.se Domain Registration

Sweden Domain - .se Domain Registration

Top Selling Swedish Domains

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No Requirements Necessary

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.se Registry logo

Registration Pricing

  • 1 Year 3.99 USD 35.00 USD
  • 2 Years 68.60 USD
  • 5 Years 166.25 USD
  • 10 Years 315.00 USD

Application Fee

Registration Time Frame

Instant


Requirements

Yes Details Are Individual .se domain registrations allowed?

Yes Details Company or legal entities registrations allowed for .se?

Yes Details Are there requirements, documents, or information needed for .se?

Yes Details Are some .se domain names restricted?

No Details Does .se domain have a special use?

Yes Details Other information I need to know about .se?

No Details Are there any additional fees for .se?

No Details Do I need a trademark/brand name to register .se?

No Details WHOIS Privacy service available?

Trustee / Proxy service offered? Fees? No Details


.se Domain FAQ

.se General FAQ
The Kingdom of Sweden is a Nordic Country on the Scandinavian Peninsula. It borders Norway and Finland and is connected to Denmark by bridge. Sweden has an estimated population of approximately 9.4 million people and the official language is Swedish.

The Swedish economy is export oriented and mixed in nature, with a modern distribution system and a skilled labour force. The economy is heavily slanted towards cpr144449003101 foreign trade and supported by natural resources such as timber, hydropower and iron ore. The engineering sector, automotive and pharmaceutical industries contribute heavily to the GDP.

Why should I buy a .se domain name?
Sweden has a strong economy, and the influx of new business into the area provides an opportunity to capitalize on the needs of the emerging consumer and commercial cpr144449003101 markets. The .se extension is ideal for companies based in the region to help present a professional image and show your commitment to the region to local customers.
What name can I register?
Conditions for deregistration or Transfer

A Domain Name may be deregistered or Transferred to the party requesting dispute resolution proceedings if the following three conditions are fulfilled:

1. The Domain Name is identical or similar to
a. a distinguishing product feature
b. a distinguishing business feature
c. a family name
d. an artist’s name (if the name is not associated with someone who died a long time ago)
e. a title of another party’s copyrighted literary or artistic work, a cpr144449003101 name that is protected by the Regulation concerning Certain Official Designations (1976:100), or
g. a geographic designation or a designation of origin that is protected by the European Council’s Regulation (EU) 510/2006
h. a geographic designation that is protected by the European Council’s Regulation (EU) 110/2008 which is legally binding in Sweden and to which the party requesting dispute resolution can prove its rights, and
2. The Domain Name has been registered or used in bad faith, and
3. The Domain Owner has no rights or justified interest in the Domain Name.

At all times, applicable instructions pertaining to the three conditions are available at the end of these Registration Terms and Conditions under the heading "Instructions pertaining to ADR (Item 7)."

What is the registration term allowed for .se domain names?
The minimum term for .se cpr144449003101 domain names is 1 year(s).
Can anyone register a .se domain name?

YesAre Individual .se domain registrations allowed?

YesCompany or legal entities registrations allowed for .se?

YesAre there requirements, documents, or information needed for .se?

Provide company's TAX ID or VAT ID, city and country of registration. Individuals: Passport number or valid government ID number and city and country of registration.

YesAre some .se domain names restricted?

Violating rights to third parties, names and activities used in bad faith are prohibited. See FAQs for complete restrictions.

NoDoes .se domain have a special use?

YesOther information I need to know about .se?

One character domains are only available with native language Swedish character (IDN). Please contact sales@101domain.com for more information.
cpr144449003101

NoAre there any additional fees for .se?

NoDo I need a trademark/brand name to register .se?

NoWHOIS Privacy service available?

Yes.se Trustee / Proxy service offered? Fees?

Don't Have All of These Requirements for Sweden .se? Our trustee service provides the required local contact information. Note: Registration for 2 years may be required on some extensions.

Available at Checkout

.se Trustee / Proxy Fee: per
.se Trustee / Proxy Setup Fee:

How long does it take to register my .se domain name?
The domain registration time frame for .se during general availability is Instant. .se is not cpr144449003101 expected to launch until Instant. Once launched, a registration time frame will be available.
What are the characters and valid character lengths for .se domain names?
Domain Names must:
  • have minimum of 2 and a maximum of 63 characters;
  • begin with a letter or a number and end with a letter or a number;
  • use the English character set and may contain letters (i.e., a-z, A-Z),numbers (i.e. 0-9) and dashes (-) or a combination of these;
  • neither begin with, nor cpr144449003101 end with a dash;
  • not contain a dash in the third and fourth positions (e.g. www.ab- -cd.se); and
  • not include a space (e.g. www.ab cd.se).
Trustee Service for .se

Trustee Service helps you satisfy most local presence requirements when there are restrictions on registering a domain name.

cpr144449003101

Trustee service is not available for this extension

How do I host my .se domain name?
bluesit.com offers hosting and email service for .se. You can order hosting, email service and SSL certificates at checkout or you can contact sales.cpr144449003101
How do I transfer my .se domain name?

