.com.bo Domain Registration
- 1 Year 95.00 USD
- 2 Years 186.20 USD
- 3 Years 276.45 USD
- 4 Years 364.80 USD
- 5 Years 451.25 USD
- 6 Years 535.80 USD
Registration Time Frame
Yes Details Are Individual .com.bo domain registrations allowed?
Yes Details Company or legal entities registrations allowed for .com.bo?
No Details Are there requirements, documents, or information needed for .com.bo?
Yes Details Are some .com.bo domain names restricted?
No Details Does .com.bo domain have a special use?
No Details Other information I need to know about .com.bo?
No Details Are there any additional fees for .com.bo?
No Details Do I need a trademark/brand name to register .com.bo?
No Details WHOIS Privacy service available?
Trustee / Proxy service offered? Fees? No Details
.com.bo Domain FAQ
.com.bo General FAQ
Bolivia is a landlocked country in central South America, bordered by Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Chile and Peru. Prior to European colonization, it a part of the Inca Empire, the largest state in Pre-Columbian America.
Bolivia is a developing country, with a growing economy that consists mostly of agriculture, forestry, cpr144449003101 fishing, mining, and manufactured goods such as textiles, clothing, refined metals and refined petroleum.
Why should I buy a .com.bo domain name?
As an emerging economy, Bolivia presents a great opportunity to participate in a developing economy. Having a cpr144449003101 .com.bo domain extension will lend credibility to your site and convey your commitment to the region's economic development.
What name can I register?
Violation of rights to third parties are prohibited.
Names that are prohibited:
The domains that are restricted are the third level domains under ccTLD. bo that require registration in the presentation of special documentation. These are described below:
- edu.bo This sub domain will only be granted to institutions and educational organizations in Bolivia, shall be filed with the cpr144449003101 Administrator a letterhead and signed by the highest authority of the educational institution applying for registration of the Domain Name
- gob.bo This sub domain will only be granted to government institutions national, departmental and municipal in Bolivia, shall be filed with the Administrator, the law creating the institution, and a letterhead and signed by the highest executive authority of the requesting institution registration of the Domain Name.
- mil.bo This sub domain will only be granted to the offices of the Armed Forces of Bolivia, shall be filed with the Administrator a letterhead and signed by the highest executive authority of the institution applying for registration of the name Domain.
- int.bo This sub domain will only be granted to embassies, consulates, and international representatives, shall be filed with the Administrator a letterhead and signed by the highest authority of the institution applying for registration of the Domain Name.
What is the registration term allowed for .com.bo domain names?
The minimum term for .com.bo cpr144449003101 domain names is 1 year(s).
Can anyone register a .com.bo domain name?
YesAre Individual .com.bo domain registrations allowed?
YesCompany or legal entities registrations allowed for .com.bo?
NoAre there requirements, documents, or information needed for .com.bo?
YesAre some .com.bo domain names restricted?Registering trademarks owned by third parties, illegal activities, names contrary to Bolivian law are prohibited. For complete restrictions see FAQs.
NoDoes .com.bo domain have a special use?
NoOther information I need to know about .com.bo?
NoAre there any cpr144449003101 additional fees for .com.bo?
NoDo I need a trademark/brand name to register .com.bo?
NoWHOIS Privacy service available?
Yes.com.bo Trustee / Proxy service offered? Fees?
Don't Have All of These Requirements for Bolivia .com.bo? Our trustee service provides the required local contact information. Note: Registration for 2 years may be required on some extensions.
Available at Checkout
.com.bo Trustee / Proxy Fee: per
.com.bo Trustee / Proxy Setup Fee:
How long does it take to register my .com.bo domain name?
The domain registration time frame for .com.bo during general availability is 1 Month. .com.bo is not cpr144449003101 expected to launch until 1 Month. Once launched, a registration time frame will be available.
What are the characters and valid character lengths for .com.bo domain names?
Domain Names must:
- have minimum of 3 and a maximum of 63 characters;
- begin with a letter or a number and end with a letter or a number;
- use the English character set and may contain letters (i.e., a-z, A-Z),numbers (i.e. 0-9) and dashes (-) or a combination of these;
- neither begin with, nor cpr144449003101 end with a dash;
- not contain a dash in the third and fourth positions (e.g. www.ab- -cd.com.bo); and
- not include a space (e.g. www.ab cd.com.bo).
Trustee Service for .com.bo
Trustee Service helps you satisfy most local presence requirements when there are restrictions on registering a domain name.cpr144449003101
Trustee service is not available for this extension
How do I host my .com.bo domain name?
bluesit.com offers hosting and email service for .com.bo. You can order hosting, email service and SSL certificates at checkout or you can contact sales.cpr144449003101
- How do I transfer my .com.bo domain name?
Can I transfer out my domain if I’m using your Trustee Service?
Trustee service is non-transferable. If you are using our Trustee Service, you cpr144449003101 must update ownership according to .com.bo requirements before transfer out can be started.
Can I hide my registration information (Private WHOIS)?
No. At present the .com.bo domain zone does not provide means to hide the information cpr144449003101 of the domain owner. All information (name, address, email, etc.) will be displayed in WHOIS.
Can I register my .com.bo domain name in different languages (Internationalized Domain Name)?
No, .com.bo does not cpr144449003101 support Internationalized Domain Names
Grace period for .com.bo domain name?
Grace periods vary for country code Top Level Domains (ccTLD) including Internationalized Domain Names (IDN). Some registries require renewal up to 60 days in advance of the domain name expiration date. It is your responsibility to pay for your Renewal Fees in advance of the due date specified by 101domain regardless of the domain name expiration date. Failure to pay your Renewal Fees prior to the cpr144449003101 due date will result in a fee of $150 to renew your .com.bo domain. There may be a restore period between when the domain expires and when the domain can be registered again. In the event that you do not pay by the renewal date, your site may be inaccessible during this time so it is very important that you renew this extension before the renewal date.
