).
An explicit notation of the IP address of a name server, placed in a zone outside of the zone that would ordinarily contain that information. All name servers are in-bailiwick of the Root Zone, therefore glue records is required for all name servers listed there. Also referred to as just "glue".
A file stored in DNS software (i.e. recursive name servers) that tells it where the DNS root servers are located.
The name of a computer. Typically the left-most part of a fully-qualified domain name.
HyperText Transfer Protocol serves as the cornerstone protocol for World Wide Web, which allows the transfer of data between clients and servers.
See Internet Assigned Numbers Authority.
A component of RFCs that refer to any work required by IANA to maintain registries for a specific protocol.
The contract between ICANN and the US Government that governs how various IANA functions are performed.
See Internet Assigned Numbers Authority.
Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers(ICANN) is responsible responsible for the coordination of maintenance and methodology of several databases of unique identifiers related to the namespaces of the Internet, and ensuring the network's stable and secure operation.
Internal transfer refers to a transfer of a domain name within the same registrar. This procedure may be simpler, than starting a domain transfer, which involves 2 different registrars. The internal transfer is possible, after two parties involved in the internal transfer come to an agreement about the terms of the transfer.
Internationalized domain name (IDN)
Internet domain name, which allows the use of a language-specific script or alphabet, such as Arabic, Cyrillic, and Chinese. Adoption of IDN domain names is a significant step towards including non-English speakers into the world of Internet. Internationalized domain name is stored in Domain Name System as ASCII strings, which are transcribed by the use of Punycode.
Internet Architecture Board (IAB)
The oversight body of the IETF, responsible for overall strategic direction of Internet standardization efforts. The IAB works with ICANN on how the IANA protocol parameter registries should be managed. The IAB is an activity of the Internet Society, a non-profit organization.
Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)
A department of ICANN tasked with providing various Internet coordination functions, primarily those described in a contract between ICANN and the US Government. The functions relate to ensuring globally-unique protocol parameter assignment, including management of the root of the Domain Name System and IP Address Space. ICANN staff within this department is often referred to as "IANA Staff".
Internet Coordination Policy (ICP)
A series of documents created by ICANN between 1999 and 2000 describing management procedures.
Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG)
The committee of area experts of the IETF’s areas of work, that acts as its board of management.
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
The key Internet standardization forum. The standards developed within the IETF are published as RFCs.
Internet Protocol (IP)
The fundamental protocol that is used to transmit information over the Internet. Data transmitted over the Internet is transmitted using the Internet Protocol, usually in conjunction with a more specialized protocol. Computers are uniquely identified on the Internet using an IP Address.
A unique identifier for a device on the Internet. The identifier is used to accurately route Internet traffic to that device. IP addresses must be unique on the global Internet.
Internet Protocol version 4. Refers to the version of Internet protocol that supports 32-bit IP addresses.
Internet Protocol version 6. Refers to the version of Internet protocol that supports 128-bit IP addresses.
This phase allows you a greater chance to obtain a domain name prior to General Availability, typically for an increased fee. The fee generally varies depending on how early you want to register. Priority is either first-come, first-served or will go to an auction cpr144449003101 if there are multiple applicants, depending on registry rules. A common fee structure that will be in use is the Early Access Program (EAP). Further details on a specific extensions landrush phase can be found under the landrush section for that a particular domain.
Mail exchange (mx) record
MX record determines which server the mail client will be retrieving the mail from. The MX records for individual domains can be set up in the DNS records section of the client's control panel.
New Generic Top Level Domain (New gTLD)
Starting on July 15th, 2013 ICANN has started process of delegating new Generic Top Level Domains, opening up new opportunities for the internet community. New extensions include popular categories like professional domains, IDNs, general interest domains, and brand domain names.
a type of record in a DNS zone that signifies part of that zone is delegated to a different set of authoritative name servers.
The domain above a domain in the DNS hierarchy. For all top-level domains, the Root Zone is the parent domain. The Root Zone has no parent domain as it is as the top of the hierarchy. Opposite of sub-domain.