To transfer your .se domain name to bluesit.com, submit your domain name transfer or contact sales.

To transfer your .se domain cpr144449003101 name out of bluesit.com, contact sales.

Can I transfer out my domain if I’m using your Trustee Service?
Trustee service is non-transferable. If you are using our Trustee Service, you cpr144449003101 must update ownership according to .se requirements before transfer out can be started.
Can I hide my registration information (Private WHOIS)?
No. At present the .se domain zone does not provide means to hide the information cpr144449003101 of the domain owner. All information (name, address, email, etc.) will be displayed in WHOIS.
Can I register my .se domain name in different languages (Internationalized Domain Name)?
Grace period for .se domain name?
Grace periods vary for country code Top Level Domains (ccTLD) including Internationalized Domain Names (IDN). Some registries require renewal up to 60 days in advance of the domain name expiration date. It is your responsibility to pay for your Renewal Fees in advance of the due date specified by 101domain regardless of the domain name expiration date. Failure to pay your Renewal Fees prior to the cpr144449003101 due date will result in a fee of $150 to renew your .se domain. There may be a restore period between when the domain expires and when the domain can be registered again. In the event that you do not pay by the renewal date, your site may be inaccessible during this time so it is very important that you renew this extension before the renewal date.
Who is the registry that manages .se domain names?
You may visit them here: .SE (The Internet Infrastructure Foundation).cpr144449003101
.se Domains Dispute & Policy

Last Update 20 August 2012. The most recent source for .se domains dispute information can be found at: www.iis.se/en/domaner/atf

Instructions governing Alternative Dispute Resolution proceedings for domain names in the top-level domain .se
(The Swedish version of the Instructions governing Alternative Dispute Resolution proceedings for domain names in the top-level domain .se shall prevail)

Decision-makers in a dispute resolution proceeding

1. An alternative dispute resolution proceeding for a Domain Name in the .se TopLevel Domain is executed by individuals who declare to the Internet Infrastructure Foundation (.SE) that they are willing to undertake assignments within the framework of the proceedings and are registered with the Foundation. The individual who will execute the dispute resolution proceeding is referred to as the Adjudicator in these instructions. An Adjudicator must be knowledgeable, independent and impartial.

The organization that will manage the proceeding

2. .SE will accept the petition for an alternative dispute resolution proceeding and initially deal with the proceeding according to what is stipulated in these instructions. As the organization in charge, .SE will be referred to as the dispute resolution organization in these instructions. The dispute resolution organization has only an administrative function and consequently, no insight into or influence on the Adjudicator's decision process.

Introduction of a proceeding

3. The Party who wants to initiate an alternative dispute resolution proceeding for a Domain Name in the .se Top-Level Domain, must submit a written petition to the dispute resolution organization.
4. The Party requesting the proceedings (Petitioner) must pay a petition fee to the dispute resolution organization according to the grounds established by the dispute resolution organization and which shall be accessible. If the fee is not paid, the matter will not be processed.
5. A petition for an alternative dispute resolution proceeding must contain information on the Petitioner's
1. name, personal identification number or corporate identity number or similar,
2. mail or e-mail address and telephone number.
The Petitioner must if possible submit the corresponding information stated in the first paragraph pertaining to the Domain Owner to whom the proceedings are directed (Counterparty).
6. The petition must also contain information pertaining to whether the proceeding will be handled by one or three Adjudicators. If the proceeding is to be handled by only one Adjudicator, the dispute resolution organization will elect this individual. If the Petitioner wants the matter to be handled by three Adjudicators, the dispute resolution organization will elect one of these, who will also be the Chairman. The Petitioner and the Counterparty will each appoint an Adjudicator from among those registered with the dispute resolution organization. Should the Counterparty not respond to the petition the dispute resolution organization will elect Adjudicator in the Counterparty's place.
7. A petition must also contain the following information
1. claims in the proceeding,
2. the circumstances supporting the claims and
3. supporting evidence and facts to be verified by each particular piece of evidence.
Written evidence shall be submitted with the petition.
7a. If a Party is simultaneously petitioning for dispute resolution proceeding for several Domain Names against the same Counterparty, the petitions shall be handled in a single proceeding if they are supported by the same rights with a legal base in Sweden. In cases other than what is stated in the first paragraph, petitions between the same Parties may be handled in one proceeding, if it benefits the investigation. The Petitioner must state whether there may be grounds for implementing a single proceeding.
8. If a petition does not contain the information stated in Sections 5 - 7 or the petition fee has not been paid, the dispute resolution organization will grant the Petitioner an opportunity to remedy the shortcomings within a certain period of time. If the Petitioner does not comply with such an order, the case will not behandled. Decisions in these issues will be made by the dispute resolution organization.

