.co.ma Domain Registration
- 1 Year 69.00 USD
Registration Time Frame
Yes Details Are Individual .co.ma domain registrations allowed?
Yes Details Company or legal entities registrations allowed for .co.ma?
No Details Are there requirements, documents, or information needed for .co.ma?
Yes Details Are some .co.ma domain names restricted?
No Details Does .co.ma domain have a special use?
Yes Details Other information I need to know about .co.ma?
No Details Are there any additional fees for .co.ma?
No Details Do I need a trademark/brand name to register .co.ma?
No Details WHOIS Privacy service available?
Trustee / Proxy service offered? Fees? No Details
.co.ma Domain FAQ
.co.ma General FAQ
The Kingdom of Morocco is a country located in North Africa. It is part of the Maghreb Region along with Tunisia, Algeria, Mauretania and Libya, with which it shares cultural, historical and linguistic ties. Morocco has an estimated population of approximately 35 million people, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber.
Morocco has a liberal economy and the country has undergone a period of privatization over the last two cpr144449003101 decades. Half of the GDP is based on the service sector, such as tourism, telecom, information technology and textiles.
Why should I buy a .co.ma domain name?
Morocco has a stable and growing economy, and the influx of new business into the area provides an opportunity to capitalize on the needs of the emerging consumer and cpr144449003101 commercial markets. The .co.ma extension is ideal for companies based in the region to help present a professional image and show your commitment to the region to local customers.
What name can I register?
Unethical, sexual or any domainname that is considered against the cpr144449003101 Kingdom of Morocco of the religion of Islam is not allowed.
What is the registration term allowed for .co.ma domain names?
The minimum term for .co.ma cpr144449003101 domain names is 1 year(s).
Can anyone register a .co.ma domain name?
YesAre Individual .co.ma domain registrations allowed?
YesCompany or legal entities registrations allowed for .co.ma?
NoAre there requirements, documents, or information needed for .co.ma?
YesAre some .co.ma domain names restricted?Violating rights to third parties, Unethical, sexual or any domain name or activity that is considered against the Kingdom of Morocco of the religion of Islam is not allowed.
NoDoes .co.ma domain have a special use?
YesOther information I need to know about .co.ma?Local admin is required, we provide this service for free to our customers.
NoAre there any cpr144449003101 additional fees for .co.ma?
NoDo I need a trademark/brand name to register .co.ma?
NoWHOIS Privacy service available?
Yes.co.ma Trustee / Proxy service offered? Fees?
Don't Have All of These Requirements for Morocco .co.ma? Our trustee service provides the required local contact information. Note: Registration for 2 years may be required on some extensions.
Available at Checkout
.co.ma Trustee / Proxy Fee: per
.co.ma Trustee / Proxy Setup Fee:
How long does it take to register my .co.ma domain name?
The domain registration time frame for .co.ma during general availability is 2 Days. .co.ma is not cpr144449003101 expected to launch until 2 Days. Once launched, a registration time frame will be available.
What are the characters and valid character lengths for .co.ma domain names?
Domain Names must:
- have minimum of 3 and a maximum of 63 characters;
- begin with a letter or a number and end with a letter or a number;
- use the English character set and may contain letters (i.e., a-z, A-Z),numbers (i.e. 0-9) and dashes (-) or a combination of these;
- neither begin with, nor cpr144449003101 end with a dash;
- not contain a dash in the third and fourth positions (e.g. www.ab- -cd.co.ma); and
- not include a space (e.g. www.ab cd.co.ma).
Trustee Service for .co.ma
Trustee Service helps you satisfy most local presence requirements when there are restrictions on registering a domain name.cpr144449003101
Trustee service is not available for this extension
How do I host my .co.ma domain name?
bluesit.com offers hosting and email service for .co.ma. You can order hosting, email service and SSL certificates at checkout or you can contact sales.cpr144449003101
- How do I transfer my .co.ma domain name?
Can I transfer out my domain if I’m using your Trustee Service?
Trustee service is non-transferable. If you are using our Trustee Service, you cpr144449003101 must update ownership according to .co.ma requirements before transfer out can be started.
Can I hide my registration information (Private WHOIS)?
No. At present the .co.ma domain zone does not provide means to hide the information cpr144449003101 of the domain owner. All information (name, address, email, etc.) will be displayed in WHOIS.
Can I register my .co.ma domain name in different languages (Internationalized Domain Name)?
No, .co.ma does not cpr144449003101 support Internationalized Domain Names
Grace period for .co.ma domain name?
Grace periods vary for country code Top Level Domains (ccTLD) including Internationalized Domain Names (IDN). Some registries require renewal up to 60 days in advance of the domain name expiration date. It is your responsibility to pay for your Renewal Fees in advance of the due date specified by 101domain regardless of the domain name expiration date. Failure to pay your Renewal Fees prior to the cpr144449003101 due date will result in a fee of $150 to renew your .co.ma domain. There may be a restore period between when the domain expires and when the domain can be registered again. In the event that you do not pay by the renewal date, your site may be inaccessible during this time so it is very important that you renew this extension before the renewal date.
Who is the registry that manages .co.ma domain names?
