.com.do Domain Registration
- 2 Years 116.00 USD
Registration Time Frame
Yes Details Are Individual .com.do registrations allowed?
Yes Details Company or legal entities registrations allowed for .com.do?
No Details Are there requirements, documents, or information needed for .com.do?
Yes Details Are some .com.do domain names restricted?
No Details Does .com.do domain have a special use?
No Details Other information I need to know about .com.do?
No Details Are there any additional fees for .com.do?
No Details Do I need a trademark/brand name to register .com.do?
No Details WHOIS Privacy service available?
Trustee / Proxy service offered? Fees? No Details
.com.do Domain FAQ
.com.do General FAQ
The Dominican Republic is a nation on the island of La Hispaniola, which it shares with the country of Haiti. After Cuba, The Dominican Republic is the second largest Caribbean nation with an estimated 10 million people. The official language is Spanish.
The Dominican economy is the second largest in the Caribbean and Central America. It is based largely on cpr144449003101 agriculture and government services, but there are fast growing tourism and Free Trade Zone earning sectors as well.
Why should I buy a .com.do domain name?
Having a .com.do domain extension will allow you to market your business in this cpr144449003101 growing economy by showing your commitment to the region and lending credibility to your site.
What name can I register?
Registrant must provide accurate data.
Registrant agrees that:
- to the best knowledge and belief, neither the registration ofor name (s) domain or the way to be used directly or indirectly violate any rights of another;
- will not register domain cpr144449003101 names or purposes illegal;
- will not not violate any rights in a trademark registered or any other proprietary right intellectual or industrial and general management national and international law applicable to the matter.
What is the registration term allowed for .com.do domain names?
The minimum term for .com.do cpr144449003101 domain names is 2 year(s).
Can anyone register a .com.do domain name?
YesAre Individual .com.do registrations allowed?
YesCompany or legal entities registrations allowed for .com.do?
NoAre there requirements, documents, or information needed for .com.do?
YesAre some .com.do domain names restricted?Unlawful purposes, illegal activities, and violating of rights of third parties is prohibited. See FAQs for complete restrictions.
NoDoes .com.do domain have a special use?
NoOther information I need to know about .com.do?
NoAre there any additional fees for .com.do?cpr144449003101
NoDo I need a trademark/brand name to register .com.do?
NoWHOIS Privacy service available?
Yes.com.do Trustee / Proxy service offered? Fees?
Don't Have All of These Requirements for Dominican Republic .com.do? Our trustee service provides the required local contact information. Note: Registration for 2 years may be required on some extensions.
Available at Checkout
.com.do Trustee / Proxy Fee: per
.com.do Trustee / Proxy Setup Fee:
How long does it take to register my .com.do domain name?
During general availability it takes approximately 2 cpr144449003101 Weeks to register your .com.do domain name.
What are the characters and valid character lengths for .com.do domain names?
Domain Names must:
- have minimum of 1 and a maximum of 63 characters;
- begin with a letter or a number and end with a letter or a number;
- use the English character set and may contain letters (i.e., a-z, A-Z),numbers (i.e. 0-9) and dashes (-) or a combination of these;
- neither begin with, nor cpr144449003101 end with a dash;
- not contain a dash in the third and fourth positions (e.g. www.ab- -cd.com.do); and
- not include a space (e.g. www.ab cd.com.do).
Trustee Service for .com.do
Trustee Service helps you satisfy most local presence requirements when there are restrictions on registering a domain name.cpr144449003101
Trustee service is not available for this extension
How do I host my .com.do domain name?
offers hosting and email service for .com.do. You can order hosting, email service and SSL certificates at checkout or you can contact sales.cpr144449003101
- How do I transfer my .com.do domain name?
Can I transfer out my domain if I’m using your Trustee Service?
Trustee service is non-transferable. If you are using our Trustee Service, you cpr144449003101 must update ownership according to .com.do requirements before transfer out can be started.
Can I hide my registration information (Private WHOIS)?
No. At present the .com.do domain zone does not provide means to hide the information cpr144449003101 of the domain owner. All information (name, address, email, etc.) will be displayed in WHOIS.
