.dk Domain Registration
- 1 Year 35.00 USD
- 2 Years 68.60 USD
- 3 Years 101.85 USD
- 5 Years 166.25 USD
Registration Time Frame
Yes Details Are Individual .dk domain registrations allowed?
Yes Details Company or legal entities registrations allowed for .dk?
Yes Details Are there requirements, documents, or information needed for .dk?
Yes Details Are some .dk domain names restricted?
No Details Does .dk domain have a special use?
No Details Other information I need to know about .dk?
No Details Are there any additional fees for .dk?
No Details Do I need a trademark/brand name to register .dk?
No Details WHOIS Privacy service available?
Trustee / Proxy service offered? Fees? No Details
.dk Domain FAQ
.dk General FAQ
Denmark, part of the Kingdom of Denmark along with the Faroe Islands and Greenland, is a constitutional monarchy and sovereign state in Northern Europe. It is the southernmost of the Nordic countries, and it has an approximate estimated population of 5.7 million people. The official spoken language is Danish.
The mixed Danish economy boasts free trade and higher than average European living standards. It has one of the most competitive economies in the world and the cpr144449003101 lowest level of income inequality. Denmark Is a major exporter of machinery, animals, foodstuffs, chemicals, oil and gas, and is a net exporter of food and energy.
Why should I buy a .dk domain name?
Having a .dk domain extension will allow you to market your business in this cpr144449003101 strong economy by showing your commitment to the region and lending credibility to your site.
What name can I register?
(1) Registrants must not register and use Internet domain names contrary to good domain name practice.
(2) Registrants must not register and maintain registrations of Internet domain names solely for the purpose of selling or renting to other parties.
Warranty of non-infringement
By his/her application, the Registrant warrants that the Registrant's reservation, registrationand/or active use of the domain name applied for does not infringe third-party trademarkrights or rights to names or other distinctive marks, and cpr144449003101 that, to the Registrant's knowledge, the reservation, registration and/or active use are not otherwise contrary to this Agreement orDanish law, including the regulations concerning good domain name practice in the InternetDomains Act, Section 12(1)
Acceptance of DK Hostmaster's rules
The Registrant agrees by the application to be subject to DK Hostmaster's rules in force fromtime to time, including in particular the General Conditions in force from time to time, and toaccept rulings by the Complaints Board for Domain Names in accordance with theComplaints Board's regulations applicable from time to time.
What is the registration term allowed for .dk domain names?
The minimum term for .dk cpr144449003101 domain names is 1 year(s).
Can anyone register a .dk domain name?
YesAre Individual .dk domain registrations allowed?
YesCompany or legal entities registrations allowed for .dk?
YesAre there requirements, documents, or information needed for .dk?VAT ID or TAX ID is required if you are registering as a company.
YesAre some .dk domain names restricted?Violating rights of third parties, names contrary to good domain practice are prohibited. See FAQs for complete restrictions.
NoDoes .dk domain have a special use?
NoOther information I need to know about .dk?
NoAre there any cpr144449003101 additional fees for .dk?
NoDo I need a trademark/brand name to register .dk?
NoWHOIS Privacy service available?
Yes.dk Trustee / Proxy service offered? Fees?
Don't Have All of These Requirements for Denmark .dk? Our trustee service provides the required local contact information. Note: Registration for 2 years may be required on some extensions.
Available at Checkout
.dk Trustee / Proxy Fee: per
.dk Trustee / Proxy Setup Fee:
How long does it take to register my .dk domain name?
The domain registration time frame for .dk during general availability is 1 Day. .dk is not cpr144449003101 expected to launch until 1 Day. Once launched, a registration time frame will be available.
What are the characters and valid character lengths for .dk domain names?
Domain Names must:
- have minimum of 3 and a maximum of 63 characters;
- begin with a letter or a number and end with a letter or a number;
- use the English character set and may contain letters (i.e., a-z, A-Z),numbers (i.e. 0-9) and dashes (-) or a combination of these;
- neither begin with, nor cpr144449003101 end with a dash;
- not contain a dash in the third and fourth positions (e.g. www.ab- -cd.dk); and
- not include a space (e.g. www.ab cd.dk).