You may visit them here: NIC.MA.cpr144449003101
.co.ma Domains Dispute & Policy
Regulations on the Procedure of alternative dispute resolution of. My
Effective August 1, 2007
Accordance with the Charter of the domain naming. My, the Regulations on the Procedure of alternative dispute resolution of. Applies to my domain names. My relating to a trademark, trading or service protected in Morocco. It governs the alternative method of resolving disputes between an applicant and a defendant on a domain name. My. The regulation applies, an exception to the principle of non-retroactivity of the Charter, to all domain names registered with the manager. The defendant submits to it by accepting the terms of the Charter.1. Definitions
For purposes of this Regulation, by ANRT National Agency of Telecommunications Regulation. The agency responsible for managing the area. My.
Center the WIPO Arbitration and Mediation Center World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).
Charter Charter naming domain. my.
Coordinates all available information such as email and postal addresses and telephone numbers and fax numbers.
Defendant the owner of the domain name in dispute or objects of the domain names in dispute, against which an alternative procedure for dispute resolution has been committed.
Expert the person designated by the Centre to decide a procedure alternative dispute resolution of domain names covered by this Regulation.
Freezing operations that the operation is to prevent any changes to the domain name (transfer of the domain name to another holder or change of provider).
Manager agency responsible for administrative and technical management of domain names.my, maintenance of databases and search services and operation of public servers.
Remedies the remedies can be sought and obtained by the applicant in proceedings governed by these regulations. They are limited to the removal or transfer of the domain name to the applicant.
The domain name consists of an alphanumeric term a radical and an extension. A domain name is an IP address.
Provider organization acting as an intermediary between the manager and the plaintiffs, and who is responsible for recording and editing information on domain names of its customers (applicants or holders of domain names).
Process or procedure alternative dispute resolution procedure alternative dispute resolution governed by these Rules, brought by the applicant against a defendant on one or more domain names of the defendant.
Regulations governing the settlement procedure alternative dispute resolution between an applicant and a defendant on a domain name registered with the manager. The defendant submits to it by accepting the terms of the Charter.
Requiring a person or entity who commits an alternative procedure for resolving disputes relating to one or more domain names of the defendant.
Remove the operation of deleting the domain name service DNS and WHOIS database so that the domain name, which is no longer operational, falls into the public domain and may be registered by a new owner.
Transfer of technical and administrative operation conducted by the manager of ensuring the transfer of a domain from one holder to another.2. Applicable Disputesa. Mandatory procedure. The defendant is required to submit to a mandatory procedure in case a third party (the applicant) submitted to the Centre that:(I) the domain name is identical or similar to the point of confusion, a trademark, trading or service in which the Complainant has rights protected in Morocco and(Ii) the Respondent has no rights over the domain name or legitimate interest which attaches to it, and(Iii) the domain name was registered or used in bad faith.In the procedure, the complainant must prove that these three elements are present.b. Proof of registration or use in bad faith. Proof that the domain name was registered or used in bad faith may consist, in particular, provided that their reality is proven by the expert , by the following circumstances:(I) circumstances indicating that Respondent has registered or acquired the domain name primarily for the purpose of selling, renting or otherwise transfer the registration of the domain name to the complainant who is the owner of the mark factory, trade or service protected in Morocco, or to a competitor of it, for consideration and for a price exceeding the costs that the defendant can show that he paid in direct relation to the domain name;(Ii) the Respondent has registered the domain name to prevent the owner of the trademark, trademark or service protected in Morocco from reflecting the mark as a domain name, and the defendant is engaged in a pattern such conduct;(Iii) the Respondent has registered the domain name primarily for the purpose of disrupting the business of a competitor;(Iv) by using this domain name, the Respondent has intentionally attempted to attract, for commercial gain, Internet users to a website or other on-line location, by creating a likelihood of confusion with the complainant's mark as regards the source, sponsorship, affiliation or approval of defendant's site or web space or a product or service that is offered.c. How to prove, in response to a request, his rights to a domain name and legitimate interests attached to them. If the expert to be proved based on its evaluation of all evidence presented, the evidence of rights defendant of the domain name or legitimate interest which attaches to it, can be incorporated, in particular, by one of the following circumstances:(I) before any notice of the dispute, the respondent used the domain name or a name corresponding to the domain name in connection with a bona fide offering of goods or services, or made serious preparations for that purpose ;(Ii) the defendant is known by the domain name in question, even without acquiring rights to a trademark, trademark or service, or(Iii) the Respondent is making a legitimate noncommercial or fair use of the domain name without intent to divert consumers for commercial gain by creating confusion or to tarnish the trademark, trademark or service involved.3. Institution dispute resolution(A) In this Regulation, the Centre is the institution administering the dispute resolution procedure alternative dispute resolution.(B) The ANRT and the manager are not parties to the proceedings alternative dispute resolution, but meet their obligations under these Rules and under the terms of the Charter.(C) The Centre is independent of the ANRT and the manager. It is not subject to guidelines in the administration of the alternative method of dispute resolution.