Many of the registrars offer a free service of domain parking. This allows the customer to quickly register a domain name, and choose the hosting solution at a later date. Very often the registrar's parking DNS servers allow DNS record modification.
Paid pre-registration allows you to purchase the domain in the General Availability phase, and the domain will be submitted as soon as the General Availability phase opens.
Primary name server
Practically every domain extension requires minimum 2 DNS servers in order for the domain to be successfully registered. Primary name server is responsible for storing information about the domain routing and making it available for requests.
The representation of a IP address to domain name mapping in the DNS system.
Recursive Name Server
A domain name server configured to perform DNS lookups on behalf of other computers.
The transfer of a delegation from one entity to another. Most commonly used to refer to the redelegation process used for top-level domains.
A special type of root zone change where there is a significant change involving the transfer of operations of a top-level domain to a new entity.
Redemption Grace Period
Redemption Grace Period(RGP) is a period after the expiration date, in which the domain still belongs to the same client, however the functionality is put on hold. The domain can usually be restored after paying for RGP fee. gTLDs often have a Renewal Period of 30 days before the Redemption Grace Period starts.
Regional Internet Registry (RIR)
A registry responsible for allocation of IP address resources within a particular region.
See Registrant Contact
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Registrant contact is the owner of the domain, and is the entity that holds right to use the particular domain name.
Registrar for .co.hu
An entity that can act on requests from a registrant in making changes in a registry. Usually the registrar is the same entity that operates a registry, although for domain names this role is often split to allow for competition between multiple registrars who offer different levels of support.
Registry Hungary .co.hu
The authoritative record of registrations for a particular set of data. Most often used to refer to domain name registry, but all protocol parameters that IANA maintains are also registries.
Registry Operator for .co.hu Hungary
The entity that runs a registry.
A method of translating an IP address into a domain name, so-called as it is the opposite of a typical lookup that converts a domain name to an IP address.
A series of Internet engineering documents describing Internet standards, as well as discussion papers, informational memorandums and best practices. Internet standards that are published in an RFC originate from the IETF. The RFC series is published by the RFC Editor.
The highest level of the domain system.
The authoritative name servers for the Root Zone.
The top of the domain name system hierarchy. The root zone contains all of the delegations for top-level domains, as well as the list of root servers, and is managed by IANA.
Root Zone Management (RZM)
The management of the DNS Root Zone by IANA.
A project to automate many aspects of the Root Zone Management function within IANA. Based on a software tool originally called "eIANA".
Secondary name server
Practically every domain extension requires minimum 2 DNS servers in order for the domain to be successfully registered. Secondary server is responsible for copying information from the primary server. The original purpose of secondary server is to take over the requests, if the primary server is down. Some of the registries no longer put an emphasis on which server is primary or secondary, but many international registries still use the old standard.
The entity acting as the trustee of a top-level domain on behalf of its designated community.
Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is a cryptographivc protocol, which is designed to provide communication security over internet. The data entered on the websites, using SSL, is encrypted, thus making it less susceptible to data theft.
In the domain hierarchy, or structure, subdomain is a domain, which is a part of a larger domain. For example, "www.icann.org" is a sub-domain of "icann.org", and "icann.org" is a sub-domain of "org". Subdomains can generally be setup through a DNS server management utility as A records or CNAME records.
A phase in which holders of eligible trademarks have the opportunity to apply and register domain names that correspond to their trademarks. To participate in Sunrise for new gTLDs, trademark holders must validate their trademarks with the Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH) first and must provide a valid Signed Mark Data (SMD) file for submission.
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Technical contact is intended to assist the Registrant(owner) contact in any queries that pertain to the technical aspects of managing the domain name.
Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH)
The central database of verified trademarks that was created by ICANN to provide brand protection to trademark holders during ICANN’s new gTLD program. Its' a centralized database of verified trademarks, that is connected to each and every new Top Level Domain (TLD) that will launch.
Top-level domain (TLD)
The highest level of subdivisions with the domain name system. These domains, such as ".co.hu" and ".uk" are delegated from the DNS Root zone. They are generally divided into two distinct categories, generic top-level domains and country-code top-level domains.
