.cr Domain Registration
- 1 Year 121.00 USD
- 2 Years 237.16 USD
- 5 Years 580.80 USD
Registration Time Frame
Yes Details Are Individual .cr domain registrations allowed?
Yes Details Company or legal entities registrations allowed for .cr?
Yes Details Are there requirements, documents, or information needed for .cr?
Yes Details Are some .cr domain names restricted?
No Details Does .cr domain have a special use?
Yes Details Other information I need to know about .cr?
No Details Are there any additional fees for .cr?
No Details Do I need a trademark/brand name to register .cr?
No Details WHOIS Privacy service available?
Trustee / Proxy service offered? Fees? No Details
.cr Domain FAQ
.cr General FAQ
Costa Rica is a multicultural country located in South America, sharing borders with Nicaragua and Panama, and having coasts on the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. Costa Rica has consistently been ranked as one of the top countries in the Human Development Index, and has plans to become the first carbon-neutral country by the year 2021.
Mostly pharmaceuticals, financial outsourcing, software development and ecotourism support the Costa Rican economy. The high cpr144449003101 levels of education among the residents have made Costa Rica an attractive location for investment.
Why should I buy a .cr domain name?
Having a .cr domain extension will allow you to market your business in this cpr144449003101 growing economy by showing your commitment to the region and lending credibility to your site.
What name can I register?
The National Academy of Sciences through its dependence NIC-Internet Costa Rica office will watch over to exclude any abuses in the Domain Name registration and to protect the registered brand names or any brand names that are legally protected under the Intellectual Property Act. Likewise, it will deny any Domain Name petitions, when their purposes are against morality, the public order, and the good principles; according to the existing Costa Rican law. The Domain Name, which are similar or generic terms that, could be held as of national interest; or Domain Name that could produce misunderstanding will be seized by the National Academy of Sciences.
The .CR extension is available for any sector or person: academic, business, educational, financial, government, organization, health, or personal.
ONLY name brands or registered trademarks that have protection from the Intellectual Property Act shall have to provide the pertinent documents to confirm it. Thus, if the applicant is a corporate entity the documentation to be provided will be:
- Letter from their official representative with the name of the corporation requesting the Domain Name.
- Original of the corporate license (personeríajurídica), within thirty (30) days of issuance
- Photocopy of the personal I.D. (cédula de identidad) of the official representative.
- Affidavit stating that he/she is the owner of this name brand, or that cpr144449003101 he/she is the attorney in fact or has authorization to carry out the registration.
If the applicant is an individual, the documents to be provided are:
- Letter from the person requesting the Domain Name.
- Photocopy of the personal I.D. (cédula de identidad) of the applicant.
- Affidavit stating that he/she is the owner of this name brand, or that he/she has the authorization for the Domain Name registration.
What is the registration term allowed for .cr domain names?
The minimum term for .cr cpr144449003101 domain names is 1 year(s).
Can anyone register a .cr domain name?
YesAre Individual .cr domain registrations allowed?
YesCompany or legal entities registrations allowed for .cr?
YesAre there requirements, documents, or information needed for .cr?Companies: valid Business Registration number. Individuals: Current passport or government-issued id number (any country) of the contact person.
YesAre some .cr domain names restricted?Violating rights of third parties, including brand names, names against moral and public order, and any other names contrary to to the laws of Costa Rica are prohibited. For complete restrictions, see FAQs.
NoDoes .cr domain have a special use?
YesOther information I need to know about .cr?Domain cannot be sold or leased to another entity.cpr144449003101
NoAre there any additional fees for .cr?
NoDo I need a trademark/brand name to register .cr?
NoWHOIS Privacy service available?
Yes.cr Trustee / Proxy service offered? Fees?
Don't Have All of These Requirements for Costa Rica .cr? Our trustee service provides the required local contact information. Note: Registration for 2 years may be required on some extensions.
Available at Checkout
.cr Trustee / Proxy Fee: per
.cr Trustee / Proxy Setup Fee:
How long does it take to register my .cr domain name?
The domain registration time frame for .cr during general availability is 1 Day. .cr is not cpr144449003101 expected to launch until 1 Day. Once launched, a registration time frame will be available.
What are the characters and valid character lengths for .cr domain names?