Can I register my .com.do domain name in different languages (Internationalized Domain Name)?
No, .com.do does not cpr144449003101 support Internationalized Domain Names
Grace period for .com.do domain name?
Grace periods vary for country code Top Level Domains (ccTLD) including Internationalized Domain Names (IDN). Some registries require renewal up to 60 days in advance of the domain name expiration date. It is your responsibility to pay for your Renewal Fees in advance of the due date specified by 101domain regardless of the domain name expiration date. Failure to pay your Renewal Fees prior to the cpr144449003101 due date will result in a fee of $150 to renew your .com.do domain. There may be a restore period between when the domain expires and when the domain can be registered again. In the event that you do not pay by the renewal date, your site may be inaccessible during this time so it is very important that you renew this extension before the renewal date.
Who is the registry that manages .com.do domain names?
You may visit them here: Network Information Centre .DO Dominican Republic.cpr144449003101
.com.do Domains Dispute & Policy
Last Update 20 August 2012. The most current .com.do domains dispute policy (currently only in Spanish) can be found at: www.nic.do/descargas/files/PoliticaSolucionControversia.pdf
Dispute Resolution Policy in domain name .DO1. Objective.
This dispute resolution policy on names domain for. DO (the "Policy") has been approved by the Pontifical Universidad Catolica Madre y Maestra in his capacity as Administrator of Internet Domain Names. DO (NIC DO) (Registry Operator and currently single register), is incorporated by reference in their registration agreement and establishes the terms and conditions regarding with a dispute between the holder of a domain name any party other than our own (NIC DO) on the registration and use of an Internet domain name registered under. DO. The procedure established under paragraph 4 of this Policy be carried out in accordance with Regulation Policy settlement of disputes concerning domain names. DO (the "Rules"), available in (Http://www.nic.do/descargas/files/Reglamento.pdf) and the Regulation Additional service provider's dispute resolution authorized by NIC DO.2. Statements.
By simply applying for registration or renewal of a name domain under the. OJ the applicant ensures:a. That statements made in the Registration Agreement are complete and accurate;b. Remember that registration of the domain name infringe or violate the rights of third parties;c. That is not registering the domain name for a purpose illegal, andd. Will not be used, with knowledge of the applicant, the name of domain to violate any laws or regulations. It applicant's responsibility to determine whether registration of the name domain infringes or violates the rights of others.3. Of the Cancellations, Transfers and Changes. br /> We will accept cancellations, transfers and any other changes to Domain name registration if:a. Subject to the provisions in paragraph 8 of this Policy, be received written or electronic form appropriate instructions from the domain holder or a person authorized for such action.b. It receives an order from a court or arbitral tribunal, in each case of competent jurisdiction, requiring such action, and / orc. Receipt of the decision of an Administrative Panel requiring such action in any administrative proceeding which the Contractor has been part and which has been conducted under this Policy or any later version of this Policy (see Paragraph 4 i) k)).4. Mandatory administrative proceeding. br /> This paragraph sets the type of disputes for which the Contractor of a domain name you consent to the settlement policy disputes concerning domain names for. DO and respective regulation to a Service Provider solution disputes authorized by NIC. DO.a. Applicable Disputes. The Contractor shall submit to a settlement procedure required when a third party disputes (complainant) asserts to the applicable Provider, in compliance with Regulation that:i. The domain name is identical or confusingly similar to a brand of product or service on the Plaintiff have rights, andii. The domain name holder has no rights or legitimate interests in the domain name, andiii. The domain name has been registered and is being used in bad faith. Plaintiff must prove that they are present each of these three elements.b. Evidence of Registration or Use in bad faith. For purposes of paragraph 4 (a) (iii), the following circumstances, among others, are evidence of the registration or use of the domain name bad faith.i. Circumstances indicating that you have registered or purchased the domain name primarily for the purpose of sell, lease, or transfer any registration form domain name to Complainant is the owner of the Product or service mark or to a competitor's registered Complainant for valuable consideration in excess of costs documented out directly related with the domain name, orii. It has registered the domain name to prevent the owner of the trademark or service mark of the product reflects the mark in a corresponding domain name, provided when the holder of the domain name has developed a pattern of such