.qa Domain Registration

Qatar Domain - .qa Domain Registration

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.qa Registry logo

Registration Pricing

  • 1 Year 49.00 USD
  • 2 Years 96.04 USD
  • 3 Years 142.59 USD
  • 4 Years 188.16 USD
  • 5 Years 232.75 USD

Application Fee

Registration Time Frame

3 Days


Requirements

Yes Details Are Individual .qa domain registrations allowed?

Yes Details Company or legal entities registrations allowed for .qa?

No Details Are there requirements, documents, or information needed for .qa?

Yes Details Are some .qa domain names restricted?

No Details Does .qa domain have a special use?

Yes Details Other information I need to know about .qa?

No Details Are there any additional fees for .qa?

No Details Do I need a trademark/brand name to register .qa?

No Details WHOIS Privacy service available?

Trustee / Proxy service offered? Fees? No Details


.qa Domain FAQ

.qa General FAQ
The State of Qatar is a sovereign Arab state located in the Middle East and occupying the Qatar Peninsula. Qatar has an estimated population of approximately 1.9 million people and the official language is Arabic.

The Qatari economy and its growth over the last several decades has been dependent almost entirely on the petroleum and natural gas industry. While this sector cpr144449003101 continues to allow Qatar to boat a strong economy, the country is also focusing on stimulating the private sector by concentrating on science and technology sectors.

Why should I buy a .qa domain name?
Qatar has astrong and stable economy, and the influx of new business into the area provides an opportunity to capitalize on the needs of the emerging consumer and cpr144449003101 commercial markets. The .qa extension is ideal for companies based in the region to help present a professional image and show your commitment to the region to local customers.
What name can I register?

9. Applications for Domain Names

9.1. Requirements for Domain Name Applications are detailed in the Qatar Domains Registry Policies. Registrars are required to ensure that each Application for a Domain Name meets the Qatar Domains Registry Policy.
9.2. Requests for Domain Names that do not meet the requirements of the Qatar Domains Registry Policy will be rejected by the Qatar Domains Registry’s Domain Name Registry System regardless of any representations made by a Registrar or any other party.
9.3. The Qatar Domains Registry reserves its right not to accept the Application for a Domain Name selected by the Applicant.
9.4. The Qatar Domains Registry is not obliged to provide any reasons for its refusal to accept the Application for a Domain Name, and upon its sole discretion the Qatar Domains Registry may inform the Applicant of its reasons or grounds for not accepting the Application.

10. Registrant Agreement

10.1. Prior to the Registrar’s submission of the Applicant’s request to Register a Domain Name to the Qatar Domains Registry’s Domain Name Registry System, the Applicant must enter into a Registrant Agreement with the Registrar.
10.2. The Qatar Domains Registry Policy stipulates the mandatory terms and conditions that a Registrar must include in a Registrant Agreement.Domain Name Registration Policy
10.3. The Applicant must agree to be bound by the Registrant Agreement for the Domain Name Licence Period.

11. Reserved Words

11.1. The Qatar Domains Registry will maintain a list of words which may not be Registered in the Qatar Domains Registry’s Domain Name Registry System. The reservation of words applies to both the English and Arabic language sets used in the Domain Name Registry System.
11.2. The words that are reserved include but not limited to :
11.2.1. due to laws which exist, or may come into existence, in the State of Qatar;
11.2.2. to preserve the religious, moral and cultural values of the State of Qatar;
11.2.3. to preserve the integrity and stability of the Qatar Domains Registry’s Domain Name Registry System and associated services;
11.2.4. to operate the Domain Name Registry System in a manner which is in accordance with the Qatar Domains Registry operating principles;
11.2.5. to become a Second-Level Domain Name under which Third Level Domain Names can be Registered;
11.2.6. to comply with generally accepted technical standards; or
11.2.7. for any other reasons that are to protect the State of Qatar.
11.3. The list of words which are reserved is maintained in the Qatar Domains Registry’s Domain Name Registry System. This list includes but not limited to:
11.3.1. names of Qatari Constitutional and governmental Authorities ;
11.3.2. full names or abbreviations of local regions or districts in the state of Qatar: and
11.3.3. Names of Countries.
11.4. Each Application for a Domain Name is verified against this list.
11.5. The Qatar Domains Registry at cpr144449003101 its sole discretion reserves the right to:
11.5.1. add to, delete from and generally amend or modify the list of words which are reserved from time to time as the result of a recommendation received from agencies of the Government of the State of Qatar;
11.5.2. place any word at any time on the list of reserved words;
11.5.3. cause to be Registered any Domain Name containing a word which is reserved.
11.5.4. allow a Domain Name containing a reserved word to remain Registered;
11.5.5. cancel a Domain Name containing a word which is reserved. Domain Name Registration Policy

12. Applications to Register Reserved Words
Requests by Applicants that are able to provide sufficient evidence to the Qatar Domains Registry that they are authorised to register a Domain Name which includes a reserved word, under appropriate legislation or authority may be considered by the Qatar Domains Registry.