Trustee Service for .dk
Trustee Service helps you satisfy most local presence requirements when there are restrictions on registering a domain name.cpr144449003101
Trustee service is not available for this extension
How do I host my .dk domain name?
bluesit.com offers hosting and email service for .dk. You can order hosting, email service and SSL certificates at checkout or you can contact sales.cpr144449003101
- How do I transfer my .dk domain name?
Can I transfer out my domain if I’m using your Trustee Service?
Trustee service is non-transferable. If you are using our Trustee Service, you cpr144449003101 must update ownership according to .dk requirements before transfer out can be started.
Can I hide my registration information (Private WHOIS)?
No. At present the .dk domain zone does not provide means to hide the information cpr144449003101 of the domain owner. All information (name, address, email, etc.) will be displayed in WHOIS.
Can I register my .dk domain name in different languages (Internationalized Domain Name)?
Yes, You can register IDNs in the following languages
- .dk in Danish cpr144449003101
Grace period for .dk domain name?
Grace periods vary for country code Top Level Domains (ccTLD) including Internationalized Domain Names (IDN). Some registries require renewal up to 60 days in advance of the domain name expiration date. It is your responsibility to pay for your Renewal Fees in advance of the due date specified by 101domain regardless of the domain name expiration date. Failure to pay your Renewal Fees prior to the cpr144449003101 due date will result in a fee of $150 to renew your .dk domain. There may be a restore period between when the domain expires and when the domain can be registered again. In the event that you do not pay by the renewal date, your site may be inaccessible during this time so it is very important that you renew this extension before the renewal date.
Who is the registry that manages .dk domain names?
You may visit them here: DK Hostmaster.cpr144449003101
.dk Domains Dispute & Policy
Last Update 20 August 2012. The most current .dk domains dispute policy can be found at: www.domaeneklager.dk/uk/the_complaint_board_for_domain_names/
The Complaints Board for Domain Names is a specific board who handles complaints regarding the registration of domain names under the .dk domain. E.g. if you are convinced that you have specific interests or trademarks to a given .dk domain name, which some one else already has registered.
The Complaints Board for Domain Names decides if the registration of .dk domain names violates the Danish laws and DK Hostmasters terms and conditions. The Board can decide to transfer, suspend or delete domain names that a complaint has been filed against.
All complaints regarding .dk domain names are to be send to The Complaints Board for Domain Names. On the Boards website you will find a form that must be used in order to file a complaint.
Simultaneously with the filed complaint, you have to pay a complaints-fee. The fee is 500 DKK for domain names with occupational meaning. The fee is 150 DKK for users which only use the domain name privately.
The fee will be refunded if you get wholly or partially right in your complaint.
Rules concerning the Complaints Board for Internet Domain Names
The following rules have been set up by Dansk Internet Forum (“DIFO”) under section 14(1) of theDanish Act No. 598 of 24 June 2005 on Internet Domains Specifically Allocated to Denmark1. Establishment and composition of the Complaints Board for Internet Domain NamesPara. 1. The Minister for Science, Technology and Innovation establishes a complaints board for Internet domain names ("Complaints Board"). The Complaint Boards conducts its business independently of the Minister and Dansk Internet Forum, which has been appointed by the National IT and Telecom Agency to administer the Internet domain.dk (“Registry”).Para. 2. The Complaints Board comprises three members and three substitutes, who are appointed by the Minister for Science, Technology and Innovation after consultation of the Complaints Board. When appointing members to the Complaints Board the Minister must consider it important to ensure that the Complaints Board overall represents theoretical andpractical expertise in law, including expertise in name and trademark rights.Para. 3. In addition, the Minister for Science, Technology and Innovation appoints two members and two substitutes with commercial and consumer expertise to assist in handlingcases involving non-commercial users or non-commercial registrants and cases of fundamentalimportance. The chairman of the Complaints Board decides when a matter is of fundamentalimportance. The representatives of consumer and commercial interests are appointed after consultation of the consumer’s and industry’s organisations.Para. 4. Members of the Complaints Board are appointed for a term of four years.Para 5. The Minister for Science, Technology and Innovation appoints the chairman of the Complaints Board from among the members of the Complaints Board. The chairman and hissubstitute(s) must be a High Court judge or a Supreme Court judge.2. AdministrationPara. 