(D) The Centre shall keep confidential nonpublic information that he learned as part of the administration of the alternative method of dispute resolution.4. List of experts(A) The Centre shall establish and publish a list of experts and their qualifications.(B) The expert must be qualified lawyers under Moroccan law.(C) There is no right to an entry in the list. The composition of the list can be tailored to the needs according to experiments conducted by the Centre. The Centre may change at any time the list of experts.5. Independence of experts(A) Experts must be independent. Before their appointment is accepted, they must disclose to the center all the elements that are likely to raise serious doubt on their independence.(B) When, during the procedure, new elements appear to be capable of raising serious doubts on the independence of an expert, the expert concerned must immediately disclose these items to the Centre.(C) An expert appointed under this procedure shall represent any party in the same case as part of a judicial or extrajudicial whatever form.6. Replacement of an expert(A) The Centre may replace an expert when, after the appointment of the expert concerned, it considers that there are elements being such as to raise serious doubt on its independence.(B) A party may, within five (5) days after the appointment of an expert, advance in writing of the elements being capable of raising serious doubts on the independence of the expert concerned. In this case, the Centre decides under paragraph (a), unless waived by the expert in question itself.(C) The Centre may replace a nominee as part of an alternative procedure for resolving disputes when the expert is rendered unable, for legal or effective, to meet its obligations under the procedure in question, or it fails to meet these obligations within a reasonable time.(D) The Centre may replace an expert when both parties requested in writing within five (5) days of the appointment, replacement of the expert in question. In this case, the Centre may, taking into account the specific case, decide that is paid to the expert replaced some or all of the fees due to him under Schedule of Fees Centre. The Parties shall bear equally the additional expense generated, unless they have agreed to a different distribution of these costs.7. Communications and deadlines(A) The request is transmitted by the Centre to all postal address and fax numbers, and all email addresses available. These are the addresses:(I) provided by the ANRT report by the Centre on behalf of the holder of the domain considered contentious or(Ii) reported to the Centre by the applicant or the defendant.(B) All other written communications relating to the procedure are made where possible by email.(C) Each party may update its contact details by contacting the other party at the Centre, the Manager and the ANRT.(D) Except as provided in this Regulation or decided by an expert, all communications provided for in this Regulation shall be deemed to have been made:(I) if made by fax, the date indicated on the confirmation of transmission;(Ii) if made by mail or by courier, the date stamped on the receipt;(Iii) if made by e-mail, the date on which the communication was transmitted.(E) Except as provided in this Regulation, all the deadlines imposed by a communication under these Rules shall begin at the earliest possible date determined under paragraph (d).(F) In some cases, the Centre or an expert, once appointed, may extend for a reasonable period, the deadlines in these regulations, based on request of a party or at its discretion.(G) All communications:(I) an expert to a party shall also be forwarded to the Centre and the other party;(Ii) a party to the Centre must also be transmitted to the other party and, during the period of his appointment to the expert;(Iii) a party must be forwarded to the Centre and, after the opening of the alternative method of dispute resolution, the other party and, during the period of his appointment to the expert.8. Language of proceedings(A) The procedure is conducted in French, without prejudice to the ability of the Centre or the expert to decide otherwise exceptionally at the request of either party or both, or at its option, given the elements of the alternative method of dispute resolution.(B) The exhibits filed as evidence in a language other than French may be registered in that other language. The Centre or the expert can, however, require the submission of a complete or partial translation of these documents in French, at the expense of the party.9. Suspension of the procedure
Based on the applicant's request, the Centre or the expert, once appointed, may suspend the procedure alternative dispute resolution for a reasonable time. The resumption of the proceeding is held upon request of the applicant or ex officio by decision of the Centre or expert, once appointed. The domain name remains frozen during the suspension.10. Further processing unnecessary or impossible
When, for whatever reason, the continuation of the alternative method of dispute resolution becomes unnecessary or impossible before pronouncement of a decision, the Centre or the expert, once appointed, says the procedure is completed, unless a party raises based objections against this statement, in the time allotted by the Centre or the expert.11. Legal proceedings(A) This regulation does not prevent the parties submit the dispute to a competent court for a judicial decision.(B) Where a party initiates legal proceedings in the same case for cpr144449003101 an alternative method of dispute resolution, it shall immediately notify the Center.(C) Where proceedings are initiated before or during a procedure alternative dispute resolution, it is the Centre or expert, once appointed, to decide whether to suspend, continue or put an stop the procedure alternative dispute resolution.12. Taxes and fees(A) The applicant shall pay the taxes and fees of the alternative method of dispute resolution set out in the Schedule of Fees of the Center, provided that sections 6 (d), 12 (d) or 19 n ' not provide otherwise. When there has been no appointment of an expert, the Centre renders the applicant's fee paid expert, set out in the Schedule of Fees Centre.(B) The Centre is not obliged to act before receiving the taxes and fees set out in its Schedule of Fees.(C) When the center does not receive taxes and fees within ten (10) days from the filing of the application, the application is considered withdrawn and the Centre says the process is complete.(D) In special cases and founded the Centre may require one party or both the payment of additional fees, subject to sections 6 (d) and 19.