Who is the registry that manages .com.bo domain names?
You may visit them here: NIC Bolivia.cpr144449003101
.com.bo Domains Dispute & Policy
Last Update 20 August 2012. The procedure for resolving disputes concerning domain names registered under the ccTLD. Bo, shall be governed by this Policy Regulation dispute concerning domain names registered under the ccTLD. Bo (hereinafter the "Regulations ") and the WIPO Supplemental Rules for Conflict Resolution respective accredited by the Administrator (Agency for the Development of Information Society in Bolivia ADSIB ï ¿½), (the" Supplemental Rules ").
I. GENERAL PROVISIONS
Article 1. (Definitions) .- In this Regulation shall apply:
Registration Agreement: A set of rules, terms and conditions governing the relations of registration and use of a domain name registered under the ccTLD. bo, between the Administrator and the owner the domain name.
Administrator: Agency for the Development of Information Society in Bolivia ADSIB, institution responsible for the registration and administration of domain names registered under the ccTLD. bo.
Dispute Resolution Center: Legal entity that provides dispute resolution services accredited by the Administrator to administer and conduct disputes concerning domain names registered under the ccTLD. bo.
Expert Group: Group of experts in matter, appointed a Dispute Resolution Center accredited by the Administrator, to resolve a dispute resolution request on registered domain names under ccTLD. bo.
Member of the Group of Experts: Natural person appointed by the Resolution Center Disputes to be part of the Group of Experts.
Domain Name: unique alphanumeric combination used to identify an Internet service or Web page. Represents an identifier common to a group of computers or devices connected to the network. It is a simple Internet address designed to allow users to easily locate a site on the Internet. Parties: Complainant and the domain name holder registered under the ccTLD. bo in dispute.
Policies applicable: Refers to Policy Domain name registration under ccTLD. bo and dispute resolution policy on registered domain names under ccTLD. bo.
Procedure: The set of rules and regulations governing the actions of people interested in settling a dispute on registered domain names under ccTLD. bo.
Complainant: A person who files an application for dispute resolution before a Dispute Resolution Center on domain names in accordance with this procedure.
Additional Rules: The rules adopted by the Dispute Resolution Center which runs a procedure. The Center's Supplemental Rules resolution shall be consistent with the dispute resolution policy on registered domain names under ccTLD. Bo and these regulations. Holder of a domain name: Person that owns a name domain to the Administrator.
Article 2. (Communications)A. When reporting a dispute resolution request on registered domain names under ccTLD. bo the holder of the domain name will be the responsibility of the Dispute Resolution Center to employ reasonably available means deemed needed to make this fact is notified. this requirement will be met:i. the request is sent dispute resolution domain name to all e-mail addresses or fax numbers listed in the data record name domain in the database administrator (ADSIB) for the Domain Name Holder and Contacts Administrative, Financial and Technical.ii. the request is sent dispute resolution for domain names (including annexes to the extent that are available in electronic format) by email to:a) The email address of the domain name holder and the Administrative Contact, Technical, and Financial.b) The email account mail system administrator for this name domain, usually the account "postmaster" under the domain name subject of the request for dispute resolution of domain names, this just in case e-mail accounts mentioned in the preceding paragraph, submit a problem .iii. The sending of the request for resolution of disputes concerning domain names registered under the ccTLD. bo to any address that the claimant has notified the Dispute Resolution Center as it prefers and, to the extent possible, to all other addresses provided by the complainant to the Dispute Resolution Center pursuant to Section 3.B.B. Except as provided in Article 2, any written communication to the claimant or the owner of a domain name provided in the present Rules shall be declared elected and the half by the claimant or the domain name holder, respectively (see Articles 3.B.iii and 5.B.iii), or when there is no such statement:i. By fax transmission, with confirmation of transmission; ooii. By mail or courier, postage prepaid and return receipt requested; ooiii. Electronically via the Internet, as long as they have the record of its transmission.C. Any communication to the Dispute Resolution Center will be made in the way and manner (including number of copies) stated in the Supplemental Rules Dispute Resolution Center.D. It shall be made in Spanish.E. Any Party may update the contact data by notifying the Dispute Resolution Center and the Administrator.F. It is considered that communications have been made under this Regulation:i. If they are transmitted by fax on the date set in the confirmation of transmission;ii. If by postal or courier service, on the date marked on the receipt or charge;iii. If you have transmitted through Internet / E-mail, the date on which circulation of the communication, provided that the date of transmission is verifiable.G. All time periods specified in this regulation, started to be calculated from the day after the first date that a communication is established in accordance with Article 2.F. Base is taken as the time zone hours of Dispute Resolution Center chosen.H. A copy of any communication made:i. On the Dispute Resolution Center to any other party to the other party;ii. For a party to the other party and the Dispute Resolution Center, as applicable.I. It is the responsibility of the sender to retain records of the fact and circumstances of sending, which shall be available for inspection by interested parties and information purposes.J. In the event that a Party has sent a communication and it has not been received, the party shall promptly notify the Dispute Resolution Center of the circumstances of the notification. Further proceedings concerning the communication and any response is made in accordance with the provisions of the Supplemental Rules Dispute Resolution Center.
