.net.br Domain Registration

Brazil Domain - .net.br Domain Registration

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Registration Pricing

  • 1 Year 34.00 USD
  • 2 Years 66.64 USD

Application Fee

Registration Time Frame

1 Week


Yes Details Are Individual .net.br domain registrations allowed?

Yes Details Company or legal entities registrations allowed for .net.br?

Yes Details Are there requirements, documents, or information needed for .net.br?

Yes Details Are some .net.br domain names restricted?

No Details Does .net.br domain have a special use?

Yes Details Other information I need to know about .net.br?

No Details Are there any additional fees for .net.br?

No Details Do I need a trademark/brand name to register .net.br?

No Details WHOIS Privacy service available?

Trustee / Proxy service offered? Fees? Yes Details

.net.br Domain FAQ

.net.br General FAQ
Brazil is the largest country in South America and the fifth largest in the world by both geographical area and population with over 192 million people. It is the largest Portuguese speaking country in the world.

The Brazilian economy is the sixth largest in the world by nominal GDP. In addition, it is one of the worlds fastest growing economies, cpr144449003101 gaining newfound global economic recognition. Exportation is booming, and the sector includes aircraft, electrical equipment, automobiles, ethanol, textiles, footwear, iron ore, steel, and agriculture.

Why should I buy a .net.br domain name?
With Brazil being one of the world's largest and fastest-growing economies, having a .net.br domain extension is a valuable asset that cpr144449003101 will lend credibility to your site and show your commitment to the region, allowing you to better market your products or services.
What name can I register?
The applicant for the registration of domain and user database REGISTRO.br undertakes to:

* Choosing properly the domain name to be registered, knowing that can not be registered name that infringes the law in force, that encourages third error, which violates the rights of third parties representing predefined concepts on the Internet, which conceptualizes profanity or abusive, that symbolizes abbreviations of states, Ministries, among other seals;

* Domains registered in the categories. AM.BR,. COOP.BR,. EDU.BR,. FM.BR,. G12.BR,. GOV.BR,. MIL.BR,. ORG.BR and. PSI.BR only are released upon receipt and verification of required documentation , proving that the cpr144449003101 requesting entity is consistent with the category in which you want to register your domain. For the remaining categories, the domain is registered within 5 minutes if no outstanding issues.

What is the registration term allowed for .net.br domain names?
The minimum term for .net.br cpr144449003101 domain names is 1 year(s).
Can anyone register a .net.br domain name?

YesAre Individual .net.br domain registrations allowed?

YesCompany or legal entities registrations allowed for .net.br?

YesAre there requirements, documents, or information needed for .net.br?

Companies: Company registration number in Brazil (CNPJ), and a full Brazilian address and phone number.

Individuals: Brazilian ID (CPF) number and Brazilian address and phone.

YesAre some .net.br domain names restricted?

Violating rights of third parties, profanity, names contrary to Brazilian law are prohibited. For complete restrictions see FAQs.

NoDoes .net.br domain have a special use?

YesOther information I need to know about .net.br?

Select Trustee Service at checkout if you do not have the required information.

NoAre there any additional fees for .net.br?

NoDo I need a trademark/brand name to register .net.br?

NoWHOIS Privacy service available?

Yes.net.br Trustee / Proxy service offered? Fees?

Terms and Conditions of Brazilian ccTLD Trustee Service:

By purchasing Trustee Service for any Brazilian ccTLDs (.com.br, .tv.br, etc.) you acknowledge and agree that you are liable for any and all legal fees arising from disputes related to the domain name. If a consumer complaint or legal citation is lodged against the domain and/or your website hosting on your domain name, legal services will be required according to the Brazilian judicial system. You are required to make a deposit of $500 into your account within 10 days of any such notification. If you do not make the requested deposit, you agree that the domain may be forfeited at any time thereafter without notice unless previous arrangements have been made. In any case, you will remain liable for any legal fees incurred.

Once the $500 deposit has been paid, our Trustee will respond to the complaint or legal citation, and you will only be charged you for the amount used. We will refund the remaining portion once all legal issues have been resolved.

If it is found that further legal action is necessary or may be forthcoming, you will be informed of cost estimate and options. At that time, you can either (a) forfeit the domain with no further legal costs to incur, or (b) agree to further legal proceedings which may incur additional costs. You will be entirely responsible for these legal costs if you choose to continue into further legal proceedings of the domain(s) and/or website(s) in question. We may require a deposit on hand prior to commencing any additional services.

How long does it take to register my .net.br domain name?
The domain registration time frame for .net.br during general availability is 1 Week. .net.br is not cpr144449003101 expected to launch until 1 Week. Once launched, a registration time frame will be available.
What are the characters and valid character lengths for .net.br domain names?
Domain Names must:
  • have minimum of 2 and a maximum of 26 characters;
  • begin with a letter or a number and end with a letter or a number;
  • use the English character set and may contain letters (i.e., a-z, A-Z),numbers (i.e. 0-9) and dashes (-) or a combination of these;
  • neither begin with, nor cpr144449003101 end with a dash;
  • not contain a dash in the third and fourth positions (e.g. www.ab- -cd.net.br); and
  • not include a space (e.g. www.ab cd.net.br).
Trustee Service for .net.br

Trustee Service helps you satisfy most local presence requirements when there are restrictions on registering a domain name.