Domain Names must:
- have minimum of 3 and a maximum of 63 characters;
- begin with a letter or a number and end with a letter or a number;
- use the English character set and may contain letters (i.e., a-z, A-Z),numbers (i.e. 0-9) and dashes (-) or a combination of these;
- neither begin with, nor cpr144449003101 end with a dash;
- not contain a dash in the third and fourth positions (e.g. www.ab- -cd.cr); and
- not include a space (e.g. www.ab cd.cr).
Trustee Service for .cr
Trustee Service helps you satisfy most local presence requirements when there are restrictions on registering a domain name.cpr144449003101
Trustee service is not available for this extension
How do I host my .cr domain name?
bluesit.com offers hosting and email service for .cr. You can order hosting, email service and SSL certificates at checkout or you can contact sales.cpr144449003101
- How do I transfer my .cr domain name?
Can I transfer out my domain if I’m using your Trustee Service?
Trustee service is non-transferable. If you are using our Trustee Service, you cpr144449003101 must update ownership according to .cr requirements before transfer out can be started.
Can I hide my registration information (Private WHOIS)?
No. At present the .cr domain zone does not provide means to hide the information cpr144449003101 of the domain owner. All information (name, address, email, etc.) will be displayed in WHOIS.
Can I register my .cr domain name in different languages (Internationalized Domain Name)?
No, .cr does not cpr144449003101 support Internationalized Domain Names
Grace period for .cr domain name?
Grace periods vary for country code Top Level Domains (ccTLD) including Internationalized Domain Names (IDN). Some registries require renewal up to 60 days in advance of the domain name expiration date. It is your responsibility to pay for your Renewal Fees in advance of the due date specified by 101domain regardless of the domain name expiration date. Failure to pay your Renewal Fees prior to the cpr144449003101 due date will result in a fee of $150 to renew your .cr domain. There may be a restore period between when the domain expires and when the domain can be registered again. In the event that you do not pay by the renewal date, your site may be inaccessible during this time so it is very important that you renew this extension before the renewal date.
Who is the registry that manages .cr domain names?
You may visit them here: NIC - Internet Costa Rica.cpr144449003101
.cr Domains Dispute & Policy
Last Update 20 August 2012. The most current .cr domains dispute policy can be found at: www.nic.cr/niccr_publico/esp/politicadesolucion.jsp
".cr" Domain-Name Dispute Resolution
(Approved by the National Academy of Sciences on November 18th, 2009)1. Purpose. This .cr Domain Name Conflict Resolution Policy (the Policy) has been approved by the National Academy of Sciences through its NIC Internet Costa Rica unit (the Registrar administrator and currently the only registrar) is incorporated by reference into the Policies for the Operation of the .cr Top-Level Domain and it sets forth the terms and conditions in connection with any dispute between the domain-name holder and any other party other than the National Academy of Sciences and its NIC Internet Costa Rica over the registration and use of an Internet domain name registered by de domain-name Holder. The proceeding under Paragraph 4 of this Policy shall be conducted in accordance with the Rules of Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (the "Rules") and the selected administrative-dispute-resolution service and the Provider's Supplemental Rules.2. Statements. By applying for the registration of a domain name or requesting the renewal of a domain name, you hereby declare and warrants to the National Academy of Sciences and its NIC Internet Costa Rica that:a) the statements that you have made in regard to your agreement with the Policies for the Operation of the ".cr" Top-Level Domain are complete and accurate;b) to the best of your knowledge and belief, the domain-name registration does not infringe or otherwise violate the rights of any third party;c) you are not registering the domain name for any unlawful purpose;d) you shall not knowingly use the domain name in violation of any applicable laws or regulations. It is your responsibility to determine whether your domain name registration infringes or violates any third parties' rights.3. Cancellations, Amendments, and Transfers. NIC Internet Costa Rica shall cancel, amend, transfer, or make changes to domain name registrations under the following circumstances:a) subject to the provisions of Paragraph 8, upon receipt of written or appropriate electronic instructions from you or your authorized agent to take such actions;b) upon receipt of an order from a court or arbitral tribunal, in each case of competent jurisdiction, requiring such action;c) upon receipt of a decision of an administrative panel panel requiring taking appropriate measures in any administrative proceeding of which you are a party and which was conducted under this Policy or a later version of this Policy approved by the National Academy of Sciences through its NIC INTERNET Costa Rica unit. (See Paragraph 4 (i) and (k) hereinunder).4. Mandatory Administrative Proceeding.