II. INITIATION OF PROCEEDINGS
Rule 3. (Application for dispute resolution of domain names registered under the ccTLD. Bo)A. Any natural or legal person may initiate a dispute settlement procedure by filing a request for resolution of disputes concerning domain names registered under the ccTLD. bo a Dispute Resolution Center authorized by the Administrator (ADSIB) according to the provisions of the policy domain name registration under ccTLD. bo, Dispute Resolution Policy regarding domain names registered under ccTLD. bo and these Regulations.B. The request for dispute resolution of domain names registered under the ccTLD. bo be submitted in written form and in electronic form (except annexes or evidence not permitted ) specifying the following:i. The request for a Panel decision in accordance with the Dispute Resolution Policy regarding domain names registered under the ccTLD. bo, this Regulation and the WIPO Supplemental Rules Resolution Disputes,ii. The names, address, email, and telephone and fax numbers of the claimant and any claimant's representative,iii. In accordance with the provisions Dispute Resolution Policy on registered domain names under ccTLD. bo, the form chosen for communications directed to the claimant (including contact person, the environment and information about the address) to:a) strictly electronic documentation andb) the documentation which include prints,iv. If the claimant chooses the resolution of disputes concerning domain names are resolved by an Expert Group composed of a single member or three members, should choose the second option, you must specify the names of three experts chosen from the list of the Dispute Resolution Center accredited;v. The name of the domain name holder and any useful information (including any postal or electronic, as well as phone and fax numbers ) known by the complainant to contact the owner of a domain name or his representative, in sufficient detail to allow the Dispute Resolution Center sent the request for resolution of disputes concerning domain names as indicated in the Article 2A, 2A,vi. The name or domain names in dispute;vii. The brand or brands of products or services registered or applied in Bolivia, where the application is based resolution dispute concerning domain names describing the products or services or legally protected interest, if any, with which they are used;viii. The grounds on which the application is based dispute resolution, in particular: a) The manner in which the name or domain names are identical or similar to the point of creating confusion in a trademark or service on which the complainant has rights;b) The reasons that should be considered the owner of a domain name has no rights or legitimate interests in the disputed domain name in dispute resolution request,c) The reasons why you should consider that the name or domain names have been registered or used in bad faith.ix. In pursuant to the dispute resolution policy on registered domain names under ccTLD. bo, effects that can be obtained with the request for dispute resolution;x. any administrative, judicial, arbitral or conciliation, which has begun or completed in connection with the domain name or names covered by the application of dispute resolution;xi. The acceptance of the effects established in the decision of the Dispute Resolution Center, applicable to the cancellation of registration or transfer of ownership of the domain name, including submission to the competent courts for any possible use of a decision ordering the cancellation or transfer of the domain name.C. The request for dispute resolution should subscribe for the claimant or his representative, including the following statement: "The claimant accepts that the request for dispute resolution of domain names registered under the ccTLD. bo raised and the effects that the Centre for Dispute Resolution adopted pursuant to procedures and regulations affect only the respective domain name holder. These effects shall not apply to:1. Dispute Resolution Center and members of the Panel, except in case of deliberate wrongdoing,2. Manager and its directors, officers, employees and trading partners. The claimant acknowledges and accepts that the information contained in the request for dispute resolution of domain names is complete, true and accurate and that the application is not submitted with the intention of bad faith, trying, issue statements are aligned to the content of RegulationD. The application shall be accompanied by all kinds of tests, including a copy of the registration agreement and dispute policy concerning domain names registered under the ccTLD. bo. All documents and evidence should be numbered or numbered.E. The request for dispute resolution of domain name can contain more than one domain name, provided that the domain names were registered by the same owner.F. The application dispute resolution of domain names will be forwarded to the Center for Dispute Resolution in accordance with Article 2 of this regulation. Article
Article 4. (Notifications by the Center for Dispute Resoluciónde after filing dispute resolution)A. The Dispute Resolution Center will review the request for dispute resolution of domain names to determine if it meets the provisions of the Dispute Resolution Policy regarding domain names registered under the ccTLD. bo and of this Regulation, if so forward the request for dispute resolution (together with the explanatory cover indicated by the WIPO Supplemental Rules Resolution) to the holder of the domain name in the manner prescribed by Article 2A, in a within three (3) days from receipt of the fees that the claimant has canceled in accordance with Article 23.. 22B. If the Dispute Resolution Center determines that the request for dispute resolution regarding names of domain does not meet the requirements set forth in these regulations notified within a period not exceeding three (3) days to the complainant such breaches. The claimant shall have five (5) calendar days to remedy any default, if the claimant does not remedied by the deadline will be considered withdrawn the request for dispute resolution of domain names, without prejudice to the claimant submits a request for dispute resolution of domain names differently.C. The date of commencement of proceedings shall be in which the Dispute Resolution Center notifications to the owner make the request for dispute resolution of domain names, according to what is stated in Article 2 of this regulation.D. The Dispute Resolution Center notify the holder of the domain name, the complainant and the Administrator, the date of initiation.
