.com.bd Domain Registration

Bangladesh Domain - .com.bd Domain Registration

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.com.bd Registry logo

Registration Pricing

  • 2 Years 78.00 USD

Application Fee

Registration Time Frame

1 Week


Requirements

Yes Details Are Individual .com.bd domain registrations allowed?

Yes Details Company or legal entities registrations allowed for .com.bd?

Yes Details Are there requirements, documents, or information needed for .com.bd?

Yes Details Are some .com.bd domain names restricted?

No Details Does .com.bd domain have a special use?

No Details Other information I need to know about .com.bd?

Yes Details Are there any additional fees for .com.bd?

No Details Do I need a trademark/brand name to register .com.bd?

No Details WHOIS Privacy service available?

Trustee / Proxy service offered? Fees? No Details


.com.bd Domain FAQ

.com.bd General FAQ
Bangladesh is a sovereign state located in South Asia. It is bordered almost entirely by India, though it shares a small border with Burma in the Southeast. From the late 1940s through the 1980s, Bangladesh had undergone tumultuous political change, finally achieving independence from Pakistan in 1971 and restoring democracy in 1991. Since that time, there has been relative calm and economic progress.

Bangladesh's economy is ranked 44th largest in the world. Two thirds of Bangladeshis are farmers, and the country is one of the largest producers of several notable crops. In spite of the large number of farmers in the country, more than three quarters of the cpr144449003101 country's export earnings come from the garment industry. In recent years, there has been a dramatic increase in foreign direct investment, and there are plans to construct both the largest international airport and the largest deep sea port in South Asia in the immediate future.

Why should I buy a .com.bd domain name?
With the growing local economy, strong export sector and major capital projects on the horizon, Bangladesh is a great place to cpr144449003101 market your business. Having a .com.bd extension will lend valuable credibility to your site by indication your commitment to the region.
What name can I register?
You can select any name other than generic terms, name of professions, services, products, sports etc. as a domain name. For example, "Doctor", cpr144449003101 "Lawyer", "Rice", "School" etc. are not acceptable. Any domain name offending our social practices, culture, religions, and respected personalities will not be accepted.
What is the registration term allowed for .com.bd domain names?
The minimum term for .com.bd cpr144449003101 domain names is 2 year(s).
Can anyone register a .com.bd domain name?

YesAre Individual .com.bd domain registrations allowed?

YesCompany or legal entities registrations allowed for .com.bd?

YesAre there requirements, documents, or information needed for .com.bd?

Required local representative is provided by default.

YesAre some .com.bd domain names restricted?

Generic names, name offending Bangladesh social practices, culture, religions, and respected personalities are prohibited. For complete restrictions see FAQs.

NoDoes .com.bd domain have a special use?

NoOther information I need to know about .com.bd?

YesAre there any cpr144449003101 additional fees for .com.bd?

Ownership change: $50

NoDo I need a trademark/brand name to register .com.bd?

NoWHOIS Privacy service available?

Yes.com.bd Trustee / Proxy service offered? Fees?

Don't Have All of These Requirements for Bangladesh .com.bd? Our trustee service provides the required local contact information. Note: Registration for 2 years may be required on some extensions.

Available at Checkout

.com.bd Trustee / Proxy Fee: per
.com.bd Trustee / Proxy Setup Fee:

How long does it take to register my .com.bd domain name?
The domain registration time frame for .com.bd during general availability is 1 Week. .com.bd is not cpr144449003101 expected to launch until 1 Week. Once launched, a registration time frame will be available.
What are the characters and valid character lengths for .com.bd domain names?
Domain Names must:
  • have minimum of 3 and a maximum of 63 characters;
  • begin with a letter or a number and end with a letter or a number;
  • use the English character set and may contain letters (i.e., a-z, A-Z),numbers (i.e. 0-9) and dashes (-) or a combination of these;
  • neither begin with, nor cpr144449003101 end with a dash;
  • not contain a dash in the third and fourth positions (e.g. www.ab- -cd.com.bd); and
  • not include a space (e.g. www.ab cd.com.bd).
Trustee Service for .com.bd

Trustee Service helps you satisfy most local presence requirements when there are restrictions on registering a domain name.

cpr144449003101

Trustee service is not available for this extension

How do I host my .com.bd domain name?
bluesit.com offers hosting and email service for .com.bd. You can order hosting, email service and SSL certificates at checkout or you can contact sales.cpr144449003101
How do I transfer my .com.bd domain name?

To transfer your .com.bd domain name to bluesit.com, submit your domain name transfer or contact sales.

To transfer your .com.bd domain cpr144449003101 name out of bluesit.com, contact sales.

Can I transfer out my domain if I’m using your Trustee Service?
Trustee service is non-transferable. If you are using our Trustee Service, you cpr144449003101 must update ownership according to .com.bd requirements before transfer out can be started.
Can I hide my registration information (Private WHOIS)?
No. At present the .com.bd domain zone does not provide means to hide the information cpr144449003101 of the domain owner. All information (name, address, email, etc.) will be displayed in WHOIS.
Can I register my .com.bd domain name in different languages (Internationalized Domain Name)?