This Paragraph sets forth the type of disputes for which you are required to submit to a mandatory administrative proceeding. This proceeding shall be conducted before one of the administrative-dispute-resolution service providers listed at http://www.nic.cr/niccr_publico/esp/sitiosrelacionados.jsp.a. Applicable Disputes . You are required to submit to a mandatory administrative proceeding in the event that a third party (a "complainant") asserts to the applicable Provider, in accordance with the Rules, that:In the administrative proceeding, the complainant shall prove that each of these elements is present.i) your domain name is identical or confusingly similar to a trademark or service mark in which the complainant has rights; andii) you have no rights or legitimate interests in connection to the domain name; andiii)your domain name has been registered or is being used in bad faith.b. Evidence of Registration and Use in Bad Faith.For the purposes of Paragraph 4 (a) (iii), the following circumstances, in particular but without limitation, if found by the panel to be present, shall be evidence of the registration and use of a domain name in bad faith:i) circumstances indicating that you have registered or you have acquired the domain name primarily for the purpose of selling, renting, or otherwise transferring the domain-name registration to the complainant who is the owner of the trademark or service mark or to a competitor of that complainant, for valuable consideration in excess of your documented costs directly related to the domain name; orii) you have registered the domain name in order to prevent the owner of the trademark or service mark from cpr144449003101 reflecting the mark in a corresponding domain name, provided that you have engaged in a pattern of such conduct; oriii) you have registered the domain name primarily for the purpose of disrupting the business of a competitor; oriv) by using the domain name, you have intentionally attempted to attract, for commercial with the complainant's mark as to the source, sponsorship, affiliation, or endorsement of your website or location or of a product or service on your website or location.c. How to Demonstrate your Rights and Legitimate Interest in the Domain Name when Responding to a Complaint? . ? Upon receipt of a complaint, you shall refer to Paragraph 5 of the Rules to determine how to prepare your response. Any of the following circumstances, in particular but without limitation, shall demonstrate your rights or legitimate interests to the domain name for the purposes of Paragraph 4 (a) (ii) if found by the panel to be proved based on the evaluation of all evidence submitted:i) before any notice to you of the dispute, you use the domain name or have made demonstrable preparations to use the domain name or a name corresponding to the domain name in connection with a bona fide offering of goods and services; orii) you (as an individual, business, or other organization) have been commonly known by the domain name, even if you have acquired no trademark or service mark rights; oriii) you are making a legitimate noncommercial or fair use of the domain name, without intent for commercial gain to misleadingly divert consumers or to tarnish the trademark or service mark at issue.d. Selection of Provider. The complainant shall select the provider by submitting the complaint to that Provider. The selected provider shall administer the proceeding, except in cases or consolidation as described in Paragraph 4 f).e. Initiation of the Proceeding and Process and Appointment of the Administrative Panel. The Rules of the procedure set forth the process for initiating and conducting a proceeding and appointing the panel that shall decide the dispute ("Administrative Panel").f. Consolidation. In case of multiple disputes between you and the complainant, either you or the complainant may request to consolidate the disputes before a single Administrative Panel. This petition shall be made to the first administrative panel appointed to hear a dispute between the parties. This Administrative Panel shall consolidate before it any such disputes in its sole discretion, provided that the disputes which are being consolidated are governed by the Policy approved by the National Academy of Sciences through its NIC Internet Costa Rica unit.g. Fees. All fees charged by a Provider in connection with any dispute before an Administrative Panel pursuant to this Policy shall be paid by the complainant except in those cases where you choose to expand the Administrative Panel from one to three panelists as provided in Paragraph 5 b) iv) of the Rules of the Procedure, in which case the fees shall be split evenly between you and the complainant.h. Involvement of the Registrar in the Administrative Proceedings. The Registrar does not, and shall not participate in the administration or execution of any proceeding before an Administrative Panel. Moreover, it shall not be liable as a result of any decision rendered by the Administrative Panel.i. Remedies. The remedies available to the complainant pursuant to any proceeding before an Administrative Panel shall be limited to requiring the cancellation of your domain name or the transfer of your domain name to the complainant.j. Notification and Publication. The Provider shall notify the Registrar of any decision made by the Administrative Panel regarding a domain name that you have registered with that Registrar. All decisions under this Policy shall be published in full over the Internet except when the Administrative Panel shall determine, in an exceptional case, to correct portions of its decisión.k. Availability of Court Proceedings. The mandatory administrative proceeding requirements set forth in Paragraph 4 shall not prevent either you or the complainant from submitting the dispute to a court of competent jurisdiction to obtain