II. Conduct of proceedings
A. Request and Response13. Request(A) The alternative procedure of dispute resolution is initiated by filing a request with the Centre in accordance with this Regulation.(B) The application must be submitted to the Center in writing in four copies and in electronic form (except for parts not available in this form) and contain the following information:(I) the domain name in dispute,(Ii) the names and contact information of the applicant,(Iii) if the applicant is represented in the proceedings of alternative dispute resolution, names and contact representative and an adequate proxy,(Iv) the defendant's name and all known details about the applicant and the defendant of a potential to represent the defendant in sufficient detail so that the request can be transmitted by the Centre under the procedure provided in Article 7 (a),(V) the remedy sought, whether the applicant requests the transmission or deletion of the domain name in dispute,(Vi) a statement of reasons explaining such (this part of the application must be limited to 5000 words maximum):(1) or how the domain names are identical or similar to the point of confusion, a trademark, trading or service protected in Morocco in which the complainant has rights; and(2) why the Respondent should be considered as having no right or on the domain names that are the subject of the complaint or legitimate interest thereon; and(3) or why the domain names should be considered as having been registered or used in bad faith. (This statement should, for elements (2) and (3), develop all relevant points referred to in paragraphs 2. B. And c. Regulation,(Vii) an explanation of any legal proceedings that were or are being compared to the domain name in dispute,(Viii) confirmation that the applicant has given the order to pay the Center tax and fees due under Article 12 and the Schedule of Fees,(Ix) a statement that the applicant agrees, as regards appeal by the defendant against a decision requiring the transfer or deletion of the domain name, to submit to the jurisdiction of Moroccan courts.(X) the final declarations below, followed by the signature of the applicant or his authorized representative:"The Complainant agrees that its claims and rights in registration or use of the domain name, the dispute or the resolution of the dispute, are directed solely against the holder and waives all claims of this nature against the ANRT, the manager, the provider or the Centre, as well as its organs, officers, employees and representatives, as well as against the experts appointed by the Centre, provided that such claims are not based on willful negligence. ""The applicant states that to his knowledge, the information involved in this application is complete and accurate, and that this application is not submitted abusively."(C) The application must also be accompanied by supporting documents or other evidence, including, where applicable, the registration of the trademark, trademark or service which is based on the application and a checklist of these items.(D) The request may relate to more than one domain name, provided that all domain names are registered by the same defendant.14. Freezing operations on the domain name(A) The Centre warns ANRT and the manager immediately after the filing of the application to the Centre.(B) The operations manager freezes the disputed domain name upon receipt of such notification, for the duration of the procedure alternative dispute resolution and, where applicable, under section 23 (c), in- beyond procedure.(C) The freezing of operations on a domain name is made pursuant to the terms of the Charter.15. Notification of the request(A) The Centre shall consider whether the application meets the formal requirements in this Regulation. If the request is confirmed, the Center transmitted it to the defendant, as defined in Article 7 (a), if possible within five (5) days of receipt of taxes and fees paid by the applicant under section 12 and Schedule of Fees Centre.(B) Where the application does not meet the formal requirements of this Regulation, the Centre shall inform the applicant of the deficiencies in the summing of remedy within five (5) days. If the applicant does not remedy the deficiencies noted, the application is considered withdrawn after the deadline, and the Center says the process is complete. The applicant is free to file another application in the same case.(C) The date of commencement of proceedings is the date the Centre shall request the defendant under section 7 (a).(D) The Centre shall inform the applicant, the defendant, the ANRT and the manager of the date when the procedure begins.16. Response(A) Within twenty (20) days from the date defined in Article 15 (c), the opening of the alternative method of dispute resolution, the defendant must file a response with the Center.(B) The answer must be given in writing in triplicate and in electronic form (except for parts not available in this form) and contain the following information:(I) a position on the statements and allegations contained in the application, including defense stating the reasons why the defendant should retain the domain name in dispute (this part of the response must be limited to 5000 words maximum)(Ii) the names and contact information of the defendant,(Iii) if the defendant is represented at the alternative method of dispute resolution, names and contact information and a representative of the corresponding proxy,(Iv) an explanation of any legal proceedings that were or are being compared to the domain name in dispute,(V) Closing statements below, followed by the signature of the defendant or his authorized representative:"The defendant stated that to his knowledge, the information contained in this response is complete and accurate, and that this response is not being submitted abusively."(C) The response must also be accompanied by supporting documents and other evidence adduced by the defendant, together with a list of these parts.17. Appointment of expert(A) The Centre will appoint a single expert's list, taking into account its availability and qualifications required in this case.(B) The appointment must if possible be held within five (5) business days following the date on which the Center received the answer, or after the expiry of the deadline for filing a response.(C) Once the expert, the Centre shall forward the case file and report the name of the expert to the parties.18. General skills of the expert(A) The expert leads the alternative method of dispute resolution as it considers appropriate in respect of this Regulation. It ensures that the parties are treated equally and that each has the opportunity to present his case adequately under these Regulations.(B) The expert decides on the admissibility, relevance, materiality and weight of the evidence.(C) If deemed appropriate, the expert may exceptionally require parties other explanations or documents the request and response, or permit the submission of the application under either party.19. Hearings
