.net.pl Domain Registration

Poland Domain - .net.pl Domain Registration

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.net.pl Registry logo

Registration Pricing

  • 1 Year 24.95 USD
  • 2 Years 48.90 USD

Application Fee

Registration Time Frame

Instant


Requirements

Yes Details Are Individual .net.pl domain registrations allowed?

Yes Details Company or legal entities registrations allowed for .net.pl?

No Details Are there requirements, documents, or information needed for .net.pl?

Yes Details Are some .net.pl domain names restricted?

No Details Does .net.pl domain have a special use?

No Details Other information I need to know about .net.pl?

No Details Are there any additional fees for .net.pl?

No Details Do I need a trademark/brand name to register .net.pl?

Yes Details WHOIS Privacy service available?

Trustee / Proxy service offered? Fees? No Details


.net.pl Domain FAQ

.net.pl General FAQ
The Republic of Poland is a country in Eastern Europe with a northern coastline on the Baltic Sea. It is the sixth most populous country in Europe with en estimated population of approximately 38 million people. The Official language is Polish.

The Economy of Poland is one of the healthiest of the post-Communist countries and is one of the fastest growing in the EU. Fueled largely by the privatization of previously cpr144449003101 state-owned companies, Poland has developed and aggressive private sector. Tourism, transportation, science and technology and communications all contribute to the Polish economy and help make it a regional financial power.

Why should I buy a .net.pl domain name?
Poland has a strong and growing economy, and the influx of new business into the area provides an opportunity to capitalize on the needs of the emerging consumer and commercial markets. Domain extensions containing .NET are usually intended for entities involved in networking cpr144449003101 technologies or internet services such as internet service providers and other infrastructure companies. Although intended for network related companies, third level .NET domain extensions are being used by a multitude of different types of companies and can be an excellent alternative to the .COM.
What name can I register?
ENTERING INTO THE AGREEMENT

NASK is 'Naukowa i Akademicka Sieć Komputerowa' [the Scientific and Academic Computer Network] a research and development entity with a registered office in Warsaw, entered in the Register of Entrepreneurs of the National Court Register at number: 0000012938.

Tenderer is an entity or natural person who has submitted a tender directly to the NASK or through a Partner in order to enter into the Agreement.

By submitting the Tender, the Tenderer guarantees that the data included in the Tender is accurate and that the submission of the Tender and the performance of the Agreement do not infringe any third parties' rights or the law. The NASK may require additional documents concerning the data included in the Tender.

The NASK shall not examine whether by entering into or performing the Agreement the Subscriber has infringed the third parties' rights or the law. The entering into the Agreement does not mean that the Subscriber shall be given any rights concerning the Domain Name except for those clearly resulting from the Agreement nor that the Tender or the performance of the Agreement by the Subscriber infringes the third parties' rights.

Names such as county, commune or towns in .pl Domain are prohibited unless the Tenderer is a competent unit of local self-government or the State represented by a competent administration unit.

The consequences of submitting false statements, giving incorrect or cpr144449003101 untrue data shall burden the Tenderer and the Subscriber.

The NASK can use e-mail addresses given by the Tenderer or the Subscriber to communicate in cases concerning the Tender or the Agreement. E-mails sent at the above addresses shall be deemed duly delivered. The Subscriber's correspondence can be sent by fax even in case a written form of the Subscriber's statement is required in the Regulations but the NASK can require the document to be delivered in original. Tenderer should reply in 7 days time or risk losing the domain name.

The provisions of these Regulations shall not infringe consumers' rights arising out of the law in force.

These Regulations shall constitute a part of the Agreement, and if any discrepancy arises between the provisions of these Regulations and the Agreement, the provisions of the Agreement shall apply.

In cases not specified by the Regulations and the Agreement, the Polish law shall apply. Any Disputes concerning the obligations arising from the Agreement between the Subscriber whose place of abode or registered office is situated outside the territory of Poland and the NASK shall be resolved by common courts competent due to the NASK's registered office location.

What is the registration term allowed for .net.pl domain names?
The minimum term for .net.pl cpr144449003101 domain names is 1 year(s).
Can anyone register a .net.pl domain name?

YesAre Individual .net.pl domain registrations allowed?

YesCompany or legal entities registrations allowed for .net.pl?

NoAre there requirements, documents, or information needed for .net.pl?

YesAre some .net.pl domain names restricted?

Violating rights to third parties, names and activities contrary to Polish law are prohibited. See FAQs for complete restrictions.

NoDoes .net.pl domain have a special use?

NoOther information I need to know about .net.pl?

NoAre there any cpr144449003101 additional fees for .net.pl?

NoDo I need a trademark/brand name to register .net.pl?

YesWHOIS Privacy service available?

Yes.net.pl Trustee / Proxy service offered? Fees?

Don't Have All of These Requirements for Poland .net.pl? Our trustee service provides the required local contact information. Note: Registration for 2 years may be required on some extensions.

Available at Checkout

.net.pl Trustee / Proxy Fee: per
.net.pl Trustee / Proxy Setup Fee:

How long does it take to register my .net.pl domain name?
The domain registration time frame for .net.pl during general availability is Instant. .net.pl is not cpr144449003101 expected to launch until Instant. Once launched, a registration time frame will be available.
What are the characters and valid character lengths for .net.pl domain names?
Domain Names must:
  • have minimum of 2 and a maximum of 63 characters;
  • begin with a letter or a number and end with a letter or a number;
  • use the English character set and may contain letters (i.e., a-z, A-Z),numbers (i.e. 0-9) and dashes (-) or a combination of these;
  • neither begin with, nor cpr144449003101 end with a dash;
  • not contain a dash in the third and fourth positions (e.g. www.ab- -cd.net.pl); and
  • not include a space (e.g. www.ab cd.net.pl).
Trustee Service for .net.pl

Trustee Service helps you satisfy most local presence requirements when there are restrictions on registering a domain name.

cpr144449003101

Trustee service is not available for this extension

How do I host my .net.pl domain name?
bluesit.com offers hosting and email service for .net.pl. You can order hosting, email service and SSL certificates at checkout or you can contact sales.cpr144449003101
How do I transfer my .net.pl domain name?

To transfer your .net.pl domain name to bluesit.com, submit your domain name transfer or contact sales.

To transfer your .net.pl domain cpr144449003101 name out of bluesit.com, contact sales.

Can I transfer out my domain if I’m using your Trustee Service?
Trustee service is non-transferable. If you are using our Trustee Service, you cpr144449003101 must update ownership according to .net.pl requirements before transfer out can be started.
Can I hide my registration information (Private WHOIS)?
Yes. You can activate WHOIS Privacy service cpr144449003101 during the purchase of a new domain.
Can I register my .net.pl domain name in different languages (Internationalized Domain Name)?
Grace period for .net.pl domain name?
Grace periods vary for country code Top Level Domains (ccTLD) including Internationalized Domain Names (IDN). Some registries require renewal up to 60 days in advance of the domain name expiration date. It is your responsibility to pay for your Renewal Fees in advance of the due date specified by 101domain regardless of the domain name expiration date. Failure to pay your Renewal Fees prior to the cpr144449003101 due date will result in a fee of $150 to renew your .net.pl domain. There may be a restore period between when the domain expires and when the domain can be registered again. In the event that you do not pay by the renewal date, your site may be inaccessible during this time so it is very important that you renew this extension before the renewal date.
Who is the registry that manages .net.pl domain names?
You may visit them here: NASK.cpr144449003101
.net.pl Domains Dispute & Policy

The proceeding that follows the verdict stating a third person's rights have been infringed by Subscriber of the domain name.