No, .com.bd does not cpr144449003101 support Internationalized Domain Names

Grace period for .com.bd domain name?
Grace periods vary for country code Top Level Domains (ccTLD) including Internationalized Domain Names (IDN). Some registries require renewal up to 60 days in advance of the domain name expiration date. It is your responsibility to pay for your Renewal Fees in advance of the due date specified by 101domain regardless of the domain name expiration date. Failure to pay your Renewal Fees prior to the cpr144449003101 due date will result in a fee of $150 to renew your .com.bd domain. There may be a restore period between when the domain expires and when the domain can be registered again. In the event that you do not pay by the renewal date, your site may be inaccessible during this time so it is very important that you renew this extension before the renewal date.
Who is the registry that manages .com.bd domain names?
You may visit them here: Bangladesh Telecommunications Company Limited cpr144449003101 (BCTL).
.com.bd Domains Dispute & Policy

Last Update 20 August 2012. The most current .com.bd domains dispute policy can be found at: www.btcl.gov.bd/home/main/form/dotBD-agre.pdf

1. Description of the Agreement
This .BD Domain Name Registration Agreement ("Agreement") sets forth the terms and conditions for using the Domain Name registration services of BTCL to register an Internet Domain Name. By signing this Agreement from the Registrant acknowledges that he has read, understood, and agreed to be bound by all terms and conditions of this Agreement, the accompanying fee schedule, the Dispute Policy and any rules or policies that are or may become effective when published / circulated by BTCL.
2. About BTCL
BTCL is an accredited registrar with the Internet Assigned Numbering Authority (IANA). . BD Top Level Domains ("TLD".) IANA oversees the .BD TLDs. The Registrant agrees that BTCL may modify this Agreement as necessary to comply with its agreement with IANA. BTCL may accept or reject the Domain Name registration application for any reason at its sole discretion, such rejection including, but not limited to, rejection due to a request for registration of a prohibited Domain Name.
3. Selection of a Domain Name
It is the duty of the Registrant to check and investigate to see whether the Domain Name that he selected or its use infringes legal rights of others. The Registrant may wish to consider seeking one or more trademark registrations in connection with his Domain Name. = The Registrant should be aware that there is the possibility BTCL might be ordered by a court to cancel, modify, or transfer his Domain Name. The Registrant should be aware that if BTCL are sued or threatened with lawsuit in connection with his Domain Name, BTCL may turn to the Registrant to hold harmless and indemnify BTCL, pursuant to the Indemnification provision below.
4. Information to be submitted
As part of the registration process, the Registrant is required to provide and update certain information as needed to keep it current, complete and accurate. The information that must be provided in connection with the Domain Name are given in .BD Domain Name Application from. For renewal of the Domain Name registration, the type of information that is required to be provided may have changed. If the Registrant does not wish to provide the new required information, the registration may not be renewed.
5. Obligations Relating to Provided Data
In the event that, in registering the Domain Name, the Registrant is providing information about a third party, the Registrant hereby represents that (1) he has provided notice to that third party of the disclosure and use of the third party’s information as set forth in this Agreement, and (2) that the Registrant has obtained that third party’s express consent to the disclosure and use of that party’s information as set forth in this Agreement.

Willfully providing inaccurate information or willfully failing to update information promptly will constitute a material breach of this Agreement and will be sufficient basis for cancellation of this the Domain Name registration. The Registrant’s failure to respond for over fifteen (15) calendar days to inquiries by BTCL concerning the accuracy of contact details and associated with the Registration shall constitute a breach of this Agreement and will be sufficient basis for cancellation of the Domain Name registration.
6. Disclosure and Use of Registration Information
BTCL will make available the Domain Name registration information the Registrant provided or that BTCL otherwise maintain to IANA, to registry administrator(s), and to other third parties as IANA and applicable laws may require or permit. BTCL may make publicly available, or directly available to third party vendors, some, or all, of the Domain Name registration information provided, for purposes of inspection (such as through our the ‘WHOIS’ service), or for targeted marketing and other purposes as required or permitted by IANA and applicable laws.

Additionally, the Registrant acknowledges that IANA may establish guidelines, limits and / or requirements that relate to the amount and type of information that BTCL may or must make available to the public or to private entities, and the manner in which such information is made available.

The Registrant hereby consents to any and all such disclosures and use of, and guidelines, limits and restrictions on disclosure or use of, information provided by him in connection with the registration of a Domain Name (including any updates of such information), whether during or after the term of his registration of the Domain Name. The Registrant hereby irrevocably waives any and all claims and causes of action he may have arising from such disclosure or use of your Domain Name registration information by BTCL.
8. Fees and Payment
The Registrant hereby agrees to pay BTCL, at the time of submitting the application for registration, the fees as set forth in the BTCL PRICE SCHEDULE, which is incorporated into this Agreement by reference, for the initial registration of the Domain Name and, should the Registrant choose to renew the registration, subsequent renewals of the registration.

All fees / charges shall have to be paid in advance or within the specified time, failing which may lead to suspension or cancellation of this Domain Name registration.

All fees are non-refundable, in whole or in part, even if the Registrant’s Domain Name registration is suspended, cancelled or transferred prior to the end of this then current registration term. BTCL reserves the right to change fees, surcharges, and renewal fees or to institute new fees at any time, for any reason, at its sole discretion. The use of the services by the Registrant after any such changes become effective will be deemed as his acceptance of those charges.