1. The Complaints Board may retain the services of a secretary to attend to the preparation of cases, take part in any conciliation procedure, head the secretariat and representthe Complaints Board in external affairs.Par. 2. The Complaints Board sets it own rules of procedure.3. Areas of competencePara. 1. The Complaints Board is competent to deal with:(1) Disputes between registrants and a third party(2) Disputes between registrants and the Registry(3) Complaints about the Registry’s decisions under section 11(3) of the Internet Domains Act.Para. 2. The Complaints Board may make a decision to(1) suspend, withdraw or transfer a domain name registered or used contrary to section 12 of the Internet Domains Act, business conditions and terms set up in pursuance ofthe Danish Internet Domains Act, section 11(1), or contrary to any other legislation,and(2) confirm, cancel, change or refer back the Registry’s decision.Para 3. The Complaints Board has no competence to make decisions on payment of damages or compensation.4. Submission of complaintsPara. 1. A complaint can be submitted by anyone having an individual and essential interest inthe outcome of the case and by the Registry.Para. 2. Complaints about decisions made by the Registry must be submitted within cpr144449003101 four weeks from the date when the complainant was notified of the decision.Para. 3. Complaints must be submitted to the Complaints Board on paper or electronically, cf. paragraph 5.Para. 4. Submission of a complaint must be accompanied by payment of a fixed complaints fee.The complaints fee is DKK 500. If, however, the complainant’s interest in the domain name ismainly of a non-commercial nature the complaints fee is DKK 150. A complaint will not bedealt with until the complaints fee has been paid, cf. paragraph 5.Para. 5. Information on the address to which the complaint should be sent and the place of payment of the complaints fee is available on the website www.domaeneklager.dk.Para. 6. If a case on the right to the domain name in question is pending between the parties before the courts or if either party has brought such an action before a court of law theComplaints Board can reject or defer the case. The Complaints Board shall reject the case if itconcerns a dispute covered by a valid arbitration agreement. However, this does not apply if thedefendant responds in the case without invoking the arbitration agreement.. Complaints procedurePara. 1. The Complaints Board’s secretariat will review the complaint on its receipt. If, cf. paragraph 3, there appears to be no doubt that the complaint cannot be dealt with by theComplaints Board the secretariat will inform the complainant of this together with reasons forthe decision. The attention of the complainant will also be drawn to the fact that the decision canbe brought before the Complaints Board if the complainant still wants it. In that case, thecomplaint will be brought before the Board by the secretariat. If a complaint is rejected inaccordance with this provision the fee will be repaid to the complainant.Para. 2. If the Complaints Board is competent to deal with the complaint, or if nothing can beadvanced to show that the Board is not competent the secretariat will prepare the hearing of thecase.Para. 3. As part of the case preparations, the secretariat shall – at no further cost to the complainant – place the complainant in a queue for the waiting list for the disputed domainname, cf. General Conditions item 5.3.1. However, this is not applicable to complaintsregarding suspension of domain names.Para. 4. The secretariat must inform the defendant about the complaint and enclose all the material received regarding the complaint with the exception of material that the defendant isundoubtedly already familiar with. The defendant is requested to make a statement as soon aspossible and no later than two weeks after receipt. The comments of the defendant shall then bepresented to the complainant for comments with a similar time period for response. Thecomplainant's rejoinder will then be similarly presented to the defendant. If it is evident that theresponse of the defendant or the rejoinder of the complainant do not contain new information orevaluations and that the other party is therefore undoubtedly familiar with the contents of thismaterial, the secretariat need not present the response to the opposing party.Para. 5. The chairman of the Complaints Board, or a person authorised by the chairman, may inspecial cases decide that the time periods mentioned in paragraph 4 shall be prolonged; thatfurther information shall be obtained in order to make a decision in the case; or that the caseshall be stayed pending the outcome of another case before a court or an administrativeauthority concerning a legal issue of significance to the outcome of the case.Para. 6. The secretary may propose to the parties that they should try to settle the matter. The conciliation procedure may last no longer than 4 weeks.Para. 7. If the case is referred to the Complaints Board for consultation, the chairman of theComplaints Board shall decide whether the case can be decided in writing or if a meeting isnecessary. However, cases in which consumer and commercial representatives take part shallalways be decided at a meeting. The chairman can make a decision to obtain further informationfor use in deciding the case or that the case shall be stayed pending the outcome of another caseas mentioned in paragraph 5 or of the conciliation procedure as mentioned in paragraph 6.6. CostsPara. 