1. Proceeding on verdict of court of general jurisdiction.
the party whose rights have been infringed by subscriber of domain name in consequence of registration or use of domain name, shall submit to NASK a legally valid verdict by a court of general jurisdiction, stating such infringement; NASK provides, the party mentioned above, with an offer form of agreement to maintain the domain name, with indicated deadline for submitting to NASK a correctly filled and signed form of offer to conclude an agreement to maintain the domain name, specifying the consequences of exceeding the deadline; the party mentioned above, shall submit to NASK a correctly filled and signed form of offer to conclude an agreement to maintain the domain name; to be submitted within the deadline determined by NASK; Once NASK receives a correctly filled and signed form of offer to conclude an agreement to maintain the domain name, it shall start maintaining the domain name for the party whose rights have been infringed by previous subscriber; the domain name shall start to be maintained upon concluding an agreement between this party and NASK, on terms set forth in the Domain Name Regulations for domain .pl, available at NASK's website, dedicated to .pl domain names; NASK may refuse to sign the agreement mentioned above, if a correctly filled and signed form of offer to conclude an agreement to maintain the domain name is not submitted within the deadline determined by NASK, and in cases set forth in the Domain Names Regulations for the .pl domain, available at NASK's website dedicated to .pl domain names.
2. Proceeding on verdict of arbitration court.
the party whose rights have been infringed by subscriber of domain name in consequence of registration or use of domain name, shall submit to NASK a legally valid ruling by a court of general jurisdiction, recognizing the verdict of an Arbitration Court stating such infringement; NASK provides to party mentioned above, an offer form of agreement to maintain the domain name, with indicated deadline for submitting to NASK a correctly filled and signed form of offer to conclude an agreement to maintain the domain name, specifying the consequences of exceeding the deadline; the party mentioned above, shall submit to NASK a correctly filled and signed form of offer to conclude an agreement to maintain the domain name; to be submitted within the deadline determined by NASK; Once NASK receives a correctly filled and signed form of offer to conclude an agreement to maintain the domain name, it shall start maintaining the domain name for the party whose rights have been infringed by previous subscriber; the domain name shall start to be maintained on concluding an agreement between this party and NASK, on terms set forth in the Domain Name Regulations for .pl domain name, available at NASK's website, dedicated to .pl domain names; NASK may refuse to sign the agreement mentioned above, if a correctly filled and signed form of offer to conclude an agreement to maintain the domain name is not submitted within the deadline determined by NASK, and in cases set forth in the Domain Names Regulations for .pl domain name, available at NASK's website dedicated to .pl domain names.

RULES OF THE COURT OF ARBITRATION IN MATTERS CONCERNING INTERNET DOMAIN NAMES AT THE POLISH CHAMBER OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS

The following provisions constitute the Rules Court of Arbitration in Matters Concerning Internet DomainNames at the Polish Chamber of Information Technology and Telecommunications adopted by the Council of the Court on the basis of the Statutes of Court of Arbitration in Matters Concerning Internet Domain Names at the Polish Chamber of Information Technology and Telecommunications.

I. GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1

DEFINITIONS

In these Rules:

"Rules mean these Rules of the Court of Arbitration in Matters Concerning Internet Domain Names at the Polish Chamber of Information Technology and Telecommunications;
"Court means the Court of Arbitration in matters concerning internet domain names at the Polish Chamber of Information Technology and Telecommunications with its seat in Warsaw, established for the purpose of resolving disputes concerning infringement of the rights resulting from the conclusion of an agreement for the maintenance of an Internet domain name in the .pl domain;
"Statutes means the statutes defining the organization of the Court adopted by the Council of the Polish Chamber of Information Technology and Telecommunications;
"Arbitrator means a person or three persons appointed to settle disputes between Claimant and Defendant, pursuant to provisions of these Rules, appointed from among the arbitrators entered in the List of Arbitrators of the Court of Arbitration in Matters Concerning Internet Domain Names at the Polish Chamber of Information Technology and Telecommunications;
"Mediator means a person assigned to conduct mediation in accordance with the provisions of the Rules, from among the mediators entered in the List of Mediators of the Court of Arbitration in Matters Concerning Internet Domain Names at the Polish Chamber of Information Technology and Telecommunications. Mediator shall also mean the President of the Court temporarily entrusted by the Council of the Court to conduct mediation;
"List of Arbitrators and "List of Mediators means a list of persons maintained by the Court, who may be appointed or assigned to conduct proceedings in matters to be resolved pursuant to the Rules;
"Arbitration Clause means a written agreement between Claimant and Defendant, or the form (defined in appendix 1 and 2 hereto), the contents of which is submission for resolution by the Court of a dispute between the parties resulting from an agreement for the maintenance of an Internet domain name in the .pl domain;
"Claimant means the party filing a Suit pursuant to the Rules;
"Suit means Claimant's written communication necessary to commence arbitration proceedings, prepared pursuant to the contents of the Rules;
"Defendant means a subscriber of an Internet domain name in the .pl domain, against whom the suit is directed;
"NASK means the Naukowai Akademicka Sieć Komputerowa [Research and Academic Computer Network], a research and development entity with its seat in Warsaw - a registry of Internet domain names in the .pl domain;
"Subscriber means a party to an agreement with NASK for maintaining an Internet domain name in the .pl domain;
"PCITT means the Polish Chamber of Information Technology and Telecommunication with seat in Warsaw;
"President of the Court means the body of the Court, referred to in § 2 clause 2 of the Statutes; if thePresident of the Court is unable to take action, the Vice-president of the Court shall act in his place;
"Council of the Court means the body of the Court, referred to in § 2 clause 1) of the Statutes;
"Court Secretary means the executive body of the Court, referred to in § 2 clause 3) of the Statutes;

Article 2

APPLICABILITY

1. The Rules comprise part of the Arbitration Clause unless parties agreed otherwise, and are applicable to the resolution of disputes concerning infringement of rights resulting from the conclusion of anagreement for the maintenance of an Internet domain name in the ".pl domain.
2. Disputes between Claimant and Respondent concerning infringement of rights resulting from theconclusion of an agreement for the maintenance of an Internet domain name in the ".pl domain shall be resolved pursuant to the Rules applicable on the day when the application for mediation or the pre-trialmotion is filed with the Court.
3. The resolution of disputes is subject to the law of the Republic of Poland and the Rules. If a provision of the Rules is contrary to a strictly binding provision of Polish law, the strictly binding provision shallprevail.
4. The Rules apply in the event of disputes in which at least one of the parties has a registered seat or residence in the Republic of Poland. When the parties a dispute are exclusively legal persons ororganizations, which are not legal persons, and have registered seats outside the Republic of Poland, ornatural persons with a residence outside the Republic of Poland, the Arbitration and Mediation Rules ofthe World Intellectual Property Mediation and Arbitration Center in Geneva, Switzerland shallapply (WIPO Expedited Arbitration Rules for Domain Name Dispute Resolution under .pl).
5. In any matters not regulated in the Rules the provisions of the fifth part of the polish code of civil procedure shall govern.

Article 3

DELIVERY AND TIME LIMITS

1. Documents in the proceedings conducted under the Rules shall be sent electronically or faxed, unless the Rules require a written form. To the extend of possibility to send documents electronically, theparties jointly or the Arbitrator may decide of another form of sending them.
2. The party whose seat is located outside the territory of the Republic of Poland shall appoint an attorney ad litem or a person authorized to receive judicial writs, indicating the address of such person in Poland.
3. A document sent electronically shall be deemed delivered as of posting it, unless the transmission was deficient. A document sent by fax shall be deemed delivered as of posting it unless the fax transmission was deficient.
4. If the Court or the Arbitrator are not notified about a change of electronic mail address or fax number ofa given party or other information necessary for delivery of a document, a document sent to the electronic mail address of a party, their fax number or other address last known to Arbitrator or the Courtshall be deemed delivered.
5. Upon a claim of a party, upon a claim of an Arbitrator or at his own discretion the President of the Court may extend time limits described in the provisions of the Rules, in view of particular complexity of a caseor in the event of other important circumstances.
6. The Arbitrator may reduce or extend the time limits set in the provisions of the Rules upon a consistent claim of the parties.

Article 4

DOCUMENT FILING WITH THE COURT

1. Prior to notice by the Court regarding appointment of an Arbitrator, all documents irrespective of their form, shall be delivered by the party to the Court, and copies thereof shall be filed with the other party.
2. After notice by the Court regarding appointment of an Arbitrator, all documentirrespective of theirform, shall be filed by the party with the Arbitrator, and copies thereof shall be filed with the other party.
3. The Arbitrator shall send to the Court his every decision in original.
4. In organizational matters pertaining to the proceedings the parties shall contact the Court via the Court Secretary.