conduct, oriii. It has registered the domain name primarily with the purpose of disrupting the business of a competitor;iv. If using the domain name has been tried so intentionally attract, for commercial gain, Internet users to your website or anywhere else online, creating the likelihood of confusion with the mark of applicant as to the source, sponsorship, affiliation or Promoting your website or your online site or a product or service on your website or on your site line.cpr144449003101c. Demonstration of the right and legitimate interest in the name domain in response to a lawsuit. Upon receiving a complaint, the holder of a domain name must refer to Paragraph 5 of the Rules to determine how who shall prepare its defense. Either following circumstances, among others, demonstrate the rights or legitimate interests to the domain name for purposes of 4.a.ii paragraph:i. Before any notice of the dispute has used the domain name or made preparations demonstrable to its use or a name corresponding to the domain name in connection with a bona fide offering of goods or services, orii. If the Contractor (at individual, business or other organization ) Has been commonly known by the domain name, even if you have acquired no trademark rights products or services, or iii. It is a legitimate noncommercial or fair name domain, without intent to divert consumers of misleadingly or to tarnish the good name of the brand products or services concerned with profit.d. Selection of Provider. The Applicant shall select the Provider from among those authorized by NIC DO, transmitting his Complaint Plaintiff directly to that Provider. The selected Provider administer the proceeding, except in cases of consolidation described in paragraph 4.f.e. Initiation of Proceeding and Process and Appointment of the group Administrative Panel. The regulation establishes the process for initiating and conducting and a procedure for the appointment of Group Experts to settle the dispute.f. Consolidation. In the event of multiple disputes between the holder a domain name and the Complainant, both the Contractor's name domain or the complainant may petition to consolidate disputes before a single Administrative Panel. The reference was made to the first Administrative Group Experts appointed to address a dispute between the parties. This Administrative Panel may consolidate before it such disputes in its discretion, provided that the disputes being consolidated are governed by this Policy or a later version of it.g. Of the fees. All fees charged by a Provider in connection with any dispute before an Administrative Panel of under this Policy shall be paid by the Applicant, except that the holder's name domain elect to expand the Administrative Panel from one to three members, as provided in paragraph 5.b.iv of the regulation, which case the fees will be split equally between the Contractor's domain name and the Complainant.h. Participation of NIC DO in the Procedures Administration. NIC DO not participate or participate in the administration or conduct of any proceeding before an Administrative Panel. Addition will have no liability as a result of any decisions rendered by the Administrative Group Experts.i. Of sanctions. The sanctions available to a Complainant under any proceeding before an Administrative Panel be limited to requiring the cancellation of the domain name or transfer of domain name registration to the complainant.j. Notification and Publication. The supplier shall notify any resolution NIC DO taken by an Administrative Panel with respect to a domain name. All decisions under this Policy will be published in full on the Internet (including on page OJ http://www.nic.do NIC), except when a Administrative Panel determines in an exceptional to redact portions of the resolution.k. The availability of certain procedures. The requirements of paragraph 4 for the Procedure Mandatory administrative not prevent the Contractor or Applicant submit the dispute to a court of competent jurisdiction order for independent resolution before it starts the procedure or after its conclusion. If a Group Administrative Panel decides that the registration of a name domain should be canceled or transferred, NIC DO will wait ten (10) days business after being informed by the applicable Provider of the resolution of the Administrative Panel before running the resolution, unless NIC DO received during that period ten (10) business days, official documents (such as a copy of a demand, stamped by the clerk of the court) to show that the Licensee has initiated a lawsuit against the complainant in a jurisdiction to which the complainant has submitted under 3.b.xiii paragraph of Regulation, namely the courts of the Dominican Republic (see paragraphs 1 and 3.b.xiii of Regulation), in which case NIC DO not implement the decision of Administrative Panel to take no further action you have received:i. Satisfactory evidence of the occurrence of a solution between the parties;ii. Satisfactory evidence that the lawsuit has been rejected or withdrawn, oriii. a copy of an order from such court that rejecting the lawsuit or ordering that the Contractor has right to continue using the domain name.5. Of other disputes.