1. If the complainant's claim is successful, whether wholly or in part, the fee shall berepaid to the complainant. The Complaints Board's case administration doe not otherwiseinvolve costs for the parties concerned.7. Judicial reviewPara. 1. The decisions of the Complaints Board are binding and cannot be brought before any administrative authority.Para. 2. The Complaints Board’s decision can be brought before the courts no later than 8weeks after the person concerned has been notified of the decision.Para. 3. If a decision made by the Complaints Board is brought before the courts theComplaints Board may grant a stay of execution provided that before the date of enforcement ofthe decision the secretariat of the Complaints Board is notified by the defendant of the actionbrought and enclose the necessary documentation of the institution of such proceedings. In othercases the Complaints Board may grant a stay of execution where a matter is brought before thecourts and this is found to be appropriate.8. Reopening
The chairman may decide that a case on which the Complaints Board has made a decision shall be reopened if a request to this effect is made within eight weeks after notice of the decision hasbeen given to the person concerned. Reopening is only possible if justified by special reasons,particularly in the event of:(1) the unavoidable absence of a party who has not spoken in the case, or(2) new information which – had it been available during handling by the ComplaintsBoard – would probably have resulted in a different outcome of the case.9. Legal force of the Complaints Board’s decision The Complaints Board’s decision will not prevent either party from submitting a complaint tothe Board concerning the same domain name but on a new basis.10. Publication
Decisions made by the Complaints Board will be published on the website www.domaeneklager.dk. The Complaints Board will decide if publication is to respect anyrequests to observe confidentiality of personal details, cf. item 9 of the General Conditions. Theefforts of the secretary to settle a dispute are confidential.11. Coming into force
The present rules come into force on 22 June 2009.
On behalf of Dansk Internet Forum
MadsBryde Andersen LiseFuhr
On 16 June 2009 the Danish Minister for Science, Technology and Innovation approved the ruleson the Complaints Board for Internet Domain Names as prescribed by the Internet Domains Act, cf.section 14(3).
.dk Glossary of Technical Terms
A top-level domain devoted solely to international treaty organizations that have independent legal personality. Such organizations are not governed by the laws of any specific country, rather by mutual agreement between multiple countries. IANA maintains the domain registry for this domain.
The representation of an IPv4 address in the DNS system.
The representation of an IPv6 address in the DNS system.
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Administrative contact is intended to represent the Registrant(owner) of the domain, in any non-technical matters, regarding the management of the domain. Certain extensions require Administrative contact to confirm requests and accept notices about the domain name.
The ASCII-compatible encoded (ACE) representation of an internationalized domain name, i.e. how it is transmitted internally within the DNS protocol. A-labels always commence the with the prefix "xn--". Contrast with U-label.
Originally a reference to the US Government agency that managed some of the Internet’s initial development, now a top-level domain used solely for machine-readable use by computers for certain protocols — such as for reverse IP address lookups, and ENUM. The domain is not designed for general registrations. IANA manages ARPA in conjunction with the Internet Architecture Board.
ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange)
The standard for transmitting English (or "Latin") letters over the Internet. DNS was originally limited to only Latin characters because it uses ASCII as its encoding format, although this has been expanded using Internationalized Domain Names(IDN) for Applications.
Authoritative Name Server
A domain name server configured to host the official record of the contents of a DNS zone. Each Danish .dk domain name must have a set of these so computers on the Internet can find out the contents of that domain. The set of authoritative name servers for any given domain must be configured as NS records in the parent domain.
The service of automatic renewal allows the customers the convenience of automatic billing for the services ordered through the domain registrar. If the automatic renewal is selected, customer's credit card will be automatically charged for the service, which will avoid the interruption in service.
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Billing contact is responsible for the payment of the domain, and is usually assigned to the registrar managing the domain.
The combination of a recursive name server and a caching name server.
Domains can be forwarded to another URL by using a forwarding service. Cloaking forwarding differs from Apache 301 forwarding by showing the content of the URL being forwarded to, however the URL bar displays the original domain name.