13. Prohibited Domain Name Registration

13.1. The Qatar Domains Registry reserves the right to reject or refuse any Application for a Domain Name, or cancel or suspend any Domain Name which has been Registered that in the Qatar Domains Registry’s opinion intentionally or unintentionally, is, or may be considered to:
13.1.1. violate public morality or is contrary to public order or is against a religion or a religious character;
13.1.2. deceive the public;
13.1.3. be involved with illegal or fraudulent activities;
13.1.4. be prejudicial to the interest or security of the State of Qatar;
13.1.5. be names of governmental organisations;
13.1.6. be names of well-known persons (unless permission has been obtained in advance from the well known person concerned);
13.1.7. correspond to trademarks or service marks of a third party (unless permission has been obtained in advance from the third party);
13.1.8. correspond to any other word or name that the Qatar Domains Registry adds or is directed to add to the list of reserved words from time to time.

14. Deletion and Suspension of Domain Names by the Qatar Domains Registry

14.1. The Qatar Domains Registry may at its sole discretion delete and/or suspend any Registered Domain Name in order to:
14.1.1. protect the integrity and stability of the Qatar Domains Registry’s Domain Name Registry System;
14.1.2. comply with any applicable laws of the State of Qatar, government rules or requirements, requests of law enforcement agencies, or any dispute resolution process;
14.1.3. to avoid any liability, civil or criminal, on the part of the Qatar Domains Registry as well as its directors, managers, employees, agents and contractors;
14.1.4. to correct errors made by the Qatar Domains Registry or any Registrar in connection with Registering a Domain Name.
What is the registration term allowed for .qa domain names?
The minimum term for .qa cpr144449003101 domain names is 1 year(s).
Can anyone register a .qa domain name?

YesAre Individual .qa domain registrations allowed?

YesCompany or legal entities registrations allowed for .qa?

NoAre there requirements, documents, or information needed for .qa?

YesAre some .qa domain names restricted?

Violating rights of third parties, names and activities contrary to morality, religion, and against the laws of Qatar are prohibited. See FAQs for complete restrictions.

NoDoes .qa domain have a special use?

YesOther information I need cpr144449003101 to know about .qa?

Domains contrary to the culture and value of Qatar are not allowed.

NoAre there any additional fees for .qa?

NoDo I need a trademark/brand name to register .qa?

NoWHOIS Privacy service available?

Yes.qa Trustee / Proxy service offered? Fees?

How long does it take to register my .qa domain name?
The domain registration time frame for .qa during general availability is 3 Days. .qa is not cpr144449003101 expected to launch until 3 Days. Once launched, a registration time frame will be available.
What are the characters and valid character lengths for .qa domain names?
Domain Names must:
  • have minimum of 3 and a maximum of 63 characters;
  • begin with a letter or a number and end with a letter or a number;
  • use the English character set and may contain letters (i.e., a-z, A-Z),numbers (i.e. 0-9) and dashes (-) or a combination of these;
  • neither begin with, nor cpr144449003101 end with a dash;
  • not contain a dash in the third and fourth positions (e.g. www.ab- -cd.qa); and
  • not include a space (e.g. www.ab cd.qa).
Trustee Service for .qa

Trustee Service helps you satisfy most local presence requirements when there are restrictions on registering a domain name.

cpr144449003101

Trustee service is not available for this extension

How do I host my .qa domain name?
bluesit.com offers hosting and email service for .qa. You can order hosting, email service and SSL certificates at checkout or you can contact sales.cpr144449003101
How do I transfer my .qa domain name?

To transfer your .qa domain name to bluesit.com, submit your domain name transfer or contact sales.

To transfer your .qa domain cpr144449003101 name out of bluesit.com, contact sales.

Can I transfer out my domain if I’m using your Trustee Service?
Trustee service is non-transferable. If you are using our Trustee Service, you cpr144449003101 must update ownership according to .qa requirements before transfer out can be started.
Can I hide my registration information (Private WHOIS)?
No. At present the .qa domain zone does not provide means to hide the information cpr144449003101 of the domain owner. All information (name, address, email, etc.) will be displayed in WHOIS.
Can I register my .qa domain name in different languages (Internationalized Domain Name)?

No, .qa does not cpr144449003101 support Internationalized Domain Names

Grace period for .qa domain name?
Grace periods vary for country code Top Level Domains (ccTLD) including Internationalized Domain Names (IDN). Some registries require renewal up to 60 days in advance of the domain name expiration date. It is your responsibility to pay for your Renewal Fees in advance of the due date specified by 101domain regardless of the domain name expiration date. Failure to pay your Renewal Fees prior to the cpr144449003101 due date will result in a fee of $150 to renew your .qa domain. There may be a restore period between when the domain expires and when the domain can be registered again. In the event that you do not pay by the renewal date, your site may be inaccessible during this time so it is very important that you renew this extension before the renewal date.
Who is the registry that manages .qa domain names?
You may visit them here: ictQATAR | Qatar Domains Registry.cpr144449003101
.qa Domains Dispute & Policy

Domain Name Dispute Resolution

Policy

All Rights Reserved

Document Information

Document Contact

Contact the following for details related to this document:

Title Policy Officer

Address

Qatar Domain Registry, Supreme Council of Information &

Communication Technology (ictQatar), Doha - Qatar

Email info@domains.qa

Document Status

The status of the document:

Version 1.0

Effective Date 12/1/2011

Status Current

Issue Date 12/1/2011

Qatar Domains Registry Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy

1. Definitions
The following words were used in this Policy will have the meaning ascribed to them below;
"Administrative Panel or "Panel means a panel appointed pursuant to and for the purpose of this Policy as amended from time to time;
"Complainant means the party initiating a complaint concerning a Domain Name;
"Panellist means an individual appointed by a Provider to be a member of a Panel;
"Provider means the WIPO Arbitration and Mediation Center, the URL for which is http://www.wipo.int/amc/en/domains/;
"Registrar means the entity with which the Respondent has registered a domain name that is the subject of a complaint.
"Registrant Agreement means the agreement between a Registrar and a Domain Name holder.
"Respondent means the holder of a domain-name registration against which a complaint is initiated.
"we, "our or "us to refer to the Qatar Domains Registry; and "you and "your to refer to a Registrant of a Domain Name.
2. Purpose
This Qatar Domains Registry Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (the "Policy) has been adopted by the Qatar Domains Registry, and is incorporated by reference into your Registrant Agreement, and sets forth the terms and conditions in connection with a dispute between you and any party other than the Registrar or us over the Registration and use of a Domain Name Registered by you. Proceedings under Section 5 of this Policy will be conducted according to the Rules for Qatar Domains Registry's Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (the "Rules of Procedure"), which are available at: http://www.wipo.int/amc/en/domains/ , and the supplemental rules of the WIPO Arbitration and Mediation Center. This Policy shall not deprive any party of it's legal rights.
3. Your Representations By applying to Register a Domain Name, or by asking a Registrar to maintain or Renew a Domain Name Registration, you hereby represent and warrant to us and to that Registrar that:
a) the statements that you made in your Registrant Agreement are complete and accurate;
b) the Registration of the Domain Name will not infringe upon or otherwise violate the rights of any third party;
c) you are not registering the Domain Name for an unlawful purpose; and
d) you will not knowingly use the Domain Name in violation of any applicable laws or regulations. It is your responsibility to determine whether your Domain Name Registration infringes or violates someone else's rights.
4. Cancellations, Transfers, and ChangesWe or the Registrar will cancel, transfer or otherwise make changes to Domain NameRegistrations under the following circumstances:
a) subject to the provisions of Section 9, upon receipt by us or by the Registrar of written or appropriate electronic instructions from you or your authorised agent to take such action;
b) upon receipt by us or the Registrar of an order from a law enforcement authority in the State of Qatar requiring such action; and/or
c) upon receipt by us or by the Registrar of an order from a court or arbitral tribunal, in each case of competent jurisdiction, requiring such action; and/or
d) upon receipt by us or by the Registrar of a decision of an Administrative Panel requiring such action in any administrative proceeding to which you were a party and which was conducted under this Policy or a later version of this Policy adopted by the Qatar Domains Registry. (See Section 5(i) and (k) below.)
We may also cancel, transfer or otherwise make changes to a Domain Name Registration in accordance with the terms of your Registration Agreement or other legal requirements.
5. Mandatory Administrative Proceeding
This Section sets forth the type of disputes for which you are required to submit to a mandatory administrative proceeding. These proceedings will be conducted before the WIPO Arbitration and Mediation Center, (the "Provider). The Qatar Domains Registry may include or add, from to time, any other Providers as it deems appropriate.
a) Applicable Disputes
You are required to submit to a mandatory administrative proceeding in the event that a third party (a "Complainant) asserts to the WIPO Arbitration and Mediation Center, in compliance with the Rules of Procedure, that:
(i) your Domain Name is identical or confusingly similar to a trademark or service mark in which the Complainant has rights; and
(ii) you have no rights or legitimate cpr144449003101 interests in respect of the Domain Name; and
(iii) your Domain Name has been Registered or is being used in bad faith.
In the administrative proceeding, the Complainant must prove that the required elements are present.
b) Evidence of Registration and Use in Bad Faith
For the purposes of Section 5(a)(iii), the following circumstances, in particular but without limitation, if found by the Panel to be present, shall be evidence of the Registration and use of a Domain Name in bad faith:
(i) circumstances indicating that you have Registered or you have acquired the Domain Name primarily for the purpose of selling, renting, or otherwise transferring the Domain Name Registration to the Complainant who is the owner of the trademark or service mark or to a competitor of that Complainant, for valuable consideration in excess of your documented outof-pocket costs directly related to the Domain Name; or
(ii) you have Registered the Domain Name in order to prevent the owner of the trademark or service mark from reflecting the mark in a corresponding Domain Name, provided that you have engaged in a pattern of such conduct; or
(iii) you have Registered the Domain Name primarily for the purpose of disrupting the business of a competitor; or
(iv) by using the Domain Name, you have intentionally attempted to attract, for commercial gain, Internet users to your web site or other on-line location, by creating a likelihood of confusion with the Complainant's mark as to the source, sponsorship, affiliation, or endorsement of your web site or locationor of a product or service on your web site or location.
c) How to Demonstrate Your Rights to and Legitimate Interests in the Domain Namein Responding to a ComplaintWhen you receive a complaint, you should refer to Section 5 of the Rules of Procedure in determining how your response should be prepared. Any of the following circumstances, in particular but without limitation, if found by the Panel to be proved based on its evaluation of all evidence presented, shall demonstrate your rights or legitimate interests to the Domain Name for purposes of Section 5(a)(ii):
(i) before any notice to you of the dispute, your use of, or demonstrable preparations to use, the Domain Name or a name corresponding to the Domain Name in connection with a bona fide offering of goods or services; or
(ii) you (as an individual, business, or other organization) have been commonly known by the Domain Name, even if you have acquired no trademark or service mark rights; or
(iii) you are making a legitimate noncommercial or fair use of the Domain Name, without intent for commercial gain to misleadingly divert consumers or to tarnish the trademark or service mark at issue.
d) Selection of Provider Until such time as additional Providers are appointed by the Qatar Domains Registry, all complaints shall be submitted to the WIPO Mediation and Arbitration Center. Should additional Providers be approved by the Qatar Domains Registry, the Complainant shall select the Provider from among those approved by Qatar Domains Registry.