The Registrant will be notified when renewal fees are due. Should these fees go unpaid within the time specified in a notice regarding renewal, the registration will be canceled. Payment must be made in Cash or such other method as BTCL may indicate in the registration application or renewal form.
9. Dispute Policy
The Registrant agrees to be bound by the BTCL Domain Name Dispute Policy ("Dispute Policy"), which is hereby incorporated by reference and made a part of this Agreement. Any disputes regarding the right to use the chosen Domain Name are subject to the Dispute Policy provisions in effect at the time the Domain Name registration is disputed by a third party, in the event such a dispute arises. The Registrant also agrees that, in the event a Domain Name dispute arises with any third party, the Registrant will indemnify and hold BTCL harmless pursuant to the indemnification provision below.
10. Change of Ownership
Prior to the effectiveness of any transfer of ownership of the Registrant’s Domain Name to another entity, the Registrant will pay BTCL the then-current amount set forth in the PRICE SCHEDULE for the transfer of ownership of a Domain Name. As a condition of any such transfer of ownership of the Domain Name, the entity to which the Registrant seeks to transfer the Domain Name (the "Transferee") shall agree in writing to be bound by all terms and conditions of this Agreement. The Domain Name will not be transferred until BTCL receives such written assurances, and actual payment of the transfer fee, or reasonable assurance of payment of the transfer fee from some other entity (such reasonable assurance as determined by BTCL in its sole discretion). If the attempt to transfer the Domain Name registration without paying BTCL the then-current amount set by BTCL for the transfer of ownership of a Domain Name, or if the entity to which the Registrant seeks to transfer the Domain Name fails to agree in writing to be bound by all terms and conditions of this Agreement, any such transfer will be null and void, and will result in the Domain Name registration being revoked without a refund of any charges incurred in attempting to register or transfer that Domain Name.
11. Modifications to Agreement, Price Schedule and Dispute Policy
During the period of this Agreement, BTCL may: (1) revise the terms and conditions of this Agreement, the Price Schedule and Dispute Policy; and (2) change the services provided under this Agreement. Any such revision or change will be binding and effective immediately on posting of the revised Agreement or change to the service(s) on BTCL web site. It is the duty of the Registrant to review BTCL web site periodically to be aware of any such revisions. The Registrant’s continued use of the Domain Name shall constitute his acceptance of this Agreement, Price Schedule and the Dispute Policy with the new modifications. If the Registrant does not agree to any of such changes, he may request that his Domain Name registration be cancelled or transferred to a different Domain Name Registrar. Such cancellation or request for transfer will be his exclusive remedy if the Registrant does not wish to abide by any changes to this Agreement, Price Schedule or Dispute Policy.
12. Ownership of Data
The Registrant agrees and acknowledges that BTCL owns all databases, compilations, collective and similar rights, title and interests worldwide in BTCL’s Domain Name database, and all information and derivative works generated from the Domain Name database.
13. Acceptable Use Policy
BTCL reserves the right to suspend or cancel the Registrant’s Domain Name in the event the Registrant intentionally register ado main Name for one or more of the following purposes:
i) To send unsolicited e-mailings to more than twenty-five (25) e-mail users, if such unsolicited e-mailings could reasonably be expected to provoke complaints;
ii) The falsification of user information provided to BTCL or to other users of the services in connection with use of a BTCL services;
iii) The use of BTCL services for illegal activities and activities harmful to others computers, data, software or networks including but not limited to, hacker activities, virus creation and distribution, e-mail bombs etc.;
iv) To use BTCL services to post the following on the Internet:
a. Copyright, trademark, patent, trade secret or other intellectual property infringement, including but not limited to, offering pirated computer programs or links to such programs, serial or registration numbers for software programs, copyrighted music, copyrighted images; copyrighted texts etc.;
b. Displaying material that exploits children under 18 years of age;
c. Displaying material that is obscene;
d. Providing material that is offensive to the online community, including but not limited to, profanity, bigotry, prejudice, racism, hatred, etc.;
e. Promoting or providing information about illegal activities, promoting physical harm or injury cpr144449003101 against any group or individual, or promoting any act of cruelty to animals;
f. Defaming any person or group;
g. Promoting or soliciting for participation in multilevel marketing or pyramid schemes;
h. Gathering personally identifiable information for unlawful purposes.
v) To use BTCL services for propagation of anything subversive of the state or law.
vi) Above all, the Registrant agrees to use BTCL services only for lawful purposes. BTCL reserves the right to terminate any account for which a hosted domain is found to be in violation of any Bangladesh state law or regulation, including but not limited to, material in violation of Bangladesh copyright law, and material legally judged to be threatening or obscene.
14. Agents and Licenses
If the Registrant is registering a Domain Name for someone else, the Registrant represents that he has the authority to nonetheless bind that person as a principal to all terms and conditions provided herein, including the Dispute Policy. If the Registrant licenses the use of the Domain Name registered to him to a third party, the Registrant nonetheless remains the Domain Name holder of record, and remains responsible for all obligations under this Agreement, including but not limited to payment obligations, and providing (and updating, as necessary) both his own full contact information, and accurate technical, administrative, billing and zone contact information adequate to facilitate timely resolution of any problems that arise in connection with the Domain Name and its registration.
15. Limitation of Liability
BTCL shall not be liable for any
(a) Suspension or loss of a Domain Name registration;
(b) Use of the Domain Name;
(c) Interruption of business or business losses;
(d) Access delays or access interruptions to BTCL’s registration system;
(e) Data non-delivery, miss-delivery, corruption, destruction or other modification between the registrant and BTCL; (e) Events beyond BTCL’s Reasonable control;
(f) The processing of the application;
(g) The processing of any modification to the account associated with the Domain Name;
(h) Loss or liability from acts of god or "Force Major";
(i) Loss or liability resulting from errors, omissions, or misstatements in any and all information or services provided under this Agreement; or
(j) Application of the Dispute Policy.
BTCL shall also will not be liable for any indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages of any kind (including lost profits) regardless of the form of action whether in contract, tort (including negligence), or otherwise, even if BTCL has been advised of the possibility of such damages. BTCL’s entire liability, and the Registrant’s exclusive remedy, with respect to any services provided by BTCL under this Agreement and any breach of this Agreement is solely limited to the amount the Registrant paid for such services. In no event shall BTCL’s maximum aggregate liability exceed the total amount paid by the Registrant for initial registration of the Domain Name, and any renewals thereof in the past five years.
16. Indemnification
The Registrant hereby agrees to defend, indemnify and hold harmless BTCL and the Domain Name Registry, Network Solutions, Inc., their respective officers, employees, agents, subsidiaries, parents and affiliated companies, (collectively the "Indemnified Parties"), from any and all claims, demands, loss, errors, omissions, causes of action, judgments or awards, including attorneys’ fees and expenses resulting from any claim, demand or action arising out of or in any way related to the registration, claim to or use of the Domain Name. Such claims shall include, but shall not be limited to, claims based upon trademark or service mark infringement, trade name infringement, dilution, tortuous interference with contract or prospective business relations, unfair competition, defamation or injury to reputation, or other injuries or any other claim of damage to business. The Indemnified Parties shall provide written notice to the Registrant of any such claim; demand or action and the Registrant shall thereafter promptly assume the above obligations. The failure of any Indemnified Party to give notice shall not affect the rights of the other Indemnified Party.
17. Representations and Warranties
The Registrant hereby declares that, to the best of his knowledge and belief, neither the registration of his Domain Name nor the manner in which it is directly or indirectly used infringes the legal rights of a third party. The Registrant further declares and warrants that all information provided by him in connection with his Domain Name registration is accurate. The Registrant also attests that he is of legal age to enter into this Agreement.