All other disputes between you and third party other than NIC DO for the registration of a domain name not included in under the provisions of paragraph 4 of the procedure Mandatory Administrative be resolved between the parties through common law.6. Involvement in Disputes
NIC DO. NIC DO not participate in any way in any dispute arise between the holder of a domain name and a third party other than DO NIC as regards the registration and use of a domain name. The holder of a domain name does not appoint as NIC DO party or otherwise include it in that procedure. In case of NIC DO that are named as a party to those proceedings, DO NIC reserves the right to make all defenses deemed appropriate, and take any other action necessary to defense.7. Maintenance of status.
NIC DO not cancel, transfer, activate, deactivate, or change other way the legal status of any domain name registration under this Policy except as provided in paragraph 3.8. Of Transfers during a dispute. Transfers of a Domain Name to a new owner.
Licensee shall not assign or transfer your domain name registration to another holder:i. During a pending administrative proceeding initiated In accordance with paragraph 4 or for a period of fifteen (15) working days (working day means the day force in the office of NIC DO) from the conclusion of such proceedings;ii. During a court proceeding or arbitration pending commenced regarding your domain name unless the party to which registration is being transferred domain name agrees, in writing, that the decision of the court or arbitrator is mandatory. DO NIC reserves the right to cancel any transfer of registration of a name domain to another owner who violates the provisions of this paragraph.9. Modification of the Policy.
DO NIC reserves the right to change at any time this Policy. Any modification to this Policy shall published at least thirty (30) days prior to its entry into force on the NIC website DO http://www.nic.do for the purpose of that anyone interested to contribute their comments to the suggested change. After this time apply the changes and amendments to Political conflicts of domain name registration after the date of the implementation of change.
.com.do Glossary of Technical Terms
A top-level domain devoted solely to international treaty organizations that have independent legal personality. Such organizations are not governed by the laws of any specific country, rather by mutual agreement between multiple countries. IANA maintains the domain registry for this domain.
The representation of an IPv4 address in the DNS system.
The representation of an IPv6 address in the DNS system.
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Administrative contact is intended to represent the Registrant(owner) of the domain, in any non-technical matters, regarding the management of the domain. Certain extensions require Administrative contact to confirm requests and accept notices about the domain name.
The ASCII-compatible encoded (ACE) representation of an internationalized domain name, i.e. how it is transmitted internally within the DNS protocol. A-labels always commence the with the prefix "xn--". Contrast with U-label.
Originally a reference to the US Government agency that managed some of the Internet’s initial development, now a top-level domain used solely for machine-readable use by computers for certain protocols — such as for reverse IP address lookups, and ENUM. The domain is not designed for general registrations. IANA manages ARPA in conjunction with the Internet Architecture Board.
ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange)
The standard for transmitting English (or "Latin") letters over the Internet. DNS was originally limited to only Latin characters because it uses ASCII as its encoding format, although this has been expanded using Internationalized Domain Names(IDN) for Applications.
Authoritative Name Server
A domain name server configured to host the official record of the contents of a DNS zone. Each Dominican .com.do domain name must have a set of these so computers on the Internet can find out the contents of that domain. The set of authoritative name servers for any given domain must be configured as NS records in the parent domain.
The service of automatic renewal allows the customers the convenience of automatic billing for the services ordered through the domain registrar. If the automatic renewal is selected, customer's credit card will be automatically charged for the service, which will avoid the interruption in service.
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Billing contact is responsible for the payment of the domain, and is usually assigned to the registrar managing the domain.
The combination of a recursive name server and a caching name server.
Domains can be forwarded to another URL by using a forwarding service. Cloaking forwarding differs from Apache 301 forwarding by showing the content of the URL being forwarded to, however the URL bar displays the original domain name.
A CNAME record is an abbreviation for Canonical Name record and is a type of resource record in the Domain Name System (DNS) used to specify that a domain name is an alias for another domain, the "canonical" domain. CNAME has a very specific syntax rule. CNAME can only be set up for the unique subdomain, meaning that it cannot be set up for any subdomain, which has already been set up for the domain. Thus CNAME is most commonly set up for WWW subdomain.