Accelerated Proceeding

9. In the petition for dispute resolution proceeding, the Petitioner has the opportunity to request that the case be handled as an Accelerated Proceeding. An Accelerated Proceeding is a dispute resolution proceeding with short decision 3period, where the case is tried materially without justifying the decision, see Section 21.
10. The case is handled as an Accelerated Proceeding if:
1. the petition contains information stated in Sections 5 - 7,
2. the petition fee has been paid,
3. the petition contains a request that the case shall be handled as an Accelerated Proceeding if the Counterparty does not respond to the petition, and
4. the Counterparty has not responded to the petition within the period stated in Section 13 below.
11. Cases that must be decided as Accelerated Proceedings according to Section 10, must always be handled by one Adjudicator, regardless of whether the Petitioner requested in the petition that the proceeding be handled by one or three Adjudicators. Adjudicators for Accelerated Proceedings are elected according to Section 6, paragraph 2. If the Petitioner has requested that the case be handled by three Adjudicators, and the case is transferred to Accelerated Proceeding, .SE shall appoint one Adjudicator in accordance with Section 6, paragraph 2.
12. In other respects, Accelerated Proceedings comply with the instructions, and has the same legal effect as a Alternative Dispute Resolution proceeding -however, with the addition of the instructions stated in Section 13, paragraph 2, Section 21, paragraph 2 and Section 22, paragraph 3 below.

Correspondence with the Counterparty

13. If the petition contains the information stated in Sections 5 - 7, the dispute resolution organization will grant the Counterparty the opportunity to respond to the petition in writing within 30 days from the date it was dispatched to the Counterparty's most recent address. A dispatch via e-mail will be as valid in the same way as a dispatch via normal mail. When dispatching the petition, the dispute resolution organization will inform the Counterparty that the case may be decided although no response has been received from the Counterparty, and that, if the Petitioner has requested it, the petition may be handled as an Accelerated Proceeding if there was no response to the petition from the Counterparty.
14. In the response, the Counterparty must state whether the petition is accepted or disputed. If the petition is disputed, the Counterparty must state the reason for this and the evidence invoked. Written evidence must be provided in the response. In connection with the dispatch of the petition, the dispute resolution organization must inform the Counterparty about the information that must be contained in theresponse.
15. In the response, the Counterparty may, if the Petitioner requests only one Adjudicator, request that the proceeding be handled by three Adjudicators. For the appointment of the other Adjudicators, Section 6, third paragraph applies. The additional fee incurred by the proceeding being handled by three Adjudicators must be defrayed by the Counterparty. If the fee is not paid, the proceeding will be handled by the Adjudicator appointed according to Section 6, second paragraph.
16. The dispute resolution organization must submit the response from the Counterparty to the Petitioner for information. The dispute resolution organization may not make any decisions pertaining to further correspondence on the proceeding.

Adjudicators' procedure

17. After the dispute resolution organization has concluded the correspondence in the proceeding, the petition, response and other documents that arrived pertaining to the proceedings must be submitted to the Adjudicator(s). The dispute resolution organization must inform the Petitioner and the Counterparty about the person(s) who were appointed as Adjudicator(s).
18. The Adjudicator(s) must ensure that the dispute issue is investigated to the degree required, without involving unnecessary factorsin the proceeding. Through questions and statements, the Adjudicator(s) will eliminate obscure and incomplete information in the Parties' statements. The Adjudicator(s) will decide whether additional correspondence is required in the proceeding. If the Adjudicator(s) believe that petitions that are handled jointly according to Section 7a should be handled separately, the Adjudicator(s) must make the decision. The petitions and documents in the case must then be returned to the dispute resolution organization.
19. The proceeding to be handled by the Adjudicator(s) must be in writing.
20. A dispute may not be processed without informing a Party about information provided in the proceeding by someone other than that Party and that Party has had the opportunity to comment on the information, should the Adjudicator deem it necessary for the investigation.
21. The Adjudicator(s) decision, which will be in writing, must always be based on the content of the documents and findings from the investigation. The reasons behind the ruling from which the Adjudicator(s) determines the dispute issue must be stated. However, Accelerated Proceeding decisions must state only whether the petition has been approved or rejected.
22. A petition for an alternative dispute resolution proceeding that is examined by one Adjudicator must be settled within 30 days from the date the petition was submitted to the Adjudicator. If there are special reasons, the Adjudicator may extend the period. A petition for an alternative dispute resolution proceeding that is examined by three Adjudicators must be settled within 60 days from the date the petition was submitted to the Adjudicators. If there are special reasons, the Adjudicator who is the Chairman may extend the period. A petition for an alternative dispute resolution proceeding that is examined according to Accelerated Proceeding must be settled within ten working days from the date the petition was submitted to the Adjudicator. If there are extraordinary reasons, the Adjudicator may extend the period.
23. The documents that are included or prepared in a dispute resolution proceeding must be gathered in a single file by the Adjudicator(s). The Adjudicator(s)'s decision must immediately be sent to the dispute resolution organization. In conjunction with the decision, material that was collected during the Adjudicator's process must be sent to the dispute resolution organization. In connection with the decision being sent to the dispute resolution organization, the Adjudicators must summarize the case, stating the dispute issue and other relevant circumstances.