The Registrant agrees that the use of BTCL services is solely at his own risk, that such services are provided on an "as is," "as available" basis. BTCL expressly disclaims all warranties of any kind, whether express or implied, including but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose and non-infringement. BTCL makes no warranty that its services will meet the Registrant’s requirements, or that the services will be uninterrupted, timely, secure, or error free; nor does BTCL make any warranty as to the results that may be obtained from the use of the services. Without any limitation to the foregoing, BTCL makes no representations or warranties of any kind that registration or use of a Domain Name under this Agreement will protect the Registrant either from challenges to his Domain Name registration or from suspension, cancellation or transfer of the Domain Name registered to the Registrant.
18. Breaches and Revocation
BTCL reserves the right to suspend, cancel, transfer or modify the Domain Name registration in the event: (a) the Registrant materially breaches this Agreement (including the Dispute Policy) and does not cure such breach within thirty (30) days of notice by BTCL; (b) the Registrant violates the Acceptable Use provisions above, including but not limited to the use of the Domain Name in connection with unlawful activity; or (c) other grounds arise for suspension, cancellation, transfer or other modification as provided for in this Agreement.

The registration of a Domain Name is subject to suspension, cancellation or transfer by any IANA procedure, by any registrar (including BTCL) or registry administrator procedures approved by an IANA-adopted policy, or by any other TLD registry administrator procedures as the case may be, (a) to correct mistakes by BTCL, another registrar or the registry administrator in administering the name or (b) for the resolution of disputes concerning the Domain Name. BTCL shall have the right in its sole discretion to suspend, cancel, transfer, or otherwise modify a Domain Name registration upon seven (7) calendar days prior written notice, or at such time as BTCL receives a properly authenticated order from a court of competent jurisdiction, or arbitration award, requiring the suspension, cancellation transfer or modification of the Domain Name registration.
19. Governing Laws
This Agreement, the Registrant’s rights and obligations and all actions contemplated by this Agreement shall be governed by the laws of the Government of The People's Republic of Bangladesh, except as may be set forth in the Dispute Policy.
20. Notices
Any notices required to be given under this Agreement by BTCL will be deemed to be given if delivered in accordance with the contact information the Registrant has provided.
21. Severability
The terms of this Agreement are severable. If any term or provision is declared invalid or unenforceable, that term or provision will be construed consistent with applicable laws as nearly as possible to reflect the original intentions of the parties, and the remaining terms and provisions will remain in full force and effect. In the event that any provision of this Policy shall be unenforceable or invalid under any applicable law or be so held by applicable court decision, such unenforceability or invalidity shall not render this Agreement unenforceable or invalid as a whole.
22. Non-Agency
Nothing contained in this Agreement or the Dispute Policy shall be construed as creating any agency, partnership, or other form of joint enterprise between the parties.
23. Non-Waiver
The failure of BTCL to require the Registrant’s performance of any provision hereof shall not affect the full right to require such performance at any time thereafter; nor shall the waiver by BTCL of a breach of any provision hereof be taken or held to be a waiver of the provision itself.
24. Entire Agreement
This Agreement, and the Dispute Policy are the complete and exclusive agreement between the Registrant and BTCL. This Agreement and the Dispute Policy supersede all prior agreements and understandings, whether established by custom, practice, policy or precedence. This Agreement may not be amended or modified by the Registrant except by means of a written document signed by both the Registrant and an authorized representative of BTCL.
.com.bd Glossary of Technical Terms