Country-code top-level domain (ccTLD)
A Class of Top Level Domains, generally assigned or reserved by a country, sovereign state, or territory. IANA is the organization, responsible for the ccTLD assignments. Since 2010 there 2 types of ccTLDs: 2 letter ASCII characters TLDs and IDN TLDs, which consist of the native language characters. Each country/territory is able to implement certain restrictions and requirements on the ccTLD assigned to them.
Cross-Registry Information Service Protocol (CRISP)
The name of the working group at the IETF that developed the Internet Registry Information Service (IRIS), a next-generation WHOIS protocol replacement.
Any transfer of responsibility to another entity. In the domain name system, one name server can provide pointers to more useful name servers for a given request by returning NS records. On an administrative level, sub-domains are delegated to other entities. IANA also delegates IP address blocks to regional Internet registries.
Deletion of the domain results in the domain record being removed from the registry's database. Domain deletion procedure and availability differs depending on each of the TLD's policy. Certain extensions require additional payment to delete a domain name.
A section of the Domain Name System name space. By default, the Root Zone contains all domain names, however in practice sections of this are delegated into smaller zones in a hierarchical fashion. For example, the .com zone would refer to the portion of the DNS delegated that ends in .com.
A technology that can be added to the Domain Name System to verify the authenticity of its data. The works by adding verifiable chains of trust that can be validated to the domain name system.
In order to prevent unwanted changed to the domain names, customers have an ability to change the locks on their domain names. The domain lock availability depends on individual TLD, and includes clientTransferProhibited, clientUpdateProhibited, clientDeleteProhibited, clientRenewProhibited.
A unique identifier with a set of properties attached to it so that computers can perform conversions. A typical domain name is "icann.org". Most commonly the property attached is an IP address, like "220.127.116.11", so that computers can convert the domain name into an IP address. However the DNS is used for many other purposes. The domain name may also be a delegation, which transfers responsibility of all sub-domains within that domain to another entity. domain name label a constituent part of a domain name. The labels of domain names are connected by dots. For example, "www.iana.org" contains three labels — "www", "iana" and "org". For internationalized domain names, the labels may be referred to as A-labels and U-labels.
Domain Name Registrar
An entity offering domain name registration services, as an agent between registrants and registries. Usually multiple registrars exist who compete with each other, and are accredited. For most generic top-level domains, domain name registrars are accredited by ICANN.
Domain Name Registry
A registry tasked with managing the contents of a DNS zone, by giving registrations of sub-domains to registrants.
Domain Name Server
A general term for a computer hardware or software server, which answers requests to convert domain names into something else. These can be subdivided into authoritative name servers, which store the database for a particular DNS zone; as well as recursive name servers and caching name servers.
Domain Name System (DNS)
The global hierarchical system of domain names. A global distributed database contains the information to perform the domain name conversations, and the most central part of that database, known as the root zone is coordinated by IANA.
Dot or “."
Common way of referring to a specific top-level domain. Dot generally precedes the Top Level domain, such as dot com is written down as “.com.do”.
The expiration date determines when the domain registration period ends. In order to avoid downtime for the domain, renewal of the domain at least two weeks before expiration date is strongly encouraged. After the expiration date passes, some registries maintain the record of the domain name under the same owner, however the DNS services are put on hold.
Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)
A protocol used for electronic communication between a registrar and a registry for provisioning domain names.
Refers to the last portion of the domain name, located after the dot. Domain extension helps determine the registry, to which domain pertains, and allows to accurately classify the domain name.
First Come, First Served (FCFS)
Multiple applications for the same domain name are not accepted. The domain will be awarded to the first registrar who submits a registration request.
File Transfer Protocol does exactly what it says. The standard network protocol allows the transfer of files from one host to another. There are many FTP clients(programs) available, which allow you to connect to your host and transfer your completed content to your hosting provider's space.
Fully-Qualified Domain Mame (FQDN)
A complete domain name including all its components, i.e. "www.icann.org" as opposed to "www".
A document, formally known as the Principles for the Delegation and Administration of ccTLDs. This document was developed by the ICANN Governmental Advisory Committee and documents a set of principles agreed by governments on how ccTLDs should be delegated and run.