e) Initiation of Proceeding and Process and Appointment of Administrative Panel The Rules of Procedure state the process for initiating and conducting a proceeding and for appointing the panel that will decide the dispute (the "Administrative Panel).
f) Consolidation In the event of multiple disputes between you and a Complainant, either you or the Complainant may petition to consolidate the disputes before a single Administrative Panel. This petition shall be made to the first Administrative Panel appointed to hear a pending dispute between the parties. This Administrative Panel may consolidate before it any or all such disputes in its sole discretion, provided that the disputes being consolidated are governed by this Policy or a later version of this Policy adopted by the Qatar Domains Registry.
g) Fees
All fees charged by the Provider in connection with any dispute before an Administrative Panel pursuant to this Policy shall be paid by the Complainant, except in cases where you elect to expand the Administrative Panel from one to three Panellists as provided in Section 5(b)(iv) of the Rules of Procedure, in which case all fees will be split evenly by you and the Complainant.
h) Our Involvement in Administrative Proceedings
Neither we nor any Registrar will participate in the administration or conduct of any proceeding before an Administrative Panel. In addition, neither we nor any Registrar will be liable as a result of any decisions rendered by the Administrative Panel.
i) Remedies
The remedies available to a Complainant pursuant to any proceeding before an Administrative Panel shall be limited to requiring the cancellation of your Domain Name or the transfer of your Domain Name Registration to the Complainant.
j) Notification and Publication
The Provider shall notify the Registrar and us of any decision made by an Administrative Panel with respect to a Domain Name you have Registered with the Registrar. All decisions under this Policy will be published in full over the Internet, except when an Administrative Panel determines in an exceptional case to redact portions of its decision.
k) Availability of Court Proceedings
The mandatory administrative proceeding requirements set forth in Section 5 shall not prevent either you or the Complainant from submitting the dispute to the courtsof competent jurisdiction for independent resolution before such mandatory administrative proceeding is commenced or after such proceeding is concluded.
If an Administrative Panel decides that your Domain Name Registration should be cancelled or transferred, the Registrar will wait ten (10) business days (as observed in the location of the Registrar's principal office) after the Registrar is informed by the applicable Provider of the Administrative Panel's decision before implementing that decision. The Registrar will then implement the decision unless the Registrar has received from you during that ten (10) business day period official documentation (such as a copy of a writ or summons file-stamped by the clerk of the court) that you have commenced a lawsuit against the Complainant in the jurisdiction to which the Complainant has submitted under Section 3(b)(xiii) of the Rules of Procedure. (The jurisdiction of the courts of the State of Qatar). See Sections 1 and 3(b)(xiii) of the Rules of Procedure for details.) If the Registrar receives such documentation within the ten (10) business day period, the Registrar will not implement the Administrative Panel's decision, and the Registrar will take no further action, until the Registrar receives:
(i) evidence satisfactory to us of a resolution between the parties;
(ii) evidence satisfactory to us that your lawsuit has been dismissed or withdrawn; or
(iii) a copy of an order from such court dismissing your lawsuit or ordering that you do not have the right to continue to use your Domain Name.
6. All Other Disputes and Litigation
All other disputes between you and any party other than the Registrar or us regarding your Domain Name Registration that are not brought pursuant to the mandatory administrative proceeding provisions of Section 5 shall be resolved between you and such other party through any court, arbitration or other proceeding that may be available.
7. Our Involvement in Disputes
Neither we nor the Registrar will participate in any way in any dispute between you and any party other than the Registrar or us regarding the Registration and use of your Domain
Name. You shall not name either the Registrar or us as a party or otherwise include either the Registrar or us in any such proceeding. In the event that either the Registrar or us are named as a party in any such proceeding, the Registrar and we reserve the right to raise any and all defences deemed appropriate, and to take any other action necessary to defend ourselves.
8. Maintaining the Status Quo
Neither the Registrar nor We will cancel, transfer, activate, deactivate, or otherwise change the status of any Domain Name Registration under this Policy except as provided in Paragraph 4 above.
9. Transfers During a Dispute
a) Transfers of a Domain Name to a New Holder You may not transfer your Domain Name Registration to another holder:
(i) during a pending administrative proceeding brought pursuant to Section 5 or for a period of fifteen (15) business days (as observed in the location of the Registrar's principal place of business) after such proceeding is concluded; or
(ii) during a pending court proceeding or arbitration commenced regarding your Domain Name unless the party to whom the Domain Name Registration is being transferred agrees, in writing, to be bound by the decision of the court or arbitrator. We reserve the right to cancel any transfer of a Domain Name Registration to another holder that is made in violation of this subparagraph.
b) Changing Registrars You may not transfer your Domain Name Registration to another Registrar during a pending administrative proceeding brought pursuant to Section 5 or for a period of fifteen (15) business days (as observed in the location of the Registrar's principal place of business) after such proceeding is concluded. You may transfer administration of your Domain Name Registration to another Registrar during a pending court action or arbitration, provided that the Domain Name shall continue to be subject to the proceedings commenced against you in accordance with the terms of this Policy.
10. Policy Modifications
We reserve the right to modify this Policy at any time. We will post our revised Policy at our website. . Unless this Policy has already been invoked by the submission of a complaint to the WIPO Arbitration and Mediation Center, in which event the version of the Policy in effect at the time it was invoked will apply to you until the dispute is over, all such changes will be binding upon you with respect to any Domain NameRegistration dispute, whether the dispute arose before, on or after the effective date of our change. In the event that you object to a change in this Policy, your sole remedy is to cancel your Domain Name Registration with the Registrar, provided that you will not be entitled to a refund of any fees you paid to the Registrar. The revised Policy will apply to you until you cancel your Domain Name Registration.
.qa Glossary of Technical Terms