Special instructions

24. The dispute resolution organization will immediately inform the Petitioner and the Counterparty of the decision from an alternative dispute resolution proceeding.
25. The decision from an alternative dispute resolution proceeding must be public and kept available by the dispute resolution organization.
26. The petition for an alternative dispute resolution proceeding must be made in Swedish or English. The decision is made in the language in which the petition was submitted. The Counterparty is free to respond to a dispute resolution petition in either Swedish or English.
27. Anyone who is Party to an alternative dispute resolution proceeding may engage a representative or assistant. A written authorization is not required unless considered necessary by the Adjudicator(s).
28. If a Party in an alternative dispute resolution proceeding initiates an action in a 6court of law in the cpr144449003101 matter relating to the dispute resolution, the proceeding must continue if the Parties do not agree that it be suspended.
29. A Party in an alternative dispute resolution is responsible for his/her own expenses in the proceedings.

Revised December 2010

ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION PROCEEDING

In .SE's alternative dispute resolution proceeding (ADR), disputes involving the allocation of Domain Names are settled.

Proceeding

At all times, applicable stipulations pertaining to procedures in the ADR proceeding for Domain Names under the Top-Level Domain .se (Proceedings regulations) can be found at www.iis.se.

Conditions for deregistration or Transfer

A Domain Name may be deregistered or Transferred to the party requesting dispute resolution proceedings if the following three conditions are fulfilled:

1. The Domain Name is identical or similar to
a. a distinguishing product feature
b. a distinguishing business feature
c. a family name
d. an artist's name (if the name is not associated with someone who died a long time ago)
e. a title of another party's copyrighted literary or artistic work,
f. a name that is protected by the Regulation concerning Certain Official Designations (1976:100), or
g. a geographic designation or a designation of origin that is protected by the European Council's Regulation (EU) 510/2006
h. a geographic designation that is protected by the European Council's Regulation (EU) 110/2008 which is legally binding in Sweden and to which the party requesting dispute resolution can prove its rights, and
2. The Domain Name has been registered or used in bad faith, and
3. The Domain Owner has no rights or justified interest in the Domain Name.

At all times, applicable instructions pertaining to the three conditions are available at the end of these Registration Terms and Conditions under the heading "Instructions pertaining to ADR (Item 7).

Implementation of ADR rulings

A decision whereby an application for alternative dispute resolution proceedings has been approved must be implemented by .SE after 14 days from .SE receiving the ruling, unless the Domain Owner indicates that he or she, within this period, has initiated action claiming greater rights to the Domain Name.

If the Domain Owner's petition claiming greater rights is rejected or written off, the dispute resolution decision must be implemented as soon as the decision has gained legal effect. If the Domain Owner's petition claiming greater rights is approved, the dispute resolution decision must not be implemented.

DISPUTES

In the event of a dispute arising as a result of these Terms and Conditions of Registration, a lawsuit shall be filed at a general court of law. Swedish law shall be applied to these Terms and Conditions of Registration.

ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION PROCEEDING

In .SE's alternative dispute resolution proceeding (ADR), disputes involving the allocation of Domain Names are settled.

Proceeding

At all times, applicable stipulations pertaining to procedures in the ADR proceeding for Domain Names under the Top-Level Domain .se (Proceedings regulations) can be found at www.iis.se.

Conditions for deregistration or Transfer

A Domain Name may be deregistered or Transferred to the party requesting dispute resolution proceedings if the following three conditions are fulfilled:

1. The Domain Name is identical or similar to
a. a distinguishing product feature
b. a distinguishing business feature
c. a family name
d. an artist's name (if the name is not associated with someone who died a long time ago)
e. a title of another party's copyrighted literary or artistic work,
f. a name that is protected by the Regulation concerning Certain Official Designations (1976:100), or
g. a geographic designation or a designation of origin that is protected by the European Council's Regulation (EU) 510/2006
h. a geographic designation that is protected by the European Council's Regulation (EU) 110/2008 which is legally binding in Sweden and to which the party requesting disput resolution can prove its rights, and
2. The Domain Name has been registered or used in bad faith, and
3. The Domain Owner has no rights or justified interest in the Domain Name.

At all times, applicable instructions pertaining to the three conditions are available a the end of these Registration Terms and Conditions under the heading "Instructions pertaining to ADR (Item 7).

Implementation of ADR rulings

A decision whereby an application for alternative dispute resolution proceedings has been approved must be implemented by .SE after 14 days from .SE receiving the ruling, unless the Domain Owner indicates that he or she, within this period, has initiated action claiming greater rights to the Domain Name.

If the Domain Owner's petition claiming greater rights is rejected or written off, the dispute resolution decision must be implemented as soon as the decision has gained legal effect. If the Domain Owner's petition claiming greater rights is approved, the dispute resolution decision must not be implemented.

DISPUTES

In the event of a dispute arising as a result of these Terms and Conditions of Registration, a lawsuit shall be filed at a general court of law. Swedish law shall be applied to these Terms and Conditions of Registration.