General Availability Phase
Domains are awarded on first come first serve basis, granted that the domains are available after the previous phases have concluded.
Generic top-level domains (gTLDs)
A class of top-level domains that are used for general purposes, where ICANN has a strong role in coordination (as opposed to country-code top-level domains, which are managed locally).
An explicit notation of the IP address of a name server, placed in a zone outside of the zone that would ordinarily contain that information. All name servers are in-bailiwick of the Root Zone, therefore glue records is required for all name servers listed there. Also referred to as just "glue".
A file stored in DNS software (i.e. recursive name servers) that tells it where the DNS root servers are located.
The name of a computer. Typically the left-most part of a fully-qualified domain name.
HyperText Transfer Protocol serves as the cornerstone protocol for World Wide Web, which allows the transfer of data between clients and servers.
See Internet Assigned Numbers Authority.
A component of RFCs that refer to any work required by IANA to maintain registries for a specific protocol.
The contract between ICANN and the US Government that governs how various IANA functions are performed.
See Internet Assigned Numbers Authority.
Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers(ICANN) is responsible responsible for the coordination of maintenance and methodology of several databases of unique identifiers related to the namespaces of the Internet, and ensuring the network's stable and secure operation.
Internal transfer refers to a transfer of a domain name within the same registrar. This procedure may be simpler, than starting a domain transfer, which involves 2 different registrars. The internal transfer is possible, after two parties involved in the internal transfer come to an agreement about the terms of the transfer.
Internationalized domain name (IDN)
Internet domain name, which allows the use of a language-specific script or alphabet, such as Arabic, Cyrillic, and Chinese. Adoption of IDN domain names is a significant step towards including non-English speakers into the world of Internet. Internationalized domain name is stored in Domain Name System as ASCII strings, which are transcribed by the use of Punycode.
Internet Architecture Board (IAB)
The oversight body of the IETF, responsible for overall strategic direction of Internet standardization efforts. The IAB works with ICANN on how the IANA protocol parameter registries should be managed. The IAB is an activity of the Internet Society, a non-profit organization.
Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)
A department of ICANN tasked with providing various Internet coordination functions, primarily those described in a contract between ICANN and the US Government. The functions relate to ensuring globally-unique protocol parameter assignment, including management of the root of the Domain Name System and IP Address Space. ICANN staff within this department is often referred to as "IANA Staff".
Internet Coordination Policy (ICP)
A series of documents created by ICANN between 1999 and 2000 describing management procedures.
Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG)
The committee of area experts of the IETF’s areas of work, that acts as its board of management.
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
The key Internet standardization forum. The standards developed within the IETF are published as RFCs.
Internet Protocol (IP)
The fundamental protocol that is used to transmit information over the Internet. Data transmitted over the Internet is transmitted using the Internet Protocol, usually in conjunction with a more specialized protocol. Computers are uniquely identified on the Internet using an IP Address.
A unique identifier for a device on the Internet. The identifier is used to accurately route Internet traffic to that device. IP addresses must be unique on the global Internet.
Internet Protocol version 4. Refers to the version of Internet protocol that supports 32-bit IP addresses.
Internet Protocol version 6. Refers to the version of Internet protocol that supports 128-bit IP addresses.
This phase allows you a greater chance to obtain a domain name prior to General Availability, typically for an increased fee. The fee generally varies depending on how early you want to register. Priority is either first-come, first-served or will go to an auction cpr144449003101 if there are multiple applicants, depending on registry rules. A common fee structure that will be in use is the Early Access Program (EAP). Further details on a specific extensions landrush phase can be found under the landrush section for that a particular domain.
Mail exchange (mx) record
MX record determines which server the mail client will be retrieving the mail from. The MX records for individual domains can be set up in the DNS records section of the client's control panel.
New Generic Top Level Domain (New gTLD)
Starting on July 15th, 2013 ICANN has started process of delegating new Generic Top Level Domains, opening up new opportunities for the internet community. New extensions include popular categories like professional domains, IDNs, general interest domains, and brand domain names.
a type of record in a DNS zone that signifies part of that zone is delegated to a different set of authoritative name servers.