II. MEDIATION

Article 5

GENERAL PROVISIONS

1. A person demanding from a Subscriber renunciation of the infringement of the rights may file an application for mediation with the Court.
2. Mediation may precede the commencement of arbitration proceedings.
3. Mediation may be conducted only upon the agreement of the Subscriber.
4. A Mediator shall be impartial and shall seek to attain agreement by the parties. Exclusions applicable toan Arbitrator, described in the Rules apply to a Mediator. In the event of exclusion of Mediator fromproceedings, mediation shall by conducted by a person assigned by the President of the Court.
5. If the parties submit demands exceeding provisions concerning mediation and any costs arise thereof, and are accepted by the Court, the costs shall be paid by the party submitting the demand, or if theother party supports the demand - by the parties jointly. The Court may desist from further activity untilthe parties pay appropriate receivables.
6. Provisions concerning arbitration proceedings apply accordingly to mediation.
7. Until the appointment of the mediators by the Council of PCITT, the Council of the Court may temporarily entrust the President of the Court with conducting the mediation proceedings.

Article 6

COMMENCING MEDIATION

1. Commencing mediation is dependent on filing, by the party applying for mediation, of an induction fee in an amount prescribed in the Fee Schedule. The induction fee is non-refundable irrespective of themediation outcome, even in the event of discontinuance of mediation proceedings.
2. The Court shall convey a proposal to conduct mediation to the Subscriber, delivering him a copy of theapplication for mediation. Consenting to conduct mediation, the Subscriber may put forward his ownproposals aimed at reaching an amicable resolution of the dispute.
3. Absence of the consent to conduct mediation or failure to respond within seven days from the date ofdelivery to the Subscriber of the proposal to conduct mediation results in discontinuance of mediationproceedings.
4. When mediation is in progress the Mediator shall contact the parties in a manner he considers necessary under the circumstances of a given case.
5. When expressing consent to conduct mediation, the Subscriber shall make the final payment in the amount prescribed in the Fee Schedule. In the event of not paying the final payment within 14 daysdelivering a summon to pay to the Subscriber by the Court, the mediation proceedings shall bediscontinued.
6. The person applying for mediation, after the Subscriber agrees to conduct thereof, shall pay the final payment in an amount equal to the final fee paid by the Subscriber. The final fee is reduced by theamount of the induction fee.
7. Payment by the parties of the final fees is a condition for commencement of the mediation. The finalpayment is non-refundable irrespective of the mediation outcome, even in the event of discontinuanceof mediation proceedings.
8. If the person applying for mediation pays the induction fee, the Subscriber pays his fee in full amount, and the person applying for mediation fails to pay the fee in full amount equal to the final fee, themediation shall be discontinued, and the fee paid by the Subscriber shall be returned.
9. Discontinuance of the mediation proceedings in the cases, referred to in section 3, 5 and 8, shall take place on the basis of a decision issued by the President of the Court.

Article 7

APPLICATION FOR MEDIATION

1. An application for mediation, filed in a written form, along with its copy, should contain:
(i) information about the parties (name / first and last name, postal address, telephone number, fax number or electronic mail address)
(ii) the domain name in dispute,
(iii) subject of the application,
(iv) a brief description of the factual and legal status of the case,
(v) listing of evidence showing the factual status.
2. If the application is incomplete, the President of the Court shall set a 7 day time limit to complete the application, on penalty of the application return. Returned application shall have no legal effect. Thetime limit, described above, may be restored on the justified request of the applicant.

Article 8

CONDUCTING MEDIATION

1. A Mediator assigned by the President of the Court will conduct mediation jointly or in caucus with each of the parties, depending on the will of the parties.
2. A Mediator may propose to the parties the text of a settlement concerning the domain name, pursuant to the legal provisions and justified interests of the parties.
3. The parties and the Mediator shall sign the settlement concerning the domain name.
4. The settlement is binding on the parties and shall be conveyed by the President of the Court to NASKfor execution.
5. Mediation shall last no longer than thirty days from the filing of the application. The mediator sets time limits during mediation. The parties shall bear the consequences of violating the time limits.
6. If the parties do not come to terms, the Mediator shall declare the lack of agreement in writing andissue a decision on the discontinuance of the mediation proceedings, which shall be immediatelynotified to NASK by the President of the Court.
7. The conclusion of mediation with a lack of agreement does not foreclose the possibility of arbitrationproceedings.

III. ARBITRATION PROCEEDINGS

Article 9

FILING A SUIT

1. Prior to commencing arbitration proceedings, Claimant shall:
(i) pay the administration fee in an amount prescribed in the Fee Schedule. The administration fee is non-refundable. A confirmation of the administration fee payment shall be attached tothe information regarding the intent to commence proceedings, described below,
(ii) file a pre-trial motion with information on the intention to file a Suit, indicating the Defendant Subscriber and the internet domain name which the proceedings shall concern.
2. Immediately after receipt of the information from Claimant regarding the intent to commence a proceeding, the Court shall send the Claimant an Arbitration Clause for signing including the List of Arbitrators.
3. The Claimant shall return the signed Arbitration Clause within a time limit stipulated by the Court.
4. Immediately after signing the Arbitration Clause by the Claimant, the Court shall send the Defendant an Arbitration Clause to sign (app. No 2 to the Rules) together with the copy of the Arbitration Clause signed by the Claimant.
5. The Defendant shall return the signed Arbitration Clause within a time limit stipulated by the Court.
6. If one of the parties fails to sign the Arbitration Clause, the proceedings before the Court shall not becommenced. The Court shall immediately notify NASK of this.
7. The President of the Court may restore the time limit for the party to sign the Arbitration Clause in case of justification of circumstances making impossible to keep the time limit.
8. The Claimant shall file the paid Suit within 14 days from notification of the Claimant by the Court that the Arbitration Clause signed by the Subscriber has been served. If no Suit is filed, the President of the Court shall refuse to commence the proceedings and shall immediately notify the parties and NASK ofthis decision.
9. Commencing arbitration proceedings is dependent on paying the arbitration fee in an amountprescribed in the Fee Schedule. The arbitration fee shall be reimbursed only by the withdrawal of theSuit until the appointment of the Arbitrator in the proceedings.
10. If the Suit is incomplete, the President of the Court shall set a 7 day time limit for the Claimant to complete his Suit on penalty of the Suit return. Returned Suit shall have no legal effect. The Court shallimmediately notify NASK of returning the Suit.
11. The President of the Curt may restore the time limit for the Claimant to complete the Suit at his justified request.
12. Along with filing the Suit the Claimant shall submit its copies for every Defendant and the Arbitrator.
13. If it is not possible to serve the Arbitration Clause on the Defendant, arbitration proceedings may not be instituted. The President of the Court shall immediately notify the Claimant and NASK of this.
14. The President of the Court shall refuse to institute proceedings if the Defendant indicated by the Claimant is not the Subscriber of the disputed domain as at the day of filing the pre-trial motion.

Article 10

SUIT

1. The Suit should be prepared in writing and should contain:
(i) the first and last name or the business name of the Claimant and Defendant, their residential or registered seats, telephone and fax numbers, as well as electronic mailaddresses, and in the event of attorney representation, appropriate attorney information;
(ii) request for determination an infringement by the Defendant of the Claimant's rights by registering a domain name;
(iii) a citation of factual circumstances which justify the request, and to the extent necessary,which justify the competence of the Court;
(iv) if applicable, cite provisions of the Polish law which is the basis for the claim sought;
(v) show evidence supporting the circumstances cited;
(vi) if applicable, a request for the reimbursement of proceedings costs by Defendant pursuant to these Rules;
(vii) indicate an Arbitrator from the List of Arbitrators, previously sent by the Court.
2. If the Suit is filed through an attorney, the power of attorney shall be enclosed with the Suit.
3. The provisions of this Article do not preclude the possibility of other claims being sought by Claimant against Defendant in other proceedings.