Trustee Service Is Available for this extension

How do I host my .net.br domain name?
bluesit.com offers hosting and email service for .net.br. You can order hosting, email service and SSL certificates at checkout or you can contact sales.cpr144449003101
How do I transfer my .net.br domain name?

To transfer your .net.br domain name to bluesit.com, submit your domain name transfer or contact sales.

To transfer your .net.br domain cpr144449003101 name out of bluesit.com, contact sales.

Can I transfer out my domain if I’m using your Trustee Service?
Trustee service is non-transferable. If you are using our Trustee Service, you cpr144449003101 must update ownership according to .net.br requirements before transfer out can be started.
Can I hide my registration information (Private WHOIS)?
No. At present the .net.br domain zone does not provide means to hide the information cpr144449003101 of the domain owner. All information (name, address, email, etc.) will be displayed in WHOIS.
Can I register my .net.br domain name in different languages (Internationalized Domain Name)?

Yes, You can register IDNs in the following languages

Grace period for .net.br domain name?
Grace periods vary for country code Top Level Domains (ccTLD) including Internationalized Domain Names (IDN). Some registries require renewal up to 60 days in advance of the domain name expiration date. It is your responsibility to pay for your Renewal Fees in advance of the due date specified by 101domain regardless of the domain name expiration date. Failure to pay your Renewal Fees prior to the cpr144449003101 due date will result in a fee of $150 to renew your .net.br domain. There may be a restore period between when the domain expires and when the domain can be registered again. In the event that you do not pay by the renewal date, your site may be inaccessible during this time so it is very important that you renew this extension before the renewal date.
Who is the registry that manages .net.br domain names?
You may visit them here: Registro.br.cpr144449003101
.net.br Domains Dispute & Policy

Last Update 20 August 2012. The most current .net.br domains dispute policy can be found at: registro.br/dominio/saci-adm.html


Article 1. The Administrative System of Conflicts relating to Internet domain names under. "br" - SACI-Adm - aims at the solution disputes between the holder of the domain name. "br" (called "Holder") and any third party (called the "Complainant") containing the legitimacy of the domain name registration by the proprietor.

1: The SACI-Adm limit will determine the maintenance record, transfer or cancellation.
2: The holder of the domain name object of the conflict to adhere SACI-Adm through the contract signed for registering domain names no. "br".
3: The SACI-Adm will be implemented by institutions previously NIC.br approved by and duly accredited to apply their Regulations approved by the respective NIC.br, which will be always in accordance with this Regulation.

Article 2. The complainant shall select one of the accredited institutions and ask the institution to the opening of the procedure SACI-Adm, stating in his application:

a) name (s) domain object of the conflict and related research Whois Registro.br (whois.registro.br);
b) name, email address and qualifications of the Parties;
c) the reasons and the documents proving the hypotheses described in Article 3 of this Regulation and its legitimate interest in the relationship (s) name (s) disputed domain object, and immediately submit all arguments and documents that prove;
d) Name, qualification and e-mail the person who represent the Complainant in the proceedings, if desired, and document for such representation;
e) choice of the number of experts to decide the conflict, if only one or three experts;
f) purpose of the request to initiate the procedure of the SACI-Adm: if transfer or the cancellation (s) name (s) of the domain object conflict;
g) indication whether you want to communicate the final decision of procedure is conducted by mail or facsimile, as well as electronics;
h) the existence of any other judicial or extrajudicial who has started or ended with respect to (s) name (s) domain object of the conflict.
§ 1: The Complainant shall submit with your Application the following statements:
a) a statement signed by the Complainant or its legal representative, choosing to undergo the SACI-Adm;
b) a declaration recognizing the competence of the institution accredited indicate the procedure to administer the SACI-Adm;
c) a statement absolving the NIC.br any burden resulting from SACI-Adm procedure you want to establish unless the NIC.br practice acts that break the law.

Article 3 The Complainant, at the opening of the SACI-Adm procedure should explain the reasons why the domain name was registered or is being used in bad faith, so as to cause damage to the Complainant, combined with the proof of existence of at least one of following requirements described in items "a", "b" or "c" below, relation to the domain name object of the conflict:

a) the domain name is identical or similar enough to create confusion with a trademark of Complainant, filed before registration of the domain name or has registered with the Institute National Industrial Property - INPI, or
b) the domain name is identical or similar enough to create confusion with a trademark of Complainant, which has not has been filed or registered in Brazil, but which is characterized as well-known mark in its field of activity for purposes of art. 126 of Law No. 9.279/96 (Industrial Property Law); or
c) the domain name is identical or similar enough to create confusion with a title of establishment, company name, name civil, family name or surname, pseudonym or alias well-known name, individual or collective artistic, or even another domain name on which the Complainant has prior; or
Sole Paragraph: For the purposes of evidence in Caput of the provisions this Article, transcribed the following circumstances, among other that may exist, constitute evidence of bad faith in the use of domain name object of the SACI-Adm procedure:
a) have the title registered the domain name in order to sell it, rent it or transfer it to the Complainant or third parties, or
b) have the title registered the domain name to prevent the Complainant uses it as a domain name corresponding, or
c) If the Registrant registered the domain name in order to disrupting the business of the Complainant, or
d) to use the domain name, the Registrant intentionally attempted to attract, for profit, Internet users to its site network electronic or any other email address, creating a likelihood of confusion with the Complainant's mark.

