.pe Domain Registration
- 1 Year 53.00 USD
- 2 Years 103.88 USD
- 3 Years 149.46 USD
- 4 Years 197.16 USD
- 5 Years 243.80 USD
Registration Time Frame
Yes Details Are Individual .pe domain registrations allowed?
Yes Details Company or legal entities registrations allowed for .pe?
No Details Are there requirements, documents, or information needed for .pe?
Yes Details Are some .pe domain names restricted?
No Details Does .pe domain have a special use?
No Details Other information I need to know about .pe?
No Details Are there any additional fees for .pe?
No Details Do I need a trademark/brand name to register .pe?
No Details WHOIS Privacy service available?
Trustee / Proxy service offered? Fees? No Details
.pe Domain FAQ
.pe General FAQ
The Republic of Peru is a country located in Western South America. It shares borders with Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Chile and Bolivia, and it has a coastline along the Pacific Ocean. It has an estimated population of approximately 30 million people, and the official language is Spanish.
The economy is both developing and market oriented. Much of the economy has cpr144449003101 been tied to exportation although the service industry also makes significant contribution.
Why should I buy a .pe domain name?
Peru has a small and developing economy, and the influx of new business into the area provides an opportunity to capitalize on the needs of the emerging consumer and cpr144449003101 commercial markets. The .pe extension is ideal for companies based in the region to help present a professional image and show your commitment to the region to local customers.
What name can I register?
SERVICE AGREEMENT DOMAIN NAME REGISTRATION UNDER THE ccTLD.PE
By this contract stating that a party held by the Peruvian Scientific Network (hereinafter referred administrator), with RUC N °. 20111451592, located at Av Paul Carriquiry No. 410, San Isidro District, Province and Department of Lima, duly represented by its General Manager, and on the other hand the beneficiary of the domain name registration (hereinafter called OWNER) according to the information provided in the electronic application form, in the following terms and conditions:
FIRST. - DEFINITIONSAGREEMENT / CONTRACT REGISTRATION: All clauses contained in this document, together with the electronic application form and all additional clauses on the particular service contracted by the OWNER be entered on the website http://www.nic . eg, including the policy of delegation of domain names under ccTLD. PE, the Dispute Resolution Policy Domain Names under ccTLD. pe and its regulations, as well as complementary policies that can establish the Multisectoral Commission Policy Peruvian System of Domain Names (CMPD) and other applicable provisions.
ADMINISTRATOR / NIC. PE / REGISTRATION: An entity responsible for administering and granting the registration of domain names under the ccTLD. Pe, which according to ISO 3166-1 alpha 2, corresponds to the territory of Peru.
DISPUTE RESOLUTION CENTER (CRC) / resolver: Legal person accredited to manage, lead and resolve disputes concerning domain names and trademarks Peru.
CODE / PASSWORD: Passwords sent to the email account of the administrative contact and allow the integrated management of the corresponding domain, allowing who knows and uses all the changes are allowed on registration data and other modifications, including transfer thereof.
ADMINISTRATIVE CONTACT: Natural or legal person who, in his email account, the ADMINISTRATOR has sent and given codes and passwords needed for the integrated management of the corresponding domain name. Also, the email account of this contact is to send all communications regarding the disputed domain name, such as payment notices for renovations, and other related communications. It is assumed that this contact acting by authority, custom representation or START, and is fully entitled to the comprehensive management of the domain name, so that neither ADMINISTRATOR, its officers, managers, consultants, representatives, Board members, employees , business partners and / or technical, shall be liable in any way for changes and / or make changes to such contact even if prejudice the rights of the holder. This contact is also responsible for providing all information necessary for billing for domain name registration and maintenance.
PAYMENT CONTACT: Person in charge receive legal nature it together with the administrative, payment information corresponding domain name.
TECHNICAL CONTACT: Natural or legal person responsible for receiving, together with the administrative, technical information corresponding domain name.
IP (Internet Protocol): Protocol for transmitting information over the Internet.
DOMAIN NAME: Set of characters that identifies a through DNS (IP) address on the Internet.
POLI? STICS APPLICABLE: Refers to The Politics of Delegation under ccTLD Domain Names. PE, the dispute resolution policy on domain names under the ccTLD delegates. PE, and the Rules applicable to the solution disputes concerning domain names under the ccTLD delegates. PE and any other applicable policy.
RECORDER: Legal person accredited to register domain names under the ccTLD unrestricted. Pe.
HOLDER OF A DOMAIN NAME / BENEFICIARY / REGISTRANT: Any person or corporation, domestic or foreign, which completes this form and forwards, so it can be shown the referral, to register a domain name under ccTLD. Pe, and the ADMINISTRATOR who grants the right to use the domain name applied for a limited period and under the terms of this contract, as well as other applicable policies contained in the website http :/ / www.nic.pe. The owner, by accepting this contract, understand that authorizes and delegates to the ADMINISTRATIVE CONTACT for all the necessary powers, with the only use of the codes and passwords that have been sent to your email account by the ADMINISTRATOR, manage to comprehensively and without any restrictions the domain name in question, including its transfer.
WHOIS: Database of free public access to information on a particular domain name under ccTLD. Pe
SECOND: OBJECTThis contract involves the provision by the ADMINISTRATOR to the owner, the registration service and temporary maintenance of a domain name under ccTLD. Pe, which according to ISO 3166-1 alpha 2, corresponds to the territory of Peru. Payment for the service registration of domain names under ccTLD. Pe is a previously established by the Administrator according to a price table / year that the OWNER acknowledge and accept.
THREE. DECLARATION OF OWNER
The OWNER of the domain name expressly represents and supports:
- You have read and know each and every one of the terms and conditions of this contract and other provisions applicable to it and available at http://www.nic.pe, so that the mere filing of the electronic request to the Administrator, and acceptance of these contract terms imply acceptance record and express submission.
- That to the best knowledge and belief, the registration and direct or indirect use of the domain name requested does not infringe the rights of intellectual property of others, or presumed unfair competition, or some other act that infringes the rights of others or constitute administrative offenses or offenses in criminal cases. In any event, the OWNER shall be solely responsible for any byproduct of registration and use of appropriate domain name.
- That in case of changes in any of the clauses of this contract, or the provisions and / or policies, provided that the same have been duly notified, published or made any other means of knowledge of the OWNER and / or ADMINISTRATIVE CONTACT by any media (including posting on the website http://www.nic.pe) with a notice not less than 30 calendar days, will apply to both sides automatically and compulsory. The OWNER recognizes that if these changes are unacceptable, you may terminate this agreement and cancel the domain name registration.
- Authorizing the Administrator and its trading partners and / or technical publication of the data provided in the electronic application for registration of domain names in the WHOIS system ADMINISTRATOR, in order to allow contact in the event of any conflict, and also recognizes that any other use other than the mentioned third party is responsible for them. It also allows only the ADMINISTRATOR to grant access to the information provided to the administrative and / or legal and Resolu Center? No Dispute that request.
- That codes and passwords provided by the ADMINISTRATIVE CONTACT MANAGER to provide the only appropriate way to identify the holder in their access to services, therefore, the holder acknowledges and agrees that all acts performed by using the codes and mentioned password shall be granted and shall be binding on it. It also acknowledges that the OWNER has sole responsibility for acts done by using codes and passwords by the ADMINISTRATIVE CONTACT or who knows them and / or use, so it promises to keep them secret, safeguard them with the care and due diligence, and not divulge to third parties, even temporarily.
- That, for all purposes, the administrative contact of the domain name is solely responsible for the integrated management thereof and the OWNER acknowledges that the legal powers it possesses sufficient and necessary, whether by representation or custom HOLDER for all modifications and / or changes in the registration of the domain name in question, even including the transfer thereof to third parties so that the OWNER shall not deny, ignore or reject such modifications and / or changes under any excuse or justification . In this respect the ADMINISTRATOR, its officers, managers, consultants, representatives, Board members, employees, business partners and / or technical support will not be liable in any way for changes and / or changes the ADMINISTRATIVE CONTACT make in the name domain in question using the codes and passwords provided by the board administrator for such purposes, even if such changes affect, impair or otherwise adversely affect the interests or rights of the OWNER.