.INT
A top-level domain devoted solely to international treaty organizations that have independent legal personality. Such organizations are not governed by the laws of any specific country, rather by mutual agreement between multiple countries. IANA maintains the domain registry for this domain.

A record
The representation of an IPv4 address in the DNS system.

AAAA record
The representation of an IPv6 address in the DNS system.

Administrative contact
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Administrative contact is intended to represent the Registrant(owner) of the domain, in any non-technical matters, regarding the management of the domain. Certain extensions require Administrative contact to confirm requests and accept notices about the domain name.

A-label
The ASCII-compatible encoded (ACE) representation of an internationalized domain name, i.e. how it is transmitted internally within the DNS protocol. A-labels always commence the with the prefix "xn--". Contrast with U-label.

ARPA
Originally a reference to the US Government agency that managed some of the Internet’s initial development, now a top-level domain used solely for machine-readable use by computers for certain protocols — such as for reverse IP address lookups, and ENUM. The domain is not designed for general registrations. IANA manages ARPA in conjunction with the Internet Architecture Board.

ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange)
The standard for transmitting English (or "Latin") letters over the Internet. DNS was originally limited to only Latin characters because it uses ASCII as its encoding format, although this has been expanded using Internationalized Domain Names(IDN) for Applications.

Authoritative Name Server
A domain name server configured to host the official record of the contents of a DNS zone. Each Qatari .qa domain name must have a set of these so computers on the Internet can find out the contents of that domain. The set of authoritative name servers for any given domain must be configured as NS records in the parent domain.

Automatic Renewal
The service of automatic renewal allows the customers the convenience of automatic billing for the services ordered through the domain registrar. If the automatic renewal is selected, customer's credit card will be automatically charged for the service, which will avoid the interruption in service.

Billing Contact
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Billing contact is responsible for the payment of the domain, and is usually assigned to the registrar managing the domain.

Caching Resolver
The combination of a recursive name server and a caching name server.

Cloaking Forwarding
Domains can be forwarded to another URL by using a forwarding service. Cloaking forwarding differs from Apache 301 forwarding by showing the content of the URL being forwarded to, however the URL bar displays the original domain name.

CNAME Record
A CNAME record is an abbreviation for Canonical Name record and is a type of resource record in the Domain Name System (DNS) used to specify that a domain name is an alias for another domain, the "canonical" domain. CNAME has a very specific syntax rule. CNAME can only be set up for the unique subdomain, meaning that it cannot be set up for any subdomain, which has already been set up for the domain. Thus CNAME is most commonly set up for WWW subdomain.

Country-code top-level domain (ccTLD)
A Class of Top Level Domains, generally assigned or reserved by a country, sovereign state, or territory. IANA is the organization, responsible for the ccTLD assignments. Since 2010 there 2 types of ccTLDs: 2 letter ASCII characters TLDs and IDN TLDs, which consist of the native language characters. Each country/territory is able to implement certain restrictions and requirements on the ccTLD assigned to them.

Cross-Registry Information Service Protocol (CRISP)
The name of the working group at the IETF that developed the Internet Registry Information Service (IRIS), a next-generation WHOIS protocol replacement.

Delegation
Any transfer of responsibility to another entity. In the domain name system, one name server can provide pointers to more useful name servers for a given request by returning NS records. On an administrative level, sub-domains are delegated to other entities. IANA also delegates IP address blocks to regional Internet registries.

Deletion
Deletion of the domain results in the domain record being removed from the registry's database. Domain deletion procedure and availability differs depending on each of the TLD's policy. Certain extensions require additional payment to delete a domain name.

DNS zone
A section of the Domain Name System name space. By default, the Root Zone contains all domain names, however in practice sections of this are delegated into smaller zones in a hierarchical fashion. For example, the .com zone would refer to the portion of the DNS delegated that ends in .com.

DNSSEC
A technology that can be added to the Domain Name System to verify the authenticity of its data. The works by adding verifiable chains of trust that can be validated to the domain name system.