Article 4. Disputes submitted to SACI-Adm will be decided by specialist (s) chosen (s) only among professionals members of the Body of Experts accredited institution that administer the procedure.

Paragraph: The (s) specialist (s) is (are) chosen (s) in the form established by an accredited institution.

Article 5. There may be appointed expert who:

a) a Party to the conflict;
b) intervened in the conflict resolution procedure object of the SACI-Adm as representative of the party, witness or expert;
c) a spouse, relative by blood or marriage, straight or side of any of the Parties to the third degree;
d) a spouse, relative by blood or marriage, straight or side of the attorney, representative or attorney of the Parties to SACI-Adm procedure, to the third degree;
e) participate in management or board of directors of Legal Party to the conflict or is a partner or shareholder;
f) is a close friend or an enemy of the Parties;
g) is debit or credit, of a party or his spouse or even relatives, straight or collateral, third degree;
h) is heir to, employer or employee of a Party;
i) receive gifts before or after the start of the procedure SACI-Adm;
j) advise any of the parties concerning the subject matter of procedure SACI-Adm, or provide resources to meet the expenses of procedure;
k) is a member or employee or NIC.br CGI.br.
1: any of the cases provided for in Article 5, it is for the expert to declare at any time, your impediment or suspicion and refuse to make an appointment or resignation, becoming personally liable for damages as may cause the failure of this duty.
2: Either party may argue the impediment or suspicion of specialist, shall forthwith communicate to the accredited institution.
3: If the expert to survive or give any cause of suspicion or impediment, moral or physical incapacity or death, he will be replaced by a new specialist in the manner established by accredited institution.

Article 6. Met the requirements described in Articles 2 and 3 of this Regulation, the institution accredited declare the beginning of SACI-Adm procedure, requiring the holder and by forwarding a copy of all documents and materials submitted by the Complainant and information Further, if any. An accredited institution shall notify the simultaneously with the start of the procedure NIC.br at the address Electronic saci-adm@registro.br, with return receipt requested, to NIC.br that take the action described in Article 7 of this Regulation.

1: If the accredited institution to verify any irregularity in the Request or the lack of any of the requirements of Articles 2 and 3 of these Regulations, must immediately notify the Complainant, giving him time to solve them.
2: Out of this period without the regularization of the Request, the SACI-Adm procedure will be filed. In this case, the complainant will right to return the amount paid at the rate set by accredited institution.

Article 7. Since the beginning of the reporting procedure, and SACI-Adm until its completion, the NIC.br not allow the transfer of ownership of the domain name in dispute, except in compliance with order issued by a court or tribunal.

Paragraph: The cancellation by the Holder, or for non-payment of maintaining the registration of the domain name will be communicated by NIC.br the accredited institution, getting a domain name unavailable for further registration until the end of the procedure SACI-Adm.

Article 8. An accredited institution will send cpr144449003101 communications to the Parties to the following addresses:

a) address (es) e (s) (s) of contact (s) of the Entity, Administrative, Technical and Billing indicated (s) in the Whois protocol Registro.br the domain name subject to the procedure;
b) address (es) e (s) of the Complainant and the Registrant, or its their representatives, if any, as reported to the accredited institution.

Paragraph: If the Party has appointed deputy, the all communications will be made to him and the Party can only be appear in the proceedings of the SACI-Adm through it.

Article 9. The periods specified in these Regulations shall begin on the business day subsequent to the communication by e-mail by the institution Parties or their accredited representatives.

Article 10. The Holder may file a defense within the period specified by the accredited institution.

11 º. The accredited institution shall require that the defense of Holder necessarily included:

a) name, designation and email address of the Holder;
b) indication whether you want to communicate the final decision of Procedure is conducted by mail or facsimile, as well as electronics;
c) all the grounds on which it has rights and legitimate interests on the domain name in dispute, and attach all documents he considers appropriate for the trial;
d) Name, qualification and e-mail the person who Holder will represent the procedure, if desired, and document for such representation;
e) expression of their agreement with the number of specialists suggested by the Complainant to decide the indication of conflict or number of specialist (s) you want;
f) a statement absolving the NIC.br any burden resulting from SACI-Adm procedure in place, unless the practice acts NIC.br who break the law;
g) indication of any other judicial or extrajudicial who has started or ended with respect to the name of domain object to the procedure of SACI-Adm.

Article 12. After the presentation of defense by the Holder or elapsed term which has been made without defense, to fit (s) specialist (s) decide on the need for new production evidence.

Article 13. The procedure of the SACI-Adm continue in default of any Party, provided that the party duly notified in accordance with these Rules, fails to comply with the act within which to compete signaled to do so.