- That will not hold the ADMINISTRATOR or any of its officers, managers, consultants, representatives, Board members, employees, business partners and / or technical; in any way and / or circumstances for any damages you may suffer if this procedure application and registration of domain name can not be finalized for any reason, or if the domain name registration is revoked or canceled after being finalized and processed.
FOUR: RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF THE OWNER
The OWNER has the right:
- Once processed the application for domain name by the ADMINISTRATOR, and activated the domain name, use it for purposes that he has ordered.
- Transfer, assign or dispose of the domain name, according to the policies applicable to such a case, unless the constraints.
- for the administrator and his business partners and / or technical compliance with the technical and administrative functions that correspond efficiently, so that the resolution of domain name and their duties are guaranteed.
The Contractor agrees to:
- Comply with the timely payment of the sum established for maintenance of domain name registration. If no payment for maintenance of cpr144449003101 the domain name within established deadlines and extensions, the ADMINISTRATOR shall revoke the domain name registration and terminate all the representations made.
- Comply with each of the provisions of this contract registration, as well as other rules and policies.
- Honor and respect the changes that are established for this contract and all other rules and policies, then the period of advertising.
- Recorded and delivered to the application for registration and subsequent communications, accurate and has not been obtained by fraudulent means. The ADMINISTRATOR or its business partners and / or technicians are not required to verify information provided by the applicant and / or owner to determine the accuracy of it.
- To avoid forcing the ADMINISTRATOR or its business partners and / or technicians to third parties under any circumstance or reason.
FIVE: SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS IN THE EVENT OF DOMAIN NAME REGISTRATION RESTRICTED
In the event that an application for registration of domain names relating to one restricted (. GOB.PE,. MIL.PE Y. EDU.PE) must be observed, in addition, the following clauses:
- The Administrator may request the holder, even after the process of registration and activation domain, sending documentation to substantiate its capacity as suitable to hold the corresponding domain, according to the rules and policies applied to domain names restricted.
- ADMINISTRATOR shall notify the National Office of Government Electr_ónico and Informatics (ONGEI) of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers, of all new domain registrations restricted. GOB.PE and. MIL.PE that you make. The ONGEI may make observation at any time in that register, shall be suspended for 30 working days from the date of receipt of the remarks by the ADMINISTRATOR. If ONGEI not say anything to the contrary the ADMINISTRATOR within that period, registration will be canceled, without any right of OWNER to claim refund for registration fees made.
SIXTH: A RESOLUTION OF THE CONTRACT AND WITHDRAWAL OF THE DOMAIN NAME
Either party may terminate this contract, it is sufficient to send a communication to the other in that regard. If that is the administrator who terminate the contract, it shall send a communication to OWNER explaining the reasons why withdraws domain name issues? N. Should the OWNER who is resolved, this will operate immediately and automatically upon receipt of the communication by the Administrator in the case of revocation of the domain name under a judicial or administrative decision or award or resolution by a Dispute Resolution Center in accordance with the Dispute Resolution Policy in domain names under the ccTLD delegates. PE; that operate automatically revoked upon receipt by the Administrator of the appropriate resolution.
The resolution of contract and / or revocation of the domain name according to the above terms, shall not result in right to any party to demand compensation for damages, except for willful or culpably inflicted and derivatives in favor of the MANAGER. In any case, the termination of the contract will not affect the obligation of the domain name holder's payment of amounts that are pending, and legal actions that may correspond to the administrator for the collection of amounts due.
If by any facts derived from the issuance, use, modification or cancellation of registration of the domain name, the ADMINISTRATOR or any of its officers, managers, consultants, representatives, Board members, employees, business partners and / or you? technicians, become involved in any action, proceeding or judicial or administrative investigation of the HOLDER hold harmless and will reimburse any sum due to such events are forced to pay and legal fees and other reasonably have been incurred to defend against such actions, proceedings or investigations.
SEVENTH: LIMITATION OF LIABILITY
The ADMINISTRATOR agrees to act in good faith in relation to the OWNER at any time and provide their services efficiently, but can not guarantee the continuity of the same by external or incidents and contingencies beyond its control.
Also the ADMINISTRATOR is not responsible for errors caused by other organizations or persons involved in the entire registration process and integrated management of the domain name in question. In this respect the ADMINISTRATOR, its officers, managers, consultants, representatives, Board members, employees, business partners and / or technical support will not be liable in any way for changes and / or changes the ADMINISTRATIVE CONTACT make in the name domain using the codes and passwords provided by the ADMINISTRATOR for such purposes, even if such changes affect, impair or otherwise adversely affect the interests or rights of the OWNER or third parties.
The ADMINISTRATOR, nor its officers, managers, consultants, representatives, Board members, employees, business partners and / or technicians will be responsible for technical failures arising in the service, nor for damages or lost profits you may suffer HOLDER or third parties, such facts will not be liable for unauthorized access by third parties to information stored in their systems HOLDER and its loss or corruption.
This limitation of liability applies to any claim for damages direct, indirect, incidental, consequential or punitive damages, whether the claim is based on warranty, contract, tort (including negligence) or other law. This limitation of liability shall apply both in respect of damages caused by use, misuse, or inability to use the services provided, and by the interruption, suspension or termination thereof, including damages suffered by third parties.
EIGHTH: CONFLICTS ARISING FROM THE REGISTRATION OF THE DOMAIN NAME
If any conflict between a third party trademark holder and the holder of the domain name, it is submitted to resolve the dispute that may arise in this regard by the Dispute Resolution Procedure in respect of domain names under delegated ccTLD. PE and its Regulations.
The OWNER agrees to abide by the decision made by the Panel of Dispute Resolution Center who met the cause, for questioning the domain name, even if the decision is to cancel or transfer the domain name to the third party holder trademark. Failure to comply with this requirement will determine the resolution of contract by the ADMINISTRATOR.
NINTH: TERM AND AUTOMATIC RENEWAL
This contract has a duration similar to the registration deadline requested by the OWNER. At the end of that period, the domain name is automatically renewed with the timely payment of the renewal price set.
This registration agreement, as amended, shall remain in force for as long it remains enabled domain name registration to the owner.
The OWNER and the MANAGER expressly agree that the only official means of communication between both parties is valid e-mail the administrative contact and the ADMINISTRATOR.
In this regard, the OWNER expressly agrees that ADMINISTRATOR to convey all the information, reports and data relating to the management of the domain name in question to the email address that point ADMINISTRATIVE CONTACT, including codes and passwords required to which made data changes, modifications and transfer of registration, payment notices for renewal, changes in this contract terms and applicable policies, and other relevant information related to the service provided and the registration of domain name in question.
If any part or provision of this contract is contrary to law and therefore invalid shall not affect the validity, effectiveness and enforcement of the remaining provisions of this contract in accordance with law. In any case, both parties agree to make every effort to fulfill the clause invalid to the extent permitted by law for each of them. If necessary, the parties agree by mutual agreement and in good faith to amend this clause void to enforce it in all its objectives and scope.
TWELFTH: LAW AND JURISDICTION
This contract shall be governed in all respects by the laws of Peru and all disputes arising under this contract or in connection therewith, shall be subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the Courts of Lima, to which both parties submit expressly waiving their own jurisdiction, if they did, except that the Administrator shall, in its sole discretion, to call procedure in the courts of any other country in which the holder resides or in which are situated any of assets of this.
The OWNER declares having read this document, for which proceeds to accept it.
What is the registration term allowed for .pe domain names?
The minimum term for .pe cpr144449003101 domain names is 1 year(s).
Can anyone register a .pe domain name?
YesAre Individual .pe domain registrations allowed?
YesCompany or legal entities registrations allowed for .pe?
NoAre there requirements, documents, or information needed for .pe?
YesAre some .pe domain names restricted?Violating rights of third parties, criminal activities and inappropriate names are prohibited. See FAQs for complete restrictions.
NoDoes .pe domain have a special use?
NoOther information I need to know about .pe?
NoAre there any cpr144449003101 additional fees for .pe?
NoDo I need a trademark/brand name to register .pe?
NoWHOIS Privacy service available?
Yes.pe Trustee / Proxy service offered? Fees?
Don't Have All of These Requirements for Peru .pe? Our trustee service provides the required local contact information. Note: Registration for 2 years may be required on some extensions.
Available at Checkout
.pe Trustee / Proxy Fee: per
.pe Trustee / Proxy Setup Fee:
How long does it take to register my .pe domain name?