Article 11

RESPONSE TO SUIT

1. Within 7 days from delivering the Suit to the Defendant, the Defendant shall provide the Court and the Claimant with a written Response to the Suit, which should contain:
(i) the first and last or business name of the Defendant, his residential or registered address,telephone and fax numbers, as well as electronic mail addresses, and in the event of actingby attorney, appropriate attorney information;
(ii) describe his defenses, including lack of jurisdiction for the arbitration, pursuant to provisions of the Rules;
(iii) citation of factual circumstances to substantiate defenses and present evidence to support the defenses;
(iv) if applicable, citation of provisions of the Polish law being the basis for the defenses;
(v) consent the resolution of the dispute by the Arbitrator indicated in the Suit, or indication ofanother Arbitrator from the List of Arbitrators.
2. If the Defendant does not in his response to the Suit put forward any defenses, or fails to respond to theSuit, the Arbitrator shall issue an award after a comprehensive explication of all circumstances of the matter.

Article 12

ATTORNEYS

In arbitration proceedings conducted pursuant to the Rules, the parties may be represented by personshaving appropriate authority. A natural person with full authority to act at law may act as attorney,irrespective of citizenship or professional qualifications.

IV. ARBITRATOR

Article 13

NUMBER OF ARBITRATORS

1. One Arbitrator conducts arbitration proceedings acting as an arbitration court within the understanding of the rules of Civil Procedure Code.
2. The parties may jointly request the proceedings be conducted by an arbitration court composed of three Arbitrators, and, unless the parties decide otherwise, each of the parties shall in writing appoint oneArbitrator from the List of Arbitrators, subsequently, the arbitrators appointed by the parties shall select a third Arbitrator from the List of Arbitrators. In the event of inaction by the parties exceeding 14(fourteen) days from the date of notification of the Court regarding the intent to select a three persontribunal, or if the two arbitrators do not select a third within 14 (fourteen) days from the date of their appointment, the Arbitrator shall be indicated by the President of the Court.

Article 14

APPOINTMENT OF ARBITRATOR BY THE PARTIES

1. The parties appoint an Arbitrator in the following manner:
(i) Claimant shall indicate an Arbitrator in the Suit from the List of Arbitrators.
(ii) In the Response to the Suit, Defendant may agree to the appointment of the Arbitrator indicated by Claimant or indicate another Arbitrator from the List of Arbitrators madeavailable by the Court.
(iii) In the event Claimant indicates an Arbitrator other than the one listed in the Suit, Claimant may express agreement to the appointment of the Arbitrator indicated by Defendant andshall notify the Court and Defendant thereof within 3 (three) days of the delivery by theCourt the information regarding the Defendant's position regarding appointment of anArbitrator.
(iv) In the event Defendant does not take a stand on appointment of an Arbitrator within the time limit stipulated by the Court, the Arbitrator shall be appointed pursuant to Article 15.
2. The parties may propose candidates for Arbitrators within the time limit set in section 3.
3. If the parties do not appoint an Arbitrator within 21 days from the date of Suit delivery to the Court, theArbitrator shall be appointed pursuant to Article 15.

Article 15

SUBSTITUTION APPOINTMENT

1. If no Arbitrator has been appointed in the manner described in Article 14, one shall be appointed in the following manner:
(i) The Court shall send to each party an identical List of Arbitrators, which shall contain thenames of at least three Arbitrators in alphabetical order along with a brief description oftheir qualifications.
(ii) Each of the parties may cross off from the List of Arbitrators names of persons it objects tobeing appointed, and number the remaining names in order of preference.
(iii) Each of the parties shall return the List of Arbitrators along with crossed off names to the Court the next business day after said list is delivered. It is considered that a party, whichdoes not return the marked list within that time, does not object to the appointment of any ofthe persons listed on the List of Arbitrators as an Arbitrator.
(iv) Immediately after receiving the list from the parties, or if the list is not returned - after the time limit described in the preceding paragraph has elapsed, the President of the Courtshall appoint a person from the List of Arbitrators as the Arbitrator appointed to resolve thedispute described in the Suit, according to the preferences and objections submitted by theparties.
2. If the Arbitrator is not appointed in the manner indicated in section 1, or the person proposed by the parties cannot be an Arbitrator in the given matter or there is a probability of reasons which makeArbitration service impossible for a given person, and no person remains on the list, which a party hasnot opposed, the President of the Court shall appoint an Arbitrator of its choice from the List of Arbitrators.

Article cpr144449003101 16

ACCEPTANCE OF THE ARBITRATOR FUNCTION

1. No later than within three days from the receipt of notice regarding an Arbitration appointment, Arbitrator shall notify the Court in writing whether he or she accepts said appointment. In the event ofviolation of this time-limit or refusal to accept the function, the Court shall immediately notify the parties. If the parties fail to choose another Arbitrator within three days, the President of the Court shall immediately appoint an Arbitrator from the List of Arbitrators.
2. The Court shall immediately notify the parties regarding Arbitrator appointment and convey documents of the case to the Arbitrator who has accepted appointment.
3. In accepting the matter for resolution, Arbitrator shall complete the arbitration proceedings within the time limit specified on the basis of the provisions of the Rules, unless this is not possible due to theneed to explicate all circumstances of the case.

Article 17

IMPARTIALITY OF THE ARBITRATOR

1. An Arbitrator shall be impartial and neutral in resolving a dispute submitted thereto.10
2. Prior to accepting a matter for resolution, an Arbitrator shall disclose to the parties and the Court anyand all circumstances, which may give rise justified doubts as to his or her impartiality and neutrality, orshall otherwise confirm in writing that such circumstances do not exist.

Article 18

QUALIFICATIONS OF THE ARBITRATORS AND MEDIATORS

1. The Council of PCITT shall enter persons in the List of Arbitrators and the List of Mediators.
2. A person who has full legal capacity, enjoys all public rights, has the necessary legal knowledge andprofessional experience and has completed legal studies and work as legal counsels (radcaprawny) or attorneys (adwokat), patent agents or have at least a doctorate in law may be entered in the List ofArbitrators and the List of Mediators.

Article 19

EXCLUSION OF THE ARBITRATORS AND MEDIATORS

1. Arbitrator shall immediately disclose to the parties and the Court any and all circumstances which maygive rise to justified doubts as to his or her impartiality or neutrality.
2. A party may request Arbitrator exclusion, should circumstances occur, which give rise to justified doubtsas to his or her impartiality or neutrality.
3. A written exclusion request, listing justification thereof, should be sent simultaneously to the Court, the Arbitrator, and the opposing party, no later than within two days from the date of becoming aware ofcircumstances which give rise to justified doubts as to the Arbitrator's impartiality or neutrality. Anexclusion request may be submitted orally on the record during a trial.
4. Within 2 (two) days from receipt of the Arbitrator exclusion request or from the oral submission of therequest during a trial, the other party and the Arbitrator may present in writing their positions regardingthis matter to the Court, to the party requesting exclusion, as well as to Arbitrator.
5. Arbitrator may suspend the arbitration proceedings until resolution of the exclusion issue.
6. Decisions regarding Arbitrator exclusion shall be made by the President of the Court in consultationwith the Council of the Court within 5 (five) days from the filing of the request. If the request is accepted,another Arbitrator shall be appointed in the manner described in Article 15.
7. The rules pertaining to the exclusion of Arbitrators shall apply to Mediators accordingly.

Article 20

DISMISSING ARBITRATORS OR MEDIATORS

1. The Parties or the President of the Court may dismiss an Arbitrator or a Mediator from the proceedings at his or her request.
2. If the Arbitrator or Mediator becomes unable to fulfill his or her duties, or if the continuance of theproceedings by him or her would violate the law, the parties shall select another Arbitrator pursuant toarticles 14,15 and 16.

Article 21

REPETITION OF PROCEEDINGS

In the event of the appointment of a new Arbitrator or Mediator in the case, the arbitration or mediation proceedings should be repeated in full, unless the parties agree otherwise, and the new Arbitrator or Mediator does not object.