1: If the holder of the domain name fails to defend the SACI-Adm procedure, the accredited institution must report NIC.br this when, within a maximum of 10 (ten) days after the during the period for the defense to proceed to the NIC.br freezing (suspension) of the domain name subject to the procedure;
2: If the holder of the domain name fails to defend the (s) specialist (s) shall (will) decide the dispute based on the facts and evidence in the proceedings of the SACI-Adm. The decision can not, in no case be based only on the appearance of a party.

Article 14. There will be no hearing unless (s) specialist (s) so determine (in) because it believes (in) that a hearing is strictly necessary to decide the conflict.

Article 15. Closed education, (s) specialist (s) grant (are) if so provided in Regulation of the accredited institution, deadline for Parties to provide their written memorials.

16 º. The (s) specialist (s) lead (to) the procedure SACI-Adm in accordance with this Regulation and Regulation of accredited institution to administer the procedure, deciding based conflict (s) in Brazilian law applicable to the case in statements, documents and other evidence presented by the Parties.

Article 17. The (s) specialist (s) render (are) the decision procedure within the time specified by the institution, noting the deadline set in art. 28 of these Regulations.

Article 18. If the procedure of the SACI-Adm has been driven by a panel of experts, the decision shall be rendered by a majority of votes, with each expert, including the chairman of the panel experts, only one vote and will be reduced to writing by President and signed by the three experts.

§ 1: The signing of the decision will be made electronically the use of asymmetric cryptography by specialists active in the procedure.
§ 2: In the event there is no unanimity of experts as to solution of the conflict, one that differs from the majority may support won the vote, which will include the decision.

19 º. The decision shall necessarily:

a) report the names of the parties and a summary of the conflict;
b) the reasons for the decision, which shall set forth the issues of fact and of law;
c) the device, with all its specifications and deadline for NIC.br subpoena to comply with the decision, if any;
d) the date and place of the award.

20 º. Delivery of the decision, is given by the end of the procedure SACI-Adm, and to communicate in an accredited institution within five (5) days NIC.br Parties and the entire content of the decision by (s) specialist (s).

Article 21. The interested party may request the (s) specialist (s) within 5 (five) days from the decision science, which correct (m) any material error or clarify (m) any obscurity, doubt or contradiction of the decision, or even to rule (m) on omitted any point of decision.

1 If the party requesting the (s) specialist (s) to the caption this Article, the institution must notify the accredited NIC.br NIC.br immediately so that the wait for the new decision, suspending the within Article 22 of this Regulation.
2: O (s) specialist (s) decide (are) described in the request Caput, the deadline set by the accredited institution.

Article 22. If the decision rendered in the proceedings of the SACI-Adm determine that the domain name be transferred object of the conflict the Complainant or canceled, the NIC.br wait for the expiry of the period 15 (fifteen) working days from the date it was reported by accredited institution of the decision, then implementing it.

Paragraph: If either party filed a proof that lawsuit or arbitration within the period mentioned in the caption this Article, the NIC.br not implement the decision in procedure and wait for a court order or process arbitration.

Article 23. If during the procedure of the SACI-Adm Parties composed amicably ending the conflict, (s) specialist (s) may (will) at the request of the parties, declare such fact in a decision observing, as appropriate, the provisions of this Regulation and informing the NIC.br this composition.

Article 24. The procedure of the SACI-Adm will not be confidential and decisions rendered may be published.

Article 25. An accredited institution shall keep posted on his web site the schedule of fees and costs of the procedure of the SACI-Adm.

Paragraph: The fee (s) of expert (s) will be determined at fixed value independent of the time taken to solve the conflict;

Article 26. The Complainant shall bear all expenses and charges prosecution initiated the SACI-Adm, including the fees (s) of expert (s).

1: If the complainant has chosen to have the dispute decided by Holder and only an expert choose a panel of three (Three) experts, the Complainant shall bear the fees of a expert and the Holder shall pay fees of two experts.
2: Payments and their respective deadlines will be set and informed by the accredited institution.
3: Except in the case mentioned in § 2 of Article 6 of this Regulation, no refund of amounts paid to the institution accredited to administer the procedure of the SACI-Adm, unless the accredited institution established rule otherwise.

Article 27. There is more than one procedure between the SACI-Adm Complainant and the Registrant, any of them may petition to consolidate these procedures through written request to (s) specialist (s) who has (have) received the first procedure between the Parties, provided that has not been given the decision in any procedures to be unified.

Paragraph: The unification of the procedures or not the SACI-Adm is at the discretion (s) of expert (s) based on an analysis of necessity and convenience.

Article 28. The procedure of the SACI-Adm is expected to close within maximum of 90 (ninety) days from the date of its onset, may be extended at the discretion of the accredited institution, provided that exceed 12 (twelve) months.

Article 29. An accredited institution and (s) specialist (s) ensure (to) the procedure of the SACI-Adm to elapse agility, meeting all deadlines outlined in this Regulation, which may only be extended by a fortuitous event, force majeure or necessary, at the discretion (s) of expert (s) lead (in) the procedure.