The domain registration time frame for .pe during general availability is Instant. .pe is not cpr144449003101 expected to launch until Instant. Once launched, a registration time frame will be available.
What are the characters and valid character lengths for .pe domain names?
Domain Names must:
- have minimum of 1 and a maximum of 63 characters;
- begin with a letter or a number and end with a letter or a number;
- use the English character set and may contain letters (i.e., a-z, A-Z),numbers (i.e. 0-9) and dashes (-) or a combination of these;
- neither begin with, nor cpr144449003101 end with a dash;
- not contain a dash in the third and fourth positions (e.g. www.ab- -cd.pe); and
- not include a space (e.g. www.ab cd.pe).
Trustee Service for .pe
Trustee Service helps you satisfy most local presence requirements when there are restrictions on registering a domain name.cpr144449003101
Trustee service is not available for this extension
How do I host my .pe domain name?
bluesit.com offers hosting and email service for .pe. You can order hosting, email service and SSL certificates at checkout or you can contact sales.cpr144449003101
- How do I transfer my .pe domain name?
Can I transfer out my domain if I’m using your Trustee Service?
Trustee service is non-transferable. If you are using our Trustee Service, you cpr144449003101 must update ownership according to .pe requirements before transfer out can be started.
Can I hide my registration information (Private WHOIS)?
No. At present the .pe domain zone does not provide means to hide the information cpr144449003101 of the domain owner. All information (name, address, email, etc.) will be displayed in WHOIS.
Can I register my .pe domain name in different languages (Internationalized Domain Name)?
Yes, You can register IDNs in the following languages
- .pe in Spanish cpr144449003101
Grace period for .pe domain name?
Grace periods vary for country code Top Level Domains (ccTLD) including Internationalized Domain Names (IDN). Some registries require renewal up to 60 days in advance of the domain name expiration date. It is your responsibility to pay for your Renewal Fees in advance of the due date specified by 101domain regardless of the domain name expiration date. Failure to pay your Renewal Fees prior to the cpr144449003101 due date will result in a fee of $150 to renew your .pe domain. There may be a restore period between when the domain expires and when the domain can be registered again. In the event that you do not pay by the renewal date, your site may be inaccessible during this time so it is very important that you renew this extension before the renewal date.
Who is the registry that manages .pe domain names?
You may visit them here: NIC PE.cpr144449003101
.pe Domains Dispute & Policy
Last Update 20 August 2012. The most recent source for .pe domains regulations can be found at: punto.pe/archivos/Politica_de_Solucion_de_Controversias5.pdf
1 Dispute Resolution Policy - v.26jul2011 Dispute resolution policy on names delegates under the ccTLD domain. PE ("Policy")
I. In the settlement of disputesa. Applicable DisputesPeople who consider their rights affected the registration of a domain name delegate under ccTLD. PE may resolve disputes arising under this Policy Settlement of Disputes (hereafter the Policy). To that end, agree to submit to this Policy Dispute Settlement domain name under the ccTLD.PE delegates and their Regulation,Policies established by the Commission Complementary Multisectoral Policy Peruvian system of domain names. (CMPD) and other applicable provisions. Politics will decide disputes arising under the registration or use of domain names and rights of others, if the following circumstances:1. The domain name is identical or similar to the point of creating confusion with respect to:
a. trademarks in Peru, so pre-registration on the domain and the complainant has rights; or
b. Denominations or indications of origin protected in Peru, or
c. Names of individuals or pseudonyms publicly recognized in Peru, or
d. Names of officers of the Central Government agencies, regional or local in Peru
e. Names registered in public records of private institutions of Peru, and2. The applicant for a domain name has no rights or legitimate interests in the domain name;3. The domain name was registered and used in bad faith.
Examination of these three circumstances set effects will cancel the registration or transfer of ownership of the domain name in question.b. Dispute Resolution Body.The Claimant may apply to the Dispute Resolution Center (CRC) that are duly accredited by the CMPD.The Administrator shall make public the current list of accredited CRC.The CRC will be made up of an Expert Group (ERG), which resolved on the basis of ex post self-regulatory principles, favoring the speed of proceedings and seeking to establish advertising mechanisms.The GRE, hear and decide disputes that arise on matters of conflict indicated in subsection (a) of section I of this document as single instance, notwithstanding that the domain name holder domain or the Claimant wishes to submit the dispute to a competent court to obtain a independent resolution before such proceedings or after its completion once issued and known the respective CRC decision ordering the cancellation or transfer of name domain. The Administrator will wait ten (10) calendar days after being informed by the CRC respective GRE's decision before implementing that decision. Then implement the decision unless it has received from the owner of the domain name during this period of ten (10) days natural, official documents indicating that the domain name holder has filed a lawsuit proceedings against the complainant in the jurisdiction to which the complainant has submitted under Article 3.b.xii Regulation. If the Administrator receive such documentation within 10 calendar days, not GRE will implement the decision or take any action until it has received i) evidence satisfactory to us of a resolution between the parties; ii) satisfactory evidence that the lawsuit the owner of the domain name has been dismissed or withdrawn or iii) an order issued by the court for rejecting the demand of the holder of the domain name or ordering that the holder not entitled to continue using the domain name.In the case of transfer of domain name and the domain name holder has no lawsuit brought against the claimant within the period specified above, the Administrator shall indicate to Claimant the procedure for payment of the fee for the transfer of (I) name (s) domain that has been granted in the decision of the CRC. The claimant has 45 days within to make such payment, after which the domain name shall be released.c. ReconciliationCriteria pursuant to judicial economy and the mechanisms of action identified in the present regulations, the CRC will promote the use of conciliation as a dispute resolution mechanism extrajudicial and anticipated conflicts. The CMPD may establish institutional arrangements and partnership with Conciliation Centers in the country, to promote the use of properly Reconciliation between the parties and the other users. CMPD timely CRC invite establish procedures for inviting the parties before starting the procedure in a GRE, to reconcile through one of the Accredited Mediation Center (CCA) to the CMPD.If the dispute is resolved through a conciliation agreement, the respective CCA communicate in such a situation the CRC, the same shall be terminated and closed the case in question. In this case, will be made to the administrative costs have been incurred in the CRC purposes of resolving the dispute, will be covered by a special fee to be defined by the respective CRC.Furthermore, the parties may refer the dispute to conciliation or other means of early termination of conflict at any time during the proceedings before the GRE makes its decision.d. Initiation of proceedingsOnce the CRC and if the parties have failed to resolve the conflict through Conciliation, the party concerned shall communicate its decision to terminate the same by filing an application written by e-mail or any other valid with CRC, so that it notifies thereof to the other party and the Administrator within the period prescribed in the Regulations and after verified compliance with established reporting requirements.e. CommunicationsThe CRC shall inform data subjects of the content of its decisions, the same as have effect from the date of notification under the provisions of Regulation.Communications are conducted through email.The date of notification by email will be the technical report establishing the dispatch of mail address.f. AdvertisingAll decisions are published on the CRC. Also the administrator can publish the decisions in: http://www.nic.pe.g. LanguageDecisions and other actions are expressed and communicated in Spanish.h. Calculation of termsAll deadlines set by the Dispute Resolution Procedure shall be calculated in days calendar.i. Probanza of bad faithIn order to prove the existence of bad faith registration or use of a domain name registered and GRE conviction in respect of the disputed points be assessed the following circumstances such as acts of bad faith:i) Those circumstances indicating that you have registered or acquired the domain name primarily for the purpose of selling, renting or otherwise transferring the name registration domain to the complainant or a competitor of that complainant, for valuable consideration in excess of costs diverse and documented and that are directly related to the registration or maintenance of domain name;ii) you have registered the domain name in order to prevent the claimant may reflect their previously registered right in a corresponding domain name, provided that the Domain name registration has been made to prevent the use of that right in a domain name holder, oriii) you have registered the domain name primarily for the purpose of disrupting the business of a competitor;iv) that was used the domain name intentionally to attract, for commercial gain, Internet users to the website domain owner, or any other online site, creating the likelihood of confusion with the rights of the claimant as to the source, sponsorship, affiliation, or endorsement of your website or your online site or a product or service on your website or your online site.It may also demonstrate the existence of legitimate interests or rights over the domain name to purposes set out in section I (a) 2 of this document, if offered the following circumstances:
i. Before any notice of the dispute, has used the name domain, or have demonstrable preparations to use, or a name corresponding to the domain name in connection with a bona fide offering of goods or services;
ii. the holder (as an individual, business or other organization) is known so regular and common domain name, even if you have acquired rights previously recorded;
iii. is a legitimate or fair noncommercial domain name, without intent to divert consumers misleadingly or to tarnish the good name of claimant profit.j. Transfer of ownership during the procedureThe holder of a domain name may not transfer your domain name registration to another person during the dispute resolution procedure pending. The Administrator shall cancel any transfer of ownership of a domain name that infringes the provisions of This literal.k. Fees.The costs, charges and fees associated with any dispute before an RCC will be paid by the claimant as provided in each CRC, according to market prices.l. ManagerThe parties agree and know that the Administrator will not, participate in the administration or conduct of any proceeding before a CRC. In addition, it accepts and knows that the Administrator be responsible for any decisions rendered by the CRC.