.se Glossary of Technical Terms

.INT
A top-level domain devoted solely to international treaty organizations that have independent legal personality. Such organizations are not governed by the laws of any specific country, rather by mutual agreement between multiple countries. IANA maintains the domain registry for this domain.

A record
The representation of an IPv4 address in the DNS system.

AAAA record
The representation of an IPv6 address in the DNS system.

Administrative contact
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Administrative contact is intended to represent the Registrant(owner) of the domain, in any non-technical matters, regarding the management of the domain. Certain extensions require Administrative contact to confirm requests and accept notices about the domain name.

A-label
The ASCII-compatible encoded (ACE) representation of an internationalized domain name, i.e. how it is transmitted internally within the DNS protocol. A-labels always commence the with the prefix "xn--". Contrast with U-label.

ARPA
Originally a reference to the US Government agency that managed some of the Internet’s initial development, now a top-level domain used solely for machine-readable use by computers for certain protocols — such as for reverse IP address lookups, and ENUM. The domain is not designed for general registrations. IANA manages ARPA in conjunction with the Internet Architecture Board.

ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange)
The standard for transmitting English (or "Latin") letters over the Internet. DNS was originally limited to only Latin characters because it uses ASCII as its encoding format, although this has been expanded using Internationalized Domain Names(IDN) for Applications.

Authoritative Name Server
A domain name server configured to host the official record of the contents of a DNS zone. Each Swedish .se domain name must have a set of these so computers on the Internet can find out the contents of that domain. The set of authoritative name servers for any given domain must be configured as NS records in the parent domain.

Automatic Renewal
The service of automatic renewal allows the customers the convenience of automatic billing for the services ordered through the domain registrar. If the automatic renewal is selected, customer's credit card will be automatically charged for the service, which will avoid the interruption in service.

Billing Contact
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Billing contact is responsible for the payment of the domain, and is usually assigned to the registrar managing the domain.

Caching Resolver
The combination of a recursive name server and a caching name server.

Cloaking Forwarding
Domains can be forwarded to another URL by using a forwarding service. Cloaking forwarding differs from Apache 301 forwarding by showing the content of the URL being forwarded to, however the URL bar displays the original domain name.

CNAME Record
A CNAME record is an abbreviation for Canonical Name record and is a type of resource record in the Domain Name System (DNS) used to specify that a domain name is an alias for another domain, the "canonical" domain. CNAME has a very specific syntax rule. CNAME can only be set up for the unique subdomain, meaning that it cannot be set up for any subdomain, which has already been set up for the domain. Thus CNAME is most commonly set up for WWW subdomain.

Country-code top-level domain (ccTLD)
A Class of Top Level Domains, generally assigned or reserved by a country, sovereign state, or territory. IANA is the organization, responsible for the ccTLD assignments. Since 2010 there 2 types of ccTLDs: 2 letter ASCII characters TLDs and IDN TLDs, which consist of the native language characters. Each country/territory is able to implement certain restrictions and requirements on the ccTLD assigned to them.

Cross-Registry Information Service Protocol (CRISP)
The name of the working group at the IETF that developed the Internet Registry Information Service (IRIS), a next-generation WHOIS protocol replacement.

Delegation
Any transfer of responsibility to another entity. In the domain name system, one name server can provide pointers to more useful name servers for a given request by returning NS records. On an administrative level, sub-domains are delegated to other entities. IANA also delegates IP address blocks to regional Internet registries.

Deletion
Deletion of the domain results in the domain record being removed from the registry's database. Domain deletion procedure and availability differs depending on each of the TLD's policy. Certain extensions require additional payment to delete a domain name.

DNS zone
A section of the Domain Name System name space. By default, the Root Zone contains all domain names, however in practice sections of this are delegated into smaller zones in a hierarchical fashion. For example, the .com zone would refer to the portion of the DNS delegated that ends in .com.

DNSSEC
A technology that can be added to the Domain Name System to verify the authenticity of its data. The works by adding verifiable chains of trust that can be validated to the domain name system.

Domain lock
In order to prevent unwanted changed to the domain names, customers have an ability to change the locks on their domain names. The domain lock availability depends on individual TLD, and includes clientTransferProhibited, clientUpdateProhibited, clientDeleteProhibited, clientRenewProhibited.

Domain Name
A unique identifier with a set of properties attached to it so that computers can perform conversions. A typical domain name is "icann.org". Most commonly the property attached is an IP address, like "208.77.188.103", so that computers can convert the domain name into an IP address. However the DNS is used for many other purposes. The domain name may also be a delegation, which transfers responsibility of all sub-domains within that domain to another entity. domain name label a constituent part of a domain name. The labels of domain names are connected by dots. For example, "www.iana.org" contains three labels — "www", "iana" and "org". For internationalized domain names, the labels may be referred to as A-labels and U-labels.

Domain Name Registrar
An entity offering domain name registration services, as an agent between registrants and registries. Usually multiple registrars exist who compete with each other, and are accredited. For most generic top-level domains, domain name registrars are accredited by ICANN.