Paragraph: An accredited institution may implement rules Further to this Regulation provided that they do not conflict with it.

Art. 30. In any procedure SACI-Adm, the (s) specialist (s) ensure (are) the equality between the parties and that the each party is given fair opportunity to present their reasons, being assured of the contradictory principles of equality the parties, impartiality (s) of expert (s) and your (s) free conviction.

Article 31. The NIC.br not participate in the administration, progress or any decision rendered in the proceedings of the SACI-Adm or exercise any influence on these decisions, being free from responsibility for any act or omission (s) of expert (s) or accredited institution of any proceedings in relation to the SACI-Adm.

Article 32. These Rules may change at any time, if necessary, without notice.

Article 33. The English language must be used as language of any procedure SACI-Adm subject to this Regulation and all the decisions, reports and documents to be delivered in this language.

.net.br Glossary of Technical Terms

A top-level domain devoted solely to international treaty organizations that have independent legal personality. Such organizations are not governed by the laws of any specific country, rather by mutual agreement between multiple countries. IANA maintains the domain registry for this domain.

A record
The representation of an IPv4 address in the DNS system.

AAAA record
The representation of an IPv6 address in the DNS system.

Administrative contact
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Administrative contact is intended to represent the Registrant(owner) of the domain, in any non-technical matters, regarding the management of the domain. Certain extensions require Administrative contact to confirm requests and accept notices about the domain name.

The ASCII-compatible encoded (ACE) representation of an internationalized domain name, i.e. how it is transmitted internally within the DNS protocol. A-labels always commence the with the prefix "xn--". Contrast with U-label.

Originally a reference to the US Government agency that managed some of the Internet’s initial development, now a top-level domain used solely for machine-readable use by computers for certain protocols — such as for reverse IP address lookups, and ENUM. The domain is not designed for general registrations. IANA manages ARPA in conjunction with the Internet Architecture Board.

ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange)
The standard for transmitting English (or "Latin") letters over the Internet. DNS was originally limited to only Latin characters because it uses ASCII as its encoding format, although this has been expanded using Internationalized Domain Names(IDN) for Applications.

Authoritative Name Server
A domain name server configured to host the official record of the contents of a DNS zone. Each Brazilian .net.br domain name must have a set of these so computers on the Internet can find out the contents of that domain. The set of authoritative name servers for any given domain must be configured as NS records in the parent domain.

Automatic Renewal
The service of automatic renewal allows the customers the convenience of automatic billing for the services ordered through the domain registrar. If the automatic renewal is selected, customer's credit card will be automatically charged for the service, which will avoid the interruption in service.

Billing Contact
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Billing contact is responsible for the payment of the domain, and is usually assigned to the registrar managing the domain.

Caching Resolver
The combination of a recursive name server and a caching name server.

Cloaking Forwarding
Domains can be forwarded to another URL by using a forwarding service. Cloaking forwarding differs from Apache 301 forwarding by showing the content of the URL being forwarded to, however the URL bar displays the original domain name.

CNAME Record
A CNAME record is an abbreviation for Canonical Name record and is a type of resource record in the Domain Name System (DNS) used to specify that a domain name is an alias for another domain, the "canonical" domain. CNAME has a very specific syntax rule. CNAME can only be set up for the unique subdomain, meaning that it cannot be set up for any subdomain, which has already been set up for the domain. Thus CNAME is most commonly set up for WWW subdomain.

Country-code top-level domain (ccTLD)
A Class of Top Level Domains, generally assigned or reserved by a country, sovereign state, or territory. IANA is the organization, responsible for the ccTLD assignments. Since 2010 there 2 types of ccTLDs: 2 letter ASCII characters TLDs and IDN TLDs, which consist of the native language characters. Each country/territory is able to implement certain restrictions and requirements on the ccTLD assigned to them.

Cross-Registry Information Service Protocol (CRISP)
The name of the working group at the IETF that developed the Internet Registry Information Service (IRIS), a next-generation WHOIS protocol replacement.

Any transfer of responsibility to another entity. In the domain name system, one name server can provide pointers to more useful name servers for a given request by returning NS records. On an administrative level, sub-domains are delegated to other entities. IANA also delegates IP address blocks to regional Internet registries.

Deletion of the domain results in the domain record being removed from the registry's database. Domain deletion procedure and availability differs depending on each of the TLD's policy. Certain extensions require additional payment to delete a domain name.

DNS zone
A section of the Domain Name System name space. By default, the Root Zone contains all domain names, however in practice sections of this are delegated into smaller zones in a hierarchical fashion. For example, the .com zone would refer to the portion of the DNS delegated that ends in .com.

A technology that can be added to the Domain Name System to verify the authenticity of its data. The works by adding verifiable chains of trust that can be validated to the domain name system.

Domain lock
In order to prevent unwanted changed to the domain names, customers have an ability to change the locks on their domain names. The domain lock availability depends on individual TLD, and includes clientTransferProhibited, clientUpdateProhibited, clientDeleteProhibited, clientRenewProhibited.