Article 22

LACK OF JURISDICTION

1. In a written decision the Arbitrator shall resolve allegations regarding jurisdiction of the Court, which was based on the provisions of the Rules.
2. In a written decision the Arbitrator shall resolve allegations regarding the validity and scope of the Arbitration Clause contained in a separate agreement.
3. The allegations listed in sections 1 and 2 may be raised no later than in the Response to the Suit.
4. The Arbitrator shall consider allegations listed in sections 1 and 2 before resolving the matter of the case.

V. CONDUCTING THE ARBITRATION PROCEEDINGS

Article 23

GENERAL PROCEEDINGS PRINCIPLES

1. Arbitrator shall assure equal treatment of the parties during arbitration proceedings.
2. Arbitrator shall enable parties to present their positions in the matter, however, he should counteract prolongation of the arbitration proceedings by a party. The time limits set in the Rules may be extendedonly in exceptional cases. Extension of time limits, excluding the situation when the parties jointlysubmit therefore, depends on the Arbitrator and may not be challenged by the parties.
3. The language of the proceedings shall be Polish, unless the Arbitrator decides otherwise upon joint request of the parties.
4. All documents prepared in languages other than the Polish language shall be accompanied bytranslations into the Polish language, unless the Arbitrator decides otherwise upon the joint request ofthe parties.
5. Arbitrator shall issue an award or other decision in the Polish language.

Article 24

COMMUNICATION BETWEEN THE PARTIES AND THE ARBITRATOR12

Unless the Rules state otherwise, neither the parties nor their attorneys may contact the Arbitrator in mattersconcerning the proceedings in the absence of the other party. The Arbitrator may stipulate that any and allcorrespondence in the case shall be delivered to him via the Court Secretary or President of the Court.

Article 25

EVIDENCE

1. The Arbitrator shall decide about party's motions as to evidence according the Arbitrator's discretion. The Arbitrator may, in particular, admit documentary evidence, evidence by parties hearing, witness'testimonial evidence and experts' opinion evidence.
2. The Arbitrator may request from a party documents or other evidence material of essential relevance tothe resolution of the matter and may also request from a party an access for an expert to certainevidence in possession of a party.
3. If the Arbitrator allows the witness' testimonial evidence or experts' opinion evidence, which was not requested by the parties - the Court summons the witness or the expert.
4. Arbitrator may issue an award on the basis of collected evidentiary material, if neither of the partiesavails itself of the opportunity to present additional evidence within the time set by Arbitrator.

Article 26

WITNESSES

1. The motion to summon a witness should contain the identity and address of the witness the party wishes to call, the subject of said testimony and its relevance to the resolution of the matter.
2. Arbitrator may limit or reject a witness' testimonial evidence.
3. Until an award is issued, the costs of testimony by the witness shall be borne by the party calling thewitness.
4. If the witness fails to appear at a hearing in order to testify, Arbitrator shall not set another hearing,irrespective of the reasons witness did not appear at the hearing. However, Arbitrator may permitwitness to testify in writing within a time set by Arbitrator, however, the text of a declaration so filedshould immediately be made available to both parties.
5. A witness may be present in the hearing room only during his or her testimony, unless Arbitratordecides otherwise.

Article 27

EXPERTS

1. The Arbitrator may appoint one or more independent experts, who shall file an opinion therewith regarding issues indicated by Arbitrator. The expert shall sign a confidentiality agreement. The Claimantor the Defendant may request an expert's opinion in the Suit or in the Response to the Suit respectively.
2. After receipt of the expert's opinion, Arbitrator shall convey copies thereof to the parties.13
3. In the event a hearing is set and an expert is appointed therefore, the parties shall be able to questionthe expert. In the event a hearing is set, a party may also present the opinion of its own expert regardingissues covered by the subject matter of the hearing and may question the expert, during whichquestioning provisions of Article 26 are applicable.

Article 28

HEARINGS

1. At the request of both parties or at its own discretion, should it find such to be necessary for thecomprehensive explication of the circumstances of the case, Arbitrator may order a hearing forpurposes of hearing testimonial evidence of witnesses, expert opinions or parties hearing.
2. Arbitrator shall notify the parties about the time and venue of the hearing no later than 5 (five) businessdays prior to the date of its occurrence.
3. Hearings are not open to the public, i.e. shall be held only in the presence of the parties or theirattorneys, the Court Secretary, and persons called by the Arbitrator.
4. Arbitrator shall conduct the hearing.
5. Non-appearance of a party or its attorney at a hearing about which they were properly noticed does notsuspend the proceedings.
6. A record of the hearing shall be drawn up by the Court Secretary, signed by the Arbitrator and the CourtSecretary. The Arbitrator may order recording of the hearing by means of equipment recording soundand the persons participating in the hearing should be so warned before such equipment is activated.

Article 29

CLOSING OF THE PROCEEDINGS

1. Upon the lapse of the time limit defined in Article 25 section 4, the Arbitrator shall close the proceedings should he find all circumstances, which have material impact for the resolution of the case, to havebeen explicated. Arbitrator should make all efforts to do it within 30 days from his/her acceptance of theappointment.
2. If the proceedings have not been closed within the time described in item 1, Arbitrator shall present tothe President of the Court explanations in writing concerning the status of the arbitration proceedings,with a copy for each of the parties. Further explanations shall be conveyed to the President of the Courtby the Arbitrator, with a copy for each party, every 14 (fourteen) days, until the closing of theproceedings.
3. The Arbitrator shall immediately inform the parties and the Court of closing the examinationproceedings, while setting a time limit for submitting motions for the reimbursement of the costs ofproceedings.

VI. AWARDS

Article 30

ISSUANCE OF THE AWARD14

1. In resolving the case, the Arbitrator shall issue an award in the understanding of the code of civilprocedure.
2. The award should be prepared in writing and contain:
(i) the date and place of issuance;
(ii) first and last name or business name each of the parties and their respective residential or registered addresses;
(iii) first and last name of the Arbitrator;
(iv) list the parties' agreement, which is the basis for the Arbitrator's authority (entry for the arbitration court);
(v) resolution of the parties' requests (verdict);
(vi) cite the considerations taken into account in issuing the decision (justification), and
(vii) Arbitrator's signature, and in the event of the resolution of the matter before three Arbitrators, the decision is signed by at least two.
3. The decision should be issued within 10 days from the closing of the proceedings.
4. The Court shall convey to each of the parties, with a signed notice or proof of receipt, a copy of theaward signed by Arbitrator like the original. The award in original and copies of the award are sealedwith the Court stamp and shall be signed also by the President of the Court. The award in original shallbe kept with the documents of the case in the Court's archives. The Court shall immediately deliver acopy of the award to NASK.
5. The award is binding on the party at the moment of its delivery.
6. If the case was resolved by three Arbitrators, decisions are issued by the majority thereof, unless theparties decide otherwise. However, a single head Arbitrator may decide procedural matters, if he or shehas been authorized therefore by the parties or the arbitration court.
7. Provisions concerning the award shall apply respectively to other decisions of the Arbitrator concerningthe case.

Article 31

SETTLEMENT

At any time during the arbitration proceedings parties may conclude a settlement before the Arbitrator, whoshall confirm settlement conclusion by signing its text along with the parties. Original copies of the settlementshall be conveyed to the Court and to the parties. A copy of the settlement shall be immediately conveyed bythe Court to NASK.

Article 32

DISCONTINUANCE OF THE PROCEEDINGS15

1. The Arbitrator shall issue a decision discontinuing the arbitration proceedings if:
(i) The Claimant withdraws the Suit, unless the Defendant objects thereto, and the Arbitrator findsthat the Defendant has a legal interest in obtaining a judgment as relates to the essence of thematter;
(ii) both parties jointly move for the proceedings to be discontinued;
(iii) if the parties reach a settlement;
(iv) the Arbitrator finds continuation of the proceedings has become unnecessary or impossible for other reasons.
2. The Court shall immediately convey the information on the discontinuance of the arbitrationproceedings to NASK.