A CNAME record is an abbreviation for Canonical Name record and is a type of resource record in the Domain Name System (DNS) used to specify that a domain name is an alias for another domain, the "canonical" domain. CNAME has a very specific syntax rule. CNAME can only be set up for the unique subdomain, meaning that it cannot be set up for any subdomain, which has already been set up for the domain. Thus CNAME is most commonly set up for WWW subdomain.
Country-code top-level domain (ccTLD)
A Class of Top Level Domains, generally assigned or reserved by a country, sovereign state, or territory. IANA is the organization, responsible for the ccTLD assignments. Since 2010 there 2 types of ccTLDs: 2 letter ASCII characters TLDs and IDN TLDs, which consist of the native language characters. Each country/territory is able to implement certain restrictions and requirements on the ccTLD assigned to them.
Cross-Registry Information Service Protocol (CRISP)
The name of the working group at the IETF that developed the Internet Registry Information Service (IRIS), a next-generation WHOIS protocol replacement.
Any transfer of responsibility to another entity. In the domain name system, one name server can provide pointers to more useful name servers for a given request by returning NS records. On an administrative level, sub-domains are delegated to other entities. IANA also delegates IP address blocks to regional Internet registries.
Deletion of the domain results in the domain record being removed from the registry's database. Domain deletion procedure and availability differs depending on each of the TLD's policy. Certain extensions require additional payment to delete a domain name.
A section of the Domain Name System name space. By default, the Root Zone contains all domain names, however in practice sections of this are delegated into smaller zones in a hierarchical fashion. For example, the .com zone would refer to the portion of the DNS delegated that ends in .com.
A technology that can be added to the Domain Name System to verify the authenticity of its data. The works by adding verifiable chains of trust that can be validated to the domain name system.
In order to prevent unwanted changed to the domain names, customers have an ability to change the locks on their domain names. The domain lock availability depends on individual TLD, and includes clientTransferProhibited, clientUpdateProhibited, clientDeleteProhibited, clientRenewProhibited.
A unique identifier with a set of properties attached to it so that computers can perform conversions. A typical domain name is "icann.org". Most commonly the property attached is an IP address, like "126.96.36.199", so that computers can convert the domain name into an IP address. However the DNS is used for many other purposes. The domain name may also be a delegation, which transfers responsibility of all sub-domains within that domain to another entity. domain name label a constituent part of a domain name. The labels of domain names are connected by dots. For example, "www.iana.org" contains three labels — "www", "iana" and "org". For internationalized domain names, the labels may be referred to as A-labels and U-labels.
Domain Name Registrar
An entity offering domain name registration services, as an agent between registrants and registries. Usually multiple registrars exist who compete with each other, and are accredited. For most generic top-level domains, domain name registrars are accredited by ICANN.
Domain Name Registry
A registry tasked with managing the contents of a DNS zone, by giving registrations of sub-domains to registrants.
Domain Name Server
A general term for a computer hardware or software server, which answers requests to convert domain names into something else. These can be subdivided into authoritative name servers, which store the database for a particular DNS zone; as well as recursive name servers and caching name servers.
Domain Name System (DNS)
The global hierarchical system of domain names. A global distributed database contains the information to perform the domain name conversations, and the most central part of that database, known as the root zone is coordinated by IANA.
Dot or “."
Common way of referring to a specific top-level domain. Dot generally precedes the Top Level domain, such as dot com is written down as “.dk”.
The expiration date determines when the domain registration period ends. In order to avoid downtime for the domain, renewal of the domain at least two weeks before expiration date is strongly encouraged. After the expiration date passes, some registries maintain the record of the domain name under the same owner, however the DNS services are put on hold.
Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)
A protocol used for electronic communication between a registrar and a registry for provisioning domain names.
Refers to the last portion of the domain name, located after the dot. Domain extension helps determine the registry, to which domain pertains, and allows to accurately classify the domain name.
First Come, First Served (FCFS)
Multiple applications for the same domain name are not accepted. The domain will be awarded to the first registrar who submits a registration request.
File Transfer Protocol does exactly what it says. The standard network protocol allows the transfer of files from one host to another. There are many FTP clients(programs) available, which allow you to connect to your host and transfer your completed content to your hosting provider's space.