Any hearing person is excluded (including by telephone conference, video or Internet), unless the expert decides, in exercise of its discretion and in exceptional cases, a hearing is necessary for him could rule on the request.20. Defect(A) If, in the absence of exceptional circumstances, a party breaches any of the deadlines set by these regulations or by the expert, it will continue the proceedings and make its decision.(B) If, in the absence of exceptional circumstances, a party fails to comply with the provisions or conditions of this Regulation or a statement of the expert, it may draw such inferences it considers appropriate.21. Decision(A) The Expert shall decide the application in light of the statements and documents submitted by both parties, in compliance with this regulation.(B) By the measure of relief sought, the expert can decide only the removal or transfer of the domain name, or deny the application.(C) The expert shall grant the request when the three elements of paragraph 2. a. met, including proof that the applicant has a trademark, trading or service protected in Morocco.(D) The decision, motivated, shall be in writing and state the date on which it was rendered and includes the name of the expert.(E) Except in exceptional circumstances, the expert sends the decision - signed in triplicate and in electronic form - to the Centre within fourteen (14) days from the date of his appointment.22. Notification and publication of the decision(A) The Centre shall submit a signed written copy of the decision to each party, and an electronic version of the decision to the parties, the ANRT and the manager.(B) All decisions made under these Regulations are published in full on the website of the Centre unless the expert excludes exceptional passages of the publication of its decision.23. Execution of the decision(A) Except as prescribed in paragraph (b), a decision ordering the removal or transfer of the domain name in dispute is run by a manager after the period of thirty (30) days from the day communication of the electronic version of the decision to the parties, the ANRT and the manager. The execution of the decision remains subject to the terms of the Charter.(B) If the defendant would convey to the ANRT and the manager, within such thirty (30) days, a document certifying that a Moroccan court was seized of proceedings (eg copy of a application, bearing the registration stamp of the clerk of court), ANRT and manager suspending the operation of the decision until they receive is a document certifying that the procedure has no place being, or a court decision has been reached in the terms provided in the Charter.(C) Until the implementation of the decision or until the conclusion of judicial proceedings pursuant to paragraph (b), the domain name will remain frozen unless conflicting judgment rendered by a Moroccan court, this court ruling is applied by ANRT and manager in the conditions covered by the Charter.
III. Final Provisions24. Disclaimer
Except in cases of willful neglect, the Centre, the ANRT, the manager, the provider or expert are released from any liability to the parties with respect to any acts or omissions in connection with proceedings conducted in under this Regulation.25. Amendments to Regulation(A) The Centre reserves the right to amend these rules.(B) the ANRT Centre may propose to amend this regulation.(C) Amendments shall enter into force after the period of thirty (30) day period following the publication of the amended version of this Regulation on the website of the ANRT. When alternative procedures for resolving disputes, the applicable version is the one that prevailed at the time of filing the application to the Centre.
.co.ma Glossary of Technical Terms
A top-level domain devoted solely to international treaty organizations that have independent legal personality. Such organizations are not governed by the laws of any specific country, rather by mutual agreement between multiple countries. IANA maintains the domain registry for this domain.
The representation of an IPv4 address in the DNS system.
The representation of an IPv6 address in the DNS system.
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Administrative contact is intended to represent the Registrant(owner) of the domain, in any non-technical matters, regarding the management of the domain. Certain extensions require Administrative contact to confirm requests and accept notices about the domain name.
The ASCII-compatible encoded (ACE) representation of an internationalized domain name, i.e. how it is transmitted internally within the DNS protocol. A-labels always commence the with the prefix "xn--". Contrast with U-label.
Originally a reference to the US Government agency that managed some of the Internet’s initial development, now a top-level domain used solely for machine-readable use by computers for certain protocols — such as for reverse IP address lookups, and ENUM. The domain is not designed for general registrations. IANA manages ARPA in conjunction with the Internet Architecture Board.
ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange)
The standard for transmitting English (or "Latin") letters over the Internet. DNS was originally limited to only Latin characters because it uses ASCII as its encoding format, although this has been expanded using Internationalized Domain Names(IDN) for Applications.
Authoritative Name Server
A domain name server configured to host the official record of the contents of a DNS zone. Each Moroccan .co.ma domain name must have a set of these so computers on the Internet can find out the contents of that domain. The set of authoritative name servers for any given domain must be configured as NS records in the parent domain.
The service of automatic renewal allows the customers the convenience of automatic billing for the services ordered through the domain registrar. If the automatic renewal is selected, customer's credit card will be automatically charged for the service, which will avoid the interruption in service.
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Billing contact is responsible for the payment of the domain, and is usually assigned to the registrar managing the domain.
The combination of a recursive name server and a caching name server.
Domains can be forwarded to another URL by using a forwarding service. Cloaking forwarding differs from Apache 301 forwarding by showing the content of the URL being forwarded to, however the URL bar displays the original domain name.
A CNAME record is an abbreviation for Canonical Name record and is a type of resource record in the Domain Name System (DNS) used to specify that a domain name is an alias for another domain, the "canonical" domain. CNAME has a very specific syntax rule. CNAME can only be set up for the unique subdomain, meaning that it cannot be set up for any subdomain, which has already been set up for the domain. Thus CNAME is most commonly set up for WWW subdomain.
Country-code top-level domain (ccTLD)
A Class of Top Level Domains, generally assigned or reserved by a country, sovereign state, or territory. IANA is the organization, responsible for the ccTLD assignments. Since 2010 there 2 types of ccTLDs: 2 letter ASCII characters TLDs and IDN TLDs, which consist of the native language characters. Each country/territory is able to implement certain restrictions and requirements on the ccTLD assigned to them.
Cross-Registry Information Service Protocol (CRISP)
The name of the working group at the IETF that developed the Internet Registry Information Service (IRIS), a next-generation WHOIS protocol replacement.