Domain Name
A unique identifier with a set of properties attached to it so that computers can perform conversions. A typical domain name is "icann.org". Most commonly the property attached is an IP address, like "", so that computers can convert the domain name into an IP address. However the DNS is used for many other purposes. The domain name may also be a delegation, which transfers responsibility of all sub-domains within that domain to another entity. domain name label a constituent part of a domain name. The labels of domain names are connected by dots. For example, "www.iana.org" contains three labels — "www", "iana" and "org". For internationalized domain names, the labels may be referred to as A-labels and U-labels.

Domain Name Registrar
An entity offering domain name registration services, as an agent between registrants and registries. Usually multiple registrars exist who compete with each other, and are accredited. For most generic top-level domains, domain name registrars are accredited by ICANN.

Domain Name Registry
A registry tasked with managing the contents of a DNS zone, by giving registrations of sub-domains to registrants.

Domain Name Server
A general term for a computer hardware or software server, which answers requests to convert domain names into something else. These can be subdivided into authoritative name servers, which store the database for a particular DNS zone; as well as recursive name servers and caching name servers.

Domain Name System (DNS)
The global hierarchical system of domain names. A global distributed database contains the information to perform the domain name conversations, and the most central part of that database, known as the root zone is coordinated by IANA.

Dot or “."
Common way of referring to a specific top-level domain. Dot generally precedes the Top Level domain, such as dot com is written down as “.net.br”.

Expiration date
The expiration date determines when the domain registration period ends. In order to avoid downtime for the domain, renewal of the domain at least two weeks before expiration date is strongly encouraged. After the expiration date passes, some registries maintain the record of the domain name under the same owner, however the DNS services are put on hold.

Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)
A protocol used for electronic communication between a registrar and a registry for provisioning domain names.

Refers to the last portion of the domain name, located after the dot. Domain extension helps determine the registry, to which domain pertains, and allows to accurately classify the domain name.

First Come, First Served (FCFS)
Multiple applications for the same domain name are not accepted. The domain will be awarded to the first registrar who submits a registration request.

File Transfer Protocol does exactly what it says. The standard network protocol allows the transfer of files from one host to another. There are many FTP clients(programs) available, which allow you to connect to your host and transfer your completed content to your hosting provider's space.

Fully-Qualified Domain Mame (FQDN)
A complete domain name including all its components, i.e. "www.icann.org" as opposed to "www".

GAC Principles
A document, formally known as the Principles for the Delegation and Administration of ccTLDs. This document was developed by the ICANN Governmental Advisory Committee and documents a set of principles agreed by governments on how ccTLDs should be delegated and run.

General Availability Phase
Domains are awarded on first come first serve basis, granted that the domains are available after the previous phases have concluded.

Generic top-level domains (gTLDs)
A class of top-level domains that are used for general purposes, where ICANN has a strong role in coordination (as opposed to country-code top-level domains, which are managed locally).

Glue Record
An explicit notation of the IP address of a name server, placed in a zone outside of the zone that would ordinarily contain that information. All name servers are in-bailiwick of the Root Zone, therefore glue records is required for all name servers listed there. Also referred to as just "glue".

Hints File
A file stored in DNS software (i.e. recursive name servers) that tells it where the DNS root servers are located.

The name of a computer. Typically the left-most part of a fully-qualified domain name.

HyperText Transfer Protocol serves as the cornerstone protocol for World Wide Web, which allows the transfer of data between clients and servers.

See Internet Assigned Numbers Authority.

IANA Considerations
A component of RFCs that refer to any work required by IANA to maintain registries for a specific protocol.

IANA Contract
The contract between ICANN and the US Government that governs how various IANA functions are performed.

IANA Staff
See Internet Assigned Numbers Authority.

Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers(ICANN) is responsible responsible for the coordination of maintenance and methodology of several databases of unique identifiers related to the namespaces of the Internet, and ensuring the network's stable and secure operation.

Internal transfer
Internal transfer refers to a transfer of a domain name within the same registrar. This procedure may be simpler, than starting a domain transfer, which involves 2 different registrars. The internal transfer is possible, after two parties involved in the internal transfer come to an agreement about the terms of the transfer.

Internationalized domain name (IDN)
Internet domain name, which allows the use of a language-specific script or alphabet, such as Arabic, Cyrillic, and Chinese. Adoption of IDN domain names is a significant step towards including non-English speakers into the world of Internet. Internationalized domain name is stored in Domain Name System as ASCII strings, which are transcribed by the use of Punycode.

Internet Architecture Board (IAB)
The oversight body of the IETF, responsible for overall strategic direction of Internet standardization efforts. The IAB works with ICANN on how the IANA protocol parameter registries should be managed. The IAB is an activity of the Internet Society, a non-profit organization.

Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)
A department of ICANN tasked with providing various Internet coordination functions, primarily those described in a contract between ICANN and the US Government. The functions relate to ensuring globally-unique protocol parameter assignment, including management of the root of the Domain Name System and IP Address Space. ICANN staff within this department is often referred to as "IANA Staff".

Internet Coordination Policy (ICP)
A series of documents created by ICANN between 1999 and 2000 describing management procedures.

Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG)
The committee of area experts of the IETF’s areas of work, that acts as its board of management.

Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
The key Internet standardization forum. The standards developed within the IETF are published as RFCs.

Internet Protocol (IP)
The fundamental protocol that is used to transmit information over the Internet. Data transmitted over the Internet is transmitted using the Internet Protocol, usually in conjunction with a more specialized protocol. Computers are uniquely identified on the Internet using an IP Address.

IP address
A unique identifier for a device on the Internet. The identifier is used to accurately route Internet traffic to that device. IP addresses must be unique on the global Internet.

Internet Protocol version 4. Refers to the version of Internet protocol that supports 32-bit IP addresses.

Internet Protocol version 6. Refers to the version of Internet protocol that supports 128-bit IP addresses.

Landrush Phase
This phase allows you a greater chance to obtain a domain name prior to General Availability, typically for an increased fee. The fee generally varies depending on how early you want to register. Priority is either first-come, first-served or will go to an auction cpr144449003101 if there are multiple applicants, depending on registry rules. A common fee structure that will be in use is the Early Access Program (EAP). Further details on a specific extensions landrush phase can be found under the landrush section for that a particular domain.

Mail exchange (mx) record
MX record determines which server the mail client will be retrieving the mail from. The MX records for individual domains can be set up in the DNS records section of the client's control panel.

New Generic Top Level Domain (New gTLD)
Starting on July 15th, 2013 ICANN has started process of delegating new Generic Top Level Domains, opening up new opportunities for the internet community. New extensions include popular categories like professional domains, IDNs, general interest domains, and brand domain names.

NS record
a type of record in a DNS zone that signifies part of that zone is delegated to a different set of authoritative name servers.

Parent domain
The domain above a domain in the DNS hierarchy. For all top-level domains, the Root Zone is the parent domain. The Root Zone has no parent domain as it is as the top of the hierarchy. Opposite of sub-domain.

Many of the registrars offer a free service of domain parking. This allows the customer to quickly register a domain name, and choose the hosting solution at a later date. Very often the registrar's parking DNS servers allow DNS record modification.

Paid pre-registration allows you to purchase the domain in the General Availability phase, and the domain will be submitted as soon as the General Availability phase opens.

Primary name server
Practically every domain extension requires minimum 2 DNS servers in order for the domain to be successfully registered. Primary name server is responsible for storing information about the domain routing and making it available for requests.

PTR record
The representation of a IP address to domain name mapping in the DNS system.

Recursive Name Server
A domain name server configured to perform DNS lookups on behalf of other computers.

The transfer of a delegation from one entity to another. Most commonly used to refer to the redelegation process used for top-level domains.

Redelegation process
A special type of root zone change where there is a significant change involving the transfer of operations of a top-level domain to a new entity.

Redemption Grace Period
Redemption Grace Period(RGP) is a period after the expiration date, in which the domain still belongs to the same client, however the functionality is put on hold. The domain can usually be restored after paying for RGP fee. gTLDs often have a Renewal Period of 30 days before the Redemption Grace Period starts.

Regional Internet Registry (RIR)
A registry responsible for allocation of IP address resources within a particular region.

See Registrant Contact

Registrant Contact
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Registrant contact is the owner of the domain, and is the entity that holds right to use the particular domain name.

Registrar for .net.br
An entity that can act on requests from a registrant in making changes in a registry. Usually the registrar is the same entity that operates a registry, although for domain names this role is often split to allow for competition between multiple registrars who offer different levels of support.

Registry Brazil .net.br
The authoritative record of registrations for a particular set of data. Most often used to refer to domain name registry, but all protocol parameters that IANA maintains are also registries.

Registry Operator for .net.br Brazil
The entity that runs a registry.

Reverse IP
A method of translating an IP address into a domain name, so-called as it is the opposite of a typical lookup that converts a domain name to an IP address.

A series of Internet engineering documents describing Internet standards, as well as discussion papers, informational memorandums and best practices. Internet standards that are published in an RFC originate from the IETF. The RFC series is published by the RFC Editor.

The highest level of the domain system.

Root Servers
The authoritative name servers for the Root Zone.

Root Zone
The top of the domain name system hierarchy. The root zone contains all of the delegations for top-level domains, as well as the list of root servers, and is managed by IANA.

Root Zone Management (RZM)
The management of the DNS Root Zone by IANA.

RZM Automation
A project to automate many aspects of the Root Zone Management function within IANA. Based on a software tool originally called "eIANA".

Secondary name server
Practically every domain extension requires minimum 2 DNS servers in order for the domain to be successfully registered. Secondary server is responsible for copying information from the primary server. The original purpose of secondary server is to take over the requests, if the primary server is down. Some of the registries no longer put an emphasis on which server is primary or secondary, but many international registries still use the old standard.

Sponsoring organization
The entity acting as the trustee of a top-level domain on behalf of its designated community.

Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is a cryptographivc protocol, which is designed to provide communication security over internet. The data entered on the websites, using SSL, is encrypted, thus making it less susceptible to data theft.