Article 5. (defense)A. Within twenty (20) days from the date of commencement of procedure, the domain name holder shall provide to the Dispute Resolution Center a response.B. The response shall be in writing and (except to the extent that is not available for annexes) in it electronically and shall:i. respond specifically to the statements and allegations contained in the request for dispute resolution for domain names, including all the reasons why the domain name holder to retain registration and use of the domain name in dispute (this part of the response shall comply with any limitation of words or pages established in the Supplemental Rules Dispute Resolution Center),ii. provide the name, address and email addresses, and phone numbers and fax the domain name holder and any authorized representative to act on behalf of the owner of a domain name in the procedure. The accreditation of representatives of the holder of a domain name be done through simple letter signed by him;,iii. specify the means chosen to make the notifications to the domain name holder in the procedure (including the person who has to contact the media and the information on the direction) for each type of: A) purely electronic documents and B) documents including hard copy;iv. if the claimant has decided in its request for dispute resolution by an Expert Group composed of a single member (see cpr144449003101 Article 3.B.), unlike the domain name holder, who has decided because the dispute decided by a Panel composed of three members,v. see if the claimant or the domain name holder opt for a Panel of three members, provide the names of the experts chosen and the data to contact them (these candidates must be selected from the roster of the Dispute Resolution Center accredited by the ADSIB) .vi. identify any administrative, judicial, arbitral or conciliation, which has been commenced or terminated in connection with any domain names the subject of the request for dispute resolution of domain names,vii. state that has been sent or transmitted to the claimant a copy of the letter of reply, in accordance with Article 2.B,C. The response shall subscribe for the domain name holder or his representative, including the following statement: "The holder of a domain name certifies and assures that the information contained in this Response is to the best of my knowledge, complete and accurate, that this Response is not presented with any profit in bad faith, and that the assertions in this Response are consistent with the content of this Regulation and the applicable law as it now exists or as it may be extended by a reasonable argument in good faith. "D. Attach all documentary evidence on which to base a defense properly listed or numbered.E. If the claimant has chosen because the dispute decided by a Panel composed of a single member and the domain name holder opts for a compound three members, the domain name holder is obliged to pay half the rate applicable to groups of experts composed of three members as provided in the Supplemental Rules of the Centre for Conflict Resolution accredited. Payment is made together with the sending the Response to the Conflict Resolution Center. If that does not make the required payment, a Group of Experts composed of a single member will decide the dispute.F. At the request of the holder of the domain name, the Center Conflict resolution may, in exceptional cases, extend the period for submission of the defense. The period may also be extended by written stipulation of the parties, provided that the Conflict Resolution Center approval. In all cases within extension shall not exceed 15 days.G. If the holder of a domain name does not present his defense, as long as there are no exceptional circumstances, the Panel shall decide the dispute based on the request for dispute resolution and the relevant evidence.
Section 6. (Exclusion of Liability)
Except in cases of negligence, or the Administrator, or the Conflict Resolution Center, nor any member of the Panel with respect to any party shall be responsible for all act or omission in connection with any proceeding under this Regulation.
Article 7. (Amendments)
The version of this regulation is in force at the time of filing the request for dispute resolution shall apply to proceedings initiated . Any changes or updates to the Regulations will be issued with a notice of 30 days in the manager page: http://www.nic.bo, so that the domain name holder revealed that suits their interests, after this time without the domain name holder has indicated their interests, changes and modifications will be considered accepted and binding on the parties.
III. THE GROUP OF EXPERTS
Article 8. (Appointment of the Panel) .-A. The Dispute Resolution Center will maintain and publish a list of Expert Group members and their qualifications, which will be publicly available.B. If the domain name holder and the complainant have not opted for an Expert Group composed of three members, the Dispute Resolution Center shall, within five (5) days after receipt of the response, or after the period for the submission thereof, a single member of your list of experts. fees of the Group of Experts composed of a single member will be paid in full by the claimant.C. If the claimant or the holder of a domain name elects to have the dispute decided by a Panel composed of three members, the Dispute Resolution Center appointed three experts to serve on the Panel in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 8.F of these rules. The fees of the Expert Group composed of three members shall be paid in full by the claimant except when the holder of a domain name who has opted for the Expert Group is composed of three members, in which case the applicable fees will be shared equally by the parties.D. If you choose a Panel three members, the claimant submitted to Dispute Resolution Center, within five (5) days from the notification of the defense in which the domain name holder opts for an Expert Group composed of three members, the names of the experts selected and the data to establish contact with them.E. Unless it has already chosen a Panel of three members, the complainant submitted to the Dispute Resolution Center, within five (5) day notice of a defense in which the owner of a domain name opt for a Panel of three members, the names of three candidates to serve as members of the Group Experts and address to contact them. These candidates must be selected from the list of experts from the accredited Dispute Resolution ..F. If the claimant or the holder of a domain name choose an Expert Group composed of three members, the Dispute Resolution Center will seek to appoint a member of the Expert Group from the list of candidates provided by the claimant and the owner of a domain name. If the center Dispute is unable to guarantee a period of five (5) days under normal conditions the appointment of a member of the Expert Group from the list of candidates of either party, shall make that appointment from its list of experts. The third member of the Panel shall be appointed by the Dispute Resolution Center from a list of five candidates submitted by the Dispute Resolution Center to the parties and the Dispute Resolution Center will select one of these five candidates so as to reach a reasonable balance between the preferences of both parties, as may indicate the Dispute Resolution Center within five (5) days from shipment by the Center for Dispute Resolution parts of the list of five candidates.G. Once you have appointed all members of the Group of Experts, the Dispute Resolution Center will notify the parties, members of the Panel have been appointed and the date in which, without any exceptional circumstances, the Panel shall submit to the Conflict Resolution Center has taken the decision.
Article 9. (Impartiality and Independence)
Any member of the Panel shall be impartial and independent and, before accepting appointment, disclosed to the Dispute Resolution Center any circumstances that might trigger some justifiable doubt on the impartiality or independence of the member. If at any time of the administrative proceeding, new circumstances arise which may lead to justifiable doubt as to the impartiality or independence of the Expert Group member, that member shall promptly disclose such circumstances to the Dispute Resolution Center. In this case, the latter is empowered to appoint a substitute member of the Group of Experts.
Article 10. (Communication between the parties and the Panel of Experts) .-
No Party or its representatives may have any unilateral communication with the Group of Experts. All communications between a party and the Expert Group were made to the Center for Dispute Resolution in the manner prescribed in the Supplemental Rules Dispute Resolution Center.
IV. Development Procedure
Article 11. (Transfer the case to the Panel)
The Dispute Resolution Center shall transmit the file to the Panel once appointed.
Article 12. (General Powers of the Panel)A. The Panel held on dispute settlement procedure in the manner it deems appropriate in accordance with applicable policy dispute resolution of domain names registered under the ccTLD. bo, this Regulation and the Rules for Dispute Resolution Center.B. In all cases, the Panel shall ensure that the parties are treated equally and that each Party is given a fair opportunity to present their case.C. The Panel shall ensure that the dispute resolution procedure is carried out with due expedition. At the request of a party or on its own initiative, extend in exceptional cases a period fixed by these Rules or the Panel.D. The Panel shall determine the admissibility, relevance, materiality and weight of the evidence.E. The Panel will decide on the request of a party seeking to consolidate multiple disputes over domain names under the Policy and these Rules.