Domain Name Registry
A registry tasked with managing the contents of a DNS zone, by giving registrations of sub-domains to registrants.

Domain Name Server
A general term for a computer hardware or software server, which answers requests to convert domain names into something else. These can be subdivided into authoritative name servers, which store the database for a particular DNS zone; as well as recursive name servers and caching name servers.

Domain Name System (DNS)
The global hierarchical system of domain names. A global distributed database contains the information to perform the domain name conversations, and the most central part of that database, known as the root zone is coordinated by IANA.

Dot or “."
Common way of referring to a specific top-level domain. Dot generally precedes the Top Level domain, such as dot com is written down as “.se”.

Expiration date
The expiration date determines when the domain registration period ends. In order to avoid downtime for the domain, renewal of the domain at least two weeks before expiration date is strongly encouraged. After the expiration date passes, some registries maintain the record of the domain name under the same owner, however the DNS services are put on hold.

Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)
A protocol used for electronic communication between a registrar and a registry for provisioning domain names.

Extension
Refers to the last portion of the domain name, located after the dot. Domain extension helps determine the registry, to which domain pertains, and allows to accurately classify the domain name.

First Come, First Served (FCFS)
Multiple applications for the same domain name are not accepted. The domain will be awarded to the first registrar who submits a registration request.

FTP
File Transfer Protocol does exactly what it says. The standard network protocol allows the transfer of files from one host to another. There are many FTP clients(programs) available, which allow you to connect to your host and transfer your completed content to your hosting provider's space.

Fully-Qualified Domain Mame (FQDN)
A complete domain name including all its components, i.e. "www.icann.org" as opposed to "www".

GAC Principles
A document, formally known as the Principles for the Delegation and Administration of ccTLDs. This document was developed by the ICANN Governmental Advisory Committee and documents a set of principles agreed by governments on how ccTLDs should be delegated and run.

General Availability Phase
Domains are awarded on first come first serve basis, granted that the domains are available after the previous phases have concluded.

Generic top-level domains (gTLDs)
A class of top-level domains that are used for general purposes, where ICANN has a strong role in coordination (as opposed to country-code top-level domains, which are managed locally).

Glue Record
An explicit notation of the IP address of a name server, placed in a zone outside of the zone that would ordinarily contain that information. All name servers are in-bailiwick of the Root Zone, therefore glue records is required for all name servers listed there. Also referred to as just "glue".

Hints File
A file stored in DNS software (i.e. recursive name servers) that tells it where the DNS root servers are located.

Hostname
The name of a computer. Typically the left-most part of a fully-qualified domain name.

Http
HyperText Transfer Protocol serves as the cornerstone protocol for World Wide Web, which allows the transfer of data between clients and servers.

IANA
See Internet Assigned Numbers Authority.

IANA Considerations
A component of RFCs that refer to any work required by IANA to maintain registries for a specific protocol.

IANA Contract
The contract between ICANN and the US Government that governs how various IANA functions are performed.

IANA Staff
See Internet Assigned Numbers Authority.

ICANN
Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers(ICANN) is responsible responsible for the coordination of maintenance and methodology of several databases of unique identifiers related to the namespaces of the Internet, and ensuring the network's stable and secure operation.

Internal transfer
Internal transfer refers to a transfer of a domain name within the same registrar. This procedure may be simpler, than starting a domain transfer, which involves 2 different registrars. The internal transfer is possible, after two parties involved in the internal transfer come to an agreement about the terms of the transfer.

Internationalized domain name (IDN)
Internet domain name, which allows the use of a language-specific script or alphabet, such as Arabic, Cyrillic, and Chinese. Adoption of IDN domain names is a significant step towards including non-English speakers into the world of Internet. Internationalized domain name is stored in Domain Name System as ASCII strings, which are transcribed by the use of Punycode.

Internet Architecture Board (IAB)
The oversight body of the IETF, responsible for overall strategic direction of Internet standardization efforts. The IAB works with ICANN on how the IANA protocol parameter registries should be managed. The IAB is an activity of the Internet Society, a non-profit organization.

Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)
A department of ICANN tasked with providing various Internet coordination functions, primarily those described in a contract between ICANN and the US Government. The functions relate to ensuring globally-unique protocol parameter assignment, including management of the root of the Domain Name System and IP Address Space. ICANN staff within this department is often referred to as "IANA Staff".

Internet Coordination Policy (ICP)
A series of documents created by ICANN between 1999 and 2000 describing management procedures.

Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG)
The committee of area experts of the IETF’s areas of work, that acts as its board of management.

Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
The key Internet standardization forum. The standards developed within the IETF are published as RFCs.

Internet Protocol (IP)
The fundamental protocol that is used to transmit information over the Internet. Data transmitted over the Internet is transmitted using the Internet Protocol, usually in conjunction with a more specialized protocol. Computers are uniquely identified on the Internet using an IP Address.

IP address
A unique identifier for a device on the Internet. The identifier is used to accurately route Internet traffic to that device. IP addresses must be unique on the global Internet.