.INT
A top-level domain devoted solely to international treaty organizations that have independent legal personality. Such organizations are not governed by the laws of any specific country, rather by mutual agreement between multiple countries. IANA maintains the domain registry for this domain.

A record
The representation of an IPv4 address in the DNS system.

AAAA record
The representation of an IPv6 address in the DNS system.

Administrative contact
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Administrative contact is intended to represent the Registrant(owner) of the domain, in any non-technical matters, regarding the management of the domain. Certain extensions require Administrative contact to confirm requests and accept notices about the domain name.

A-label
The ASCII-compatible encoded (ACE) representation of an internationalized domain name, i.e. how it is transmitted internally within the DNS protocol. A-labels always commence the with the prefix "xn--". Contrast with U-label.

ARPA
Originally a reference to the US Government agency that managed some of the Internet’s initial development, now a top-level domain used solely for machine-readable use by computers for certain protocols — such as for reverse IP address lookups, and ENUM. The domain is not designed for general registrations. IANA manages ARPA in conjunction with the Internet Architecture Board.

ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange)
The standard for transmitting English (or "Latin") letters over the Internet. DNS was originally limited to only Latin characters because it uses ASCII as its encoding format, although this has been expanded using Internationalized Domain Names(IDN) for Applications.

Authoritative Name Server
A domain name server configured to host the official record of the contents of a DNS zone. Each Bangladeshi .com.bd domain name must have a set of these so computers on the Internet can find out the contents of that domain. The set of authoritative name servers for any given domain must be configured as NS records in the parent domain.

Automatic Renewal
The service of automatic renewal allows the customers the convenience of automatic billing for the services ordered through the domain registrar. If the automatic renewal is selected, customer's credit card will be automatically charged for the service, which will avoid the interruption in service.

Billing Contact
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Billing contact is responsible for the payment of the domain, and is usually assigned to the registrar managing the domain.

Caching Resolver
The combination of a recursive name server and a caching name server.

Cloaking Forwarding
Domains can be forwarded to another URL by using a forwarding service. Cloaking forwarding differs from Apache 301 forwarding by showing the content of the URL being forwarded to, however the URL bar displays the original domain name.

CNAME Record
A CNAME record is an abbreviation for Canonical Name record and is a type of resource record in the Domain Name System (DNS) used to specify that a domain name is an alias for another domain, the "canonical" domain. CNAME has a very specific syntax rule. CNAME can only be set up for the unique subdomain, meaning that it cannot be set up for any subdomain, which has already been set up for the domain. Thus CNAME is most commonly set up for WWW subdomain.

Country-code top-level domain (ccTLD)
A Class of Top Level Domains, generally assigned or reserved by a country, sovereign state, or territory. IANA is the organization, responsible for the ccTLD assignments. Since 2010 there 2 types of ccTLDs: 2 letter ASCII characters TLDs and IDN TLDs, which consist of the native language characters. Each country/territory is able to implement certain restrictions and requirements on the ccTLD assigned to them.

Cross-Registry Information Service Protocol (CRISP)
The name of the working group at the IETF that developed the Internet Registry Information Service (IRIS), a next-generation WHOIS protocol replacement.

Delegation
Any transfer of responsibility to another entity. In the domain name system, one name server can provide pointers to more useful name servers for a given request by returning NS records. On an administrative level, sub-domains are delegated to other entities. IANA also delegates IP address blocks to regional Internet registries.

Deletion
Deletion of the domain results in the domain record being removed from the registry's database. Domain deletion procedure and availability differs depending on each of the TLD's policy. Certain extensions require additional payment to delete a domain name.

DNS zone
A section of the Domain Name System name space. By default, the Root Zone contains all domain names, however in practice sections of this are delegated into smaller zones in a hierarchical fashion. For example, the .com zone would refer to the portion of the DNS delegated that ends in .com.

DNSSEC
A technology that can be added to the Domain Name System to verify the authenticity of its data. The works by adding verifiable chains of trust that can be validated to the domain name system.

Domain lock
In order to prevent unwanted changed to the domain names, customers have an ability to change the locks on their domain names. The domain lock availability depends on individual TLD, and includes clientTransferProhibited, clientUpdateProhibited, clientDeleteProhibited, clientRenewProhibited.