Article 13. (Language of the procedure)A. Unless the parties agree otherwise, the language is Spanish procedure, subject to the authority of the Panel to determine otherwise, taking into account the circumstances of the procedure.B. The Panel may require parties that the documents submitted in languages other than the language of procedure accompanied by a complete translation into the language of the proceedings.
Article 14. (Other statements)
In addition to the request for dispute resolution of domain names and the defense, the Expert Group, using its discretion, allow or require further statements from the parties.
Article 15. (Views)
There shall be no hearings (including hearings by teleconference, videoconference and web conference), unless the Panel determines, using its sole discretion and in exceptional cases, it is necessary to such a hearing to resolve the dispute.
Article 16. (Default)A. In the event that a domain name holder, with no exceptional circumstances, does not present its response in accordance with these Rules, the Panel adopted a resolution regarding the request for resolution of disputes concerning domain names.B. The panel will also adopt a resolution regarding the request for dispute resolution of domain names in the event that a Party, in exceptional circumstances exist, does not respect any of the deadlines established by this Regulation or by the Group of Experts.C. If a party, with no exceptional circumstances, comply with any provision or requirement under these Rules or any request from the Group of Experts shall draw such conclusions as it considers appropriate .
Article 17. (Closure procedure)
The Panel shall declare the closure of the submission procedure of dispute resolution within ten (10) days after submission and corrected the requirements, if any, as long as it is satisfied that all parties have had a fair and equal opportunity to present their case.
Article 18. (Opportunity for submission of the claim)
Any person, before the close of proceedings may lodge his claim, provided he complied with the requirements or the provisions established by the Panel, or when not having them, correct them have been met. It is understood that the person has withdrawn his claim when breached the provisions above.
Item 19. (Policy Applicable)
The Panel shall decide the request for dispute resolution of domain names in accordance with the Policy, these Rules, and the rules and principles of law that it deems applicable.
Article 20. (Form and notification of decisions)A. The final decision will be forwarded to the Dispute Resolution Center, within seven (7) days after the end of the dispute resolution procedure.B. In the resolution the date on which it was made, the reasons on which it is based and shall be signed digitally or in writing. The Panel may consult with the Dispute Resolution Center on issues of form concerning the resolution.C. As soon as possible, once the Panel has referred the decision to the Dispute Resolution Center, it's each party shall notify the Administrator in order to carry out its implementation.D. Unless the Panel determines otherwise, the Center on Dispute Resolution Center will publish the resolution on a website accessible by the public.
Article 21. (Withdrawal of the demand for agreement between the parties or other grounds for termination)A. If the parties reach an agreement before the adoption of the resolution of the Panel, it shall terminate the administrative proceeding.B. If the proceeding is unnecessary or impossible for any reason prior to the adoption of the resolution of the Panel, it shall terminate the proceedings, unless a party raises justifiable grounds for objection within a period specified by the Panel.
Article 22. (Effect of judicial proceedings)A. In the event that legal proceedings initiated prior to or during the resolution of proceedings in respect of a dispute over domain name that is the subject of the request for resolution of disputes, Panel shall be empowered to decide whether to suspend or terminate the proceeding or continuing with them until a decision.B. In the event that a Party initiates any legal proceedings during the pendency of proceedings in respect of a dispute over domain names that is the subject of an application for dispute resolution, shall promptly notify the Panel of Experts and the Center for Dispute Resolution.
Article 23. (Fees)A. The request for dispute resolution of domain names shall be subject to payment by the claimant to the Dispute Resolution Center of a fixed rate in accordance with the rates published by the Center for Resolution of Disputes in effect at the time of filing resolution.B. The rate shall consist of: i. Administrative costs of the Dispute Resolution Center, which may not be repaid, and ii. Administrative costs of the Group of Experts not be reimbursed after the appointment of that group.C. Resolution Center will not take any action on applications for resolution of disputes concerning domain names until you have received the rate specified in paragraph A of Article 23 of this document.D. If the Dispute Resolution Center has not received payment of the administrative fee within seven (7) days from the shipment prior payment reminder will be deemed to have withdrawn the request for dispute resolution of domain names.
.com.bo Glossary of Technical Terms
A top-level domain devoted solely to international treaty organizations that have independent legal personality. Such organizations are not governed by the laws of any specific country, rather by mutual agreement between multiple countries. IANA maintains the domain registry for this domain.
The representation of an IPv4 address in the DNS system.
The representation of an IPv6 address in the DNS system.
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Administrative contact is intended to represent the Registrant(owner) of the domain, in any non-technical matters, regarding the management of the domain. Certain extensions require Administrative contact to confirm requests and accept notices about the domain name.
The ASCII-compatible encoded (ACE) representation of an internationalized domain name, i.e. how it is transmitted internally within the DNS protocol. A-labels always commence the with the prefix "xn--". Contrast with U-label.
Originally a reference to the US Government agency that managed some of the Internet’s initial development, now a top-level domain used solely for machine-readable use by computers for certain protocols — such as for reverse IP address lookups, and ENUM. The domain is not designed for general registrations. IANA manages ARPA in conjunction with the Internet Architecture Board.
ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange)
The standard for transmitting English (or "Latin") letters over the Internet. DNS was originally limited to only Latin characters because it uses ASCII as its encoding format, although this has been expanded using Internationalized Domain Names(IDN) for Applications.
Authoritative Name Server
A domain name server configured to host the official record of the contents of a DNS zone. Each Bolivian .com.bo domain name must have a set of these so computers on the Internet can find out the contents of that domain. The set of authoritative name servers for any given domain must be configured as NS records in the parent domain.