In the domain hierarchy, or structure, subdomain is a domain, which is a part of a larger domain. For example, "www.icann.org" is a sub-domain of "icann.org", and "icann.org" is a sub-domain of "org". Subdomains can generally be setup through a DNS server management utility as A records or CNAME records.

Sunrise Phase
A phase in which holders of eligible trademarks have the opportunity to apply and register domain names that correspond to their trademarks. To participate in Sunrise for new gTLDs, trademark holders must validate their trademarks with the Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH) first and must provide a valid Signed Mark Data (SMD) file for submission.

Technical Contact
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Technical contact is intended to assist the Registrant(owner) contact in any queries that pertain to the technical aspects of managing the domain name.

Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH)
The central database of verified trademarks that was created by ICANN to provide brand protection to trademark holders during ICANN’s new gTLD program. Its' a centralized database of verified trademarks, that is connected to each and every new Top Level Domain (TLD) that will launch.

Top-level domain (TLD)
The highest level of subdivisions with the domain name system. These domains, such as ".net.br" and ".uk" are delegated from the DNS Root zone. They are generally divided into two distinct categories, generic top-level domains and country-code top-level domains.

Most commonly, the term transfer refers to a inter-registrar transfer of registrations. The procedure of the tranfer will largely depend on the TLD, and is most commonly completed by requesting an authorization code from the current registrar and initiating the transfer at another registrar.

Trust anchor
A known good cryptographic certificate that can be used to validate a chain of trust. Trust anchor repository (TAR) Any repository of public keys that can be used as trust anchors for validating chains of trust. See Interim Trust Anchor Repository (ITAR) for one such repository for top-level domain operators using DNSSEC.

An entity entrusted with the operations of an Internet resource for the benefit of the wider community. In IANA circles, usually in reference to the sponsoring organization of a top-level domain.

The Unicode representation of an internationalized domain name, i.e. how it is shown to the end-user. Contrast with A-label.

A standard describing a repertoire of characters used to represent most of the worlds languages in written form. Unicode is the basis for internationalized domain names.

Uniform resource locator (URL)
Uniform Resource Locator(URL), commonly known as web address, is an address to a resource on the internet. The URL consists of two components: Protocol Identifier(i.e. http, https) and the Resource name(i.e. icann.org)

Unsponsored top-level domain
A sub-classification of generic top-level domain, where there is no formal community of interest. Unsponsored top-level domains(.COM, .NET, .ORG, etc.) are administered according to the policies and processes established by ICANN.

URL Forwarding
URL Forwarding or URL redirection refers to the most common type of forwarding offered by domain registrars. Forwarding occurs when all pages from one domain are redirected to another domain.

A standard used for transmitting Unicode characters.

In the context of internationalized domain names, an alternative domain name that can be registered, or mean the same thing, because some of its characters can be registered in multiple different ways due to the way the language works. Depending on registry policy, variants may be registered together in one block called a variant bundle. For example, "internationalise" and "internationalize" may be considered variants in English.

Variant bundle
A collection of multiple domain names that are grouped together because some of the characters are considered variants of the others.

Variant table
A type of IDN table that describes the variants for a particular language or script. For example, a variant table may map Simplified Chinese characters to Traditional Chinese characters for the purpose of constructing a variant bundle.

Web host (Hosting Provider)
Web host is a type of an Internet service, which allows users to host content and/or email services by providing hosting space. Most often the hosting providers include control panels and tools for building a website and maintaining mail records.

A simple plain text-based protocol for looking up registration data within a registry. Typically used for domain name registries and IP address registries to find out who has registered a particular resource. (Usage note: not "Whois" or "whois")

WHOIS database
Used to refer to parts of a registry’s database that are made public using the WHOIS protocol, or via similar mechanisms using other protocols (such as web pages, or IRIS). Most commonly used to refer to a domain name registry’s public database.

WHOIS gateway
An interface, usually a web-based form, that will perform a look-up to a WHOIS server. This allows one to find WHOIS information without needing a specialized computer program that speaks the WHOIS protocol.

WHOIS server
A system running on port number 43 that accepts queries using the WHOIS protocol.

Wire format
The format of data when it is transmitted over the Internet (i.e. "over the wire"). For example, an A-label is the wire format of an internationalized domain name; and UTF-8 is a possible wire format of Unicode.

A machine-readable file format for storing structured data. Used to represent web pages (in a subset called HTML) etc. Used by IANA for storing protocol parameter registries.

Zone (DNS Records)
The zone file, also know as the DNS records is a vital component of DNS system, which contains various DNS records, which point to the location of content and email servers for each individual domain. Editing zone is made possible in the client's control panel.

Signed Mark Data (SMD)
A Signed Mark Data (SMD) is file that will allow you to register domain names during the sunrise period of new gTLD’s and request other services. It validates that you trademark has been verified within the Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH).

Trademark Claims
The trademark claims period extends for 90 days after the close of the Sunrise period. During the Claims period, anyone attempting to register a domain name matching a trademark that is recorded in the Trademark Clearinghouse will receive a notification displaying the relevant mark information. If the notified party goes and ahead and registers the domain name the Trademark Clearinghouse will send a notice to those trademark holders with matching records in the Clearinghouse, informing them that someone has registered the domain name.