2. Policy Modifications and / or Regulation1. Any changes or updates to the Policy and / or Regulations will be published with a notice thirty (30) days immediately preceding the date of entry into force, at page Http://www.nic.pe Manager. After this time the changes and modifications will full force and legal effect, and will be considered mandatory for those interested.2. Unless you have submitted an application for dispute resolution prior to the entry into force of any amendment to the Policy and / or the Regulations, in which case that the previous version at the time of submission of the dispute resolution request, the have binding effect changes to stakeholders, regardless of whether the events for the dispute have arisen prior to the date of entry into effect of change on that date or after it.
Rules applicable to the dispute on Delegates domain names under ccTLD. PE (the "Regulations")
The procedure for the settlement of disputes concerning domain names under the ccTLDdelegates . PE) (PSC) shall be governed by this Regulation and the Rules for the Centers for Conflict administer the procedure, as stated on its website.
Article 1 - DefinitionsIn these Regulations shall apply:• Conciliation Act: A document that expresses the agreements that the parties have arrived at the Conciliation through the establishment of obligations, duties or rights.• Registration Agreement: A set of rules and regulations governing the registration and use relationships of a domain name, between the Administrator and the owner of the former.• Accredited Mediation Center (CEC): Center for Conciliation registered with the Commission Multisectoral System Policy Peruvian Domain Name and that has an agreement and institutional collaboration, in order to promote early settlement of the dispute by conciliation.• Dispute Resolution Center (CRC): A legal person providing services resolution of disputes in accordance with the accreditation criteria established by the Commission Multisectoral System Policy Peruvian Domain Name; to manage and lead disputes concerning domain names under the ccTLD delegates. PE• Expert Group (GRE): The group of experts in the field and appointed by a Center Dispute Resolution accredited by the Multisectoral Committee System Policy Peruvian Domain Name to resolve a dispute resolution request regarding names domain.• Member of the GRE: A natural person appointed by the CRC to form part of the GRE.• Domain Name: Represents an identifier for a group of computers or connected to the network. It is a simple Internet address designed to allow users easily locate websites. A domain name registered under the ccTLD. PE.• Related Standards: Refers to the current legislation and apply to the Republic of Peru trade marks and domain names and procedure in general.• Party: The claimant or holder of the domain name under ccTLD delegate. PE in dispute.• This policy is valid: Refers to Policies Registration of Domain Names under ccTLD. PE and Dispute resolution policy on domain names under the ccTLD.PE delegates.• Procedure: The set of rules and regulations governing the actions of people interested in resolving a dispute over domain names delegated under the ccTLD.PE.• Principles: This refers to the principles maintained by the National System and Domain Names the introduction of the Procedure.• Complainant: A person who files an application for resolution of name dispute domain in accordance with this procedure.• Additional Rules: Rules adopted by the Dispute Resolution Center to administers a process and supplementing these regulations. The additional regulation should harmonize with the applicable policy or procedure.• Holder of a domain name: The person or entity who holds the record of a domain name and against whom an application for cancellation of registration or transfer of ownership of a domain name.
Article 2 - CommunicationsA. When communicating a request for dispute resolution of domain name holder of a domain name shall be the responsibility of the Dispute Resolution Center to use the reasonably available means are necessary to encourage the reporting effectively former. Shall satisfy this requirement when:i. Request is sent resolution of a dispute concerning domain names to all mail addresses appearing on the registration data of the domain name in the base Manager data and corresponding to (the) holder (s) of the domain name registered, or the contact person provided the technical and administrative Administrator, orii. Request is sent resolution of a dispute concerning domain names (including attachments) by email to:a. The email addresses of the persons identified as contacts technical and administrative staff;b. The email account mail system administrator for this domain name, usually the account "postmaster" under the domain name subject the request for dispute resolution of domain names, this just in If the email accounts mentioned in the previous section, present a problem;B. Subject to the provisions of Article 2A, any communication to the claimant or the holder of a domain name under this Regulation shall be reported electronically by the claimant or owner of a domain name, respectively (see Article 3.B.iii and 5.B.iii). There must be a record of the transmissionC. Any communication to the Dispute Resolution Center will be made in the manner and form established by the WIPO Supplemental Rules for Dispute Resolution.D. Communications shall be made in the language prescribed in Article 13.A and 13.B.E. Either Party may update the contact data by notifying the Center Dispute Resolution and the Administrator.F. It is considered that communications have been made under this regulation if been transmitted through the Internet / e-mail, the date on which it is transmitted communication, provided that the date of transmission is verifiable.G. All time periods provided under this regulation will begin to be calculated from the day after the first date that demonstrates a communication under Article 2.F. It as time basis will use the CRC schedule.H. A copy to the Administrator of any communication made:i. For the CRC anywhere, the other party, and iii. On the one hand to the other party and the CRC, as applicable.I. It is the responsibility of the sender to retain records of fact and the circumstances of sending, which must be available for inspection by interested parties and for information.J. In the event that a party has sent a communication and it has not been received, the immediately notify the Dispute Resolution Center circumstances of the notification. Further proceedings concerning the communication and any response shall be subject to established by the Dispute Resolution Center.
II. HOME OF THE PROCEDURE
Request for resolution of disputes concerning domain names under the ccTLD delegates. PEA. Any person may initiate a dispute settlement procedure by filing a request resolution of disputes concerning the domain name Dispute Resolution Center authorized by the Multisectoral Committee on Policy of the National Domain Name accordance with the Policy Domain Name Registration under ccTLD. EP Resolution Policy of disputes concerning domain names under the ccTLD delegates. PE and present Regulation.B. The request for resolution of disputes concerning domain names under the ccTLD delegates. EP submitted in electronic form (including annexes) specifying the following:i. The request for resolution of a dispute by an Expert Group under Policy dispute concerning domain names delegated under the ccTLD. PE and these Regulations;ii. names, address, email address, and telephone and fax claimant and any claimant's representative, if applicable;iii. chosen email address for communications directed to the claimant in the Dispute cpr144449003101 resolution policy on domain names delegated under the ccTLD. PE (including contact person);iv. specifying if the claimant opts in this proceeding because it solves by an Expert Group composed of a single member or three members. In If the claimant elects a Panel composed of three members, specify the names of the experts chosen from the list of Center Conflict selected;v. the name of the domain name holder and any useful information (including any postal or email address and telephone and fax numbers) known to complainant to contact the owner of a domain name or its representative, in sufficient detail to enable the Resolution Center Conflict send the request for dispute resolution of domain names as stated in Article 2A;vi. the name or domain names in dispute;vii. documentary evidence of the right acquired on the same combination of characters or similar to the disputed domain name, the same as those attached to the application of resolution to support it;viii. the description of the grounds on which the application is based dispute resolution, in particular:a. The manner in which the name or domain names are identical or similar to the confusingly respect of a right previously logged by the complainant, those listed in Article Article I, subparagraph a, item 1 of the Policy, andb. The reasons should be considered as the holder of a domain name have rights or legitimate interests in the domain name subject of the application dispute resolution, andc. The reasons should be considered as the name or domain names have been registered or used in bad faith.ix. effects that can be obtained, according to the Policy;x. any administrative, judicial, arbitration or conciliation, which has begun or completed in connection with the domain name or names covered by the application dispute resolution;xi. Acceptance of the effects as stated in the decision of the Resolution Center Disputes, applicable to the cancellation of registration or transfer of ownership of domain name;xii. Declare that the Complainant will submit, with respect to any challenge to the decision of CRC ordering the cancellation or transfer of ownership of the domain name, the courts in Lima, Peru.C. The request for dispute resolution should subscribe for the claimant or his representative, including the following statement:"The claimant accepts that the request for dispute resolution of domain names delegate under ccTLD. PE and the effects posed by the Centre for Dispute Resolution adopted under the respective rules of procedure and affect only the domain name holder. These effects shall not apply to: 1. Dispute Resolution Center and members of Panel, except in case of deliberate wrongdoing, 2. Manager and its directors, representatives, employees and agents, 3.A Multisectoral Commission of the Peruvian System Policy Domain Names. The claimant acknowledges and accepts that the information contained in the resolution request dispute concerning domain names is complete, true and accurate and that the application is presented with the intention of bad faith seeking, issuing statements that fit the contents of Regulations. "D. The application must be accompanied by all kinds of tests, including a copy of the registration agreement, and Policy on dispute resolution of domain names under the ccTLD delegates. PE. All documents and evidence shall be numbered or numbered.E. The request for resolution of disputes concerning domain names may cover more than one domain name, provided that the domain names were registered by the same beneficiary.F. The request for resolution of disputes concerning domain names will be forwarded to Centre Dispute Resolution in accordance with Article 2.