The service of automatic renewal allows the customers the convenience of automatic billing for the services ordered through the domain registrar. If the automatic renewal is selected, customer's credit card will be automatically charged for the service, which will avoid the interruption in service.
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Billing contact is responsible for the payment of the domain, and is usually assigned to the registrar managing the domain.
The combination of a recursive name server and a caching name server.
Domains can be forwarded to another URL by using a forwarding service. Cloaking forwarding differs from Apache 301 forwarding by showing the content of the URL being forwarded to, however the URL bar displays the original domain name.
A CNAME record is an abbreviation for Canonical Name record and is a type of resource record in the Domain Name System (DNS) used to specify that a domain name is an alias for another domain, the "canonical" domain. CNAME has a very specific syntax rule. CNAME can only be set up for the unique subdomain, meaning that it cannot be set up for any subdomain, which has already been set up for the domain. Thus CNAME is most commonly set up for WWW subdomain.
Country-code top-level domain (ccTLD)
A Class of Top Level Domains, generally assigned or reserved by a country, sovereign state, or territory. IANA is the organization, responsible for the ccTLD assignments. Since 2010 there 2 types of ccTLDs: 2 letter ASCII characters TLDs and IDN TLDs, which consist of the native language characters. Each country/territory is able to implement certain restrictions and requirements on the ccTLD assigned to them.
Cross-Registry Information Service Protocol (CRISP)
The name of the working group at the IETF that developed the Internet Registry Information Service (IRIS), a next-generation WHOIS protocol replacement.
Any transfer of responsibility to another entity. In the domain name system, one name server can provide pointers to more useful name servers for a given request by returning NS records. On an administrative level, sub-domains are delegated to other entities. IANA also delegates IP address blocks to regional Internet registries.
Deletion of the domain results in the domain record being removed from the registry's database. Domain deletion procedure and availability differs depending on each of the TLD's policy. Certain extensions require additional payment to delete a domain name.
A section of the Domain Name System name space. By default, the Root Zone contains all domain names, however in practice sections of this are delegated into smaller zones in a hierarchical fashion. For example, the .com zone would refer to the portion of the DNS delegated that ends in .com.
A technology that can be added to the Domain Name System to verify the authenticity of its data. The works by adding verifiable chains of trust that can be validated to the domain name system.
In order to prevent unwanted changed to the domain names, customers have an ability to change the locks on their domain names. The domain lock availability depends on individual TLD, and includes clientTransferProhibited, clientUpdateProhibited, clientDeleteProhibited, clientRenewProhibited.
A unique identifier with a set of properties attached to it so that computers can perform conversions. A typical domain name is "icann.org". Most commonly the property attached is an IP address, like "22.214.171.124", so that computers can convert the domain name into an IP address. However the DNS is used for many other purposes. The domain name may also be a delegation, which transfers responsibility of all sub-domains within that domain to another entity. domain name label a constituent part of a domain name. The labels of domain names are connected by dots. For example, "www.iana.org" contains three labels — "www", "iana" and "org". For internationalized domain names, the labels may be referred to as A-labels and U-labels.
Domain Name Registrar
An entity offering domain name registration services, as an agent between registrants and registries. Usually multiple registrars exist who compete with each other, and are accredited. For most generic top-level domains, domain name registrars are accredited by ICANN.
Domain Name Registry
A registry tasked with managing the contents of a DNS zone, by giving registrations of sub-domains to registrants.
Domain Name Server
A general term for a computer hardware or software server, which answers requests to convert domain names into something else. These can be subdivided into authoritative name servers, which store the database for a particular DNS zone; as well as recursive name servers and caching name servers.
Domain Name System (DNS)
The global hierarchical system of domain names. A global distributed database contains the information to perform the domain name conversations, and the most central part of that database, known as the root zone is coordinated by IANA.
Dot or “."
Common way of referring to a specific top-level domain. Dot generally precedes the Top Level domain, such as dot com is written down as “.com.bo”.
The expiration date determines when the domain registration period ends. In order to avoid downtime for the domain, renewal of the domain at least two weeks before expiration date is strongly encouraged. After the expiration date passes, some registries maintain the record of the domain name under the same owner, however the DNS services are put on hold.
Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)
A protocol used for electronic communication between a registrar and a registry for provisioning domain names.
Refers to the last portion of the domain name, located after the dot. Domain extension helps determine the registry, to which domain pertains, and allows to accurately classify the domain name.
First Come, First Served (FCFS)
Multiple applications for the same domain name are not accepted. The domain will be awarded to the first registrar who submits a registration request.
File Transfer Protocol does exactly what it says. The standard network protocol allows the transfer of files from one host to another. There are many FTP clients(programs) available, which allow you to connect to your host and transfer your completed content to your hosting provider's space.
Fully-Qualified Domain Mame (FQDN)
A complete domain name including all its components, i.e. "www.icann.org" as opposed to "www".
A document, formally known as the Principles for the Delegation and Administration of ccTLDs. This document was developed by the ICANN Governmental Advisory Committee and documents a set of principles agreed by governments on how ccTLDs should be delegated and run.
General Availability Phase
Domains are awarded on first come first serve basis, granted that the domains are available after the previous phases have concluded.
Generic top-level domains (gTLDs)
A class of top-level domains that are used for general purposes, where ICANN has a strong role in coordination (as opposed to country-code top-level domains, which are managed locally).
An explicit notation of the IP address of a name server, placed in a zone outside of the zone that would ordinarily contain that information. All name servers are in-bailiwick of the Root Zone, therefore glue records is required for all name servers listed there. Also referred to as just "glue".
A file stored in DNS software (i.e. recursive name servers) that tells it where the DNS root servers are located.
The name of a computer. Typically the left-most part of a fully-qualified domain name.