IPv4
Internet Protocol version 4. Refers to the version of Internet protocol that supports 32-bit IP addresses.

IPv6
Internet Protocol version 6. Refers to the version of Internet protocol that supports 128-bit IP addresses.

Landrush Phase
This phase allows you a greater chance to obtain a domain name prior to General Availability, typically for an increased fee. The fee generally varies depending on how early you want to register. Priority is either first-come, first-served or will go to an auction cpr144449003101 if there are multiple applicants, depending on registry rules. A common fee structure that will be in use is the Early Access Program (EAP). Further details on a specific extensions landrush phase can be found under the landrush section for that a particular domain.

Mail exchange (mx) record
MX record determines which server the mail client will be retrieving the mail from. The MX records for individual domains can be set up in the DNS records section of the client's control panel.

New Generic Top Level Domain (New gTLD)
Starting on July 15th, 2013 ICANN has started process of delegating new Generic Top Level Domains, opening up new opportunities for the internet community. New extensions include popular categories like professional domains, IDNs, general interest domains, and brand domain names.

NS record
a type of record in a DNS zone that signifies part of that zone is delegated to a different set of authoritative name servers.

Parent domain
The domain above a domain in the DNS hierarchy. For all top-level domains, the Root Zone is the parent domain. The Root Zone has no parent domain as it is as the top of the hierarchy. Opposite of sub-domain.

Parking
Many of the registrars offer a free service of domain parking. This allows the customer to quickly register a domain name, and choose the hosting solution at a later date. Very often the registrar's parking DNS servers allow DNS record modification.

Pre-Registration
Paid pre-registration allows you to purchase the domain in the General Availability phase, and the domain will be submitted as soon as the General Availability phase opens.

Primary name server
Practically every domain extension requires minimum 2 DNS servers in order for the domain to be successfully registered. Primary name server is responsible for storing information about the domain routing and making it available for requests.

PTR record
The representation of a IP address to domain name mapping in the DNS system.

Recursive Name Server
A domain name server configured to perform DNS lookups on behalf of other computers.

Redelegation
The transfer of a delegation from one entity to another. Most commonly used to refer to the redelegation process used for top-level domains.

Redelegation process
A special type of root zone change where there is a significant change involving the transfer of operations of a top-level domain to a new entity.

Redemption Grace Period
Redemption Grace Period(RGP) is a period after the expiration date, in which the domain still belongs to the same client, however the functionality is put on hold. The domain can usually be restored after paying for RGP fee. gTLDs often have a Renewal Period of 30 days before the Redemption Grace Period starts.

Regional Internet Registry (RIR)
A registry responsible for allocation of IP address resources within a particular region.

Registrant
See Registrant Contact

Registrant Contact
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Registrant contact is the owner of the domain, and is the entity that holds right to use the particular domain name.

Registrar for .se
An entity that can act on requests from a registrant in making changes in a registry. Usually the registrar is the same entity that operates a registry, although for domain names this role is often split to allow for competition between multiple registrars who offer different levels of support.

Registry Sweden .se
The authoritative record of registrations for a particular set of data. Most often used to refer to domain name registry, but all protocol parameters that IANA maintains are also registries.

Registry Operator for .se Sweden
The entity that runs a registry.

Reverse IP
A method of translating an IP address into a domain name, so-called as it is the opposite of a typical lookup that converts a domain name to an IP address.

RFCs
A series of Internet engineering documents describing Internet standards, as well as discussion papers, informational memorandums and best practices. Internet standards that are published in an RFC originate from the IETF. The RFC series is published by the RFC Editor.

Root
The highest level of the domain system.

Root Servers
The authoritative name servers for the Root Zone.

Root Zone
The top of the domain name system hierarchy. The root zone contains all of the delegations for top-level domains, as well as the list of root servers, and is managed by IANA.

Root Zone Management (RZM)
The management of the DNS Root Zone by IANA.

RZM Automation
A project to automate many aspects of the Root Zone Management function within IANA. Based on a software tool originally called "eIANA".

Secondary name server
Practically every domain extension requires minimum 2 DNS servers in order for the domain to be successfully registered. Secondary server is responsible for copying information from the primary server. The original purpose of secondary server is to take over the requests, if the primary server is down. Some of the registries no longer put an emphasis on which server is primary or secondary, but many international registries still use the old standard.

Sponsoring organization
The entity acting as the trustee of a top-level domain on behalf of its designated community.

SSL
Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is a cryptographivc protocol, which is designed to provide communication security over internet. The data entered on the websites, using SSL, is encrypted, thus making it less susceptible to data theft.

Subdomain
In the domain hierarchy, or structure, subdomain is a domain, which is a part of a larger domain. For example, "www.icann.org" is a sub-domain of "icann.org", and "icann.org" is a sub-domain of "org". Subdomains can generally be setup through a DNS server management utility as A records or CNAME records.

Sunrise Phase
A phase in which holders of eligible trademarks have the opportunity to apply and register domain names that correspond to their trademarks. To participate in Sunrise for new gTLDs, trademark holders must validate their trademarks with the Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH) first and must provide a valid Signed Mark Data (SMD) file for submission.