Fully-Qualified Domain Mame (FQDN)
A complete domain name including all its components, i.e. "www.icann.org" as opposed to "www".
A document, formally known as the Principles for the Delegation and Administration of ccTLDs. This document was developed by the ICANN Governmental Advisory Committee and documents a set of principles agreed by governments on how ccTLDs should be delegated and run.
General Availability Phase
Domains are awarded on first come first serve basis, granted that the domains are available after the previous phases have concluded.
Generic top-level domains (gTLDs)
A class of top-level domains that are used for general purposes, where ICANN has a strong role in coordination (as opposed to country-code top-level domains, which are managed locally).
An explicit notation of the IP address of a name server, placed in a zone outside of the zone that would ordinarily contain that information. All name servers are in-bailiwick of the Root Zone, therefore glue records is required for all name servers listed there. Also referred to as just "glue".
A file stored in DNS software (i.e. recursive name servers) that tells it where the DNS root servers are located.
The name of a computer. Typically the left-most part of a fully-qualified domain name.
HyperText Transfer Protocol serves as the cornerstone protocol for World Wide Web, which allows the transfer of data between clients and servers.
See Internet Assigned Numbers Authority.
A component of RFCs that refer to any work required by IANA to maintain registries for a specific protocol.
The contract between ICANN and the US Government that governs how various IANA functions are performed.
See Internet Assigned Numbers Authority.
Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers(ICANN) is responsible responsible for the coordination of maintenance and methodology of several databases of unique identifiers related to the namespaces of the Internet, and ensuring the network's stable and secure operation.
Internal transfer refers to a transfer of a domain name within the same registrar. This procedure may be simpler, than starting a domain transfer, which involves 2 different registrars. The internal transfer is possible, after two parties involved in the internal transfer come to an agreement about the terms of the transfer.
Internationalized domain name (IDN)
Internet domain name, which allows the use of a language-specific script or alphabet, such as Arabic, Cyrillic, and Chinese. Adoption of IDN domain names is a significant step towards including non-English speakers into the world of Internet. Internationalized domain name is stored in Domain Name System as ASCII strings, which are transcribed by the use of Punycode.
Internet Architecture Board (IAB)
The oversight body of the IETF, responsible for overall strategic direction of Internet standardization efforts. The IAB works with ICANN on how the IANA protocol parameter registries should be managed. The IAB is an activity of the Internet Society, a non-profit organization.
Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)
A department of ICANN tasked with providing various Internet coordination functions, primarily those described in a contract between ICANN and the US Government. The functions relate to ensuring globally-unique protocol parameter assignment, including management of the root of the Domain Name System and IP Address Space. ICANN staff within this department is often referred to as "IANA Staff".
Internet Coordination Policy (ICP)
A series of documents created by ICANN between 1999 and 2000 describing management procedures.
Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG)
The committee of area experts of the IETF’s areas of work, that acts as its board of management.
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
The key Internet standardization forum. The standards developed within the IETF are published as RFCs.
Internet Protocol (IP)
The fundamental protocol that is used to transmit information over the Internet. Data transmitted over the Internet is transmitted using the Internet Protocol, usually in conjunction with a more specialized protocol. Computers are uniquely identified on the Internet using an IP Address.
A unique identifier for a device on the Internet. The identifier is used to accurately route Internet traffic to that device. IP addresses must be unique on the global Internet.
Internet Protocol version 4. Refers to the version of Internet protocol that supports 32-bit IP addresses.
Internet Protocol version 6. Refers to the version of Internet protocol that supports 128-bit IP addresses.
This phase allows you a greater chance to obtain a domain name prior to General Availability, typically for an increased fee. The fee generally varies depending on how early you want to register. Priority is either first-come, first-served or will go to an auction cpr144449003101 if there are multiple applicants, depending on registry rules. A common fee structure that will be in use is the Early Access Program (EAP). Further details on a specific extensions landrush phase can be found under the landrush section for that a particular domain.
Mail exchange (mx) record
MX record determines which server the mail client will be retrieving the mail from. The MX records for individual domains can be set up in the DNS records section of the client's control panel.