Communicated by the Dispute Resolution Center after the submission of the Request for Dispute Resolution1. The Dispute Resolution Center will review the request for dispute resolution on domain names to determine if it meets the provisions of Resolution Policy disputes concerning domain names under the ccTLD delegates. PE and this Regulation, if so refer the dispute resolution request (along with the explanatory cover sheet prescribed by the WIPO Supplemental Rules Resolution) to the holder of the domain name in the manner prescribed by Article 2A, within three (3) days of receipt of the fees that the claimant has canceled in accordance with Article 22.2. If the CRC determines that the request for resolution of disputes concerning domain names meets the requirements set forth in these regulations, notify no later than 3 days to claimant such failure. The claimant shall within five (5) days to remedy any failure, after which the application is considered withdrawn resolution of a dispute concerning domain name, notwithstanding that the claimant may submit a new resolution request dispute concerning domain names.C. The date of initiation is the date on which the Centre for Conflict Resolution perform respective communications pursuant to Article 2A in relation to the sending application dispute resolution to the holder of the domain name.D. The Dispute Resolution Center shall notify the holder of the domain name, the complainant and the Administrator, the date of initiation.
Article 5 - DefenseA. Within twenty (20) days from the date of initiation, the holder's name CRC domain forwarded to a defense.B. The response shall be in writing and (except to the extent not available in For annexes) in electronic form and it shall:i. Respond specifically to the statements and allegations contained in the application of resolution of disputes concerning domain names, including all the reasons why which the domain name holder to retain registration and use of name domain in dispute (this part of the defense must satisfy any limitation of words or pages established in the Supplemental Rules Dispute Resolution Center);ii. provide the name, address and email, and phone numbers and fax the domain name holder and any authorized representative to act on behalf of the owner of a domain name in the procedure. The accreditation of representatives of the owner of a domain name will be made through simple letter signed by him;iii. specify the email address chosen for communications directed to the owner domain name in the procedure (including the person you have to be in contact);iv. if the claimant has decided in its dispute resolution request for a Group Experts composed of a single member (see Article 3.B.), unlike the holder of domain name, which issued because the dispute decided by a Group Experts composed of three members;v. if the claimant or the domain name holder opt for a Panel of three members, provide the names of the experts selected and data for contact them (these candidates must be selected from the roster respective Resolution Center)vi. identify any administrative, judicial, arbitration or conciliation, which is been commenced or terminated in connection with any of the subject domain names the request for resolution of disputes concerning domain names;vii. state that has been sent or transmitted to the claimant a copy of the letter of the response, in accordance with Article 2.B, andC. The defense must subscribe for the domain name holder or his representative, including the following statement:"The holder of a domain name certifies and assures that the information contained in this Response is to the best of my knowledge, complete and accurate, that the This defense is not presented with any intention of bad faith, and that assertions in this Response are consistent with the content of this Regulation and the applicable law as it now exists or the extent that an argument can be extended by a reasonable, good faith. "D. Annex any documentary evidence on which to base the defense properly numbered or numbered.E. If the claimant has chosen because the dispute decided by a Panel composed of a single member and the holder of the domain name choose one of three members, the head of domain name will be required to pay half the fee for composite panels of three members as provided in the Supplemental Rules of the Centre for Conflict Resolution. Payment will be made with the shipment of the response to the Center for Conflict Resolution. Should not make the required payment, a Group of Experts composed of a single member resolve the dispute.F. At the request of the holder of the domain name, the Conflict Resolution Center may, in cases exceptional extend the period for submission of the defense. The period may be extended also by written stipulation of the parties, provided that the Resolution Center Conflicts approval. In all cases the extended term shall not exceed 15 days.E. If the holder of a domain name does not present his defense, provided that no exceptional circumstances, the Panel shall decide the dispute based on the dispute resolution request and the corresponding evidence.
Article 6 - ResponsibilityExcept in cases of negligence, or the Administrator, or the Center for Conflict Resolution, or any Panel member concerned shall be liable to any party for any act or omission in connection with any proceeding under this Regulation.
Article 7 - ChangesThe version of these Regulations in force at the time of the filing of dispute resolution shall apply to proceedings initiated. Any changes or updates to Regulation will be published with a notice of 30 days in the manager page: http://www.nic.pe with so that the domain name holder revealed that suits their interests, after this term without the domain name holder has indicated their interest, changes and modifications shall be deemed accepted and binding on the parties.
III. The Group of Experts
Article 8 - Appointment of GREA. The Dispute Resolution Center will maintain and publish a list of group members Experts and their qualifications, which will be publicly available.B. If the domain name holder and the claimant does not have opted for a Panel of three members (Article 3. literal), the Dispute Resolution Center shall, withinfive (5) days of receipt of the response or after the given period for presentation, one member of your roster. The fees of the Expert Group composed of a single member will be paid in full by the claimant.C. If the claimant or owner of a domain name they choose because the dispute decided by a Panel of three members, the Dispute Resolution Center shall appoint three experts to serve on the Panel in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 8.E. The fees of the Group of Experts composed of three members shall be paid in full by the claimant, except where the holder of a domain name who has chosen because the Panel is composed of three members, in which case the applicable fees will be shared equally by the parties.D. If you choose a Panel composed of three members, the claimant shall submit to the Centre Dispute Resolution, within five (5) days of written communication response in which the domain name holder opts for a GRE consists of three members, names of the experts chosen and the data to establish contact with them.E. Unless it has already decided on a group of experts composed of three members, the claimant submitted to the Dispute Resolution Center, within five (5) days for the communication of a response in which the holder of a domain name changes to a group of experts composed of three members, the names of three candidates to serve as members Expert Group and contact details to contact them. These candidates must selected from the roster of the Dispute Resolution Center.F. If the claimant or the holder of a domain name choose a group of experts composed of three members, the Dispute Resolution Center will seek to appoint a member of expert group from the list of candidates submitted by the claimant and the owner of a domain name. In the event that the Dispute Resolution Center is unable to guarantee within five (5) days the appointment conditions of a group member Experts from the list of candidates of either party, shall make the appointment from its roster. The third member of the expert group appointed by the Centre Dispute from a list of five candidates submitted by the Center Dispute the parties and the Dispute Resolution Center will select one of the five candidates so as to reach a reasonable balance between the preferences of both parties, as may indicate the Dispute Resolution Center within five (5) days of the shipment by the Dispute Resolution Center to parts of the list of five candidates.G. Once you have appointed all members of the Group of Experts, the Resolution Center Disputes shall notify the parties, members of the Expert Group have been appointed and date by which, without any exceptional circumstances, the Panel shall forward the Centre Conflict Resolution decision taken.
Article 9 - Impartiality and independenceMembers of the Group of Experts established shall act impartially and independently, and before accepting his appointment notify the Dispute Resolution Center and the parties any circumstances that would lead to a justifiable doubt on the impartiality or independence of its conduct, or be in writing that no such circumstances exist. If at any time of procedure new circumstances arise that are likely to justifiable doubt on the impartiality or independence of the member of the Panel, it shall immediately such circumstances to the Dispute Resolution Center. In this case, it shall be entitled to appoint a substitute.