an independent resolution before such mandatory administrative proceeding starts or after such proceeding has concluded. In the event that an Administrative Panel shall decide you're your domain name registration shall be cancelled or transferred, the registrar shall wait ten (10) business days (business days mean those observed in the location of the registrar's principal office) after being informed by the applicable Provider of the Administrative Panel's before implementing such decision. Then, the decision shall be implemented unless we have received from you during the ten (10) business day period, official documentation (such as copy of the complaint, stamped by the court's clerk) showing that you have commenced a lawsuit against the complainant in a jurisdiction to which the complainant has submitted under Paragraph 3 b) xiii) of the Rules of the Procedure (that is, before the courts of the Republic of Costa Rica.) In case that the registrar receives such documents within the ten (10) business day period, it shall not implement the Administrative Panel's decision and shall not take any further action until the registrar has received i) satisfactory evidence of a resolution between the parties; ii) satisfactory evidence that your lawsuit has been dismissed or withdrawn; or, iii) a copy of an order from such court dismissing your lawsuit or ordering that you do not have any right to continue using your domain name.5. All Other Disputes and Litigation. All other disputes between you any party other than the registrar regarding the domain name registration that are not executed pursuant to the mandatory administrative proceeding provisions referred to in Paragraph 4 shall be resolved between you and such other party through any court, arbitration or any other proceeding that may be available.6. Registrar's Involvement in Disputes. The Registrar shall not participate in any way in any dispute between you and any party other than the registrar regarding the registration and use of your domain name. You shall not name the registrar as a party or otherwise include the registrar in any such proceeding. In the event that the registrar shall be named as a party in such proceeding, the registrar reserves the right to raise any defenses deemed appropriate and to take any other necessary action to defend itself.7. Maintaining the Status Quo. The registrar shall not activate, deactivate, eliminate, transfer or otherwise change the status quo of any domain name registration under the Policy except as provided in Paragraph 3.8. Modifications to a Domain Name during a Dispute.
Modifications to a Domain Name. You may not amend or otherwise change your domain name or the domain information i) during a pending administrative proceeding brought pursuant to Paragraph 4 or for a period of fifteen (15) business days (business days mean those observed in the location of the registrar's principal place of business) after the conclusion of such proceeding; or ii) during a pending court or arbitration proceeding brought regarding your domain name. The registrar shall reserve the right to cancel or reject any change to your domain name or to the domain's information that is made in violation of this paragraph.9. Policy Modifications.. The National Academy of Sciences through its NIC Internet Costa Rica unit reserve the right to modify this Policy at any time pursuant the provisions in effect of Paragraphs 11 and 12 of the Policies for the Operation of the .cr Top-Level Domain unless this Policy has already been invoked by the submission of a complaint to a Provider in which case the version of the Policy in effect at the time it was invoked will apply to you until the dispute is over. All such changes shall be binding upon you in regard to any domain name registration dispute, whether the dispute arose before or after the effective date of the change. In the event that you object to a change in this Policy, your sole remedy shall be cancelling your domain name registration, but you shall not be entitled to a refund of any fees that you have paid to the registrar. In addition, the revised Policy shall apply to you until you cancel your domain name registration.
.cr Glossary of Technical Terms
A top-level domain devoted solely to international treaty organizations that have independent legal personality. Such organizations are not governed by the laws of any specific country, rather by mutual agreement between multiple countries. IANA maintains the domain registry for this domain.
The representation of an IPv4 address in the DNS system.
The representation of an IPv6 address in the DNS system.
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Administrative contact is intended to represent the Registrant(owner) of the domain, in any non-technical matters, regarding the management of the domain. Certain extensions require Administrative contact to confirm requests and accept notices about the domain name.
The ASCII-compatible encoded (ACE) representation of an internationalized domain name, i.e. how it is transmitted internally within the DNS protocol. A-labels always commence the with the prefix "xn--". Contrast with U-label.
Originally a reference to the US Government agency that managed some of the Internet’s initial development, now a top-level domain used solely for machine-readable use by computers for certain protocols — such as for reverse IP address lookups, and ENUM. The domain is not designed for general registrations. IANA manages ARPA in conjunction with the Internet Architecture Board.
ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange)
The standard for transmitting English (or "Latin") letters over the Internet. DNS was originally limited to only Latin characters because it uses ASCII as its encoding format, although this has been expanded using Internationalized Domain Names(IDN) for Applications.