Domain Name
A unique identifier with a set of properties attached to it so that computers can perform conversions. A typical domain name is "icann.org". Most commonly the property attached is an IP address, like "208.77.188.103", so that computers can convert the domain name into an IP address. However the DNS is used for many other purposes. The domain name may also be a delegation, which transfers responsibility of all sub-domains within that domain to another entity. domain name label a constituent part of a domain name. The labels of domain names are connected by dots. For example, "www.iana.org" contains three labels — "www", "iana" and "org". For internationalized domain names, the labels may be referred to as A-labels and U-labels.

Domain Name Registrar
An entity offering domain name registration services, as an agent between registrants and registries. Usually multiple registrars exist who compete with each other, and are accredited. For most generic top-level domains, domain name registrars are accredited by ICANN.

Domain Name Registry
A registry tasked with managing the contents of a DNS zone, by giving registrations of sub-domains to registrants.

Domain Name Server
A general term for a computer hardware or software server, which answers requests to convert domain names into something else. These can be subdivided into authoritative name servers, which store the database for a particular DNS zone; as well as recursive name servers and caching name servers.

Domain Name System (DNS)
The global hierarchical system of domain names. A global distributed database contains the information to perform the domain name conversations, and the most central part of that database, known as the root zone is coordinated by IANA.

Dot or “."
Common way of referring to a specific top-level domain. Dot generally precedes the Top Level domain, such as dot com is written down as “.com.bd”.

Expiration date
The expiration date determines when the domain registration period ends. In order to avoid downtime for the domain, renewal of the domain at least two weeks before expiration date is strongly encouraged. After the expiration date passes, some registries maintain the record of the domain name under the same owner, however the DNS services are put on hold.

Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)
A protocol used for electronic communication between a registrar and a registry for provisioning domain names.

Extension
Refers to the last portion of the domain name, located after the dot. Domain extension helps determine the registry, to which domain pertains, and allows to accurately classify the domain name.

First Come, First Served (FCFS)
Multiple applications for the same domain name are not accepted. The domain will be awarded to the first registrar who submits a registration request.

FTP
File Transfer Protocol does exactly what it says. The standard network protocol allows the transfer of files from one host to another. There are many FTP clients(programs) available, which allow you to connect to your host and transfer your completed content to your hosting provider's space.

Fully-Qualified Domain Mame (FQDN)
A complete domain name including all its components, i.e. "www.icann.org" as opposed to "www".

GAC Principles
A document, formally known as the Principles for the Delegation and Administration of ccTLDs. This document was developed by the ICANN Governmental Advisory Committee and documents a set of principles agreed by governments on how ccTLDs should be delegated and run.

General Availability Phase
Domains are awarded on first come first serve basis, granted that the domains are available after the previous phases have concluded.

Generic top-level domains (gTLDs)
A class of top-level domains that are used for general purposes, where ICANN has a strong role in coordination (as opposed to country-code top-level domains, which are managed locally).

Glue Record
An explicit notation of the IP address of a name server, placed in a zone outside of the zone that would ordinarily contain that information. All name servers are in-bailiwick of the Root Zone, therefore glue records is required for all name servers listed there. Also referred to as just "glue".

Hints File
A file stored in DNS software (i.e. recursive name servers) that tells it where the DNS root servers are located.

Hostname
The name of a computer. Typically the left-most part of a fully-qualified domain name.

Http
HyperText Transfer Protocol serves as the cornerstone protocol for World Wide Web, which allows the transfer of data between clients and servers.

IANA
See Internet Assigned Numbers Authority.

IANA Considerations
A component of RFCs that refer to any work required by IANA to maintain registries for a specific protocol.

IANA Contract
The contract between ICANN and the US Government that governs how various IANA functions are performed.

IANA Staff
See Internet Assigned Numbers Authority.

ICANN
Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers(ICANN) is responsible responsible for the coordination of maintenance and methodology of several databases of unique identifiers related to the namespaces of the Internet, and ensuring the network's stable and secure operation.

Internal transfer
Internal transfer refers to a transfer of a domain name within the same registrar. This procedure may be simpler, than starting a domain transfer, which involves 2 different registrars. The internal transfer is possible, after two parties involved in the internal transfer come to an agreement about the terms of the transfer.

Internationalized domain name (IDN)
Internet domain name, which allows the use of a language-specific script or alphabet, such as Arabic, Cyrillic, and Chinese. Adoption of IDN domain names is a significant step towards including non-English speakers into the world of Internet. Internationalized domain name is stored in Domain Name System as ASCII strings, which are transcribed by the use of Punycode.

Internet Architecture Board (IAB)
The oversight body of the IETF, responsible for overall strategic direction of Internet standardization efforts. The IAB works with ICANN on how the IANA protocol parameter registries should be managed. The IAB is an activity of the Internet Society, a non-profit organization.

Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)
A department of ICANN tasked with providing various Internet coordination functions, primarily those described in a contract between ICANN and the US Government. The functions relate to ensuring globally-unique protocol parameter assignment, including management of the root of the Domain Name System and IP Address Space. ICANN staff within this department is often referred to as "IANA Staff".

Internet Coordination Policy (ICP)
A series of documents created by ICANN between 1999 and 2000 describing management procedures.

Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG)
The committee of area experts of the IETF’s areas of work, that acts as its board of management.

Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
The key Internet standardization forum. The standards developed within the IETF are published as RFCs.

Internet Protocol (IP)
The fundamental protocol that is used to transmit information over the Internet. Data transmitted over the Internet is transmitted using the Internet Protocol, usually in conjunction with a more specialized protocol. Computers are uniquely identified on the Internet using an IP Address.

IP address
A unique identifier for a device on the Internet. The identifier is used to accurately route Internet traffic to that device. IP addresses must be unique on the global Internet.

IPv4
Internet Protocol version 4. Refers to the version of Internet protocol that supports 32-bit IP addresses.

IPv6
Internet Protocol version 6. Refers to the version of Internet protocol that supports 128-bit IP addresses.

Landrush Phase
This phase allows you a greater chance to obtain a domain name prior to General Availability, typically for an increased fee. The fee generally varies depending on how early you want to register. Priority is either first-come, first-served or will go to an auction cpr144449003101 if there are multiple applicants, depending on registry rules. A common fee structure that will be in use is the Early Access Program (EAP). Further details on a specific extensions landrush phase can be found under the landrush section for that a particular domain.

Mail exchange (mx) record
MX record determines which server the mail client will be retrieving the mail from. The MX records for individual domains can be set up in the DNS records section of the client's control panel.

New Generic Top Level Domain (New gTLD)
Starting on July 15th, 2013 ICANN has started process of delegating new Generic Top Level Domains, opening up new opportunities for the internet community. New extensions include popular categories like professional domains, IDNs, general interest domains, and brand domain names.

NS record
a type of record in a DNS zone that signifies part of that zone is delegated to a different set of authoritative name servers.

Parent domain
The domain above a domain in the DNS hierarchy. For all top-level domains, the Root Zone is the parent domain. The Root Zone has no parent domain as it is as the top of the hierarchy. Opposite of sub-domain.

Parking
Many of the registrars offer a free service of domain parking. This allows the customer to quickly register a domain name, and choose the hosting solution at a later date. Very often the registrar's parking DNS servers allow DNS record modification.

Pre-Registration
Paid pre-registration allows you to purchase the domain in the General Availability phase, and the domain will be submitted as soon as the General Availability phase opens.

Primary name server
Practically every domain extension requires minimum 2 DNS servers in order for the domain to be successfully registered. Primary name server is responsible for storing information about the domain routing and making it available for requests.

PTR record
The representation of a IP address to domain name mapping in the DNS system.

Recursive Name Server
A domain name server configured to perform DNS lookups on behalf of other computers.

Redelegation
The transfer of a delegation from one entity to another. Most commonly used to refer to the redelegation process used for top-level domains.

Redelegation process
A special type of root zone change where there is a significant change involving the transfer of operations of a top-level domain to a new entity.

Redemption Grace Period
Redemption Grace Period(RGP) is a period after the expiration date, in which the domain still belongs to the same client, however the functionality is put on hold. The domain can usually be restored after paying for RGP fee. gTLDs often have a Renewal Period of 30 days before the Redemption Grace Period starts.

Regional Internet Registry (RIR)
A registry responsible for allocation of IP address resources within a particular region.

Registrant
See Registrant Contact

Registrant Contact
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Registrant contact is the owner of the domain, and is the entity that holds right to use the particular domain name.

Registrar for .com.bd
An entity that can act on requests from a registrant in making changes in a registry. Usually the registrar is the same entity that operates a registry, although for domain names this role is often split to allow for competition between multiple registrars who offer different levels of support.

Registry Bangladesh .com.bd
The authoritative record of registrations for a particular set of data. Most often used to refer to domain name registry, but all protocol parameters that IANA maintains are also registries.

Registry Operator for .com.bd Bangladesh
The entity that runs a registry.

Reverse IP
A method of translating an IP address into a domain name, so-called as it is the opposite of a typical lookup that converts a domain name to an IP address.

RFCs
A series of Internet engineering documents describing Internet standards, as well as discussion papers, informational memorandums and best practices. Internet standards that are published in an RFC originate from the IETF. The RFC series is published by the RFC Editor.

Root
The highest level of the domain system.

Root Servers
The authoritative name servers for the Root Zone.

Root Zone
The top of the domain name system hierarchy. The root zone contains all of the delegations for top-level domains, as well as the list of root servers, and is managed by IANA.

Root Zone Management (RZM)
The management of the DNS Root Zone by IANA.

RZM Automation
A project to automate many aspects of the Root Zone Management function within IANA. Based on a software tool originally called "eIANA".

Secondary name server
Practically every domain extension requires minimum 2 DNS servers in order for the domain to be successfully registered. Secondary server is responsible for copying information from the primary server. The original purpose of secondary server is to take over the requests, if the primary server is down. Some of the registries no longer put an emphasis on which server is primary or secondary, but many international registries still use the old standard.

Sponsoring organization
The entity acting as the trustee of a top-level domain on behalf of its designated community.

SSL
Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is a cryptographivc protocol, which is designed to provide communication security over internet. The data entered on the websites, using SSL, is encrypted, thus making it less susceptible to data theft.