Any transfer of responsibility to another entity. In the domain name system, one name server can provide pointers to more useful name servers for a given request by returning NS records. On an administrative level, sub-domains are delegated to other entities. IANA also delegates IP address blocks to regional Internet registries.
Deletion of the domain results in the domain record being removed from the registry's database. Domain deletion procedure and availability differs depending on each of the TLD's policy. Certain extensions require additional payment to delete a domain name.
A section of the Domain Name System name space. By default, the Root Zone contains all domain names, however in practice sections of this are delegated into smaller zones in a hierarchical fashion. For example, the .com zone would refer to the portion of the DNS delegated that ends in .com.
A technology that can be added to the Domain Name System to verify the authenticity of its data. The works by adding verifiable chains of trust that can be validated to the domain name system.
In order to prevent unwanted changed to the domain names, customers have an ability to change the locks on their domain names. The domain lock availability depends on individual TLD, and includes clientTransferProhibited, clientUpdateProhibited, clientDeleteProhibited, clientRenewProhibited.
A unique identifier with a set of properties attached to it so that computers can perform conversions. A typical domain name is "icann.org". Most commonly the property attached is an IP address, like "126.96.36.199", so that computers can convert the domain name into an IP address. However the DNS is used for many other purposes. The domain name may also be a delegation, which transfers responsibility of all sub-domains within that domain to another entity. domain name label a constituent part of a domain name. The labels of domain names are connected by dots. For example, "www.iana.org" contains three labels — "www", "iana" and "org". For internationalized domain names, the labels may be referred to as A-labels and U-labels.
Domain Name Registrar
An entity offering domain name registration services, as an agent between registrants and registries. Usually multiple registrars exist who compete with each other, and are accredited. For most generic top-level domains, domain name registrars are accredited by ICANN.
Domain Name Registry
A registry tasked with managing the contents of a DNS zone, by giving registrations of sub-domains to registrants.
Domain Name Server
A general term for a computer hardware or software server, which answers requests to convert domain names into something else. These can be subdivided into authoritative name servers, which store the database for a particular DNS zone; as well as recursive name servers and caching name servers.
Domain Name System (DNS)
The global hierarchical system of domain names. A global distributed database contains the information to perform the domain name conversations, and the most central part of that database, known as the root zone is coordinated by IANA.
Dot or “."
Common way of referring to a specific top-level domain. Dot generally precedes the Top Level domain, such as dot com is written down as “.co.ma”.
The expiration date determines when the domain registration period ends. In order to avoid downtime for the domain, renewal of the domain at least two weeks before expiration date is strongly encouraged. After the expiration date passes, some registries maintain the record of the domain name under the same owner, however the DNS services are put on hold.
Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)
A protocol used for electronic communication between a registrar and a registry for provisioning domain names.
Refers to the last portion of the domain name, located after the dot. Domain extension helps determine the registry, to which domain pertains, and allows to accurately classify the domain name.
First Come, First Served (FCFS)
Multiple applications for the same domain name are not accepted. The domain will be awarded to the first registrar who submits a registration request.
File Transfer Protocol does exactly what it says. The standard network protocol allows the transfer of files from one host to another. There are many FTP clients(programs) available, which allow you to connect to your host and transfer your completed content to your hosting provider's space.
Fully-Qualified Domain Mame (FQDN)
A complete domain name including all its components, i.e. "www.icann.org" as opposed to "www".
A document, formally known as the Principles for the Delegation and Administration of ccTLDs. This document was developed by the ICANN Governmental Advisory Committee and documents a set of principles agreed by governments on how ccTLDs should be delegated and run.
General Availability Phase
Domains are awarded on first come first serve basis, granted that the domains are available after the previous phases have concluded.
Generic top-level domains (gTLDs)
A class of top-level domains that are used for general purposes, where ICANN has a strong role in coordination (as opposed to country-code top-level domains, which are managed locally).
An explicit notation of the IP address of a name server, placed in a zone outside of the zone that would ordinarily contain that information. All name servers are in-bailiwick of the Root Zone, therefore glue records is required for all name servers listed there. Also referred to as just "glue".
A file stored in DNS software (i.e. recursive name servers) that tells it where the DNS root servers are located.
The name of a computer. Typically the left-most part of a fully-qualified domain name.
HyperText Transfer Protocol serves as the cornerstone protocol for World Wide Web, which allows the transfer of data between clients and servers.
See Internet Assigned Numbers Authority.
A component of RFCs that refer to any work required by IANA to maintain registries for a specific protocol.
The contract between ICANN and the US Government that governs how various IANA functions are performed.
See Internet Assigned Numbers Authority.
Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers(ICANN) is responsible responsible for the coordination of maintenance and methodology of several databases of unique identifiers related to the namespaces of the Internet, and ensuring the network's stable and secure operation.
Internal transfer refers to a transfer of a domain name within the same registrar. This procedure may be simpler, than starting a domain transfer, which involves 2 different registrars. The internal transfer is possible, after two parties involved in the internal transfer come to an agreement about the terms of the transfer.
Internationalized domain name (IDN)
Internet domain name, which allows the use of a language-specific script or alphabet, such as Arabic, Cyrillic, and Chinese. Adoption of IDN domain names is a significant step towards including non-English speakers into the world of Internet. Internationalized domain name is stored in Domain Name System as ASCII strings, which are transcribed by the use of Punycode.