Most commonly, the term transfer refers to a inter-registrar transfer of registrations. The procedure of the tranfer will largely depend on the TLD, and is most commonly completed by requesting an authorization code from the current registrar and initiating the transfer at another registrar.
A known good cryptographic certificate that can be used to validate a chain of trust. Trust anchor repository (TAR) Any repository of public keys that can be used as trust anchors for validating chains of trust. See Interim Trust Anchor Repository (ITAR) for one such repository for top-level domain operators using DNSSEC.
An entity entrusted with the operations of an Internet resource for the benefit of the wider community. In IANA circles, usually in reference to the sponsoring organization of a top-level domain.
The Unicode representation of an internationalized domain name, i.e. how it is shown to the end-user. Contrast with A-label.
A standard describing a repertoire of characters used to represent most of the worlds languages in written form. Unicode is the basis for internationalized domain names.
Uniform resource locator (URL)
Uniform Resource Locator(URL), commonly known as web address, is an address to a resource on the internet. The URL consists of two components: Protocol Identifier(i.e. http, https) and the Resource name(i.e. icann.org)
Unsponsored top-level domain
A sub-classification of generic top-level domain, where there is no formal community of interest. Unsponsored top-level domains(.COM, .NET, .ORG, etc.) are administered according to the policies and processes established by ICANN.
URL Forwarding or URL redirection refers to the most common type of forwarding offered by domain registrars. Forwarding occurs when all pages from one domain are redirected to another domain.
A standard used for transmitting Unicode characters.
In the context of internationalized domain names, an alternative domain name that can be registered, or mean the same thing, because some of its characters can be registered in multiple different ways due to the way the language works. Depending on registry policy, variants may be registered together in one block called a variant bundle. For example, "internationalise" and "internationalize" may be considered variants in English.
A collection of multiple domain names that are grouped together because some of the characters are considered variants of the others.
A type of IDN table that describes the variants for a particular language or script. For example, a variant table may map Simplified Chinese characters to Traditional Chinese characters for the purpose of constructing a variant bundle.
Web host (Hosting Provider)
Web host is a type of an Internet service, which allows users to host content and/or email services by providing hosting space. Most often the hosting providers include control panels and tools for building a website and maintaining mail records.
A simple plain text-based protocol for looking up registration data within a registry. Typically used for domain name registries and IP address registries to find out who has registered a particular resource. (Usage note: not "Whois" or "whois")
Used to refer to parts of a registry’s database that are made public using the WHOIS protocol, or via similar mechanisms using other protocols (such as web pages, or IRIS). Most commonly used to refer to a domain name registry’s public database.
An interface, usually a web-based form, that will perform a look-up to a WHOIS server. This allows one to find WHOIS information without needing a specialized computer program that speaks the WHOIS protocol.
A system running on port number 43 that accepts queries using the WHOIS protocol.
The format of data when it is transmitted over the Internet (i.e. "over the wire"). For example, an A-label is the wire format of an internationalized domain name; and UTF-8 is a possible wire format of Unicode.
A machine-readable file format for storing structured data. Used to represent web pages (in a subset called HTML) etc. Used by IANA for storing protocol parameter registries.
Zone (DNS Records)
The zone file, also know as the DNS records is a vital component of DNS system, which contains various DNS records, which point to the location of content and email servers for each individual domain. Editing zone is made possible in the client's control panel.
Signed Mark Data (SMD)
A Signed Mark Data (SMD) is file that will allow you to register domain names during the sunrise period of new gTLD’s and request other services. It validates that you trademark has been verified within the Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH).
The trademark claims period extends for 90 days after the close of the Sunrise period. During the Claims period, anyone attempting to register a domain name matching a trademark that is recorded in the Trademark Clearinghouse will receive a notification displaying the relevant mark information. If the notified party goes and ahead and registers the domain name the Trademark Clearinghouse will send a notice to those trademark holders with matching records in the Clearinghouse, informing them that someone has registered the domain name.