Subdomain
In the domain hierarchy, or structure, subdomain is a domain, which is a part of a larger domain. For example, "www.icann.org" is a sub-domain of "icann.org", and "icann.org" is a sub-domain of "org". Subdomains can generally be setup through a DNS server management utility as A records or CNAME records.

Sunrise Phase
A phase in which holders of eligible trademarks have the opportunity to apply and register domain names that correspond to their trademarks. To participate in Sunrise for new gTLDs, trademark holders must validate their trademarks with the Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH) first and must provide a valid Signed Mark Data (SMD) file for submission.

Technical Contact
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Technical contact is intended to assist the Registrant(owner) contact in any queries that pertain to the technical aspects of managing the domain name.

Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH)
The central database of verified trademarks that was created by ICANN to provide brand protection to trademark holders during ICANN’s new gTLD program. Its' a centralized database of verified trademarks, that is connected to each and every new Top Level Domain (TLD) that will launch.

Top-level domain (TLD)
The highest level of subdivisions with the domain name system. These domains, such as ".com.bd" and ".uk" are delegated from the DNS Root zone. They are generally divided into two distinct categories, generic top-level domains and country-code top-level domains.

Transfer
Most commonly, the term transfer refers to a inter-registrar transfer of registrations. The procedure of the tranfer will largely depend on the TLD, and is most commonly completed by requesting an authorization code from the current registrar and initiating the transfer at another registrar.

Trust anchor
A known good cryptographic certificate that can be used to validate a chain of trust. Trust anchor repository (TAR) Any repository of public keys that can be used as trust anchors for validating chains of trust. See Interim Trust Anchor Repository (ITAR) for one such repository for top-level domain operators using DNSSEC.

Trustee
An entity entrusted with the operations of an Internet resource for the benefit of the wider community. In IANA circles, usually in reference to the sponsoring organization of a top-level domain.

U-label
The Unicode representation of an internationalized domain name, i.e. how it is shown to the end-user. Contrast with A-label.

Unicode
A standard describing a repertoire of characters used to represent most of the worlds languages in written form. Unicode is the basis for internationalized domain names.

Uniform resource locator (URL)
Uniform Resource Locator(URL), commonly known as web address, is an address to a resource on the internet. The URL consists of two components: Protocol Identifier(i.e. http, https) and the Resource name(i.e. icann.org)

Unsponsored top-level domain
A sub-classification of generic top-level domain, where there is no formal community of interest. Unsponsored top-level domains(.COM, .NET, .ORG, etc.) are administered according to the policies and processes established by ICANN.

URL Forwarding
URL Forwarding or URL redirection refers to the most common type of forwarding offered by domain registrars. Forwarding occurs when all pages from one domain are redirected to another domain.

UTF-8
A standard used for transmitting Unicode characters.

Variant
In the context of internationalized domain names, an alternative domain name that can be registered, or mean the same thing, because some of its characters can be registered in multiple different ways due to the way the language works. Depending on registry policy, variants may be registered together in one block called a variant bundle. For example, "internationalise" and "internationalize" may be considered variants in English.

Variant bundle
A collection of multiple domain names that are grouped together because some of the characters are considered variants of the others.

Variant table
A type of IDN table that describes the variants for a particular language or script. For example, a variant table may map Simplified Chinese characters to Traditional Chinese characters for the purpose of constructing a variant bundle.

Web host (Hosting Provider)
Web host is a type of an Internet service, which allows users to host content and/or email services by providing hosting space. Most often the hosting providers include control panels and tools for building a website and maintaining mail records.

WHOIS
A simple plain text-based protocol for looking up registration data within a registry. Typically used for domain name registries and IP address registries to find out who has registered a particular resource. (Usage note: not "Whois" or "whois")

WHOIS database
Used to refer to parts of a registry’s database that are made public using the WHOIS protocol, or via similar mechanisms using other protocols (such as web pages, or IRIS). Most commonly used to refer to a domain name registry’s public database.

WHOIS gateway
An interface, usually a web-based form, that will perform a look-up to a WHOIS server. This allows one to find WHOIS information without needing a specialized computer program that speaks the WHOIS protocol.

WHOIS server
A system running on port number 43 that accepts queries using the WHOIS protocol.

Wire format
The format of data when it is transmitted over the Internet (i.e. "over the wire"). For example, an A-label is the wire format of an internationalized domain name; and UTF-8 is a possible wire format of Unicode.

XML
A machine-readable file format for storing structured data. Used to represent web pages (in a subset called HTML) etc. Used by IANA for storing protocol parameter registries.

Zone (DNS Records)
The zone file, also know as the DNS records is a vital component of DNS system, which contains various DNS records, which point to the location of content and email servers for each individual domain. Editing zone is made possible in the client's control panel.

Signed Mark Data (SMD)
A Signed Mark Data (SMD) is file that will allow you to register domain names during the sunrise period of new gTLD’s and request other services. It validates that you trademark has been verified within the Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH).

Trademark Claims
The trademark claims period extends for 90 days after the close of the Sunrise period. During the Claims period, anyone attempting to register a domain name matching a trademark that is recorded in the Trademark Clearinghouse will receive a notification displaying the relevant mark information. If the notified party goes and ahead and registers the domain name the Trademark Clearinghouse will send a notice to those trademark holders with matching records in the Clearinghouse, informing them that someone has registered the domain name.