Technical Contact
Majority of the registries require 4 contacts for a successful domain registration: Registrant, Administrative, Technical and Billing. The Technical contact is intended to assist the Registrant(owner) contact in any queries that pertain to the technical aspects of managing the domain name.

Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH)
The central database of verified trademarks that was created by ICANN to provide brand protection to trademark holders during ICANN’s new gTLD program. Its' a centralized database of verified trademarks, that is connected to each and every new Top Level Domain (TLD) that will launch.

Top-level domain (TLD)
The highest level of subdivisions with the domain name system. These domains, such as ".se" and ".uk" are delegated from the DNS Root zone. They are generally divided into two distinct categories, generic top-level domains and country-code top-level domains.

Transfer
Most commonly, the term transfer refers to a inter-registrar transfer of registrations. The procedure of the tranfer will largely depend on the TLD, and is most commonly completed by requesting an authorization code from the current registrar and initiating the transfer at another registrar.

Trust anchor
A known good cryptographic certificate that can be used to validate a chain of trust. Trust anchor repository (TAR) Any repository of public keys that can be used as trust anchors for validating chains of trust. See Interim Trust Anchor Repository (ITAR) for one such repository for top-level domain operators using DNSSEC.

Trustee
An entity entrusted with the operations of an Internet resource for the benefit of the wider community. In IANA circles, usually in reference to the sponsoring organization of a top-level domain.

U-label
The Unicode representation of an internationalized domain name, i.e. how it is shown to the end-user. Contrast with A-label.

Unicode
A standard describing a repertoire of characters used to represent most of the worlds languages in written form. Unicode is the basis for internationalized domain names.

Uniform resource locator (URL)
Uniform Resource Locator(URL), commonly known as web address, is an address to a resource on the internet. The URL consists of two components: Protocol Identifier(i.e. http, https) and the Resource name(i.e. icann.org)

Unsponsored top-level domain
A sub-classification of generic top-level domain, where there is no formal community of interest. Unsponsored top-level domains(.COM, .NET, .ORG, etc.) are administered according to the policies and processes established by ICANN.

URL Forwarding
URL Forwarding or URL redirection refers to the most common type of forwarding offered by domain registrars. Forwarding occurs when all pages from one domain are redirected to another domain.

UTF-8
A standard used for transmitting Unicode characters.

Variant
In the context of internationalized domain names, an alternative domain name that can be registered, or mean the same thing, because some of its characters can be registered in multiple different ways due to the way the language works. Depending on registry policy, variants may be registered together in one block called a variant bundle. For example, "internationalise" and "internationalize" may be considered variants in English.

Variant bundle
A collection of multiple domain names that are grouped together because some of the characters are considered variants of the others.

Variant table
A type of IDN table that describes the variants for a particular language or script. For example, a variant table may map Simplified Chinese characters to Traditional Chinese characters for the purpose of constructing a variant bundle.

Web host (Hosting Provider)
Web host is a type of an Internet service, which allows users to host content and/or email services by providing hosting space. Most often the hosting providers include control panels and tools for building a website and maintaining mail records.

WHOIS
A simple plain text-based protocol for looking up registration data within a registry. Typically used for domain name registries and IP address registries to find out who has registered a particular resource. (Usage note: not "Whois" or "whois")

WHOIS database
Used to refer to parts of a registry’s database that are made public using the WHOIS protocol, or via similar mechanisms using other protocols (such as web pages, or IRIS). Most commonly used to refer to a domain name registry’s public database.

WHOIS gateway
An interface, usually a web-based form, that will perform a look-up to a WHOIS server. This allows one to find WHOIS information without needing a specialized computer program that speaks the WHOIS protocol.

WHOIS server
A system running on port number 43 that accepts queries using the WHOIS protocol.

Wire format
The format of data when it is transmitted over the Internet (i.e. "over the wire"). For example, an A-label is the wire format of an internationalized domain name; and UTF-8 is a possible wire format of Unicode.

XML
A machine-readable file format for storing structured data. Used to represent web pages (in a subset called HTML) etc. Used by IANA for storing protocol parameter registries.

Zone (DNS Records)
The zone file, also know as the DNS records is a vital component of DNS system, which contains various DNS records, which point to the location of content and email servers for each individual domain. Editing zone is made possible in the client's control panel.

Signed Mark Data (SMD)
A Signed Mark Data (SMD) is file that will allow you to register domain names during the sunrise period of new gTLD’s and request other services. It validates that you trademark has been verified within the Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH).

Trademark Claims
The trademark claims period extends for 90 days after the close of the Sunrise period. During the Claims period, anyone attempting to register a domain name matching a trademark that is recorded in the Trademark Clearinghouse will receive a notification displaying the relevant mark information. If the notified party goes and ahead and registers the domain name the Trademark Clearinghouse will send a notice to those trademark holders with matching records in the Clearinghouse, informing them that someone has registered the domain name.