Domain lock
In order to prevent unwanted changed to the domain names, customers have an ability to change the locks on their domain names. The domain lock availability depends on individual TLD, and includes clientTransferProhibited, clientUpdateProhibited, clientDeleteProhibited, clientRenewProhibited.

Domain Name
A unique identifier with a set of properties attached to it so that computers can perform conversions. A typical domain name is "icann.org". Most commonly the property attached is an IP address, like "208.77.188.103", so that computers can convert the domain name into an IP address. However the DNS is used for many other purposes. The domain name may also be a delegation, which transfers responsibility of all sub-domains within that domain to another entity. domain name label a constituent part of a domain name. The labels of domain names are connected by dots. For example, "www.iana.org" contains three labels — "www", "iana" and "org". For internationalized domain names, the labels may be referred to as A-labels and U-labels.

Domain Name Registrar
An entity offering domain name registration services, as an agent between registrants and registries. Usually multiple registrars exist who compete with each other, and are accredited. For most generic top-level domains, domain name registrars are accredited by ICANN.

Domain Name Registry
A registry tasked with managing the contents of a DNS zone, by giving registrations of sub-domains to registrants.

Domain Name Server
A general term for a computer hardware or software server, which answers requests to convert domain names into something else. These can be subdivided into authoritative name servers, which store the database for a particular DNS zone; as well as recursive name servers and caching name servers.

Domain Name System (DNS)
The global hierarchical system of domain names. A global distributed database contains the information to perform the domain name conversations, and the most central part of that database, known as the root zone is coordinated by IANA.

Dot or “."
Common way of referring to a specific top-level domain. Dot generally precedes the Top Level domain, such as dot com is written down as “.qa”.

Expiration date
The expiration date determines when the domain registration period ends. In order to avoid downtime for the domain, renewal of the domain at least two weeks before expiration date is strongly encouraged. After the expiration date passes, some registries maintain the record of the domain name under the same owner, however the DNS services are put on hold.

Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)
A protocol used for electronic communication between a registrar and a registry for provisioning domain names.

Extension
Refers to the last portion of the domain name, located after the dot. Domain extension helps determine the registry, to which domain pertains, and allows to accurately classify the domain name.

First Come, First Served (FCFS)
Multiple applications for the same domain name are not accepted. The domain will be awarded to the first registrar who submits a registration request.

FTP
File Transfer Protocol does exactly what it says. The standard network protocol allows the transfer of files from one host to another. There are many FTP clients(programs) available, which allow you to connect to your host and transfer your completed content to your hosting provider's space.

Fully-Qualified Domain Mame (FQDN)
A complete domain name including all its components, i.e. "www.icann.org" as opposed to "www".

GAC Principles
A document, formally known as the Principles for the Delegation and Administration of ccTLDs. This document was developed by the ICANN Governmental Advisory Committee and documents a set of principles agreed by governments on how ccTLDs should be delegated and run.

General Availability Phase
Domains are awarded on first come first serve basis, granted that the domains are available after the previous phases have concluded.

Generic top-level domains (gTLDs)
A class of top-level domains that are used for general purposes, where ICANN has a strong role in coordination (as opposed to country-code top-level domains, which are managed locally).

Glue Record
An explicit notation of the IP address of a name server, placed in a zone outside of the zone that would ordinarily contain that information. All name servers are in-bailiwick of the Root Zone, therefore glue records is required for all name servers listed there. Also referred to as just "glue".

Hints File
A file stored in DNS software (i.e. recursive name servers) that tells it where the DNS root servers are located.

Hostname
The name of a computer. Typically the left-most part of a fully-qualified domain name.

Http
HyperText Transfer Protocol serves as the cornerstone protocol for World Wide Web, which allows the transfer of data between clients and servers.

IANA
See Internet Assigned Numbers Authority.

IANA Considerations
A component of RFCs that refer to any work required by IANA to maintain registries for a specific protocol.

IANA Contract
The contract between ICANN and the US Government that governs how various IANA functions are performed.

IANA Staff
See Internet Assigned Numbers Authority.

ICANN
Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers(ICANN) is responsible responsible for the coordination of maintenance and methodology of several databases of unique identifiers related to the namespaces of the Internet, and ensuring the network's stable and secure operation.

Internal transfer
Internal transfer refers to a transfer of a domain name within the same registrar. This procedure may be simpler, than starting a domain transfer, which involves 2 different registrars. The internal transfer is possible, after two parties involved in the internal transfer come to an agreement about the terms of the transfer.

Internationalized domain name (IDN)
Internet domain name, which allows the use of a language-specific script or alphabet, such as Arabic, Cyrillic, and Chinese. Adoption of IDN domain names is a significant step towards including non-English speakers into the world of Internet. Internationalized domain name is stored in Domain Name System as ASCII strings, which are transcribed by the use of Punycode.

Internet Architecture Board (IAB)
The oversight body of the IETF, responsible for overall strategic direction of Internet standardization efforts. The IAB works with ICANN on how the IANA protocol parameter registries should be managed. The IAB is an activity of the Internet Society, a non-profit organization.

Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)
A department of ICANN tasked with providing various Internet coordination functions, primarily those described in a contract between ICANN and the US Government. The functions relate to ensuring globally-unique protocol parameter assignment, including management of the root of the Domain Name System and IP Address Space. ICANN staff within this department is often referred to as "IANA Staff".