The domain above a domain in the DNS hierarchy. For all top-level domains, the Root Zone is the parent domain. The Root Zone has no parent domain as it is as the top of the hierarchy. Opposite of sub-domain.
Many of the registrars offer a free service of domain parking. This allows the customer to quickly register a domain name, and choose the hosting solution at a later date. Very often the registrar's parking DNS servers allow DNS record modification.
Paid pre-registration allows you to purchase the domain in the General Availability phase, and the domain will be submitted as soon as the General Availability phase opens.
Primary name server
Practically every domain extension requires minimum 2 DNS servers in order for the domain to be successfully registered. Primary name server is responsible for storing information about the domain routing and making it available for requests.
The representation of a IP address to domain name mapping in the DNS system.
Recursive Name Server
A domain name server configured to perform DNS lookups on behalf of other computers.
The transfer of a delegation from one entity to another. Most commonly used to refer to the redelegation process used for top-level domains.
A special type of root zone change where there is a significant change involving the transfer of operations of a top-level domain to a new entity.
Redemption Grace Period
Redemption Grace Period(RGP) is a period after the expiration date, in which the domain still belongs to the same client, however the functionality is put on hold. The domain can usually be restored after paying for RGP fee. gTLDs often have a Renewal Period of 30 days before the Redemption Grace Period starts.
Regional Internet Registry (RIR)
A registry responsible for allocation of IP address resources within a particular region.
See Registrant Contact
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Registrant contact is the owner of the domain, and is the entity that holds right to use the particular domain name.
Registrar for .com.do
An entity that can act on requests from a registrant in making changes in a registry. Usually the registrar is the same entity that operates a registry, although for domain names this role is often split to allow for competition between multiple registrars who offer different levels of support.
Registry Dominican Republic .com.do
The authoritative record of registrations for a particular set of data. Most often used to refer to domain name registry, but all protocol parameters that IANA maintains are also registries.
Registry Operator for .com.do Dominican Republic
The entity that runs a registry.
A method of translating an IP address into a domain name, so-called as it is the opposite of a typical lookup that converts a domain name to an IP address.
A series of Internet engineering documents describing Internet standards, as well as discussion papers, informational memorandums and best practices. Internet standards that are published in an RFC originate from the IETF. The RFC series is published by the RFC Editor.
The highest level of the domain system.
The authoritative name servers for the Root Zone.
The top of the domain name system hierarchy. The root zone contains all of the delegations for top-level domains, as well as the list of root servers, and is managed by IANA.
Root Zone Management (RZM)
The management of the DNS Root Zone by IANA.
A project to automate many aspects of the Root Zone Management function within IANA. Based on a software tool originally called "eIANA".
Secondary name server
Practically every domain extension requires minimum 2 DNS servers in order for the domain to be successfully registered. Secondary server is responsible for copying information from the primary server. The original purpose of secondary server is to take over the requests, if the primary server is down. Some of the registries no longer put an emphasis on which server is primary or secondary, but many international registries still use the old standard.
The entity acting as the trustee of a top-level domain on behalf of its designated community.
Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is a cryptographivc protocol, which is designed to provide communication security over internet. The data entered on the websites, using SSL, is encrypted, thus making it less susceptible to data theft.
In the domain hierarchy, or structure, subdomain is a domain, which is a part of a larger domain. For example, "www.icann.org" is a sub-domain of "icann.org", and "icann.org" is a sub-domain of "org". Subdomains can generally be setup through a DNS server management utility as A records or CNAME records.
A phase in which holders of eligible trademarks have the opportunity to apply and register domain names that correspond to their trademarks. To participate in Sunrise for new gTLDs, trademark holders must validate their trademarks with the Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH) first and must provide a valid Signed Mark Data (SMD) file for submission.
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Technical contact is intended to assist the Registrant(owner) contact in any queries that pertain to the technical aspects of managing the domain name.
Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH)
The central database of verified trademarks that was created by ICANN to provide brand protection to trademark holders during ICANN’s new gTLD program. Its' a centralized database of verified trademarks, that is connected to each and every new Top Level Domain (TLD) that will launch.