Internet Architecture Board (IAB)
The oversight body of the IETF, responsible for overall strategic direction of Internet standardization efforts. The IAB works with ICANN on how the IANA protocol parameter registries should be managed. The IAB is an activity of the Internet Society, a non-profit organization.
Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)
A department of ICANN tasked with providing various Internet coordination functions, primarily those described in a contract between ICANN and the US Government. The functions relate to ensuring globally-unique protocol parameter assignment, including management of the root of the Domain Name System and IP Address Space. ICANN staff within this department is often referred to as "IANA Staff".
Internet Coordination Policy (ICP)
A series of documents created by ICANN between 1999 and 2000 describing management procedures.
Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG)
The committee of area experts of the IETF’s areas of work, that acts as its board of management.
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
The key Internet standardization forum. The standards developed within the IETF are published as RFCs.
Internet Protocol (IP)
The fundamental protocol that is used to transmit information over the Internet. Data transmitted over the Internet is transmitted using the Internet Protocol, usually in conjunction with a more specialized protocol. Computers are uniquely identified on the Internet using an IP Address.
A unique identifier for a device on the Internet. The identifier is used to accurately route Internet traffic to that device. IP addresses must be unique on the global Internet.
Internet Protocol version 4. Refers to the version of Internet protocol that supports 32-bit IP addresses.
Internet Protocol version 6. Refers to the version of Internet protocol that supports 128-bit IP addresses.
This phase allows you a greater chance to obtain a domain name prior to General Availability, typically for an increased fee. The fee generally varies depending on how early you want to register. Priority is either first-come, first-served or will go to an auction cpr144449003101 if there are multiple applicants, depending on registry rules. A common fee structure that will be in use is the Early Access Program (EAP). Further details on a specific extensions landrush phase can be found under the landrush section for that a particular domain.
Mail exchange (mx) record
MX record determines which server the mail client will be retrieving the mail from. The MX records for individual domains can be set up in the DNS records section of the client's control panel.
New Generic Top Level Domain (New gTLD)
Starting on July 15th, 2013 ICANN has started process of delegating new Generic Top Level Domains, opening up new opportunities for the internet community. New extensions include popular categories like professional domains, IDNs, general interest domains, and brand domain names.
a type of record in a DNS zone that signifies part of that zone is delegated to a different set of authoritative name servers.
The domain above a domain in the DNS hierarchy. For all top-level domains, the Root Zone is the parent domain. The Root Zone has no parent domain as it is as the top of the hierarchy. Opposite of sub-domain.
Many of the registrars offer a free service of domain parking. This allows the customer to quickly register a domain name, and choose the hosting solution at a later date. Very often the registrar's parking DNS servers allow DNS record modification.
Paid pre-registration allows you to purchase the domain in the General Availability phase, and the domain will be submitted as soon as the General Availability phase opens.
Primary name server
Practically every domain extension requires minimum 2 DNS servers in order for the domain to be successfully registered. Primary name server is responsible for storing information about the domain routing and making it available for requests.
The representation of a IP address to domain name mapping in the DNS system.
Recursive Name Server
A domain name server configured to perform DNS lookups on behalf of other computers.
The transfer of a delegation from one entity to another. Most commonly used to refer to the redelegation process used for top-level domains.
A special type of root zone change where there is a significant change involving the transfer of operations of a top-level domain to a new entity.
Redemption Grace Period
Redemption Grace Period(RGP) is a period after the expiration date, in which the domain still belongs to the same client, however the functionality is put on hold. The domain can usually be restored after paying for RGP fee. gTLDs often have a Renewal Period of 30 days before the Redemption Grace Period starts.
Regional Internet Registry (RIR)
A registry responsible for allocation of IP address resources within a particular region.
See Registrant Contact
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Registrant contact is the owner of the domain, and is the entity that holds right to use the particular domain name.
Registrar for .co.ma
An entity that can act on requests from a registrant in making changes in a registry. Usually the registrar is the same entity that operates a registry, although for domain names this role is often split to allow for competition between multiple registrars who offer different levels of support.
Registry Morocco .co.ma
The authoritative record of registrations for a particular set of data. Most often used to refer to domain name registry, but all protocol parameters that IANA maintains are also registries.
Registry Operator for .co.ma Morocco
The entity that runs a registry.
A method of translating an IP address into a domain name, so-called as it is the opposite of a typical lookup that converts a domain name to an IP address.
A series of Internet engineering documents describing Internet standards, as well as discussion papers, informational memorandums and best practices. Internet standards that are published in an RFC originate from the IETF. The RFC series is published by the RFC Editor.
The highest level of the domain system.
The authoritative name servers for the Root Zone.
The top of the domain name system hierarchy. The root zone contains all of the delegations for top-level domains, as well as the list of root servers, and is managed by IANA.
Root Zone Management (RZM)
The management of the DNS Root Zone by IANA.
A project to automate many aspects of the Root Zone Management function within IANA. Based on a software tool originally called "eIANA".
Secondary name server
Practically every domain extension requires minimum 2 DNS servers in order for the domain to be successfully registered. Secondary server is responsible for copying information from the primary server. The original purpose of secondary server is to take over the requests, if the primary server is down. Some of the registries no longer put an emphasis on which server is primary or secondary, but many international registries still use the old standard.