HyperText Transfer Protocol serves as the cornerstone protocol for World Wide Web, which allows the transfer of data between clients and servers.
See Internet Assigned Numbers Authority.
A component of RFCs that refer to any work required by IANA to maintain registries for a specific protocol.
The contract between ICANN and the US Government that governs how various IANA functions are performed.
See Internet Assigned Numbers Authority.
Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers(ICANN) is responsible responsible for the coordination of maintenance and methodology of several databases of unique identifiers related to the namespaces of the Internet, and ensuring the network's stable and secure operation.
Internal transfer refers to a transfer of a domain name within the same registrar. This procedure may be simpler, than starting a domain transfer, which involves 2 different registrars. The internal transfer is possible, after two parties involved in the internal transfer come to an agreement about the terms of the transfer.
Internationalized domain name (IDN)
Internet domain name, which allows the use of a language-specific script or alphabet, such as Arabic, Cyrillic, and Chinese. Adoption of IDN domain names is a significant step towards including non-English speakers into the world of Internet. Internationalized domain name is stored in Domain Name System as ASCII strings, which are transcribed by the use of Punycode.
Internet Architecture Board (IAB)
The oversight body of the IETF, responsible for overall strategic direction of Internet standardization efforts. The IAB works with ICANN on how the IANA protocol parameter registries should be managed. The IAB is an activity of the Internet Society, a non-profit organization.
Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)
A department of ICANN tasked with providing various Internet coordination functions, primarily those described in a contract between ICANN and the US Government. The functions relate to ensuring globally-unique protocol parameter assignment, including management of the root of the Domain Name System and IP Address Space. ICANN staff within this department is often referred to as "IANA Staff".
Internet Coordination Policy (ICP)
A series of documents created by ICANN between 1999 and 2000 describing management procedures.
Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG)
The committee of area experts of the IETF’s areas of work, that acts as its board of management.
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
The key Internet standardization forum. The standards developed within the IETF are published as RFCs.
Internet Protocol (IP)
The fundamental protocol that is used to transmit information over the Internet. Data transmitted over the Internet is transmitted using the Internet Protocol, usually in conjunction with a more specialized protocol. Computers are uniquely identified on the Internet using an IP Address.
A unique identifier for a device on the Internet. The identifier is used to accurately route Internet traffic to that device. IP addresses must be unique on the global Internet.
Internet Protocol version 4. Refers to the version of Internet protocol that supports 32-bit IP addresses.
Internet Protocol version 6. Refers to the version of Internet protocol that supports 128-bit IP addresses.
This phase allows you a greater chance to obtain a domain name prior to General Availability, typically for an increased fee. The fee generally varies depending on how early you want to register. Priority is either first-come, first-served or will go to an auction cpr144449003101 if there are multiple applicants, depending on registry rules. A common fee structure that will be in use is the Early Access Program (EAP). Further details on a specific extensions landrush phase can be found under the landrush section for that a particular domain.
Mail exchange (mx) record
MX record determines which server the mail client will be retrieving the mail from. The MX records for individual domains can be set up in the DNS records section of the client's control panel.
New Generic Top Level Domain (New gTLD)
Starting on July 15th, 2013 ICANN has started process of delegating new Generic Top Level Domains, opening up new opportunities for the internet community. New extensions include popular categories like professional domains, IDNs, general interest domains, and brand domain names.
a type of record in a DNS zone that signifies part of that zone is delegated to a different set of authoritative name servers.
The domain above a domain in the DNS hierarchy. For all top-level domains, the Root Zone is the parent domain. The Root Zone has no parent domain as it is as the top of the hierarchy. Opposite of sub-domain.
Many of the registrars offer a free service of domain parking. This allows the customer to quickly register a domain name, and choose the hosting solution at a later date. Very often the registrar's parking DNS servers allow DNS record modification.
Paid pre-registration allows you to purchase the domain in the General Availability phase, and the domain will be submitted as soon as the General Availability phase opens.
Primary name server
Practically every domain extension requires minimum 2 DNS servers in order for the domain to be successfully registered. Primary name server is responsible for storing information about the domain routing and making it available for requests.
The representation of a IP address to domain name mapping in the DNS system.
Recursive Name Server
A domain name server configured to perform DNS lookups on behalf of other computers.
The transfer of a delegation from one entity to another. Most commonly used to refer to the redelegation process used for top-level domains.
A special type of root zone change where there is a significant change involving the transfer of operations of a top-level domain to a new entity.
Redemption Grace Period
Redemption Grace Period(RGP) is a period after the expiration date, in which the domain still belongs to the same client, however the functionality is put on hold. The domain can usually be restored after paying for RGP fee. gTLDs often have a Renewal Period of 30 days before the Redemption Grace Period starts.
Regional Internet Registry (RIR)
A registry responsible for allocation of IP address resources within a particular region.
See Registrant Contact
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Registrant contact is the owner of the domain, and is the entity that holds right to use the particular domain name.
Registrar for .com.bo
An entity that can act on requests from a registrant in making changes in a registry. Usually the registrar is the same entity that operates a registry, although for domain names this role is often split to allow for competition between multiple registrars who offer different levels of support.
Registry Bolivia .com.bo
The authoritative record of registrations for a particular set of data. Most often used to refer to domain name registry, but all protocol parameters that IANA maintains are also registries.
Registry Operator for .com.bo Bolivia
The entity that runs a registry.
A method of translating an IP address into a domain name, so-called as it is the opposite of a typical lookup that converts a domain name to an IP address.
A series of Internet engineering documents describing Internet standards, as well as discussion papers, informational memorandums and best practices. Internet standards that are published in an RFC originate from the IETF. The RFC series is published by the RFC Editor.
The highest level of the domain system.
The authoritative name servers for the Root Zone.
The top of the domain name system hierarchy. The root zone contains all of the delegations for top-level domains, as well as the list of root servers, and is managed by IANA.