Article 33

CORRECTION AND INTERPRETATION OF THE AWARD

1. Within 30 days from the delivery of the award, the party may request correction of any possible wording or calculation errors. Such request shall be sent by the party to the Court and to the other party. If the Arbitrator finds the request to be justified, he shall do the correction within 14 days of the filing of therequest, by issuing a decision.
2. By means of an appropriate a decision, the Arbitrator may correct any wording or calculation errorsacting by himself or upon a request by the party.
3. Within 30 days from the issuance of the award, unless the parties have set another date, each of theparties after notifying the other party, may request from the Arbitrator interpretation of the conclusion ofthe award. If the Arbitrator finds such request justified, he shall provide the interpretation within thirtydays from the receipt of the request. The interpretation comprises an integral part of the award.

VII. COSTS OF THE PROCEEDINGS

Article 34

INDUCTION FEE AND ADVANCES ON COSTS

4. Before filing a pre-trial motion , the Claimant should pay the administration fee. The administration fee is non-refundable.
5. Amounts of fees are prescribed in the Fee Schedule.
6. If the Claimant fails to pay the induction fee within the time limit, the Suit shall be rejected after 14 days of the receipt by the Claimant of an summon to pay the fee.
7. The party who requests certain actions in the arbitration proceedings, which were not applied for in the Suit or in the Response to the Suit, or conducting actions outside the Court's seat, shall pay to theCourt an advance on predictable costs of performing thereof in the specified amount. If the party fails topay, the actions shall not be performed.16
8. The costs of hearings outside the Court's seat shall be paid by the parties.

Article 35

AWARDING COSTS OF THE PROCEEDINGS

1. Pursuant to Article 29 section 3, a party should file with Arbitrator a list of all costs of the arbitration proceedings incurred thereby. These costs may include the induction fee, costs incurred by the party inconducting evidence in the examination proceedings, as well as reasonable costs of representation andlegal assistance in the matter. The party should append documents substantiating incurring of saidcosts.
2. Taking into account the application described in paragraph 1, Arbitrator shall set and adjudge in Zlotythe costs of the arbitration proceedings to the winning party from the losing party.
3. The costs of the proceedings may be mutually annulled, or shared in appropriate proportion betweenthe parties.

VIII.CONFIDENTIALITY

Article 36

CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION

1. Within the understanding of this Article, confidential information shall mean all information, irrespective of the medium on which it is recorded, which is:
(i) in the possession of a party,
(ii) not disclosed for public information,
(iii) technical, technological, commercial or organizational information, material to a company,
(iv) the subject of the entrepreneur's activities, necessary for the purpose of maintaining the confidentiality thereof.
2. The party claiming confidentiality of information it intends to or is obligated to present in an arbitration proceedings, including presentation thereof to an expert, shall file with the Arbitrator, along with a copyfor the other party, a motion for the treatment of the given information as confidential and indicate thereasons why it considers the information confidential.
3. The Arbitrator shall decide on what conditions and to whom confidential information may be disclosedin whole or in part and shall require from the person to whom such information shall be disclosed awritten declaration to maintain the confidentiality of disclosed information.

Article 37

CONFIDENTIALITY OF THE PROCEEDINGS

1. Any information conveyed by the parties, the Arbitrator, the Mediator or other persons participating in the arbitration proceedings, may not be disclosed to third parties by other persons participating in the17proceedings including the Arbitrator, the Mediator, the President of the Court, the Court Secretary andMembers of the Council of the Court. The prohibition of disclosing information concerning theproceedings includes the fact of its commencement.
2. The prohibition of disclosing information concerning the arbitration proceedings may be exempted inthe following cases:
(i) if the provisions of law so require,
(ii) the parties have so agreed,
(iii) if such is necessary in order to continue the proceedings after the Arbitrator has issued adecision to this effect.
3. Awards selected by the Council of the Court and the justification thereof shall b published by the Councilof the Court on the internet website of the Court or in the information materials but within 14 days fromthe delivery of the award, the parties may demand the exclusion from the publication of certain datawhich allow their identification.
4. The President of the Court may consent to the publication of all or selected theses of the awards issuedby the Court in the media, including the press. Within 14 days from the delivery of the award, theparties may demand the exclusion from the publication of certain data which allow their identification.
5. The party calling a witness shall be responsible for the maintenance of confidentiality by the witness tothe extent required from the party.

IX. FINAL PROVISIONS

Article 38

EXCLUSION OF LIABILITY

1. Neither the Arbitrator nor the Mediator or members of the bodies of the Court shall be liable for anydamage arising from their activities or omissions related to the arbitration proceedings conductedpursuant to these Rules, unless intentional fault on their part has been found.
2. The parties hereby renounce any claims against the persons and to the extent described in section 1.

Unified text of the Rules was adopted by the Council of the Court on 28thof May, 2008.

The Rules come into force on 1st of June, 2008.

.net.pl Glossary of Technical Terms

.INT
A top-level domain devoted solely to international treaty organizations that have independent legal personality. Such organizations are not governed by the laws of any specific country, rather by mutual agreement between multiple countries. IANA maintains the domain registry for this domain.

A record
The representation of an IPv4 address in the DNS system.

AAAA record
The representation of an IPv6 address in the DNS system.

Administrative contact
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Administrative contact is intended to represent the Registrant(owner) of the domain, in any non-technical matters, regarding the management of the domain. Certain extensions require Administrative contact to confirm requests and accept notices about the domain name.

A-label
The ASCII-compatible encoded (ACE) representation of an internationalized domain name, i.e. how it is transmitted internally within the DNS protocol. A-labels always commence the with the prefix "xn--". Contrast with U-label.

ARPA
Originally a reference to the US Government agency that managed some of the Internet’s initial development, now a top-level domain used solely for machine-readable use by computers for certain protocols — such as for reverse IP address lookups, and ENUM. The domain is not designed for general registrations. IANA manages ARPA in conjunction with the Internet Architecture Board.

ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange)
The standard for transmitting English (or "Latin") letters over the Internet. DNS was originally limited to only Latin characters because it uses ASCII as its encoding format, although this has been expanded using Internationalized Domain Names(IDN) for Applications.

Authoritative Name Server
A domain name server configured to host the official record of the contents of a DNS zone. Each Polish .net.pl domain name must have a set of these so computers on the Internet can find out the contents of that domain. The set of authoritative name servers for any given domain must be configured as NS records in the parent domain.

Automatic Renewal
The service of automatic renewal allows the customers the convenience of automatic billing for the services ordered through the domain registrar. If the automatic renewal is selected, customer's credit card will be automatically charged for the service, which will avoid the interruption in service.

Billing Contact
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Billing contact is responsible for the payment of the domain, and is usually assigned to the registrar managing the domain.

Caching Resolver
The combination of a recursive name server and a caching name server.

Cloaking Forwarding
Domains can be forwarded to another URL by using a forwarding service. Cloaking forwarding differs from Apache 301 forwarding by showing the content of the URL being forwarded to, however the URL bar displays the original domain name.

CNAME Record
A CNAME record is an abbreviation for Canonical Name record and is a type of resource record in the Domain Name System (DNS) used to specify that a domain name is an alias for another domain, the "canonical" domain. CNAME has a very specific syntax rule. CNAME can only be set up for the unique subdomain, meaning that it cannot be set up for any subdomain, which has already been set up for the domain. Thus CNAME is most commonly set up for WWW subdomain.

Country-code top-level domain (ccTLD)
A Class of Top Level Domains, generally assigned or reserved by a country, sovereign state, or territory. IANA is the organization, responsible for the ccTLD assignments. Since 2010 there 2 types of ccTLDs: 2 letter ASCII characters TLDs and IDN TLDs, which consist of the native language characters. Each country/territory is able to implement certain restrictions and requirements on the ccTLD assigned to them.

Cross-Registry Information Service Protocol (CRISP)
The name of the working group at the IETF that developed the Internet Registry Information Service (IRIS), a next-generation WHOIS protocol replacement.

Delegation
Any transfer of responsibility to another entity. In the domain name system, one name server can provide pointers to more useful name servers for a given request by returning NS records. On an administrative level, sub-domains are delegated to other entities. IANA also delegates IP address blocks to regional Internet registries.

Deletion
Deletion of the domain results in the domain record being removed from the registry's database. Domain deletion procedure and availability differs depending on each of the TLD's policy. Certain extensions require additional payment to delete a domain name.