Article 10 - Communication between the parties and the Panel of ExpertsNo party or their representatives may have any unilateral communication with the Group Experts. All communications between a party and the Panel will be made to Center Dispute Resolution in the manner prescribed in the Supplemental Rules Resolution Center Disputes.
IV. DEVELOPMENT OF PROCEDURE
Article 11 - Transfer of the case to the PanelThe Dispute Resolution Center shall refer the case to the Panel once it is appointed to the respective members.
Article 12 - General powers of the Group of Experts (GRE)A. The ERG will carry out the dispute resolution procedure in the manner it deems appropriate in accordance with applicable policy dispute resolution domain name delegates under ccTLD. PE (LDRP-PE) and this Regulation.B. In all cases, the GRE will ensure that the parties are treated equally and that each party is given a fair opportunity to present its case.C. The GRE will ensure that the dispute resolution procedure is carried out with due promptly. At the request of a party or on its own initiative, extend in exceptional cases within fixed by these Rules or by the same previous decision.D. The GRE determine the admissibility, relevance, materiality and weight of the evidence.E. The GRE will decide on the request of a party seeking to consolidate multiple disputes concerning domain names in accordance with the applicable Policy and these Rules.
Article 13 - Language of proceedingsA. Unless the parties decide otherwise, the procedure language is Spanish, subject to the authority of the Panel to determine otherwise, taking into account the circumstances of procedure.B. The Panel may require the parties, and these together, the papers presented at languages than the language of the dispute settlement procedure be accompanied by a full or partial translation into the language of the dispute settlement procedure.
Article 14 - Other statementsIn addition to the request for dispute resolution of domain names and the letter of response, the Expert Group, using its discretion, allow or require further statements of the parties.
Article 15 - ViewsThere will be hearings (including hearings by teleconference, video and conferencing Internet), unless the Panel determines, using its sole discretion and Exceptionally, it is necessary to conduct a hearing to resolve the dispute.
Article 16 - BreachA. In the event the holder of the domain name, with no exceptional circumstances, there present its defense in accordance with these Rules, the Panel may issue its decision regarding the request for dispute resolution regarding names of domain considering the documents and evidence at its disposal.B. The Expert Group will also issue its decision regarding the resolution request dispute concerning domain names in case one party, without any conditions exceptional, not respect any of the deadlines established by this Regulation or by the Panel.C. If a Party, in exceptional circumstances exist, comply with any provision or requirement of these Rules or any request from the Group of Experts, this situation will result in the Panel issued the findings and decisions it deems appropriate.
Article 17 - Closure of the proceedingThe Panel shall declare the closure of the procedure for submission of the dispute resolution later than ten (10) days after the filing requirements and corrected, if applicable, provided when satisfied that all parties have had a fair and equal opportunity to present his case.
Article 18 - Opportunity for submission of the claimAny person, before the close of proceedings may lodge his claim, provided there met the requirements or provisions established by the Panel, or when not having them, correct them have been met. It is understood that the person has waived when you file your claim breached the provisions of the preceding paragraph.
Article 19 - Applicable policyThe Panel shall decide the dispute resolution request on domain names accordance with the applicable Policy, these Rules, and the general rules and principles of law it deems applicable.
Article 20 - Form and Communication of DecisionsA. The final decision will be forwarded to the Dispute Resolution Center, within seven (7) days after conclusion of the dispute resolution procedure.B. The resolution shall contain the date that is made, the reasons on which it is sustained in and shall be signed digitally or in writing. The Panel may consult with the Center Dispute with regard to matters relating to a resolution.C. As soon as possible, once the Panel has referred the decision to the Center Resolution of Disputes, shall communicate it to each party and registrars and the Administrator for is carried out execution.D. Unless the Panel determines otherwise, the Dispute Resolution Center shall publish the decision on a website accessible by the public.
Article 21 - Conciliation and early termination of the procedureA. The Dispute Resolution Center between the parties will promote the use of conciliation as early half of conflict resolution, inviting the parties to reconcile before starting procedure through an Expert Group. This will facilitate information available on CCA database of the Multisectoral Commission Peruvian System Policy and Domain Name with whom the agreements of institutional support.B. If the parties reach a settlement through conciliation, notify this situation to the Center Dispute Resolution, attaching the respective Settlement Act, so that the archive center the procedure and report to the Administrator arrangements for implementing them.C. If the parties have been brought before a Dispute Resolution Center and use of its power to reconcile reach agreement before the Group of Experts adopts its decision, the latter shall be terminated by the dispute settlement procedure and shall to carry out the purposes of the Settlement Agreement established.D. If the proceeding is unnecessary or impossible for any reason not mentioned in Article 21, before the Panel makes its decision, the latter shall not issue a decision to end the dispute resolution procedure, unless a party to proceedings justifiable grounds for objection that the Panel evaluated within a period specified by it.
Article 22 - Effect of court proceedingsa) If legal proceedings are initiated before or during the resolution of a proceeding administrative authorities in respect of a dispute over domain name that is the subject of dispute resolution request, the Panel shall be empowered to decide whether to suspend the procedure terminates, or continues with them until a decision.b) If a party initiates any legal proceedings during the resolution brought before a Dispute Resolution Center, immediately notify the Resolution Center Disputes concerned.
VI. TAXES AND FEES Article 23 FeesA. The request for resolution of disputes concerning domain names be subject to payment of a fixed rate in accordance with the rates published by the Center for Dispute Resolution that are in effect at the time of filing of resolution. In case the parties provided a solution to the conflict of interest through conciliation, administrative costs are have generated in the Dispute Resolution Center to the time when notice of the Settlement Agreement will be covered by a special fee determined by the Resolution Center Disputes .B. The rate shall consist of: i. Administrative costs of the Dispute Resolution Center, which may not be refunded, and ii. Administrative costs of the Panel which may not be refunded after appointment of that group.C. The Resolution Center will not take any action on the resolution requests disputes concerning domain names until you have received the fee specified in subsection A of Article 23 of this document.D. If the Dispute Resolution Center has not yet received the payment of the fee management within seven (7) days prior to despatch payment reminder will be considered who has withdrawn the request for dispute resolution of domain names.
.pe Glossary of Technical Terms
A top-level domain devoted solely to international treaty organizations that have independent legal personality. Such organizations are not governed by the laws of any specific country, rather by mutual agreement between multiple countries. IANA maintains the domain registry for this domain.
The representation of an IPv4 address in the DNS system.
The representation of an IPv6 address in the DNS system.
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Administrative contact is intended to represent the Registrant(owner) of the domain, in any non-technical matters, regarding the management of the domain. Certain extensions require Administrative contact to confirm requests and accept notices about the domain name.
The ASCII-compatible encoded (ACE) representation of an internationalized domain name, i.e. how it is transmitted internally within the DNS protocol. A-labels always commence the with the prefix "xn--". Contrast with U-label.
Originally a reference to the US Government agency that managed some of the Internet’s initial development, now a top-level domain used solely for machine-readable use by computers for certain protocols — such as for reverse IP address lookups, and ENUM. The domain is not designed for general registrations. IANA manages ARPA in conjunction with the Internet Architecture Board.
ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange)
The standard for transmitting English (or "Latin") letters over the Internet. DNS was originally limited to only Latin characters because it uses ASCII as its encoding format, although this has been expanded using Internationalized Domain Names(IDN) for Applications.
Authoritative Name Server
A domain name server configured to host the official record of the contents of a DNS zone. Each Peruvian .pe domain name must have a set of these so computers on the Internet can find out the contents of that domain. The set of authoritative name servers for any given domain must be configured as NS records in the parent domain.
The service of automatic renewal allows the customers the convenience of automatic billing for the services ordered through the domain registrar. If the automatic renewal is selected, customer's credit card will be automatically charged for the service, which will avoid the interruption in service.
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Billing contact is responsible for the payment of the domain, and is usually assigned to the registrar managing the domain.
The combination of a recursive name server and a caching name server.
Domains can be forwarded to another URL by using a forwarding service. Cloaking forwarding differs from Apache 301 forwarding by showing the content of the URL being forwarded to, however the URL bar displays the original domain name.