New Generic Top Level Domain (New gTLD)
Starting on July 15th, 2013 ICANN has started process of delegating new Generic Top Level Domains, opening up new opportunities for the internet community. New extensions include popular categories like professional domains, IDNs, general interest domains, and brand domain names.
a type of record in a DNS zone that signifies part of that zone is delegated to a different set of authoritative name servers.
The domain above a domain in the DNS hierarchy. For all top-level domains, the Root Zone is the parent domain. The Root Zone has no parent domain as it is as the top of the hierarchy. Opposite of sub-domain.
Many of the registrars offer a free service of domain parking. This allows the customer to quickly register a domain name, and choose the hosting solution at a later date. Very often the registrar's parking DNS servers allow DNS record modification.
Paid pre-registration allows you to purchase the domain in the General Availability phase, and the domain will be submitted as soon as the General Availability phase opens.
Primary name server
Practically every domain extension requires minimum 2 DNS servers in order for the domain to be successfully registered. Primary name server is responsible for storing information about the domain routing and making it available for requests.
The representation of a IP address to domain name mapping in the DNS system.
Recursive Name Server
A domain name server configured to perform DNS lookups on behalf of other computers.
The transfer of a delegation from one entity to another. Most commonly used to refer to the redelegation process used for top-level domains.
A special type of root zone change where there is a significant change involving the transfer of operations of a top-level domain to a new entity.
Redemption Grace Period
Redemption Grace Period(RGP) is a period after the expiration date, in which the domain still belongs to the same client, however the functionality is put on hold. The domain can usually be restored after paying for RGP fee. gTLDs often have a Renewal Period of 30 days before the Redemption Grace Period starts.
Regional Internet Registry (RIR)
A registry responsible for allocation of IP address resources within a particular region.
See Registrant Contact
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Registrant contact is the owner of the domain, and is the entity that holds right to use the particular domain name.
Registrar for .dk
An entity that can act on requests from a registrant in making changes in a registry. Usually the registrar is the same entity that operates a registry, although for domain names this role is often split to allow for competition between multiple registrars who offer different levels of support.
Registry Denmark .dk
The authoritative record of registrations for a particular set of data. Most often used to refer to domain name registry, but all protocol parameters that IANA maintains are also registries.
Registry Operator for .dk Denmark
The entity that runs a registry.
A method of translating an IP address into a domain name, so-called as it is the opposite of a typical lookup that converts a domain name to an IP address.
A series of Internet engineering documents describing Internet standards, as well as discussion papers, informational memorandums and best practices. Internet standards that are published in an RFC originate from the IETF. The RFC series is published by the RFC Editor.
The highest level of the domain system.
The authoritative name servers for the Root Zone.
The top of the domain name system hierarchy. The root zone contains all of the delegations for top-level domains, as well as the list of root servers, and is managed by IANA.
Root Zone Management (RZM)
The management of the DNS Root Zone by IANA.
A project to automate many aspects of the Root Zone Management function within IANA. Based on a software tool originally called "eIANA".
Secondary name server
Practically every domain extension requires minimum 2 DNS servers in order for the domain to be successfully registered. Secondary server is responsible for copying information from the primary server. The original purpose of secondary server is to take over the requests, if the primary server is down. Some of the registries no longer put an emphasis on which server is primary or secondary, but many international registries still use the old standard.
The entity acting as the trustee of a top-level domain on behalf of its designated community.
Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is a cryptographivc protocol, which is designed to provide communication security over internet. The data entered on the websites, using SSL, is encrypted, thus making it less susceptible to data theft.
In the domain hierarchy, or structure, subdomain is a domain, which is a part of a larger domain. For example, "www.icann.org" is a sub-domain of "icann.org", and "icann.org" is a sub-domain of "org". Subdomains can generally be setup through a DNS server management utility as A records or CNAME records.
A phase in which holders of eligible trademarks have the opportunity to apply and register domain names that correspond to their trademarks. To participate in Sunrise for new gTLDs, trademark holders must validate their trademarks with the Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH) first and must provide a valid Signed Mark Data (SMD) file for submission.
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Technical contact is intended to assist the Registrant(owner) contact in any queries that pertain to the technical aspects of managing the domain name.
Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH)
The central database of verified trademarks that was created by ICANN to provide brand protection to trademark holders during ICANN’s new gTLD program. Its' a centralized database of verified trademarks, that is connected to each and every new Top Level Domain (TLD) that will launch.