DNS zone
A section of the Domain Name System name space. By default, the Root Zone contains all domain names, however in practice sections of this are delegated into smaller zones in a hierarchical fashion. For example, the .com zone would refer to the portion of the DNS delegated that ends in .com.

DNSSEC
A technology that can be added to the Domain Name System to verify the authenticity of its data. The works by adding verifiable chains of trust that can be validated to the domain name system.

Domain lock
In order to prevent unwanted changed to the domain names, customers have an ability to change the locks on their domain names. The domain lock availability depends on individual TLD, and includes clientTransferProhibited, clientUpdateProhibited, clientDeleteProhibited, clientRenewProhibited.

Domain Name
A unique identifier with a set of properties attached to it so that computers can perform conversions. A typical domain name is "icann.org". Most commonly the property attached is an IP address, like "208.77.188.103", so that computers can convert the domain name into an IP address. However the DNS is used for many other purposes. The domain name may also be a delegation, which transfers responsibility of all sub-domains within that domain to another entity. domain name label a constituent part of a domain name. The labels of domain names are connected by dots. For example, "www.iana.org" contains three labels — "www", "iana" and "org". For internationalized domain names, the labels may be referred to as A-labels and U-labels.

Domain Name Registrar
An entity offering domain name registration services, as an agent between registrants and registries. Usually multiple registrars exist who compete with each other, and are accredited. For most generic top-level domains, domain name registrars are accredited by ICANN.

Domain Name Registry
A registry tasked with managing the contents of a DNS zone, by giving registrations of sub-domains to registrants.

Domain Name Server
A general term for a computer hardware or software server, which answers requests to convert domain names into something else. These can be subdivided into authoritative name servers, which store the database for a particular DNS zone; as well as recursive name servers and caching name servers.

Domain Name System (DNS)
The global hierarchical system of domain names. A global distributed database contains the information to perform the domain name conversations, and the most central part of that database, known as the root zone is coordinated by IANA.

Dot or “."
Common way of referring to a specific top-level domain. Dot generally precedes the Top Level domain, such as dot com is written down as “.net.pl”.

Expiration date
The expiration date determines when the domain registration period ends. In order to avoid downtime for the domain, renewal of the domain at least two weeks before expiration date is strongly encouraged. After the expiration date passes, some registries maintain the record of the domain name under the same owner, however the DNS services are put on hold.

Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)
A protocol used for electronic communication between a registrar and a registry for provisioning domain names.

Extension
Refers to the last portion of the domain name, located after the dot. Domain extension helps determine the registry, to which domain pertains, and allows to accurately classify the domain name.

First Come, First Served (FCFS)
Multiple applications for the same domain name are not accepted. The domain will be awarded to the first registrar who submits a registration request.

FTP
File Transfer Protocol does exactly what it says. The standard network protocol allows the transfer of files from one host to another. There are many FTP clients(programs) available, which allow you to connect to your host and transfer your completed content to your hosting provider's space.

Fully-Qualified Domain Mame (FQDN)
A complete domain name including all its components, i.e. "www.icann.org" as opposed to "www".

GAC Principles
A document, formally known as the Principles for the Delegation and Administration of ccTLDs. This document was developed by the ICANN Governmental Advisory Committee and documents a set of principles agreed by governments on how ccTLDs should be delegated and run.

General Availability Phase
Domains are awarded on first come first serve basis, granted that the domains are available after the previous phases have concluded.

Generic top-level domains (gTLDs)
A class of top-level domains that are used for general purposes, where ICANN has a strong role in coordination (as opposed to country-code top-level domains, which are managed locally).

Glue Record
An explicit notation of the IP address of a name server, placed in a zone outside of the zone that would ordinarily contain that information. All name servers are in-bailiwick of the Root Zone, therefore glue records is required for all name servers listed there. Also referred to as just "glue".

Hints File
A file stored in DNS software (i.e. recursive name servers) that tells it where the DNS root servers are located.

Hostname
The name of a computer. Typically the left-most part of a fully-qualified domain name.

Http
HyperText Transfer Protocol serves as the cornerstone protocol for World Wide Web, which allows the transfer of data between clients and servers.

IANA
See Internet Assigned Numbers Authority.

IANA Considerations
A component of RFCs that refer to any work required by IANA to maintain registries for a specific protocol.

IANA Contract
The contract between ICANN and the US Government that governs how various IANA functions are performed.

IANA Staff
See Internet Assigned Numbers Authority.

ICANN
Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers(ICANN) is responsible responsible for the coordination of maintenance and methodology of several databases of unique identifiers related to the namespaces of the Internet, and ensuring the network's stable and secure operation.

Internal transfer
Internal transfer refers to a transfer of a domain name within the same registrar. This procedure may be simpler, than starting a domain transfer, which involves 2 different registrars. The internal transfer is possible, after two parties involved in the internal transfer come to an agreement about the terms of the transfer.

Internationalized domain name (IDN)
Internet domain name, which allows the use of a language-specific script or alphabet, such as Arabic, Cyrillic, and Chinese. Adoption of IDN domain names is a significant step towards including non-English speakers into the world of Internet. Internationalized domain name is stored in Domain Name System as ASCII strings, which are transcribed by the use of Punycode.

Internet Architecture Board (IAB)
The oversight body of the IETF, responsible for overall strategic direction of Internet standardization efforts. The IAB works with ICANN on how the IANA protocol parameter registries should be managed. The IAB is an activity of the Internet Society, a non-profit organization.

Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)
A department of ICANN tasked with providing various Internet coordination functions, primarily those described in a contract between ICANN and the US Government. The functions relate to ensuring globally-unique protocol parameter assignment, including management of the root of the Domain Name System and IP Address Space. ICANN staff within this department is often referred to as "IANA Staff".

Internet Coordination Policy (ICP)
A series of documents created by ICANN between 1999 and 2000 describing management procedures.

Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG)
The committee of area experts of the IETF’s areas of work, that acts as its board of management.

Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
The key Internet standardization forum. The standards developed within the IETF are published as RFCs.

Internet Protocol (IP)
The fundamental protocol that is used to transmit information over the Internet. Data transmitted over the Internet is transmitted using the Internet Protocol, usually in conjunction with a more specialized protocol. Computers are uniquely identified on the Internet using an IP Address.

IP address
A unique identifier for a device on the Internet. The identifier is used to accurately route Internet traffic to that device. IP addresses must be unique on the global Internet.

IPv4
Internet Protocol version 4. Refers to the version of Internet protocol that supports 32-bit IP addresses.

IPv6
Internet Protocol version 6. Refers to the version of Internet protocol that supports 128-bit IP addresses.

Landrush Phase
This phase allows you a greater chance to obtain a domain name prior to General Availability, typically for an increased fee. The fee generally varies depending on how early you want to register. Priority is either first-come, first-served or will go to an auction cpr144449003101 if there are multiple applicants, depending on registry rules. A common fee structure that will be in use is the Early Access Program (EAP). Further details on a specific extensions landrush phase can be found under the landrush section for that a particular domain.

Mail exchange (mx) record
MX record determines which server the mail client will be retrieving the mail from. The MX records for individual domains can be set up in the DNS records section of the client's control panel.

New Generic Top Level Domain (New gTLD)
Starting on July 15th, 2013 ICANN has started process of delegating new Generic Top Level Domains, opening up new opportunities for the internet community. New extensions include popular categories like professional domains, IDNs, general interest domains, and brand domain names.

NS record
a type of record in a DNS zone that signifies part of that zone is delegated to a different set of authoritative name servers.

Parent domain
The domain above a domain in the DNS hierarchy. For all top-level domains, the Root Zone is the parent domain. The Root Zone has no parent domain as it is as the top of the hierarchy. Opposite of sub-domain.

Parking
Many of the registrars offer a free service of domain parking. This allows the customer to quickly register a domain name, and choose the hosting solution at a later date. Very often the registrar's parking DNS servers allow DNS record modification.

Pre-Registration
Paid pre-registration allows you to purchase the domain in the General Availability phase, and the domain will be submitted as soon as the General Availability phase opens.