Authoritative Name Server
A domain name server configured to host the official record of the contents of a DNS zone. Each Costa Rican .cr domain name must have a set of these so computers on the Internet can find out the contents of that domain. The set of authoritative name servers for any given domain must be configured as NS records in the parent domain.
The service of automatic renewal allows the customers the convenience of automatic billing for the services ordered through the domain registrar. If the automatic renewal is selected, customer's credit card will be automatically charged for the service, which will avoid the interruption in service.
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Billing contact is responsible for the payment of the domain, and is usually assigned to the registrar managing the domain.
The combination of a recursive name server and a caching name server.
Domains can be forwarded to another URL by using a forwarding service. Cloaking forwarding differs from Apache 301 forwarding by showing the content of the URL being forwarded to, however the URL bar displays the original domain name.
A CNAME record is an abbreviation for Canonical Name record and is a type of resource record in the Domain Name System (DNS) used to specify that a domain name is an alias for another domain, the "canonical" domain. CNAME has a very specific syntax rule. CNAME can only be set up for the unique subdomain, meaning that it cannot be set up for any subdomain, which has already been set up for the domain. Thus CNAME is most commonly set up for WWW subdomain.
Country-code top-level domain (ccTLD)
A Class of Top Level Domains, generally assigned or reserved by a country, sovereign state, or territory. IANA is the organization, responsible for the ccTLD assignments. Since 2010 there 2 types of ccTLDs: 2 letter ASCII characters TLDs and IDN TLDs, which consist of the native language characters. Each country/territory is able to implement certain restrictions and requirements on the ccTLD assigned to them.
Cross-Registry Information Service Protocol (CRISP)
The name of the working group at the IETF that developed the Internet Registry Information Service (IRIS), a next-generation WHOIS protocol replacement.
Any transfer of responsibility to another entity. In the domain name system, one name server can provide pointers to more useful name servers for a given request by returning NS records. On an administrative level, sub-domains are delegated to other entities. IANA also delegates IP address blocks to regional Internet registries.
Deletion of the domain results in the domain record being removed from the registry's database. Domain deletion procedure and availability differs depending on each of the TLD's policy. Certain extensions require additional payment to delete a domain name.
A section of the Domain Name System name space. By default, the Root Zone contains all domain names, however in practice sections of this are delegated into smaller zones in a hierarchical fashion. For example, the .com zone would refer to the portion of the DNS delegated that ends in .com.
A technology that can be added to the Domain Name System to verify the authenticity of its data. The works by adding verifiable chains of trust that can be validated to the domain name system.
In order to prevent unwanted changed to the domain names, customers have an ability to change the locks on their domain names. The domain lock availability depends on individual TLD, and includes clientTransferProhibited, clientUpdateProhibited, clientDeleteProhibited, clientRenewProhibited.
A unique identifier with a set of properties attached to it so that computers can perform conversions. A typical domain name is "icann.org". Most commonly the property attached is an IP address, like "18.104.22.168", so that computers can convert the domain name into an IP address. However the DNS is used for many other purposes. The domain name may also be a delegation, which transfers responsibility of all sub-domains within that domain to another entity. domain name label a constituent part of a domain name. The labels of domain names are connected by dots. For example, "www.iana.org" contains three labels — "www", "iana" and "org". For internationalized domain names, the labels may be referred to as A-labels and U-labels.
Domain Name Registrar
An entity offering domain name registration services, as an agent between registrants and registries. Usually multiple registrars exist who compete with each other, and are accredited. For most generic top-level domains, domain name registrars are accredited by ICANN.
Domain Name Registry
A registry tasked with managing the contents of a DNS zone, by giving registrations of sub-domains to registrants.
Domain Name Server
A general term for a computer hardware or software server, which answers requests to convert domain names into something else. These can be subdivided into authoritative name servers, which store the database for a particular DNS zone; as well as recursive name servers and caching name servers.
Domain Name System (DNS)
The global hierarchical system of domain names. A global distributed database contains the information to perform the domain name conversations, and the most central part of that database, known as the root zone is coordinated by IANA.
Dot or “."
Common way of referring to a specific top-level domain. Dot generally precedes the Top Level domain, such as dot com is written down as “.cr”.
The expiration date determines when the domain registration period ends. In order to avoid downtime for the domain, renewal of the domain at least two weeks before expiration date is strongly encouraged. After the expiration date passes, some registries maintain the record of the domain name under the same owner, however the DNS services are put on hold.
Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)
A protocol used for electronic communication between a registrar and a registry for provisioning domain names.
Refers to the last portion of the domain name, located after the dot. Domain extension helps determine the registry, to which domain pertains, and allows to accurately classify the domain name.
First Come, First Served (FCFS)
Multiple applications for the same domain name are not accepted. The domain will be awarded to the first registrar who submits a registration request.
File Transfer Protocol does exactly what it says. The standard network protocol allows the transfer of files from one host to another. There are many FTP clients(programs) available, which allow you to connect to your host and transfer your completed content to your hosting provider's space.
Fully-Qualified Domain Mame (FQDN)
A complete domain name including all its components, i.e. "www.icann.org" as opposed to "www".
A document, formally known as the Principles for the Delegation and Administration of ccTLDs. This document was developed by the ICANN Governmental Advisory Committee and documents a set of principles agreed by governments on how ccTLDs should be delegated and run.
General Availability Phase
Domains are awarded on first come first serve basis, granted that the domains are available after the previous phases have concluded.
Generic top-level domains (gTLDs)
A class of top-level domains that are used for general purposes, where ICANN has a strong role in coordination (as opposed to country-code top-level domains, which are managed locally).
An explicit notation of the IP address of a name server, placed in a zone outside of the zone that would ordinarily contain that information. All name servers are in-bailiwick of the Root Zone, therefore glue records is required for all name servers listed there. Also referred to as just "glue".
A file stored in DNS software (i.e. recursive name servers) that tells it where the DNS root servers are located.
The name of a computer. Typically the left-most part of a fully-qualified domain name.
HyperText Transfer Protocol serves as the cornerstone protocol for World Wide Web, which allows the transfer of data between clients and servers.
See Internet Assigned Numbers Authority.
A component of RFCs that refer to any work required by IANA to maintain registries for a specific protocol.
The contract between ICANN and the US Government that governs how various IANA functions are performed.
See Internet Assigned Numbers Authority.
Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers(ICANN) is responsible responsible for the coordination of maintenance and methodology of several databases of unique identifiers related to the namespaces of the Internet, and ensuring the network's stable and secure operation.
Internal transfer refers to a transfer of a domain name within the same registrar. This procedure may be simpler, than starting a domain transfer, which involves 2 different registrars. The internal transfer is possible, after two parties involved in the internal transfer come to an agreement about the terms of the transfer.
Internationalized domain name (IDN)
Internet domain name, which allows the use of a language-specific script or alphabet, such as Arabic, Cyrillic, and Chinese. Adoption of IDN domain names is a significant step towards including non-English speakers into the world of Internet. Internationalized domain name is stored in Domain Name System as ASCII strings, which are transcribed by the use of Punycode.
Internet Architecture Board (IAB)
The oversight body of the IETF, responsible for overall strategic direction of Internet standardization efforts. The IAB works with ICANN on how the IANA protocol parameter registries should be managed. The IAB is an activity of the Internet Society, a non-profit organization.
Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)
A department of ICANN tasked with providing various Internet coordination functions, primarily those described in a contract between ICANN and the US Government. The functions relate to ensuring globally-unique protocol parameter assignment, including management of the root of the Domain Name System and IP Address Space. ICANN staff within this department is often referred to as "IANA Staff".
Internet Coordination Policy (ICP)
A series of documents created by ICANN between 1999 and 2000 describing management procedures.
Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG)
The committee of area experts of the IETF’s areas of work, that acts as its board of management.
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
The key Internet standardization forum. The standards developed within the IETF are published as RFCs.
Internet Protocol (IP)
The fundamental protocol that is used to transmit information over the Internet. Data transmitted over the Internet is transmitted using the Internet Protocol, usually in conjunction with a more specialized protocol. Computers are uniquely identified on the Internet using an IP Address.
A unique identifier for a device on the Internet. The identifier is used to accurately route Internet traffic to that device. IP addresses must be unique on the global Internet.
Internet Protocol version 4. Refers to the version of Internet protocol that supports 32-bit IP addresses.
Internet Protocol version 6. Refers to the version of Internet protocol that supports 128-bit IP addresses.
This phase allows you a greater chance to obtain a domain name prior to General Availability, typically for an increased fee. The fee generally varies depending on how early you want to register. Priority is either first-come, first-served or will go to an auction cpr144449003101 if there are multiple applicants, depending on registry rules. A common fee structure that will be in use is the Early Access Program (EAP). Further details on a specific extensions landrush phase can be found under the landrush section for that a particular domain.