Top-level domain (TLD)
The highest level of subdivisions with the domain name system. These domains, such as ".dk" and ".uk" are delegated from the DNS Root zone. They are generally divided into two distinct categories, generic top-level domains and country-code top-level domains.
Most commonly, the term transfer refers to a inter-registrar transfer of registrations. The procedure of the tranfer will largely depend on the TLD, and is most commonly completed by requesting an authorization code from the current registrar and initiating the transfer at another registrar.
A known good cryptographic certificate that can be used to validate a chain of trust. Trust anchor repository (TAR) Any repository of public keys that can be used as trust anchors for validating chains of trust. See Interim Trust Anchor Repository (ITAR) for one such repository for top-level domain operators using DNSSEC.
An entity entrusted with the operations of an Internet resource for the benefit of the wider community. In IANA circles, usually in reference to the sponsoring organization of a top-level domain.
The Unicode representation of an internationalized domain name, i.e. how it is shown to the end-user. Contrast with A-label.
A standard describing a repertoire of characters used to represent most of the worlds languages in written form. Unicode is the basis for internationalized domain names.
Uniform resource locator (URL)
Uniform Resource Locator(URL), commonly known as web address, is an address to a resource on the internet. The URL consists of two components: Protocol Identifier(i.e. http, https) and the Resource name(i.e. icann.org)
Unsponsored top-level domain
A sub-classification of generic top-level domain, where there is no formal community of interest. Unsponsored top-level domains(.COM, .NET, .ORG, etc.) are administered according to the policies and processes established by ICANN.
URL Forwarding or URL redirection refers to the most common type of forwarding offered by domain registrars. Forwarding occurs when all pages from one domain are redirected to another domain.
A standard used for transmitting Unicode characters.
In the context of internationalized domain names, an alternative domain name that can be registered, or mean the same thing, because some of its characters can be registered in multiple different ways due to the way the language works. Depending on registry policy, variants may be registered together in one block called a variant bundle. For example, "internationalise" and "internationalize" may be considered variants in English.
A collection of multiple domain names that are grouped together because some of the characters are considered variants of the others.
A type of IDN table that describes the variants for a particular language or script. For example, a variant table may map Simplified Chinese characters to Traditional Chinese characters for the purpose of constructing a variant bundle.
Web host (Hosting Provider)
Web host is a type of an Internet service, which allows users to host content and/or email services by providing hosting space. Most often the hosting providers include control panels and tools for building a website and maintaining mail records.
A simple plain text-based protocol for looking up registration data within a registry. Typically used for domain name registries and IP address registries to find out who has registered a particular resource. (Usage note: not "Whois" or "whois")
Used to refer to parts of a registry’s database that are made public using the WHOIS protocol, or via similar mechanisms using other protocols (such as web pages, or IRIS). Most commonly used to refer to a domain name registry’s public database.
An interface, usually a web-based form, that will perform a look-up to a WHOIS server. This allows one to find WHOIS information without needing a specialized computer program that speaks the WHOIS protocol.
A system running on port number 43 that accepts queries using the WHOIS protocol.
The format of data when it is transmitted over the Internet (i.e. "over the wire"). For example, an A-label is the wire format of an internationalized domain name; and UTF-8 is a possible wire format of Unicode.
A machine-readable file format for storing structured data. Used to represent web pages (in a subset called HTML) etc. Used by IANA for storing protocol parameter registries.
Zone (DNS Records)
The zone file, also know as the DNS records is a vital component of DNS system, which contains various DNS records, which point to the location of content and email servers for each individual domain. Editing zone is made possible in the client's control panel.
Signed Mark Data (SMD)
A Signed Mark Data (SMD) is file that will allow you to register domain names during the sunrise period of new gTLD’s and request other services. It validates that you trademark has been verified within the Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH).
The trademark claims period extends for 90 days after the close of the Sunrise period. During the Claims period, anyone attempting to register a domain name matching a trademark that is recorded in the Trademark Clearinghouse will receive a notification displaying the relevant mark information. If the notified party goes and ahead and registers the domain name the Trademark Clearinghouse will send a notice to those trademark holders with matching records in the Clearinghouse, informing them that someone has registered the domain name.