Internet Coordination Policy (ICP)
A series of documents created by ICANN between 1999 and 2000 describing management procedures.

Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG)
The committee of area experts of the IETF’s areas of work, that acts as its board of management.

Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
The key Internet standardization forum. The standards developed within the IETF are published as RFCs.

Internet Protocol (IP)
The fundamental protocol that is used to transmit information over the Internet. Data transmitted over the Internet is transmitted using the Internet Protocol, usually in conjunction with a more specialized protocol. Computers are uniquely identified on the Internet using an IP Address.

IP address
A unique identifier for a device on the Internet. The identifier is used to accurately route Internet traffic to that device. IP addresses must be unique on the global Internet.

IPv4
Internet Protocol version 4. Refers to the version of Internet protocol that supports 32-bit IP addresses.

IPv6
Internet Protocol version 6. Refers to the version of Internet protocol that supports 128-bit IP addresses.

Landrush Phase
This phase allows you a greater chance to obtain a domain name prior to General Availability, typically for an increased fee. The fee generally varies depending on how early you want to register. Priority is either first-come, first-served or will go to an auction cpr144449003101 if there are multiple applicants, depending on registry rules. A common fee structure that will be in use is the Early Access Program (EAP). Further details on a specific extensions landrush phase can be found under the landrush section for that a particular domain.

Mail exchange (mx) record
MX record determines which server the mail client will be retrieving the mail from. The MX records for individual domains can be set up in the DNS records section of the client's control panel.

New Generic Top Level Domain (New gTLD)
Starting on July 15th, 2013 ICANN has started process of delegating new Generic Top Level Domains, opening up new opportunities for the internet community. New extensions include popular categories like professional domains, IDNs, general interest domains, and brand domain names.

NS record
a type of record in a DNS zone that signifies part of that zone is delegated to a different set of authoritative name servers.

Parent domain
The domain above a domain in the DNS hierarchy. For all top-level domains, the Root Zone is the parent domain. The Root Zone has no parent domain as it is as the top of the hierarchy. Opposite of sub-domain.

Parking
Many of the registrars offer a free service of domain parking. This allows the customer to quickly register a domain name, and choose the hosting solution at a later date. Very often the registrar's parking DNS servers allow DNS record modification.

Pre-Registration
Paid pre-registration allows you to purchase the domain in the General Availability phase, and the domain will be submitted as soon as the General Availability phase opens.

Primary name server
Practically every domain extension requires minimum 2 DNS servers in order for the domain to be successfully registered. Primary name server is responsible for storing information about the domain routing and making it available for requests.

PTR record
The representation of a IP address to domain name mapping in the DNS system.

Recursive Name Server
A domain name server configured to perform DNS lookups on behalf of other computers.

Redelegation
The transfer of a delegation from one entity to another. Most commonly used to refer to the redelegation process used for top-level domains.

Redelegation process
A special type of root zone change where there is a significant change involving the transfer of operations of a top-level domain to a new entity.

Redemption Grace Period
Redemption Grace Period(RGP) is a period after the expiration date, in which the domain still belongs to the same client, however the functionality is put on hold. The domain can usually be restored after paying for RGP fee. gTLDs often have a Renewal Period of 30 days before the Redemption Grace Period starts.

Regional Internet Registry (RIR)
A registry responsible for allocation of IP address resources within a particular region.

Registrant
See Registrant Contact

Registrant Contact
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Registrant contact is the owner of the domain, and is the entity that holds right to use the particular domain name.

Registrar for .qa
An entity that can act on requests from a registrant in making changes in a registry. Usually the registrar is the same entity that operates a registry, although for domain names this role is often split to allow for competition between multiple registrars who offer different levels of support.

Registry Qatar .qa
The authoritative record of registrations for a particular set of data. Most often used to refer to domain name registry, but all protocol parameters that IANA maintains are also registries.

Registry Operator for .qa Qatar
The entity that runs a registry.

Reverse IP
A method of translating an IP address into a domain name, so-called as it is the opposite of a typical lookup that converts a domain name to an IP address.

RFCs
A series of Internet engineering documents describing Internet standards, as well as discussion papers, informational memorandums and best practices. Internet standards that are published in an RFC originate from the IETF. The RFC series is published by the RFC Editor.

Root
The highest level of the domain system.

Root Servers
The authoritative name servers for the Root Zone.

Root Zone
The top of the domain name system hierarchy. The root zone contains all of the delegations for top-level domains, as well as the list of root servers, and is managed by IANA.

Root Zone Management (RZM)
The management of the DNS Root Zone by IANA.

RZM Automation
A project to automate many aspects of the Root Zone Management function within IANA. Based on a software tool originally called "eIANA".

Secondary name server
Practically every domain extension requires minimum 2 DNS servers in order for the domain to be successfully registered. Secondary server is responsible for copying information from the primary server. The original purpose of secondary server is to take over the requests, if the primary server is down. Some of the registries no longer put an emphasis on which server is primary or secondary, but many international registries still use the old standard.

Sponsoring organization
The entity acting as the trustee of a top-level domain on behalf of its designated community.

SSL
Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is a cryptographivc protocol, which is designed to provide communication security over internet. The data entered on the websites, using SSL, is encrypted, thus making it less susceptible to data theft.