Primary name server
Practically every domain extension requires minimum 2 DNS servers in order for the domain to be successfully registered. Primary name server is responsible for storing information about the domain routing and making it available for requests.

PTR record
The representation of a IP address to domain name mapping in the DNS system.

Recursive Name Server
A domain name server configured to perform DNS lookups on behalf of other computers.

Redelegation
The transfer of a delegation from one entity to another. Most commonly used to refer to the redelegation process used for top-level domains.

Redelegation process
A special type of root zone change where there is a significant change involving the transfer of operations of a top-level domain to a new entity.

Redemption Grace Period
Redemption Grace Period(RGP) is a period after the expiration date, in which the domain still belongs to the same client, however the functionality is put on hold. The domain can usually be restored after paying for RGP fee. gTLDs often have a Renewal Period of 30 days before the Redemption Grace Period starts.

Regional Internet Registry (RIR)
A registry responsible for allocation of IP address resources within a particular region.

Registrant
See Registrant Contact

Registrant Contact
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Registrant contact is the owner of the domain, and is the entity that holds right to use the particular domain name.

Registrar for .net.pl
An entity that can act on requests from a registrant in making changes in a registry. Usually the registrar is the same entity that operates a registry, although for domain names this role is often split to allow for competition between multiple registrars who offer different levels of support.

Registry Poland .net.pl
The authoritative record of registrations for a particular set of data. Most often used to refer to domain name registry, but all protocol parameters that IANA maintains are also registries.

Registry Operator for .net.pl Poland
The entity that runs a registry.

Reverse IP
A method of translating an IP address into a domain name, so-called as it is the opposite of a typical lookup that converts a domain name to an IP address.

RFCs
A series of Internet engineering documents describing Internet standards, as well as discussion papers, informational memorandums and best practices. Internet standards that are published in an RFC originate from the IETF. The RFC series is published by the RFC Editor.

Root
The highest level of the domain system.

Root Servers
The authoritative name servers for the Root Zone.

Root Zone
The top of the domain name system hierarchy. The root zone contains all of the delegations for top-level domains, as well as the list of root servers, and is managed by IANA.

Root Zone Management (RZM)
The management of the DNS Root Zone by IANA.

RZM Automation
A project to automate many aspects of the Root Zone Management function within IANA. Based on a software tool originally called "eIANA".

Secondary name server
Practically every domain extension requires minimum 2 DNS servers in order for the domain to be successfully registered. Secondary server is responsible for copying information from the primary server. The original purpose of secondary server is to take over the requests, if the primary server is down. Some of the registries no longer put an emphasis on which server is primary or secondary, but many international registries still use the old standard.

Sponsoring organization
The entity acting as the trustee of a top-level domain on behalf of its designated community.

SSL
Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is a cryptographivc protocol, which is designed to provide communication security over internet. The data entered on the websites, using SSL, is encrypted, thus making it less susceptible to data theft.

Subdomain
In the domain hierarchy, or structure, subdomain is a domain, which is a part of a larger domain. For example, "www.icann.org" is a sub-domain of "icann.org", and "icann.org" is a sub-domain of "org". Subdomains can generally be setup through a DNS server management utility as A records or CNAME records.

Sunrise Phase
A phase in which holders of eligible trademarks have the opportunity to apply and register domain names that correspond to their trademarks. To participate in Sunrise for new gTLDs, trademark holders must validate their trademarks with the Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH) first and must provide a valid Signed Mark Data (SMD) file for submission.

Technical Contact
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Technical contact is intended to assist the Registrant(owner) contact in any queries that pertain to the technical aspects of managing the domain name.

Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH)
The central database of verified trademarks that was created by ICANN to provide brand protection to trademark holders during ICANN’s new gTLD program. Its' a centralized database of verified trademarks, that is connected to each and every new Top Level Domain (TLD) that will launch.

Top-level domain (TLD)
The highest level of subdivisions with the domain name system. These domains, such as ".net.pl" and ".uk" are delegated from the DNS Root zone. They are generally divided into two distinct categories, generic top-level domains and country-code top-level domains.

Transfer
Most commonly, the term transfer refers to a inter-registrar transfer of registrations. The procedure of the tranfer will largely depend on the TLD, and is most commonly completed by requesting an authorization code from the current registrar and initiating the transfer at another registrar.

Trust anchor
A known good cryptographic certificate that can be used to validate a chain of trust. Trust anchor repository (TAR) Any repository of public keys that can be used as trust anchors for validating chains of trust. See Interim Trust Anchor Repository (ITAR) for one such repository for top-level domain operators using DNSSEC.

Trustee
An entity entrusted with the operations of an Internet resource for the benefit of the wider community. In IANA circles, usually in reference to the sponsoring organization of a top-level domain.

U-label
The Unicode representation of an internationalized domain name, i.e. how it is shown to the end-user. Contrast with A-label.

Unicode
A standard describing a repertoire of characters used to represent most of the worlds languages in written form. Unicode is the basis for internationalized domain names.

Uniform resource locator (URL)
Uniform Resource Locator(URL), commonly known as web address, is an address to a resource on the internet. The URL consists of two components: Protocol Identifier(i.e. http, https) and the Resource name(i.e. icann.org)

Unsponsored top-level domain
A sub-classification of generic top-level domain, where there is no formal community of interest. Unsponsored top-level domains(.COM, .NET, .ORG, etc.) are administered according to the policies and processes established by ICANN.

URL Forwarding
URL Forwarding or URL redirection refers to the most common type of forwarding offered by domain registrars. Forwarding occurs when all pages from one domain are redirected to another domain.

UTF-8
A standard used for transmitting Unicode characters.

Variant
In the context of internationalized domain names, an alternative domain name that can be registered, or mean the same thing, because some of its characters can be registered in multiple different ways due to the way the language works. Depending on registry policy, variants may be registered together in one block called a variant bundle. For example, "internationalise" and "internationalize" may be considered variants in English.

Variant bundle
A collection of multiple domain names that are grouped together because some of the characters are considered variants of the others.

Variant table
A type of IDN table that describes the variants for a particular language or script. For example, a variant table may map Simplified Chinese characters to Traditional Chinese characters for the purpose of constructing a variant bundle.

Web host (Hosting Provider)
Web host is a type of an Internet service, which allows users to host content and/or email services by providing hosting space. Most often the hosting providers include control panels and tools for building a website and maintaining mail records.

WHOIS
A simple plain text-based protocol for looking up registration data within a registry. Typically used for domain name registries and IP address registries to find out who has registered a particular resource. (Usage note: not "Whois" or "whois")

WHOIS database
Used to refer to parts of a registry’s database that are made public using the WHOIS protocol, or via similar mechanisms using other protocols (such as web pages, or IRIS). Most commonly used to refer to a domain name registry’s public database.

WHOIS gateway
An interface, usually a web-based form, that will perform a look-up to a WHOIS server. This allows one to find WHOIS information without needing a specialized computer program that speaks the WHOIS protocol.

WHOIS server
A system running on port number 43 that accepts queries using the WHOIS protocol.

Wire format
The format of data when it is transmitted over the Internet (i.e. "over the wire"). For example, an A-label is the wire format of an internationalized domain name; and UTF-8 is a possible wire format of Unicode.

XML
A machine-readable file format for storing structured data. Used to represent web pages (in a subset called HTML) etc. Used by IANA for storing protocol parameter registries.

Zone (DNS Records)
The zone file, also know as the DNS records is a vital component of DNS system, which contains various DNS records, which point to the location of content and email servers for each individual domain. Editing zone is made possible in the client's control panel.

Signed Mark Data (SMD)
A Signed Mark Data (SMD) is file that will allow you to register domain names during the sunrise period of new gTLD’s and request other services. It validates that you trademark has been verified within the Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH).

Trademark Claims
The trademark claims period extends for 90 days after the close of the Sunrise period. During the Claims period, anyone attempting to register a domain name matching a trademark that is recorded in the Trademark Clearinghouse will receive a notification displaying the relevant mark information. If the notified party goes and ahead and registers the domain name the Trademark Clearinghouse will send a notice to those trademark holders with matching records in the Clearinghouse, informing them that someone has registered the domain name.