A CNAME record is an abbreviation for Canonical Name record and is a type of resource record in the Domain Name System (DNS) used to specify that a domain name is an alias for another domain, the "canonical" domain. CNAME has a very specific syntax rule. CNAME can only be set up for the unique subdomain, meaning that it cannot be set up for any subdomain, which has already been set up for the domain. Thus CNAME is most commonly set up for WWW subdomain.
Country-code top-level domain (ccTLD)
A Class of Top Level Domains, generally assigned or reserved by a country, sovereign state, or territory. IANA is the organization, responsible for the ccTLD assignments. Since 2010 there 2 types of ccTLDs: 2 letter ASCII characters TLDs and IDN TLDs, which consist of the native language characters. Each country/territory is able to implement certain restrictions and requirements on the ccTLD assigned to them.
Cross-Registry Information Service Protocol (CRISP)
The name of the working group at the IETF that developed the Internet Registry Information Service (IRIS), a next-generation WHOIS protocol replacement.
Any transfer of responsibility to another entity. In the domain name system, one name server can provide pointers to more useful name servers for a given request by returning NS records. On an administrative level, sub-domains are delegated to other entities. IANA also delegates IP address blocks to regional Internet registries.
Deletion of the domain results in the domain record being removed from the registry's database. Domain deletion procedure and availability differs depending on each of the TLD's policy. Certain extensions require additional payment to delete a domain name.
A section of the Domain Name System name space. By default, the Root Zone contains all domain names, however in practice sections of this are delegated into smaller zones in a hierarchical fashion. For example, the .com zone would refer to the portion of the DNS delegated that ends in .com.
A technology that can be added to the Domain Name System to verify the authenticity of its data. The works by adding verifiable chains of trust that can be validated to the domain name system.
In order to prevent unwanted changed to the domain names, customers have an ability to change the locks on their domain names. The domain lock availability depends on individual TLD, and includes clientTransferProhibited, clientUpdateProhibited, clientDeleteProhibited, clientRenewProhibited.
A unique identifier with a set of properties attached to it so that computers can perform conversions. A typical domain name is "icann.org". Most commonly the property attached is an IP address, like "18.104.22.168", so that computers can convert the domain name into an IP address. However the DNS is used for many other purposes. The domain name may also be a delegation, which transfers responsibility of all sub-domains within that domain to another entity. domain name label a constituent part of a domain name. The labels of domain names are connected by dots. For example, "www.iana.org" contains three labels — "www", "iana" and "org". For internationalized domain names, the labels may be referred to as A-labels and U-labels.
Domain Name Registrar
An entity offering domain name registration services, as an agent between registrants and registries. Usually multiple registrars exist who compete with each other, and are accredited. For most generic top-level domains, domain name registrars are accredited by ICANN.
Domain Name Registry
A registry tasked with managing the contents of a DNS zone, by giving registrations of sub-domains to registrants.
Domain Name Server
A general term for a computer hardware or software server, which answers requests to convert domain names into something else. These can be subdivided into authoritative name servers, which store the database for a particular DNS zone; as well as recursive name servers and caching name servers.
Domain Name System (DNS)
The global hierarchical system of domain names. A global distributed database contains the information to perform the domain name conversations, and the most central part of that database, known as the root zone is coordinated by IANA.
Dot or “."
Common way of referring to a specific top-level domain. Dot generally precedes the Top Level domain, such as dot com is written down as “.pe”.
The expiration date determines when the domain registration period ends. In order to avoid downtime for the domain, renewal of the domain at least two weeks before expiration date is strongly encouraged. After the expiration date passes, some registries maintain the record of the domain name under the same owner, however the DNS services are put on hold.
Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)
A protocol used for electronic communication between a registrar and a registry for provisioning domain names.
Refers to the last portion of the domain name, located after the dot. Domain extension helps determine the registry, to which domain pertains, and allows to accurately classify the domain name.
First Come, First Served (FCFS)
Multiple applications for the same domain name are not accepted. The domain will be awarded to the first registrar who submits a registration request.
File Transfer Protocol does exactly what it says. The standard network protocol allows the transfer of files from one host to another. There are many FTP clients(programs) available, which allow you to connect to your host and transfer your completed content to your hosting provider's space.
Fully-Qualified Domain Mame (FQDN)
A complete domain name including all its components, i.e. "www.icann.org" as opposed to "www".
A document, formally known as the Principles for the Delegation and Administration of ccTLDs. This document was developed by the ICANN Governmental Advisory Committee and documents a set of principles agreed by governments on how ccTLDs should be delegated and run.
General Availability Phase
Domains are awarded on first come first serve basis, granted that the domains are available after the previous phases have concluded.
Generic top-level domains (gTLDs)
A class of top-level domains that are used for general purposes, where ICANN has a strong role in coordination (as opposed to country-code top-level domains, which are managed locally).
An explicit notation of the IP address of a name server, placed in a zone outside of the zone that would ordinarily contain that information. All name servers are in-bailiwick of the Root Zone, therefore glue records is required for all name servers listed there. Also referred to as just "glue".
A file stored in DNS software (i.e. recursive name servers) that tells it where the DNS root servers are located.
The name of a computer. Typically the left-most part of a fully-qualified domain name.
HyperText Transfer Protocol serves as the cornerstone protocol for World Wide Web, which allows the transfer of data between clients and servers.
See Internet Assigned Numbers Authority.
A component of RFCs that refer to any work required by IANA to maintain registries for a specific protocol.
The contract between ICANN and the US Government that governs how various IANA functions are performed.
See Internet Assigned Numbers Authority.
Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers(ICANN) is responsible responsible for the coordination of maintenance and methodology of several databases of unique identifiers related to the namespaces of the Internet, and ensuring the network's stable and secure operation.
Internal transfer refers to a transfer of a domain name within the same registrar. This procedure may be simpler, than starting a domain transfer, which involves 2 different registrars. The internal transfer is possible, after two parties involved in the internal transfer come to an agreement about the terms of the transfer.
Internationalized domain name (IDN)
Internet domain name, which allows the use of a language-specific script or alphabet, such as Arabic, Cyrillic, and Chinese. Adoption of IDN domain names is a significant step towards including non-English speakers into the world of Internet. Internationalized domain name is stored in Domain Name System as ASCII strings, which are transcribed by the use of Punycode.
Internet Architecture Board (IAB)
The oversight body of the IETF, responsible for overall strategic direction of Internet standardization efforts. The IAB works with ICANN on how the IANA protocol parameter registries should be managed. The IAB is an activity of the Internet Society, a non-profit organization.
Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)
A department of ICANN tasked with providing various Internet coordination functions, primarily those described in a contract between ICANN and the US Government. The functions relate to ensuring globally-unique protocol parameter assignment, including management of the root of the Domain Name System and IP Address Space. ICANN staff within this department is often referred to as "IANA Staff".
Internet Coordination Policy (ICP)
A series of documents created by ICANN between 1999 and 2000 describing management procedures.
Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG)
The committee of area experts of the IETF’s areas of work, that acts as its board of management.
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
The key Internet standardization forum. The standards developed within the IETF are published as RFCs.
Internet Protocol (IP)
The fundamental protocol that is used to transmit information over the Internet. Data transmitted over the Internet is transmitted using the Internet Protocol, usually in conjunction with a more specialized protocol. Computers are uniquely identified on the Internet using an IP Address.
A unique identifier for a device on the Internet. The identifier is used to accurately route Internet traffic to that device. IP addresses must be unique on the global Internet.
Internet Protocol version 4. Refers to the version of Internet protocol that supports 32-bit IP addresses.
Internet Protocol version 6. Refers to the version of Internet protocol that supports 128-bit IP addresses.
This phase allows you a greater chance to obtain a domain name prior to General Availability, typically for an increased fee. The fee generally varies depending on how early you want to register. Priority is either first-come, first-served or will go to an auction cpr144449003101 if there are multiple applicants, depending on registry rules. A common fee structure that will be in use is the Early Access Program (EAP). Further details on a specific extensions landrush phase can be found under the landrush section for that a particular domain.
Mail exchange (mx) record
MX record determines which server the mail client will be retrieving the mail from. The MX records for individual domains can be set up in the DNS records section of the client's control panel.