Mail exchange (mx) record
MX record determines which server the mail client will be retrieving the mail from. The MX records for individual domains can be set up in the DNS records section of the client's control panel.
New Generic Top Level Domain (New gTLD)
Starting on July 15th, 2013 ICANN has started process of delegating new Generic Top Level Domains, opening up new opportunities for the internet community. New extensions include popular categories like professional domains, IDNs, general interest domains, and brand domain names.
a type of record in a DNS zone that signifies part of that zone is delegated to a different set of authoritative name servers.
The domain above a domain in the DNS hierarchy. For all top-level domains, the Root Zone is the parent domain. The Root Zone has no parent domain as it is as the top of the hierarchy. Opposite of sub-domain.
Many of the registrars offer a free service of domain parking. This allows the customer to quickly register a domain name, and choose the hosting solution at a later date. Very often the registrar's parking DNS servers allow DNS record modification.
Paid pre-registration allows you to purchase the domain in the General Availability phase, and the domain will be submitted as soon as the General Availability phase opens.
Primary name server
Practically every domain extension requires minimum 2 DNS servers in order for the domain to be successfully registered. Primary name server is responsible for storing information about the domain routing and making it available for requests.
The representation of a IP address to domain name mapping in the DNS system.
Recursive Name Server
A domain name server configured to perform DNS lookups on behalf of other computers.
The transfer of a delegation from one entity to another. Most commonly used to refer to the redelegation process used for top-level domains.
A special type of root zone change where there is a significant change involving the transfer of operations of a top-level domain to a new entity.
Redemption Grace Period
Redemption Grace Period(RGP) is a period after the expiration date, in which the domain still belongs to the same client, however the functionality is put on hold. The domain can usually be restored after paying for RGP fee. gTLDs often have a Renewal Period of 30 days before the Redemption Grace Period starts.
Regional Internet Registry (RIR)
A registry responsible for allocation of IP address resources within a particular region.
See Registrant Contact
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Registrant contact is the owner of the domain, and is the entity that holds right to use the particular domain name.
Registrar for .cr
An entity that can act on requests from a registrant in making changes in a registry. Usually the registrar is the same entity that operates a registry, although for domain names this role is often split to allow for competition between multiple registrars who offer different levels of support.
Registry Costa Rica .cr
The authoritative record of registrations for a particular set of data. Most often used to refer to domain name registry, but all protocol parameters that IANA maintains are also registries.
Registry Operator for .cr Costa Rica
The entity that runs a registry.
A method of translating an IP address into a domain name, so-called as it is the opposite of a typical lookup that converts a domain name to an IP address.
A series of Internet engineering documents describing Internet standards, as well as discussion papers, informational memorandums and best practices. Internet standards that are published in an RFC originate from the IETF. The RFC series is published by the RFC Editor.
The highest level of the domain system.
The authoritative name servers for the Root Zone.
The top of the domain name system hierarchy. The root zone contains all of the delegations for top-level domains, as well as the list of root servers, and is managed by IANA.
Root Zone Management (RZM)
The management of the DNS Root Zone by IANA.
A project to automate many aspects of the Root Zone Management function within IANA. Based on a software tool originally called "eIANA".
Secondary name server
Practically every domain extension requires minimum 2 DNS servers in order for the domain to be successfully registered. Secondary server is responsible for copying information from the primary server. The original purpose of secondary server is to take over the requests, if the primary server is down. Some of the registries no longer put an emphasis on which server is primary or secondary, but many international registries still use the old standard.
The entity acting as the trustee of a top-level domain on behalf of its designated community.
Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is a cryptographivc protocol, which is designed to provide communication security over internet. The data entered on the websites, using SSL, is encrypted, thus making it less susceptible to data theft.
In the domain hierarchy, or structure, subdomain is a domain, which is a part of a larger domain. For example, "www.icann.org" is a sub-domain of "icann.org", and "icann.org" is a sub-domain of "org". Subdomains can generally be setup through a DNS server management utility as A records or CNAME records.
A phase in which holders of eligible trademarks have the opportunity to apply and register domain names that correspond to their trademarks. To participate in Sunrise for new gTLDs, trademark holders must validate their trademarks with the Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH) first and must provide a valid Signed Mark Data (SMD) file for submission.
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Technical contact is intended to assist the Registrant(owner) contact in any queries that pertain to the technical aspects of managing the domain name.
Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH)
The central database of verified trademarks that was created by ICANN to provide brand protection to trademark holders during ICANN’s new gTLD program. Its' a centralized database of verified trademarks, that is connected to each and every new Top Level Domain (TLD) that will launch.
Top-level domain (TLD)
The highest level of subdivisions with the domain name system. These domains, such as ".cr" and ".uk" are delegated from the DNS Root zone. They are generally divided into two distinct categories, generic top-level domains and country-code top-level domains.
Most commonly, the term transfer refers to a inter-registrar transfer of registrations. The procedure of the tranfer will largely depend on the TLD, and is most commonly completed by requesting an authorization code from the current registrar and initiating the transfer at another registrar.
A known good cryptographic certificate that can be used to validate a chain of trust. Trust anchor repository (TAR) Any repository of public keys that can be used as trust anchors for validating chains of trust. See Interim Trust Anchor Repository (ITAR) for one such repository for top-level domain operators using DNSSEC.
An entity entrusted with the operations of an Internet resource for the benefit of the wider community. In IANA circles, usually in reference to the sponsoring organization of a top-level domain.
The Unicode representation of an internationalized domain name, i.e. how it is shown to the end-user. Contrast with A-label.
A standard describing a repertoire of characters used to represent most of the worlds languages in written form. Unicode is the basis for internationalized domain names.
Uniform resource locator (URL)
Uniform Resource Locator(URL), commonly known as web address, is an address to a resource on the internet. The URL consists of two components: Protocol Identifier(i.e. http, https) and the Resource name(i.e. icann.org)
Unsponsored top-level domain
A sub-classification of generic top-level domain, where there is no formal community of interest. Unsponsored top-level domains(.COM, .NET, .ORG, etc.) are administered according to the policies and processes established by ICANN.
URL Forwarding or URL redirection refers to the most common type of forwarding offered by domain registrars. Forwarding occurs when all pages from one domain are redirected to another domain.
A standard used for transmitting Unicode characters.
In the context of internationalized domain names, an alternative domain name that can be registered, or mean the same thing, because some of its characters can be registered in multiple different ways due to the way the language works. Depending on registry policy, variants may be registered together in one block called a variant bundle. For example, "internationalise" and "internationalize" may be considered variants in English.
A collection of multiple domain names that are grouped together because some of the characters are considered variants of the others.
A type of IDN table that describes the variants for a particular language or script. For example, a variant table may map Simplified Chinese characters to Traditional Chinese characters for the purpose of constructing a variant bundle.
Web host (Hosting Provider)
Web host is a type of an Internet service, which allows users to host content and/or email services by providing hosting space. Most often the hosting providers include control panels and tools for building a website and maintaining mail records.
A simple plain text-based protocol for looking up registration data within a registry. Typically used for domain name registries and IP address registries to find out who has registered a particular resource. (Usage note: not "Whois" or "whois")
Used to refer to parts of a registry’s database that are made public using the WHOIS protocol, or via similar mechanisms using other protocols (such as web pages, or IRIS). Most commonly used to refer to a domain name registry’s public database.
An interface, usually a web-based form, that will perform a look-up to a WHOIS server. This allows one to find WHOIS information without needing a specialized computer program that speaks the WHOIS protocol.
A system running on port number 43 that accepts queries using the WHOIS protocol.
The format of data when it is transmitted over the Internet (i.e. "over the wire"). For example, an A-label is the wire format of an internationalized domain name; and UTF-8 is a possible wire format of Unicode.
A machine-readable file format for storing structured data. Used to represent web pages (in a subset called HTML) etc. Used by IANA for storing protocol parameter registries.
Zone (DNS Records)
The zone file, also know as the DNS records is a vital component of DNS system, which contains various DNS records, which point to the location of content and email servers for each individual domain. Editing zone is made possible in the client's control panel.
Signed Mark Data (SMD)
A Signed Mark Data (SMD) is file that will allow you to register domain names during the sunrise period of new gTLD’s and request other services. It validates that you trademark has been verified within the Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH).
The trademark claims period extends for 90 days after the close of the Sunrise period. During the Claims period, anyone attempting to register a domain name matching a trademark that is recorded in the Trademark Clearinghouse will receive a notification displaying the relevant mark information. If the notified party goes and ahead and registers the domain name the Trademark Clearinghouse will send a notice to those trademark holders with matching records in the Clearinghouse, informing them that someone has registered the domain name.