Root Zone Management (RZM)
The management of the DNS Root Zone by IANA.
A project to automate many aspects of the Root Zone Management function within IANA. Based on a software tool originally called "eIANA".
Secondary name server
Practically every domain extension requires minimum 2 DNS servers in order for the domain to be successfully registered. Secondary server is responsible for copying information from the primary server. The original purpose of secondary server is to take over the requests, if the primary server is down. Some of the registries no longer put an emphasis on which server is primary or secondary, but many international registries still use the old standard.
The entity acting as the trustee of a top-level domain on behalf of its designated community.
Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is a cryptographivc protocol, which is designed to provide communication security over internet. The data entered on the websites, using SSL, is encrypted, thus making it less susceptible to data theft.
In the domain hierarchy, or structure, subdomain is a domain, which is a part of a larger domain. For example, "www.icann.org" is a sub-domain of "icann.org", and "icann.org" is a sub-domain of "org". Subdomains can generally be setup through a DNS server management utility as A records or CNAME records.
A phase in which holders of eligible trademarks have the opportunity to apply and register domain names that correspond to their trademarks. To participate in Sunrise for new gTLDs, trademark holders must validate their trademarks with the Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH) first and must provide a valid Signed Mark Data (SMD) file for submission.
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Technical contact is intended to assist the Registrant(owner) contact in any queries that pertain to the technical aspects of managing the domain name.
Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH)
The central database of verified trademarks that was created by ICANN to provide brand protection to trademark holders during ICANN’s new gTLD program. Its' a centralized database of verified trademarks, that is connected to each and every new Top Level Domain (TLD) that will launch.
Top-level domain (TLD)
The highest level of subdivisions with the domain name system. These domains, such as ".com.bo" and ".uk" are delegated from the DNS Root zone. They are generally divided into two distinct categories, generic top-level domains and country-code top-level domains.
Most commonly, the term transfer refers to a inter-registrar transfer of registrations. The procedure of the tranfer will largely depend on the TLD, and is most commonly completed by requesting an authorization code from the current registrar and initiating the transfer at another registrar.
A known good cryptographic certificate that can be used to validate a chain of trust. Trust anchor repository (TAR) Any repository of public keys that can be used as trust anchors for validating chains of trust. See Interim Trust Anchor Repository (ITAR) for one such repository for top-level domain operators using DNSSEC.
An entity entrusted with the operations of an Internet resource for the benefit of the wider community. In IANA circles, usually in reference to the sponsoring organization of a top-level domain.
The Unicode representation of an internationalized domain name, i.e. how it is shown to the end-user. Contrast with A-label.
A standard describing a repertoire of characters used to represent most of the worlds languages in written form. Unicode is the basis for internationalized domain names.
Uniform resource locator (URL)
Uniform Resource Locator(URL), commonly known as web address, is an address to a resource on the internet. The URL consists of two components: Protocol Identifier(i.e. http, https) and the Resource name(i.e. icann.org)
Unsponsored top-level domain
A sub-classification of generic top-level domain, where there is no formal community of interest. Unsponsored top-level domains(.COM, .NET, .ORG, etc.) are administered according to the policies and processes established by ICANN.
URL Forwarding or URL redirection refers to the most common type of forwarding offered by domain registrars. Forwarding occurs when all pages from one domain are redirected to another domain.
A standard used for transmitting Unicode characters.
In the context of internationalized domain names, an alternative domain name that can be registered, or mean the same thing, because some of its characters can be registered in multiple different ways due to the way the language works. Depending on registry policy, variants may be registered together in one block called a variant bundle. For example, "internationalise" and "internationalize" may be considered variants in English.
A collection of multiple domain names that are grouped together because some of the characters are considered variants of the others.
A type of IDN table that describes the variants for a particular language or script. For example, a variant table may map Simplified Chinese characters to Traditional Chinese characters for the purpose of constructing a variant bundle.
Web host (Hosting Provider)
Web host is a type of an Internet service, which allows users to host content and/or email services by providing hosting space. Most often the hosting providers include control panels and tools for building a website and maintaining mail records.
A simple plain text-based protocol for looking up registration data within a registry. Typically used for domain name registries and IP address registries to find out who has registered a particular resource. (Usage note: not "Whois" or "whois")
Used to refer to parts of a registry’s database that are made public using the WHOIS protocol, or via similar mechanisms using other protocols (such as web pages, or IRIS). Most commonly used to refer to a domain name registry’s public database.
An interface, usually a web-based form, that will perform a look-up to a WHOIS server. This allows one to find WHOIS information without needing a specialized computer program that speaks the WHOIS protocol.
A system running on port number 43 that accepts queries using the WHOIS protocol.
The format of data when it is transmitted over the Internet (i.e. "over the wire"). For example, an A-label is the wire format of an internationalized domain name; and UTF-8 is a possible wire format of Unicode.
A machine-readable file format for storing structured data. Used to represent web pages (in a subset called HTML) etc. Used by IANA for storing protocol parameter registries.
Zone (DNS Records)
The zone file, also know as the DNS records is a vital component of DNS system, which contains various DNS records, which point to the location of content and email servers for each individual domain. Editing zone is made possible in the client's control panel.
Signed Mark Data (SMD)
A Signed Mark Data (SMD) is file that will allow you to register domain names during the sunrise period of new gTLD’s and request other services. It validates that you trademark has been verified within the Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH).
The trademark claims period extends for 90 days after the close of the Sunrise period. During the Claims period, anyone attempting to register a domain name matching a trademark that is recorded in the Trademark Clearinghouse will receive a notification displaying the relevant mark information. If the notified party goes and ahead and registers the domain name the Trademark Clearinghouse will send a notice to those trademark holders with matching records in the Clearinghouse, informing them that someone has registered the domain name.