Top-level domain (TLD)
The highest level of subdivisions with the domain name system. These domains, such as ".com.do" and ".uk" are delegated from the DNS Root zone. They are generally divided into two distinct categories, generic top-level domains and country-code top-level domains.
Most commonly, the term transfer refers to a inter-registrar transfer of registrations. The procedure of the tranfer will largely depend on the TLD, and is most commonly completed by requesting an authorization code from the current registrar and initiating the transfer at another registrar.
A known good cryptographic certificate that can be used to validate a chain of trust. Trust anchor repository (TAR) Any repository of public keys that can be used as trust anchors for validating chains of trust. See Interim Trust Anchor Repository (ITAR) for one such repository for top-level domain operators using DNSSEC.
An entity entrusted with the operations of an Internet resource for the benefit of the wider community. In IANA circles, usually in reference to the sponsoring organization of a top-level domain.
The Unicode representation of an internationalized domain name, i.e. how it is shown to the end-user. Contrast with A-label.
A standard describing a repertoire of characters used to represent most of the worlds languages in written form. Unicode is the basis for internationalized domain names.
Uniform resource locator (URL)
Uniform Resource Locator(URL), commonly known as web address, is an address to a resource on the internet. The URL consists of two components: Protocol Identifier(i.e. http, https) and the Resource name(i.e. icann.org)
Unsponsored top-level domain
A sub-classification of generic top-level domain, where there is no formal community of interest. Unsponsored top-level domains(.COM, .NET, .ORG, etc.) are administered according to the policies and processes established by ICANN.
URL Forwarding or URL redirection refers to the most common type of forwarding offered by domain registrars. Forwarding occurs when all pages from one domain are redirected to another domain.
A standard used for transmitting Unicode characters.
In the context of internationalized domain names, an alternative domain name that can be registered, or mean the same thing, because some of its characters can be registered in multiple different ways due to the way the language works. Depending on registry policy, variants may be registered together in one block called a variant bundle. For example, "internationalise" and "internationalize" may be considered variants in English.
A collection of multiple domain names that are grouped together because some of the characters are considered variants of the others.
A type of IDN table that describes the variants for a particular language or script. For example, a variant table may map Simplified Chinese characters to Traditional Chinese characters for the purpose of constructing a variant bundle.
Web host (Hosting Provider)
Web host is a type of an Internet service, which allows users to host content and/or email services by providing hosting space. Most often the hosting providers include control panels and tools for building a website and maintaining mail records.
A simple plain text-based protocol for looking up registration data within a registry. Typically used for domain name registries and IP address registries to find out who has registered a particular resource. (Usage note: not "Whois" or "whois")
Used to refer to parts of a registry’s database that are made public using the WHOIS protocol, or via similar mechanisms using other protocols (such as web pages, or IRIS). Most commonly used to refer to a domain name registry’s public database.
An interface, usually a web-based form, that will perform a look-up to a WHOIS server. This allows one to find WHOIS information without needing a specialized computer program that speaks the WHOIS protocol.
A system running on port number 43 that accepts queries using the WHOIS protocol.
The format of data when it is transmitted over the Internet (i.e. "over the wire"). For example, an A-label is the wire format of an internationalized domain name; and UTF-8 is a possible wire format of Unicode.
A machine-readable file format for storing structured data. Used to represent web pages (in a subset called HTML) etc. Used by IANA for storing protocol parameter registries.
Zone (DNS Records)
The zone file, also know as the DNS records is a vital component of DNS system, which contains various DNS records, which point to the location of content and email servers for each individual domain. Editing zone is made possible in the client's control panel.
Signed Mark Data (SMD)
A Signed Mark Data (SMD) is file that will allow you to register domain names during the sunrise period of new gTLD’s and request other services. It validates that you trademark has been verified within the Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH).
The trademark claims period extends for 90 days after the close of the Sunrise period. During the Claims period, anyone attempting to register a domain name matching a trademark that is recorded in the Trademark Clearinghouse will receive a notification displaying the relevant mark information. If the notified party goes and ahead and registers the domain name the Trademark Clearinghouse will send a notice to those trademark holders with matching records in the Clearinghouse, informing them that someone has registered the domain name.