The entity acting as the trustee of a top-level domain on behalf of its designated community.
Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is a cryptographivc protocol, which is designed to provide communication security over internet. The data entered on the websites, using SSL, is encrypted, thus making it less susceptible to data theft.
In the domain hierarchy, or structure, subdomain is a domain, which is a part of a larger domain. For example, "www.icann.org" is a sub-domain of "icann.org", and "icann.org" is a sub-domain of "org". Subdomains can generally be setup through a DNS server management utility as A records or CNAME records.
A phase in which holders of eligible trademarks have the opportunity to apply and register domain names that correspond to their trademarks. To participate in Sunrise for new gTLDs, trademark holders must validate their trademarks with the Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH) first and must provide a valid Signed Mark Data (SMD) file for submission.
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Technical contact is intended to assist the Registrant(owner) contact in any queries that pertain to the technical aspects of managing the domain name.
Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH)
The central database of verified trademarks that was created by ICANN to provide brand protection to trademark holders during ICANN’s new gTLD program. Its' a centralized database of verified trademarks, that is connected to each and every new Top Level Domain (TLD) that will launch.
Top-level domain (TLD)
The highest level of subdivisions with the domain name system. These domains, such as ".co.ma" and ".uk" are delegated from the DNS Root zone. They are generally divided into two distinct categories, generic top-level domains and country-code top-level domains.
Most commonly, the term transfer refers to a inter-registrar transfer of registrations. The procedure of the tranfer will largely depend on the TLD, and is most commonly completed by requesting an authorization code from the current registrar and initiating the transfer at another registrar.
A known good cryptographic certificate that can be used to validate a chain of trust. Trust anchor repository (TAR) Any repository of public keys that can be used as trust anchors for validating chains of trust. See Interim Trust Anchor Repository (ITAR) for one such repository for top-level domain operators using DNSSEC.
An entity entrusted with the operations of an Internet resource for the benefit of the wider community. In IANA circles, usually in reference to the sponsoring organization of a top-level domain.
The Unicode representation of an internationalized domain name, i.e. how it is shown to the end-user. Contrast with A-label.
A standard describing a repertoire of characters used to represent most of the worlds languages in written form. Unicode is the basis for internationalized domain names.
Uniform resource locator (URL)
Uniform Resource Locator(URL), commonly known as web address, is an address to a resource on the internet. The URL consists of two components: Protocol Identifier(i.e. http, https) and the Resource name(i.e. icann.org)
Unsponsored top-level domain
A sub-classification of generic top-level domain, where there is no formal community of interest. Unsponsored top-level domains(.COM, .NET, .ORG, etc.) are administered according to the policies and processes established by ICANN.
URL Forwarding or URL redirection refers to the most common type of forwarding offered by domain registrars. Forwarding occurs when all pages from one domain are redirected to another domain.
A standard used for transmitting Unicode characters.
In the context of internationalized domain names, an alternative domain name that can be registered, or mean the same thing, because some of its characters can be registered in multiple different ways due to the way the language works. Depending on registry policy, variants may be registered together in one block called a variant bundle. For example, "internationalise" and "internationalize" may be considered variants in English.
A collection of multiple domain names that are grouped together because some of the characters are considered variants of the others.
A type of IDN table that describes the variants for a particular language or script. For example, a variant table may map Simplified Chinese characters to Traditional Chinese characters for the purpose of constructing a variant bundle.
Web host (Hosting Provider)
Web host is a type of an Internet service, which allows users to host content and/or email services by providing hosting space. Most often the hosting providers include control panels and tools for building a website and maintaining mail records.
A simple plain text-based protocol for looking up registration data within a registry. Typically used for domain name registries and IP address registries to find out who has registered a particular resource. (Usage note: not "Whois" or "whois")
Used to refer to parts of a registry’s database that are made public using the WHOIS protocol, or via similar mechanisms using other protocols (such as web pages, or IRIS). Most commonly used to refer to a domain name registry’s public database.
An interface, usually a web-based form, that will perform a look-up to a WHOIS server. This allows one to find WHOIS information without needing a specialized computer program that speaks the WHOIS protocol.
A system running on port number 43 that accepts queries using the WHOIS protocol.
The format of data when it is transmitted over the Internet (i.e. "over the wire"). For example, an A-label is the wire format of an internationalized domain name; and UTF-8 is a possible wire format of Unicode.
A machine-readable file format for storing structured data. Used to represent web pages (in a subset called HTML) etc. Used by IANA for storing protocol parameter registries.
Zone (DNS Records)
The zone file, also know as the DNS records is a vital component of DNS system, which contains various DNS records, which point to the location of content and email servers for each individual domain. Editing zone is made possible in the client's control panel.
Signed Mark Data (SMD)
A Signed Mark Data (SMD) is file that will allow you to register domain names during the sunrise period of new gTLD’s and request other services. It validates that you trademark has been verified within the Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH).
The trademark claims period extends for 90 days after the close of the Sunrise period. During the Claims period, anyone attempting to register a domain name matching a trademark that is recorded in the Trademark Clearinghouse will receive a notification displaying the relevant mark information. If the notified party goes and ahead and registers the domain name the Trademark Clearinghouse will send a notice to those trademark holders with matching records in the Clearinghouse, informing them that someone has registered the domain name.