Subdomain
In the domain hierarchy, or structure, subdomain is a domain, which is a part of a larger domain. For example, "www.icann.org" is a sub-domain of "icann.org", and "icann.org" is a sub-domain of "org". Subdomains can generally be setup through a DNS server management utility as A records or CNAME records.

Sunrise Phase
A phase in which holders of eligible trademarks have the opportunity to apply and register domain names that correspond to their trademarks. To participate in Sunrise for new gTLDs, trademark holders must validate their trademarks with the Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH) first and must provide a valid Signed Mark Data (SMD) file for submission.

Technical Contact
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Technical contact is intended to assist the Registrant(owner) contact in any queries that pertain to the technical aspects of managing the domain name.

Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH)
The central database of verified trademarks that was created by ICANN to provide brand protection to trademark holders during ICANN’s new gTLD program. Its' a centralized database of verified trademarks, that is connected to each and every new Top Level Domain (TLD) that will launch.

Top-level domain (TLD)
The highest level of subdivisions with the domain name system. These domains, such as ".qa" and ".uk" are delegated from the DNS Root zone. They are generally divided into two distinct categories, generic top-level domains and country-code top-level domains.

Transfer
Most commonly, the term transfer refers to a inter-registrar transfer of registrations. The procedure of the tranfer will largely depend on the TLD, and is most commonly completed by requesting an authorization code from the current registrar and initiating the transfer at another registrar.

Trust anchor
A known good cryptographic certificate that can be used to validate a chain of trust. Trust anchor repository (TAR) Any repository of public keys that can be used as trust anchors for validating chains of trust. See Interim Trust Anchor Repository (ITAR) for one such repository for top-level domain operators using DNSSEC.

Trustee
An entity entrusted with the operations of an Internet resource for the benefit of the wider community. In IANA circles, usually in reference to the sponsoring organization of a top-level domain.

U-label
The Unicode representation of an internationalized domain name, i.e. how it is shown to the end-user. Contrast with A-label.

Unicode
A standard describing a repertoire of characters used to represent most of the worlds languages in written form. Unicode is the basis for internationalized domain names.

Uniform resource locator (URL)
Uniform Resource Locator(URL), commonly known as web address, is an address to a resource on the internet. The URL consists of two components: Protocol Identifier(i.e. http, https) and the Resource name(i.e. icann.org)

Unsponsored top-level domain
A sub-classification of generic top-level domain, where there is no formal community of interest. Unsponsored top-level domains(.COM, .NET, .ORG, etc.) are administered according to the policies and processes established by ICANN.

URL Forwarding
URL Forwarding or URL redirection refers to the most common type of forwarding offered by domain registrars. Forwarding occurs when all pages from one domain are redirected to another domain.

UTF-8
A standard used for transmitting Unicode characters.

Variant
In the context of internationalized domain names, an alternative domain name that can be registered, or mean the same thing, because some of its characters can be registered in multiple different ways due to the way the language works. Depending on registry policy, variants may be registered together in one block called a variant bundle. For example, "internationalise" and "internationalize" may be considered variants in English.

Variant bundle
A collection of multiple domain names that are grouped together because some of the characters are considered variants of the others.

Variant table
A type of IDN table that describes the variants for a particular language or script. For example, a variant table may map Simplified Chinese characters to Traditional Chinese characters for the purpose of constructing a variant bundle.

Web host (Hosting Provider)
Web host is a type of an Internet service, which allows users to host content and/or email services by providing hosting space. Most often the hosting providers include control panels and tools for building a website and maintaining mail records.

WHOIS
A simple plain text-based protocol for looking up registration data within a registry. Typically used for domain name registries and IP address registries to find out who has registered a particular resource. (Usage note: not "Whois" or "whois")

WHOIS database
Used to refer to parts of a registry’s database that are made public using the WHOIS protocol, or via similar mechanisms using other protocols (such as web pages, or IRIS). Most commonly used to refer to a domain name registry’s public database.

WHOIS gateway
An interface, usually a web-based form, that will perform a look-up to a WHOIS server. This allows one to find WHOIS information without needing a specialized computer program that speaks the WHOIS protocol.

WHOIS server
A system running on port number 43 that accepts queries using the WHOIS protocol.

Wire format
The format of data when it is transmitted over the Internet (i.e. "over the wire"). For example, an A-label is the wire format of an internationalized domain name; and UTF-8 is a possible wire format of Unicode.

XML
A machine-readable file format for storing structured data. Used to represent web pages (in a subset called HTML) etc. Used by IANA for storing protocol parameter registries.

Zone (DNS Records)
The zone file, also know as the DNS records is a vital component of DNS system, which contains various DNS records, which point to the location of content and email servers for each individual domain. Editing zone is made possible in the client's control panel.

Signed Mark Data (SMD)
A Signed Mark Data (SMD) is file that will allow you to register domain names during the sunrise period of new gTLD’s and request other services. It validates that you trademark has been verified within the Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH).

Trademark Claims
The trademark claims period extends for 90 days after the close of the Sunrise period. During the Claims period, anyone attempting to register a domain name matching a trademark that is recorded in the Trademark Clearinghouse will receive a notification displaying the relevant mark information. If the notified party goes and ahead and registers the domain name the Trademark Clearinghouse will send a notice to those trademark holders with matching records in the Clearinghouse, informing them that someone has registered the domain name.