New Generic Top Level Domain (New gTLD)
Starting on July 15th, 2013 ICANN has started process of delegating new Generic Top Level Domains, opening up new opportunities for the internet community. New extensions include popular categories like professional domains, IDNs, general interest domains, and brand domain names.
a type of record in a DNS zone that signifies part of that zone is delegated to a different set of authoritative name servers.
The domain above a domain in the DNS hierarchy. For all top-level domains, the Root Zone is the parent domain. The Root Zone has no parent domain as it is as the top of the hierarchy. Opposite of sub-domain.
Many of the registrars offer a free service of domain parking. This allows the customer to quickly register a domain name, and choose the hosting solution at a later date. Very often the registrar's parking DNS servers allow DNS record modification.
Paid pre-registration allows you to purchase the domain in the General Availability phase, and the domain will be submitted as soon as the General Availability phase opens.
Primary name server
Practically every domain extension requires minimum 2 DNS servers in order for the domain to be successfully registered. Primary name server is responsible for storing information about the domain routing and making it available for requests.
The representation of a IP address to domain name mapping in the DNS system.
Recursive Name Server
A domain name server configured to perform DNS lookups on behalf of other computers.
The transfer of a delegation from one entity to another. Most commonly used to refer to the redelegation process used for top-level domains.
A special type of root zone change where there is a significant change involving the transfer of operations of a top-level domain to a new entity.
Redemption Grace Period
Redemption Grace Period(RGP) is a period after the expiration date, in which the domain still belongs to the same client, however the functionality is put on hold. The domain can usually be restored after paying for RGP fee. gTLDs often have a Renewal Period of 30 days before the Redemption Grace Period starts.
Regional Internet Registry (RIR)
A registry responsible for allocation of IP address resources within a particular region.
See Registrant Contact
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Registrant contact is the owner of the domain, and is the entity that holds right to use the particular domain name.
Registrar for .pe
An entity that can act on requests from a registrant in making changes in a registry. Usually the registrar is the same entity that operates a registry, although for domain names this role is often split to allow for competition between multiple registrars who offer different levels of support.
Registry Peru .pe
The authoritative record of registrations for a particular set of data. Most often used to refer to domain name registry, but all protocol parameters that IANA maintains are also registries.
Registry Operator for .pe Peru
The entity that runs a registry.
A method of translating an IP address into a domain name, so-called as it is the opposite of a typical lookup that converts a domain name to an IP address.
A series of Internet engineering documents describing Internet standards, as well as discussion papers, informational memorandums and best practices. Internet standards that are published in an RFC originate from the IETF. The RFC series is published by the RFC Editor.
The highest level of the domain system.
The authoritative name servers for the Root Zone.
The top of the domain name system hierarchy. The root zone contains all of the delegations for top-level domains, as well as the list of root servers, and is managed by IANA.
Root Zone Management (RZM)
The management of the DNS Root Zone by IANA.
A project to automate many aspects of the Root Zone Management function within IANA. Based on a software tool originally called "eIANA".
Secondary name server
Practically every domain extension requires minimum 2 DNS servers in order for the domain to be successfully registered. Secondary server is responsible for copying information from the primary server. The original purpose of secondary server is to take over the requests, if the primary server is down. Some of the registries no longer put an emphasis on which server is primary or secondary, but many international registries still use the old standard.
The entity acting as the trustee of a top-level domain on behalf of its designated community.
Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is a cryptographivc protocol, which is designed to provide communication security over internet. The data entered on the websites, using SSL, is encrypted, thus making it less susceptible to data theft.
In the domain hierarchy, or structure, subdomain is a domain, which is a part of a larger domain. For example, "www.icann.org" is a sub-domain of "icann.org", and "icann.org" is a sub-domain of "org". Subdomains can generally be setup through a DNS server management utility as A records or CNAME records.
A phase in which holders of eligible trademarks have the opportunity to apply and register domain names that correspond to their trademarks. To participate in Sunrise for new gTLDs, trademark holders must validate their trademarks with the Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH) first and must provide a valid Signed Mark Data (SMD) file for submission.
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Technical contact is intended to assist the Registrant(owner) contact in any queries that pertain to the technical aspects of managing the domain name.
Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH)
The central database of verified trademarks that was created by ICANN to provide brand protection to trademark holders during ICANN’s new gTLD program. Its' a centralized database of verified trademarks, that is connected to each and every new Top Level Domain (TLD) that will launch.
Top-level domain (TLD)
The highest level of subdivisions with the domain name system. These domains, such as ".pe" and ".uk" are delegated from the DNS Root zone. They are generally divided into two distinct categories, generic top-level domains and country-code top-level domains.
Most commonly, the term transfer refers to a inter-registrar transfer of registrations. The procedure of the tranfer will largely depend on the TLD, and is most commonly completed by requesting an authorization code from the current registrar and initiating the transfer at another registrar.
A known good cryptographic certificate that can be used to validate a chain of trust. Trust anchor repository (TAR) Any repository of public keys that can be used as trust anchors for validating chains of trust. See Interim Trust Anchor Repository (ITAR) for one such repository for top-level domain operators using DNSSEC.
An entity entrusted with the operations of an Internet resource for the benefit of the wider community. In IANA circles, usually in reference to the sponsoring organization of a top-level domain.
The Unicode representation of an internationalized domain name, i.e. how it is shown to the end-user. Contrast with A-label.
A standard describing a repertoire of characters used to represent most of the worlds languages in written form. Unicode is the basis for internationalized domain names.
Uniform resource locator (URL)
Uniform Resource Locator(URL), commonly known as web address, is an address to a resource on the internet. The URL consists of two components: Protocol Identifier(i.e. http, https) and the Resource name(i.e. icann.org)
Unsponsored top-level domain
A sub-classification of generic top-level domain, where there is no formal community of interest. Unsponsored top-level domains(.COM, .NET, .ORG, etc.) are administered according to the policies and processes established by ICANN.
URL Forwarding or URL redirection refers to the most common type of forwarding offered by domain registrars. Forwarding occurs when all pages from one domain are redirected to another domain.
A standard used for transmitting Unicode characters.
In the context of internationalized domain names, an alternative domain name that can be registered, or mean the same thing, because some of its characters can be registered in multiple different ways due to the way the language works. Depending on registry policy, variants may be registered together in one block called a variant bundle. For example, "internationalise" and "internationalize" may be considered variants in English.
A collection of multiple domain names that are grouped together because some of the characters are considered variants of the others.
A type of IDN table that describes the variants for a particular language or script. For example, a variant table may map Simplified Chinese characters to Traditional Chinese characters for the purpose of constructing a variant bundle.
Web host (Hosting Provider)
Web host is a type of an Internet service, which allows users to host content and/or email services by providing hosting space. Most often the hosting providers include control panels and tools for building a website and maintaining mail records.
A simple plain text-based protocol for looking up registration data within a registry. Typically used for domain name registries and IP address registries to find out who has registered a particular resource. (Usage note: not "Whois" or "whois")
Used to refer to parts of a registry’s database that are made public using the WHOIS protocol, or via similar mechanisms using other protocols (such as web pages, or IRIS). Most commonly used to refer to a domain name registry’s public database.
An interface, usually a web-based form, that will perform a look-up to a WHOIS server. This allows one to find WHOIS information without needing a specialized computer program that speaks the WHOIS protocol.
A system running on port number 43 that accepts queries using the WHOIS protocol.
The format of data when it is transmitted over the Internet (i.e. "over the wire"). For example, an A-label is the wire format of an internationalized domain name; and UTF-8 is a possible wire format of Unicode.
A machine-readable file format for storing structured data. Used to represent web pages (in a subset called HTML) etc. Used by IANA for storing protocol parameter registries.
Zone (DNS Records)
The zone file, also know as the DNS records is a vital component of DNS system, which contains various DNS records, which point to the location of content and email servers for each individual domain. Editing zone is made possible in the client's control panel.
Signed Mark Data (SMD)
A Signed Mark Data (SMD) is file that will allow you to register domain names during the sunrise period of new gTLD’s and request other services. It validates that you trademark has been verified within the Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH).
The trademark claims period extends for 90 days after the close of the Sunrise period. During the Claims period, anyone attempting to register a domain name matching a trademark that is recorded in the Trademark Clearinghouse will receive a notification displaying the relevant mark information. If the notified party goes and ahead and registers the domain name the Trademark Clearinghouse will send a notice to those trademark holders with matching records in the Clearinghouse, informing them that someone has registered the domain name.